1862 August 9th

August 9 1862 Saturday

First Battle of Donaldsonville, LA (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Cedar Mountain, VA (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Cedar Mountain Campaign

Operations at Baton Rouge

Kentucky. Confederate Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith informed General Braxton Bragg that he was changing the plan to combine their forces in Kentucky. He reported that he now intended to bypass Cumberland Gap, leaving only a small holding force to neutralise the Union garrison, while his main force moved north into Kentucky rather than westwards towards Bragg’s army advancing into Middle Tennessee. Smith had been persuaded by enthusiastic reports from Colonel John Hunt Morgan that large numbers of recruits would flock if a Confederate army entered northern Kentucky. He was also discouraged by intelligence that the Union garrison at Cumberland Gap had enough supplies to hold out for at least a month, an unacceptably lengthy timescale.

Without the authority to direct Smith to honour the agreement to converge on Middle Tennessee, Bragg, therefore, diverted the objective of his own movement towards Lexington, Kentucky, rather than Nashville. Bragg cautioned Smith that Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell and the Army of the Ohio could choose to pursue him and defeat his smaller army in detail before Bragg’s army could join up with Smith. Bragg still needed a week or more to gather supplies and to prepare for the start of his northward march.

First Donaldsonville, Louisiana, also known as Donaldsonville. A number of incidents of artillery firing on Union steamers passing up and down the Mississippi River at Donaldsonville influenced the US Navy to undertake a retaliatory attack. Union Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN sent the town notice of his intentions and suggested that the citizens send away the women and children. He anchored three vessels in front of the town and fired upon it with guns and mortars. Farragut also sent a detachment ashore and they set fire to hotels, wharf buildings, houses, and other buildings. Confederate Captain Phillippe Landry, purported to be the captain of a small partisan unit, fired on the landing party during the raid. Following the raid, some of the citizenry protested the legality of the punitive raid, but firing on Union ships in the area largely ceased. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Forsyth and Ozark ended. Incidents at Springfield, Sears’ Ford, Walnut Creek on the Chariton River.

Missouri. Skirmish at Salem.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Thoroughfare Mountain.

Cedar Mountain, Virginia, also known as Slaughter Mountain, Slaughter’s Mountain, Southwest Mountain, Mitchell’s Station or Cedar Run. During the morning, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s army of 24,000 men crossed the Rapidan River into Culpeper County. The march was headed by Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s division, followed by Brigadier-General Charles Sidney Winder’s division, and then by Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s division in the rear.

Just before noon, Brigadier-General Jubal Anderson Early’s brigade, the vanguard of Ewell’s division, came upon Union cavalry and artillery occupying the ridge above Cedar Run, eight miles south of Culpeper and just to the north-west of Cedar Mountain. At about 4 pm, Early brought up his guns and an artillery duel began between the opposing forces. Early’s infantry formed a line on the eastern side of the Culpeper-Orange Turnpike on the high ground on the opposite bank of Cedar Run. As the rest of Ewell’s division arrived, they formed on Ewell’s right, anchored against the northern slope of the mountain and also deployed six guns on its ridge. Winder’s division formed to Early’s left, on the west side of the Turnpike. As Winder’s division deployed, Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro’s brigade stood closest to Early, and Colonel Thomas S Garnett’s brigade moved to the furthest left in a wheat field at the edge of a wood. Winder’s artillery filled a gap on the road between the two divisions and Colonel Charles S Ronald’s brigade was brought up in support behind the guns. Hill’s division was still marching up the Turnpike and was ordered to stand in reserve on the Confederate left.

The Union defenders were two divisions of Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ II Corps of the Army of Virginia. They formed their line on a ridge above Cedar Run, with Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford’s brigade forming the Union right in a field across from Garnett and Brigadier-General Christopher Columbus Auger’s division on the Union left to the east of the Turnpike. Augur was to gain a promotion to Major-General with his rank backdated to this battle. Brigadier-General John White Geary’s brigade was anchored on the Turnpike opposing Taliaferro, while Brigadier-General Henry Prince’s brigade formed the far left opposite Ewell. Brigadier-General George Sears Greene’s brigade was kept in reserve in the rear.

