1862 April 6th

April 6 1862 Sunday

Battle of Shiloh, TN

Dam No 1, VA

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Peninsula Campaign – Siege of Yorktown

Island No 10 Campaign

 Shiloh Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

California. Incident at Fort Anderson.

Missouri. USS Carondelet made a reconnaissance down the Mississippi River from New Madrid to Tiptonville, exchanging shots with shore batteries at Island No 10 and landing a party to the spike Con­federate guns in preparation for covering the river crossing by Major-General John Pope’s troops.

North Carolina. Expedition to Laurel Valley began.

Shiloh, Tennessee, also known as Pittsburg Landing. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston had originally planned to attack the Union camps at Pittsburg Landing two days earlier but delays, poor staff work, and bad weather postponed operations. Johnston’s Confederate Army of Mississippi numbered 44,968 men.

The Union Army of West Tennessee under Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant and the approaching Army of the Ohio under Major-General Don Carlos Buell comprised together about 65,085 men. Buell had arrived in person overnight and he and Grant planned how to bring Buell’s army to the west bank to combine with Grant’s troops. They planned to send Buell’s men upstream to Hamburg, which would give them a slightly shorter route to their objective of Corinth, Mississippi. The two armies would unite when their roads converged about eight miles from Corinth. This would allow the advance to begin promptly and avoided Buell’s men having to funnel through the encampments at Pittsburg Landing.

At 6 am Confederate Johnston’s Army of Mississippi deployed across the Corinth Road south of Pittsburg Landing. The army had spent the entire night undetected two miles away from the Union camps. Their approach and dawn assault achieved almost total strategic and tactical surprise. The Union army had few patrols in place to give an early warning. Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman, the informal camp commander at Pittsburg Landing during Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s temporary absence, did not expect the Confederates to be nearby and discounted the possibility of an attack from the south, expecting an eventual attack from the direction of Purdy to the west.

Johnston emphasised an attack on his right flank to reach Pittsburg landing and prevent the Union Army from reaching safety across the Tennessee River, which was its supply line and avenue of retreat. He instructed General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard to stay to the rear and direct men and supplies as needed while he led the men on the battle line. The misguided alignment of the Confederate commands reduced the effectiveness of their attack. Confederate Major-General William Joseph Hardee and Major-General Braxton Bragg began the assault with their divisions in one line almost three miles wide. As they advanced, they became intermingled and difficult to control. Corps commanders attacked in line without reserves and their artillery could not be concentrated. At about 7.30 am Beauregard ordered the corps of Major-General Leonidas Polk and Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge forward on the left and right of the line. The attack proceeded as a frontal assault in a linear formation. The assault, despite its shortcomings, was nevertheless ferocious.

Across the Corinth Road, Union Colonel J Hildebrand’s brigade of Sherman’s division received the full impact of the Confederate assault. He had two brigades in line west of Shiloh Chapel, a third was east of the chapel and a fourth was detached near the river beyond Prentiss’s camps on the far left. The 53rd Ohio broke almost immediately, and two other regiments followed it in flight. The regiment had lost seven men captured from the picket line on 4th April, and a scout company had been fired upon on the 5th April, but continuous reports of the enemy’s proximity had been ridiculed, even though other parts of the army had also captured Confederate prisoners and deserters. Sherman’s division bore the brunt of the initial attack, and despite the heavy fire on their position and their right flank crumbling, they fought on stubbornly. The Union troops slowly lost ground and fell back to a position among their camps behind Shiloh Church. They repelled four charges and gave way to a new position after a fifth.

Major-General John Alexander McClernand’s division had been behind Sherman’s and once it advanced it temporarily stabilised the position, filling the void between Sherman and Prentiss. Johnston’s attack made steady progress until noon, rolling up Union positions one by one. Grant was about ten miles downriver on a gunboat at Savannah. Grant heard the sound of artillery fire and raced to the battlefield, arriving about 8.30 am.

