1862 August 28th

August 28 1862 Thursday

Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Brawner’s Farm, VA

Second Bull Run Campaign

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Arkansas. Union naval expedition from Helena to Eunice began. The gunboat USS Pittsburg was accompanied by the steamers Iatan and White Cloud.

Mississippi. Skirmish near Corinth.

Missouri. Reconnaissances to Current River and Salem ended.

Missouri. Skirmish at Ashley. Skirmish in Howard County.

Tennessee. Incident at Shellmound.

Virginia. Incidents at Beverly Ford, Haymarket, Catlett’s Station, Lewis’ Ford, Manassas Junction, Shady Springs, and Centreville.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s division left Centreville and crossed the Stone Bridge, marching westwards behind the division of Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell. Ewell’s division had marched through Manassas Junction from Broad Run, crossed Bull Run at Blackburn’s Ford, and then veered along the northern bank to cross at Stone Bridge ahead of Hill. Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro’s division marched directly north from Manassas to Groveton, the planned rendezvous of Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s three divisions on the Warrenton Turnpike. They remained ahead of the Union pursuit on all three routes and managed to reunite at Groveton by midday. From here Jackson posted them in his selected defensive positions along Stony Ridge, under the cover of woods and behind a low ridge. Hearing reports of a Union column marching eastwards along the Warrenton Turnpike, Jackson posted Ewell and Taliaferro in the woods north of the turnpike but the enemy column turned away south towards Manassas Junction before he could attack it. Towards sunset a second column gave Jackson the opportunity to reveal his presence and to draw Union attention towards his defensive line and he ordered an attack at Brawner’s Farm.

Virginia. Union Major-General John Pope ordered his Army of Virginia to converge on Manassas Junction. The advanced guard forded Broad Run unopposed but when they reached the vast supply depot, they found it was ransacked or wrecked, and the Confederates had disappeared. Reports of the direction of their departure were mixed and confusing. Pope deduced that Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson was heading across Bull Run for Centreville and revised his orders for the army to converge there rather than at Manassas Junction. After fourteen hours of marching, Pope reached Centreville at sunset, ahead of his twelve converging divisions. The other two divisions had been left with Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks to guard the supply trains. Pope found Centreville as deserted as Manassas.

After nightfall, Pope was encouraged by reports that Confederate Major-General James Longstreet had been defeated at Thoroughfare Gap and driven away to the west and Jackson had been discovered two miles west of the Stone Bridge across Bull Run, and north of the Warrenton Turnpike.

In the action at Brawner’s Farm, Jackson achieved his strategic intention of attracting the attention of Pope. Pope wrongly assumed that the fight had occurred with confederate rearguards while Jackson was retreating from Centreville, He believed that he still had time to defeat Jackson in detail before Longstreet could reinforce him.

Pope issued a further series of new orders. Major-General Irvin McDowell’s III Corps (Virginia) and Major-General Franz Sigel’s I Corps (Virginia) would attack vigorously at dawn, aiming to block Jackson’s retreat towards Thoroughfare Gap. Major-General Samuel Porter Heintzelman’s III (Potomac), Major-General Fitz John Porter’s V Corps (Potomac), and Major-General Jesse Lee Reno’s IX Corps (Potomac) would attack westwards along the Warrenton Turnpike. In simple terms, Jackson’s fourteen brigades were about to be attacked from two directions by 34 Union brigades, and Pope was confident of success.

However, as Pope issued orders to his subordinates to surround Jackson and attack him in the morning, he had made several erroneous assumptions. He assumed that Jackson’s line of retreat toward the Bull Run Mountains was still blocked by Banks’ II Corps and McDowell’s III Corps when the bulk of those commands was actually southeast of Jackson along the Manassas-Sudley Road. To avoid than being exposed in motion westwards, Jackson had already selected a good defensive position, albeit anxiously awaiting the arrival of reinforcements.

Brawner’s Farm, Virginia, also known as Groveton. A Union column was marching along the Warrenton Turnpike from Gainesville, near the farm of John Brawner. It consisted of units from Brigadier-General Rufus King’s division of III Corps (Virginia). The column included the brigades of Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch, Brigadier-General John Gibbon, Brigadier-General Abner Doubleday, and Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick. They were moving eastwards to concentrate with the rest of Major-General John Pope’s Army of Virginia at Centreville. King was not with his division due to illness. Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson displayed his troops prominently to the Union column but their presence was disregarded and the column marched on.