Banks had ambiguous orders suggesting that he ought to attack the Confederates if approached and he maintained an energetic artillery bombardment. He interpreted his orders strictly and ordered an advance after an artillery exchange.  A little before 5 pm, as the artillery fight began to wane, Winder fell mortally wounded by a shell fragment and Taliaferro took over the division. Dispositions on this part of the field were still incomplete; Garnett’s brigade was isolated from the main Confederate line, with its flank dangerously exposed to the woods. Ronald’s “Stonewall” Brigade was meant to come up to support them but still remained a half mile distant behind the artillery. Before leadership could properly be restored to the division, the Union attack began. Geary and Prince were sent against the Confederate right. The Union advance was rapid and threatened to break the Confederate line, prompting Early to come galloping to the front from Cedar Mountain where he was directing his own dispositions. Early’s appearance and the raking fire of the Confederate guns halted the Union advance on the Confederate right. On the left, Crawford also attacked Winder’s (now Taliaferro’s) division, sending one brigade directly at the Confederate line and another brigade through the woods for an outflanking movement. The Union infantry came from the woods directly into the flank of the 1st Virginia Infantry, which broke for the rear under the pressure from attacks on two fronts. The Union men pushed on, not slowing down to reform their lines, rolling through the outflanked 42nd Virginia Infantry until they found themselves in Taliaferro’s and the artillery’s rear. Jackson ordered the batteries withdrawn before they were captured.  Taliaferro’s and Early’s left were hit hard by the Union advance and threatened to break. Jackson rode to that part of the field to rally the men and came upon his old brigade finally being brought up to reinforce the line. He grabbed a battle flag and yelled at his men to rally around him. Ronald’s Stonewall Brigade launched a ferocious charge into the overextended and unsupported Union advance, driving it back. In their zeal, the Stonewall brigade pursued but soon found themselves beyond the Confederate line and without support. The Union troops reformed and counterattacked, driving the 4th Virginia Infantry and 27th Virginia Infantry back again. The Stonewall Brigade had gained the Confederate line enough time to reform and for Hill’s division to come up from reserve to fill the gaps among Taliaferro’s broken regiments.

Jackson now ordered Hill and Ewell to advance. The Union right collapsed immediately. Ewell, had difficulty in silencing the Union guns and was delayed. Nevertheless, the Union left began to waver at the sight of Crawford’s retreat and was finally broken by a charge down Cedar Mountain by Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble’s brigade. Despite bringing up Greene’s brigade from reserve, the Union line was in full retreat by 7 pm. In a last-ditch effort to help cover his infantry’s retreat, Banks sent two squadrons of cavalry at the Confederate line. They were met with a devastating volley from Confederate infantry posted behind a fence on the road, and only 71 of the 174 troopers escaped.

The Confederate infantry and Colonel William Edmondson Jones’ 7th Virginia Cavalry pursued the retreating Union troops, nearly capturing Banks and Pope, who were at their headquarters a mile behind the Union line. After a mile-and-a-half in pursuit, Jackson’s men grew weary as darkness set in. Jackson was unsure of the location of the rest of Pope’s army until prisoners informed the Confederates that Pope was bringing Major-General Franz Sigel’s I Corps forward to reinforce Banks. Accordingly, Jackson halted the pursuit about six miles from Culpeper and by 10 pm the fighting had ceased. Jackson finally called off the pursuit at 11 pm.

Jackson maintained his position south of Cedar Run on the western slope of the mountain for two more days, in expectation of a counter-attack.

Union losses were reported as 2,353 (314 killed, 1,445 wounded and 594 or 622 missing) or 2,381 out of 8,030 engaged. Brigadier-General Henry Prince was captured. Confederate losses were reported as 1,338 (231 killed, 1,107 wounded, 0 missing) or 1,276 out of 16,868 engaged. Alternative reports, state Union 1,400 casualties out of 8, 030 engaged, and Confederate 1,307 casualties out of 16,868 engaged). Brigadier-General Charles Sidney Winder was killed. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CEDAR MOUNTAIN, VA

Union Army of Virginia: Major-General John Pope
II Corps (Virginia): Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Henry Gordon
2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Christopher Columbus Augur
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John White Geary
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Prince
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Sears Greene
III Corps (Virginia): Major-General Irvin McDowell
2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abram Duryée
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Zealous Bates Tower
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Lucas Hartsuff
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Cavalry Brigade (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Dashiell Bayard

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Left Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Charles Sidney Winder
Winder’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Charles A Ronald
Burks’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Lieutenant-Colonel TS Garnett
Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro
Lawton’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Leroy A Stafford
A P Hill’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Branch’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Archer’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
J R Anderson’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Edward Lloyd Thomas
Field’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Charles William Field
Pender’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender
Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Early’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Jubal Anderson Early
Trimble’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Taylor’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Henry Forno
Cavalry Brigade, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson

Washington Territory. Expedition from Fort Walla Walla to the Grande Ronde Prairie began.