Further east, At dawn Colonel Everett Peabody, commanding a brigade in Brigadier-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss’s division, had sent forward part of the 25th Missouri on a reconnaissance, and they became engaged with Confederate skirmishers between 5 am and 5.15 am. The spirited fight provided some warning but the Union army was not fully prepared. Fighting a delaying action they were reinforced by four companies of the 16th Wisconsin, five companies of the 21st Missouri and eventually the whole of Peabody’s brigade. By 8 am they had been pressed back to the main line of Prentiss’s division. Prentiss’s division was broken quickly by relentless attacks and survivors of both Sherman’s and Prentiss’s divisions mingled with others as they gave up almost two miles of ground to hold a new line. Many regiments fragmented entirely, leaving the remaining companies and individuals to attach themselves to other commands. The Union troops gave ground steadily under relentless but disorganised and uncoordinated pressure as the faulty Confederate command structure and deployment made it impossible to do more than charge straight ahead in ever more chaotic groups. Starting at about 9 am, men of Brigadier-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss’s and Brigadier-General William Henry Lamb Wallace’s divisions established a new position nicknamed the Hornet’s Nest, in a field along a “sunken road”. Prentiss had held the front line of defence but been driven out and W H L Wallace had moved up quickly from its camps near Pittsburg Landing to reinforce him. Grant ordered Prentiss to hold the ground at all costs. Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut’s division entered the action on Prentiss’s left and occupied a Peach Orchard. The Union flanks were pushed back but not decisively.

Sherman, who had been negligent in preparation for the battle, took a key role once he realised that the fight was now underway. He appeared everywhere, inspiring the raw recruits to resist despite staggering losses on both sides. He received two minor wounds and had three horses shot out from under him. Grant met Sherman at about 10 am and then McClernand and Prentiss in turn; Grant took charge of the battle, made preparations to defend the vital river landing area at Pittsburg Landing, organised a cordon to enforce the return of stragglers and fugitives to the fight and issued orders for the Union army to hold its lines. He worked frantically to bring up reinforcements; he ordered Brigadier-General William Nelson’s division – the first to arrive from Buell’s army – to march from Savannah on the eastern shore of the river. Grant had already met Brigadier-General Lewis Wallace at Pittsburg Landing and he ordered him to take his division from Crump’s Landing in support of Sherman. Wallace took a route different from the one Grant intended and at the end of his march he found that Sherman had been forced back from where Wallace expected to find him. Moreover, the battle line had moved so far east that Wallace’s men were already behind the advancing Confederate troops. A messenger arrived with word that Grant was asking why Wallace had not arrived at Pittsburg Landing. Wallace was confused and felt sure he could launch an attack in the Confederates’ rear. Nevertheless, he decided to turn his troops around and march back to Stoney Lonesome and then on to Pittsburg Landing, arriving at Grant’s position about 6.30 pm or 7 pm, after much of the hardest fighting was over.

The Confederate formation had resulted in a complete disruption of command and the corps commanders made an arbitrary division of the front to regain some control: Hardee and Polk took the left while Bragg and Breckinridge took the right but their capacity to carry out the original battle plan had been prevented by stubborn resistance at the Hornet’s Nest. Hardee and Polk finally caused Sherman and McClernand on the Union right to retreat in the direction of Pittsburg Landing, leaving the right flank of the Hornet’s Nest exposed. To the left of the Hornet’s Nest, Hurlbut’s Union division had occupied another strong position at a Peach Orchard and he held out against all attacks. Johnston rode forward to lead another assault by one of Breckinridge’s brigades but was wounded at about 2.30 pm while leading the attack. Deeming a leg wound to be insignificant, he had sent his personal surgeon away to care for some wounded soldiers and, in the doctor’s absence, he bled to death. He was the first general in command of an army to be killed in the war and the highest ranking field commander in Confederate service, only second in seniority to the head of staff General Samuel Cooper. He was also the oldest General Officer on either side to die as a direct result of wounds in battle. Beauregard learned the news and assumed command, but from his position in the rear he had only a vague idea of the disposition of forces at the front. He ordered Johnston’s body shrouded for secrecy to avoid damaging morale in the army and resumed attacks against the Hornet’s Nest.