Concerned that Pope might be withdrawing his army behind Bull Run to link up with forces from the Army of the Potomac arriving from the James River, Jackson determined to attack and to provoke a diversion. At about 6.30 pm three batteries of Confederate artillery began shelling the column of Gibbon’s brigade while Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro prepared his infantry division to advance. Gibbon responded with fire from Battery B, 4th US Artillery. The artillery exchange halted King’s column. Hatch’s brigade had already passed the area and Patrick’s men, at the rear of the column, sought cover, leaving Gibbon and Doubleday to respond to Jackson’s attack.

Gibbon had been informed that Jackson was at Centreville and he therefore underestimated his opposition. After observing a reconnaissance by the 14th New York Zouaves of Hatch’s brigade he assumed that his opponents were only horse artillery and cavalry scouts and not Jackson’s main body. Gibbon sent requests for reinforcements and brought the veteran 2nd Wisconsin Infantry up the hill to disperse the harassing guns. The 2nd Wisconsin, under the command of Colonel Edgar O’Connor, advanced obliquely back through the woods the Union column had been passing. When the 430 men emerged from the woods on John Brawner’s farm they formed and advanced up the hill. Upon reaching the plateau, they deployed skirmishers who drove back the Confederate skirmish line. They soon received a heavy volley into their right flank by 800 men of Colonel William S Baylor’s Stonewall brigade in Brawner’s orchard. Absorbing the volley from 150 yards the 2nd Wisconsin did not waver but replied with a devastating volley at the Virginians. The Confederates returned fire when the lines were only 80 yards apart. As units were added to the fight by both sides, the battle lines remained close together with little cover, trading volleys for over two hours. Gibbon added his 19th Indiana Infantry. Jackson sent in three Georgia regiments from Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton’s brigade. Gibbon countered this advance with the 7th Wisconsin Infantry. Jackson ordered Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble’s brigade to support Lawton, and they met the last of Gibbon’s regiments, the 6th Wisconsin Infantry. After Trimble’s brigade entered the action, Gibbon needed to fill a gap in his line between the 6th Wisconsin and the rest of the brigade. Doubleday sent in the 56th Pennsylvania Infantry and the 76th New York Infantry, who advanced through the woods and checked the new Confederate advance. These men arrived at the scene after dark and both Trimble and Lawton launched uncoordinated assaults against them. Confederate horse artillery under Captain John Pelham was ordered forward by Jackson and fired at the 19th Indiana from less than 100 yards.

The engagement ended around 9 pm with Gibbon’s men slowly retreating backwards still firing, making their line at the edge of the woods. Doubleday’s regiments retired to the turnpike in an orderly fashion. Gibbon conferred with King, Patrick, and Doubleday and at 1 am headed east along the pike towards Centreville. Confederate Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro was wounded three times and was succeeded in divisional command by Brigadier-General William Edwin Starke. Confederate Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell was also severely wounded, leading a charge by the 21st Georgia Infantry. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton succeeded Ewell in command of the division. The fight cost over 1,150 Union and 1,250 Confederate casualties.

ORDER OF BATTLE, BRAWNER’S FARM, VA

Union Army of Virginia: Major-General John Pope
III Corps (Virginia): Major-General Irvin McDowell
1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Rufus King, Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abner Doubleday
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
4th Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Gibbon

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Left Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro
Winder’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel W S H Baylor
J R Jones’ Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Bradley T Johnson
Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel A G Taliaferro
Starke’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Edwin Starke
Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Lawton’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton
Trimble’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Left Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgway Trimble

Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia, also known as Gainesville. At 9.30 am, Union Colonel Percy Wyndham’s cavalry troopers were attempting to fell trees across the road on the east side of Thoroughfare Gap to block the march of Confederate Major-General James Longstreet’s Corps from the west and to keep the two wings of the Confederate army apart. As soon as Longstreet’s vanguard was encountered around 3 pm, Wyndham dispatched a courier to Union Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts and his division at Gainesville. Ricketts’ advance towards Thoroughfare Gap was slow and he had only reached Haymarket, three miles to the east by 2 pm. By that time, Wyndham’s weak cavary force had already been driven from the Gap and Longstreet was ready to take possession of it.