Union Organisation

USA: Christopher Columbus Augur promoted Major-General USV 14 November 1862 to rank from 9 August 1862.

Augur, Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon) / New York-Michigan / Born 10 July 1821 Kendall, New York / Died Georgetown, District of Columbia 16 January 1898
USMA 1 July 1843 16/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 12 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 12 September 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 February 1847 / Captain USA 1 August 1852 / Major USA 13th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 26 August 1861-5 December 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 12 November 1861 / Major-General USV 14 November 1862 to rank from 9 August 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 12th US Infantry 1 July 1863 / Colonel USA 12th US Infantry 15 March 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 Sep 1866 / Brigadier-General USA 4 March 1869 / Retired USA 10 July 1885 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1843 Brevet Colonel USA 9 August 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Cedar Mountain 9 August 1862
1st Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 5 December 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-7 July 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Virginia 7 July 1862-9 August 1862 / 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 12 January 1863-15 July 1863 / Department of Washington 14 October 1863-7 June 1865 / XXII Corps Department of Washington 14 October 1863-26 June 1865 / District of Washington 15 December 1864-26 April 1865 / Department of Washington 26 June 1865-13 August 1865 / Department of the Platte 5 March 1866-9 January 1867

USA: Brigadier-General Henry Prince was captured at Cedar Mountain.

Prince, Henry / Maine / Born 18 June 1811 Eastport, Maine / Died London, England 19 August 1892
USMA 1 July 1835 30/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1831 / 4th US Infantry 18 September 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant 11 June 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Regt Adjutant 21 November 1846-26 September 1847 / Captain USA 26 September 1847 / Major USA Paymaster 23 May 1855 / Brigadier-General USV 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Deputy Paymaster-General 3 March 1877 / Retired USA 31 December 1879 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 18 September 1835 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 9 August 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Camp Izard, Florida 29 February 1836 WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847 CIA Cedar Mountain 9 August 1862 Exchanged December 1862
2nd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Virginia 2 August 1862-9 August 1862 / 5th Division XVIII Corps Department of North Carolina 11 January 1863-22 April 1863 / District of the Pamlico 23 April 1863-15 July 1863 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 15 July 1863-24 March 1864 / 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-4 April 1864 / District of Cairo 29 April 1864-30 April 1864 / Sub-District of Columbus 25 June 1864-7 August 1864 / Prince’s Brigade Army of the Tennessee 4 February 1865-27 April 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Joseph Bennett Plummer died of exposure or “camp fever” near Corinth, Mississippi.

Plummer, Joseph Bennett / Massachusetts / Born 15 November 1816 Barre, Massachusetts / Died Corinth, Mississippi 9 August 1862
USMA 1 July 1841 22/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1841 / Regt Quartermaster 1 January 1848-1 March 1852 / 1st Lieutenant USA 15 March 1848 / Captain USA 1 May 1852 / Colonel USV 11th Missouri Infantry 25 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861 / Major USA 8th US Infantry 25 April 1862 / WIA Wilson’s Creek 10 August 1861
5th Brigade District of Southeast Missouri September 1861 / 5th Brigade District of Cairo 9 November 1861-1 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Mississippi25 February 1862-4 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Mississippi 4 March 1862-24 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 24 April 1862-26 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Mississippi 26 April 1862-29 May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 29 May 1862-18 June 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Mississippi 18 June 1862-9 August 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant-Commander Samuel Magaw USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Northwest Missouri: vacant
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander McClernand
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IX Corps Virginia: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Army of Virginia: John Pope
    • I Corps Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • II Corps Virginia: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • III Corps Virginia: Irvin McDowell

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Charles Sidney Winder was killed at Cedar Mountain.

Winder, Charles Sidney / Maryland / Born 18 October 1829 Easton, Maryland / KIA Cedar Mountain, Virginia 9 August 1862
USMA 1 July 1850 22/44 Artillery-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1846 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1850 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1851 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5 April 1854 / Regt Adjutant 4 April 1854-3 March 1855 / Captain USA 9th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 1 April 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Major ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 6th South Carolina Infantry 8 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 7 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1850
1st Brigade Jackson’s Division Valley District 25 March 1862-1 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-July 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-9 August 1862 / 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 9 August 1862-9 August 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Vacant
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Earl Van Dorn
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee temporary
      • I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Mississippi: Samuel Jones
      • III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price
  • Forces in Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Philip Kearny
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield*
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Jesse Lee Reno
Christopher Columbus Augur

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Joseph King Fenno Mansfield)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer DEC
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
Henry Bohlen
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
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