There was to be no let-up in the pressure. Just after the death of Johnston, Breckinridge attacked from reserve into the extreme left of the Union line, driving off the small brigade of Colonel David Stuart (Sherman’s division) and opening a route into the Union rear area and the Tennessee River. However, they paused to regroup and recover from exhaustion and disorganisation, and then chose to follow the sound of the guns toward the Hornet’s Nest and the opportunity was lost. Hurlbut was finally driven from the Peach Orchard. Twelve separate attacks had failed to carry the Hornet’s Nest but success on the flanks, and the massing of 62 guns enabled Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles’ Confederate division to make a successful thirteenth attack. They surrounded and captured over 2,200 defenders of the Hornet’s Nest at about 5.30 pm. Union division commander Brigadier-General William Harvey Lamb Wallace was mortally wounded leading survivors through the so-called Hell’s Hollow. Sherman and McClernand had saved much of their divisions by giving ground but the sacrifice at the Hornet’s Nest sacrifice bought time for Grant to establish a final defensive line nearer to Pittsburg Landing and saved the army.

With the two main obstacles removed, determined Confederates pushed onwards up to a solid three-mile Union front around Pittsburg Landing, which extended west from the Tennessee and then north up the River Road, where it kept the route open for the expected but belated arrival of Lewis Wallace’s division. Sherman now commanded the right of the line, McClernand the centre, and on the left, remnants of W H L Wallace’s, Hurlbut’s and Stuart’s troops were mixed among thousands of stragglers who were crowding the bluffs by the landing. Grant had run out of reserves and thousands were absent from the firing line. He urged Nelson to cross the river and bring his men into action, declaring that his arrival would save the day. The first brigade of Buell’s Army of the Ohio (Colonel Jacob Ammen’s brigade of Nelson’s division), arrived in time to be ferried across and to join the far left end of the line.

Grant’s chief of artillery had located a battery of siege guns near the landing. These were strengthened by the heavy guns of two gunboats on the river (USS Tyler and USS Lexington), which opened a tremendous cannonade of shot and shell over the bank. A new Confederate attack by two brigades was led by Brigadier-Jones Mitchell Withers. They advanced along the road that led towards the landing from Snake Creek Bridge and after crossing a ravine knee-deep in water they found the left flank of the Union line at the top of a slope. They were shattered by concentrated artillery fire, including heavy calibre shots from the Union gunboats, and were driven back with heavy losses.

At about 6 pm a further and final Confederate effort to seize the landing was suspended by Beauregard. Nevertheless, Beauregard sent a telegram to President Davis announcing “a complete victory” Many of his men were jubilant, having overrun the Union camps and taken thousands of prisoners and large quantities of supplies. Rather than make a disjointed attack with his exhausted troops at dusk, he decided to postpone the final blow until morning when it could be delivered with more impact.

The evening was dispiriting. A thunderstorm passed through the area and rhythmic shelling, one shot every fifteen minutes, from the Union gunboats made the night a miserable experience for both sides. Grant had his own reasons to be optimistic because Lewis Wallace’s division and 15,000 men of Buell’s army began to arrive in the evening. Buell’s first troops had crossed during the evening (Ammen’s brigade of Nelson’s division) and the rest of the division crossed during the night. By early morning they had been followed by parts of the divisions of Brigadier-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden and Brigadier-General Alexander McDowell McCook. Confederate Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest observed Buell’s forces crossing the river and reported it, advising that if the army stayed in place, it would be defeated. His warnings were either ignored or disregarded and the exhausted troops were allowed to rest in place. Beauregard did not hear from Forrest directly but he was convinced that Buell would not be reinforcing Grant because a telegram from Colonel Benjamin Hardin Helm in northern Alabama, reported that Buell changed direction towards Decatur.