The Union position adopted by Ricketts was a strong one, as a series of low-lying ridges east of the gap provided an excellent ground for defending the road to Gainesville. The Confederates had not had time to occupy the hills to the north and south of the gap. Longstreet developed a plan to dominate the gap from the high ground on either side and then outflank the Union position on the eastern ridge. The 9th Georgia Infantry under Colonel George Thomas Anderson was sent to Chapman’s Mill on the east side of the gap to repulse a Union attack by the 11th Pennsylvania Infantry who had been delayed as they removed the trees felled by Wyndham earlier that morning to reach the position. The time spent removing the impediment allowed Anderson to send half of his brigade up the slope to the north of the gap and to occupy the high ground while sufficient men remained to repulse the 11th Pennsylvania. To the south of the gap the 2nd Georgia Infantry and 20th Georgia Infantry hurried up the slopes on the west in competition with the opposing 13th Massachusetts Infantry, climbing up the east side. The Georgians arrived first and drove the 13th Massachusetts back down the steep slopes.

With the gap firmly in Confederate control, Colonel Evander McIver Law’s brigade was ordered over the ridge to the north of the gap to attack the Union right. At the same time, Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox was sent with his three brigades six miles further north through Hopewell Gap, to outflank the Union position and attack its rear. When Law’s brigade came down the eastern slope of the mountain and attacked his right, Ricketts sent the 84th New York Infantry against them temporarily checking Law’s advance. The 2nd Georgia and 20th Georgia, who had already secured the heights, pressed down the slopes to the south and soon attacked the Union left also. With his position rapidly becoming untenable, Ricketts decided to fall back on Manassas Junction through Gainesville, leaving the gap to the Confederates before Wilcox could cut off his line of retreat. Ricketts was unaware that his single isolated division was holding a vital position, keeping the two wings of the Confederate army apart. However, he was greatly outnumbered and could not resist any longer without sacrificing his command. He left a cavalry screen behind while he moved to Gainesville to protect the railroad. Casualties were around one hundred in all. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: THOROUGHFARE GAP, VA

Union Army of Virginia: Major-General John Pope
III Corps (Virginia): Major-General Irvin McDowell
2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abram Duryée
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Zealous Bates Tower
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Colonel John W Stiles
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Colonel Joseph Thoburn

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Right Wing Northern Virginia: Major-General James Longstreet
D R Jones’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General David Rumph Jones
D R Jones’s Brigade, D R Jones’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel George Thomas Anderson
Wilcox’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wilcox’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Pryor’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Roger Atkinson Pryor
Featherston’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Hood’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Bell Hood
Whiting’s Brigade, Hood’s Division, Right Wing Northern Virginia: Colonel Evander McIver Law

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant-Commander Samuel Magaw USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander Logan
      • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby interim James Henry Carleton awaited
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of Kentucky: William Nelson
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IX Corps Virginia: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Army of Virginia: John Pope
    • I Corps Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • II Corps Virginia: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • III Corps Virginia: Irvin McDowell

ConfederateOrganisation

CSA: Edward Aylesworth Perry promoted Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 28 August 1862.

Perry, Edward Aylesworth / Massachusetts-Florida / Born 15 March 1831 Richmond, Massachusetts / Died 15 October 1889
Captain PACS 2nd Florida Infantry May 1861 / Colonel PACS 10 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 September 1862 to rank from 28 August 1862 / Paroled Montgomery, Alabama 6 June 1865 / WIA Frayser’s Farm 30 June 1862 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
Perry’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 10 November 1863-30 May 1863 / Perry’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1863-6 May 1864 / Reserve Forces of Alabama 28 September 1864-31 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith interim John Porter McCown awaited
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of North Carolina: James Green Martin
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Missouri: Sterling Price
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert awaited
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Earl Van Dorn
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price
  • Forces in Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Philip Kearny
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield*
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Jesse Lee Reno
Christopher Columbus Augur

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Joseph King Fenno Mansfield)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Charles Smith Hamilton
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Samuel Garland
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Edwin Starke
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry

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