ORDER OF BATTLE: SHILOH, TN

Union Department of the Mississippi: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck
Department of the Missouri: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck
Army of the Ohio: Major-General Don Carlos Buell
2nd Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General Alexander McDowell McCook
4th Brigade, 2nd Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau
5th Brigade, 2nd Division (Ohio): Colonel Edward Needles Kirk
6th Brigade, 2nd Division (Ohio): Colonel W H Gibson
4th Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General William Nelson
10th Brigade, 4th Division (Ohio): Colonel Jacob Ammen
19th Brigade, 4th Division (Ohio) Colonel William B Hazen
22nd Brigade, 4th Division (Ohio): Colonel S D Bruce
5th Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
11th Brigade, 5th Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
14th Brigade, 5th Division (Ohio): Colonel W S Smith
6th Division (Ohio), Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood
20th Brigade, 6th Division (Ohio): Brigadier-General James Abram Garfield
21st Brigade, 6th Division (Ohio): Colonel George Day Wagner
District of West Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee (Army of West Tennessee): Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
1st Division (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander McClernand
1st Brigade, 1st Division (Tennessee): Colonel A M Hare
2nd Brigade, 1st Division (Tennessee): Colonel C C Marsh
3rd Brigade, 1st Division (Tennessee): Colonel Julius Raith
2nd Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Harvey Lamb Wallace
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Colonel James Madison Tuttle
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Colonel T W Sweeny
3rd Division (Tennessee): Major-General Lewis Wallace
1st Brigade, 3rd Division (Tennessee): Colonel Morgan L Smith
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Tennessee): Colonel John M Thayer
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division (Tennessee): Colonel Charles Whittlesey
4th Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
1st Brigade, 4th Division (Tennessee): Colonel N G Williams
2nd Brigade, 4th Division (Tennessee): Colonel James C Veatch
3rd Brigade, 4th Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
5th Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Brigade, 5th Division (Tennessee): Colonel J A McDowell
2nd Brigade, 5th Division (Tennessee): Colonel David Stuart
3rd Brigade, 5th Division (Tennessee): Colonel J Hildebrand
4th Brigade, 5th Division (Tennessee): Colonel Ralph P Buckland
6th Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
1st Brigade, 6th Division (Tennessee): Colonel Everett Peabody
2nd Brigade, 6th Division (Tennessee): Colonel Madison Miller

Confederate Western Department: General Albert Sidney Johnston, General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Army of Mississippi: General Albert Sidney Johnston, General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
I (Polk’s) Corps (Mississippi): Major-General Leonidas Polk
1st Clark’s Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Charles Clark
1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Robert M Russell
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Alexander Peter Stewart
2nd Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Mississippi): Colonel William H Stephens
II (Bragg’s) Corps (Mississippi): Major-General Braxton Bragg
1st Ruggles’ Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Randall Lee Gibson
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Preston Pond
2nd Withers’ Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Adley Hogan Gladden
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John King Jackson
III (Hardee’s) Corps (Mississippi): Major-General William Joseph Hardee
1st Brigade, III Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman
2nd Brigade, III Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
3rd Brigade, III Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
Reserve (Breckinridge’s) Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge
1st Brigade, Reserve Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Robert P Trabue
2nd Brigade, Reserve Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Stevens Bowen
3rd Brigade, Reserve Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Winfield Scott Statham

Texas. Incident at San Luis Pass.

Dam No 1, Virginia. The Union 6th Maine and 5th Wisconsin under Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Hancock performed a reconnaissance around Dam No 1, where the Confederates had widened the Warwick to create a water obstacle. They drove off the Confederate pickets and took some prisoners. Hancock considered this area a weak spot in the line, but orders from McClellan prevented any exploitation. Union Brigadier-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes, deceived by the Confederates’ theatrical troop movements, believed that the Warwick Line fortifications could not be carried and advised McClellan against an immediate assault. McClellan ordered the construction of siege works. Despite their preponderance in numbers Confederate Major-General John Bankhead Magruder’s theatrics and deceptions had convinced the Union commanders that the works could not be carried without lengthy preparations. To the surprise of the Confederates and the dismay of President Abraham Lincoln, McClellan ordered his army to entrench in works parallel to Magruder’s and to besiege Yorktown. Although McClellan doubted his numerical superiority over the enemy, he had no doubts about the superiority of his artillery and believed that a siege was certain of success.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss was captured at Shiloh.

Prentiss, Benjamin Mayberry | Virginia | Born 23 November 1819 Belleville,(West) Virginia | Captain USV Illinois 1846 Captain USV 10th Illinois 29 April 1861 Colonel USV 10th Illinois 29 April 1861 Brigadier General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Major-General USV March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned USV 28 October 1863 | CIA Shiloh 1862 | Died 8 February 1901 | 15 August 1861 – 31 August 1861 District of Ironton, 26 November 1861 – 25 December 1861 District of North Missouri, 14 February 1863 – 2 August 1863 District of Eastern Arkansas

USA: Brigadier-General William Harvey Lamb Wallace was mortally wounded at Shiloh.

Wallace, William Harvey Lamb | Ohio | Born 8 July 1821 Urbana, Ohio | Private USV 1st Illinois 1847 1st Lieutenant USV 1st Illinois 1848 Colonel USV 11th Illinois May 1 1861 Mustered out USV 30 July 1861 Colonel USV 11th Illinois 30 July 1861 Brigadier-General USV March 22 182 to rank from March 21 1862 | MWIA Shiloh 1862 | DOW April 10 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
      • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
        • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
      • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Kansas: James William Denver
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Middle Department: John Adams Dix
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell
    • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
    • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
    • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

CSA: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Western Department, succeeding General Albert Sidney Johnston.

CSA: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Albert Sidney Johnston.

Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant | Louisiana | Born 28 May 1818 St Bernard, Louisiana | USMA 1838 2/45 Artillery – Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 Engineers 7 July 1838 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 18 June 1839 Captain USV Engineers 3 March 1853 Resigned USA 20 February 1861 Brigadier-General ACSA 1 March 1861 General ACSA 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861 Paroled 1 May 1865 | WIA x 2 Chapultepec 1847 | Died 20 February 1893 | 3 March 1861 – 26 May 1861 Department of South Carolina, 3 March 1861 – 27 May 1861 Forces in Charleston, 31 May 1861 – 19 July 1861 Department of the Potomac, 31 May 1861 – 20 July 1861 Army of the Potomac, 25 September 1861 – 3 October 1861 I Corps Potomac, 22 October 1861 – 29 January 1862 District of the Potomac, 5 March 1862 – 29 March 1862 Army of Mississippi, 6 April 1862 – 26 June 1862 Western Department, 6 April 1862 – 6 May 1862 Army of Mississippi, 29 August 1862 – 7 October 1862 Department of South Carolina and Georgia, 7 October 1862 – 19 April 1864 Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, 18 April 1864 – 13 May 1864 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, 20 May 1864 – 26 September 1864 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, 27 September 1864 – 1 October 1864 Defences of Petersburg, 3 October 1864 – 16 December 1864 Military Division of the West, 14 January 1865 – 22 January 1865 Army of Tennessee

CSA: Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed full command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

Breckinridge, John Cabell | Kentucky | Born 16 January 1821 Lexington, Kentucky | Major USV 3rd Kentucky 6 September 1847 Mustered out USV 21 July 1848 Brigadier-General PACS 2 November 1861 Major-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 Paroled 11 May 1865 | Died 17 May 1875 | 31 March 1862 – 29 June 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 3 July 1862 – 4 August 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 28 October 1862 – 20 November 1862 Army of Middle Tennessee, 15 October 1863 – 14 December 1863 II Corps Tennessee, 25 February 1864 – 24 May 1864 Trans-Allegheny Department, 27 June 1864 – 27 September 1864 II Corps Valley, 1 September 1864 – 4 May 1865 Reserve Forces of Tennessee, 17 September 1864 – 27 September 1864 Trans-Allegheny Department, 28 September 1864 – 19 February 1865 Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

CSA: Braxton Bragg promoted General PACS 12 April 1862 to rank from April 6 1862.

Bragg, Braxton | North Carolina | Born 22 March 1817 Warrenton, North Carolina | USMA 1837 5/50 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1837 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 7 July 1838 Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 18 June 1846 Resigned USA 3 January 1856 Brigadier-General ACSA 7 March 1861 Major-General PACS 12 September 1861 General PACS 12 April 1862 to rank from April 6 1862 Surrendered 9 May 1865 Paroled May 10 1865 | Died 27 September 1876 | 22 February 1861 – 21 March 1861 Department of Louisiana, 22 February 1861 – 13 August 1861 Forces in New Orleans, 7 March 1861 – 6 October 1861 Department of West Florida, 7 March 1861 – 6 October 1861 Forces in Pensacola, 7 October 1861 – 1 April 1862 Department of Alabama and West Florida, 22 October 1861 – 26 January 1862 Army of Pensacola, 5 March 1862 – 28 March 1862 Second Grand Division Mississippi, 29 March 1862 – 5 May 1862 II Corps Mississippi, 6 May 1862 – 5 July 1862 Army of Mississippi, 20 June 1862 – 23 October 1862 Western Department, 15 August 1862 – 27 September 1862 Army of Mississippi, 3 November 1862 – 25 July 1863 Western Department, 7 November 1862 – 20 November 1862 Army of Mississippi, 20 November 1862 – 1 December 1863 Army of Tennessee, 25 July 1863 – 21 December 1863 Department of Tennessee, 24 February 1864 – 31 January 1865 Military Adviser to the President, 11 November 1864 – 5 March 1865 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, 22 February 1865 – 8 April 1865 II Corps Tennessee

CSA: Jones Mitchell Withers promoted Major-General PACS 16 August 1862 to rank from 6 April 1862.

Withers, Jones Mitchell | Alabama | Born 12 January 1814 Madison, Alabama | USMA 1835 44/56 Dragoons | 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 Resigned USA 5 December 1835 Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 9 April 1847 Colonel USA 9th US Infantry 13 September 1847 Resigned 23 May 1848 Colonel PACS 3rd Alabama 28 April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 10 July 1861 Major-General PACS 6 April 1862 Resigned PACS July 13 1863 Reappointed Major-General PACS July 21 1863 | Died 13 March 1890 | 23 May 1861 – 25 May 1861 Department of Norfolk, 12 September 1861 – 27 January 1862 District of Alabama, 27 January 1862 – 4 February 1862 Army of Mobile, 30 June 1862 – 2 July 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 5 August 1862 – 20 November 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 6 February 1864 – 27 July 1864 District of Northern Alabama, 30 April 1864 – 4 May 1865 Reserve Forces of Alabama

CSA: General Albert Sidney Johnston was killed at Shiloh.

Johnston, Albert Sidney | Kentucky-Louisiana | Born 2 February 1803 Washington, Kentucky | USMA 1826 8/41 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 1 July 1826 Resigned USA 31 May 1834 Private Texas Army 1835 Brigadier-General Texas Army 1836-1838 Colonel USV 1st Texas 8 July 1846 Mustered out USV 24 August 1846 Major USA Staff 31 October 1849 Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 10 April 1861 effective 3 May 1861 General ACSA to rank from 30 May 1861 on 31 August 1861 | KIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 | 15 January 1861 – 24 April 1861 Department of the Pacific, 20 September 1861 – 5 April 1862 Western Department, 28 September 1861 – 4 December 1861 Army of Central Kentucky, 18 December 1861 – 31 December 1861 Army of Central Kentucky, 23 February 1862 – 29 March 1862 Army of Central Kentucky, 29 March 1862 – 5 April 1862 Army of Mississippi

CSA: Brigadier-General Adley Hogan Gladden was mortally wounded at Shiloh.

Gladden, Adley Hogan | South Carolina | Born 28 October 1810 Fairfield, South Carolina | Major USV Palmetto South Carolina 24 December 1846 Lieutenant-Colonel USV Palmetto South Carolina 20 August 1847 Lieutenant-Colonel 1st South Carolina 25 January 1861 Resigned South Carolina 26 January 1861 Colonel PACS 1st Louisiana Regulars February 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 30 September 1861 | WIA Belen Gate 1847 MWIA Shiloh 1862 | DOW 12 April 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Samuel Jones
    • Army of Mobile: William L Powell
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: William Scott Dilworth temporary
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
      • I Corps (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
      • III Corps (Mississippi): William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 Retired 1 November 1861
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 Mountain Department
  • Major-General USA Henry Wager Halleck 19 August 1861 Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi & Department of the Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of Virginia
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 II Corps Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861 Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862 Department of the Rappahannock
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield 17 May 1861 to rank from May 14 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Major-General USV 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USA Henry Knox Craig August 3 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Lorenzo Thomas 5 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA James Wolfe Ripley 10 September 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Chief of Ordnance
  • Brigadier-General USA Philip St George Cooke 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861 Middle Department
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of the Gulf & Army of the Gulf
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of the Shenandoah awaited
  • Major-General USV David Hunter 13 August 1861 Department of the South
  • Major-General USV Edwin Denison Morgan 28 September 1861 Department of New York
  • Major-General USV Ethan Allen Hitchcock 10 February 1862 Chairman of the War Board
  • Major-General USV Ulysses Simpson Grant 16 February 1862 District of West Tennessee & Army of West Tennessee
  • Major-General USV Ambrose Everett Burnside 18 March 1862 Department of North Carolina
  • Major-General USV Don Carlos Buell 21 March 1862 District of the Ohio & Army of the Ohio
  • Major-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 21 March 1862 District of Southwest Missouri & Army of the Southwest
  • Major-General USV Franz Sigel 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV John Pope 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 District of the Mississippi & Army of the Mississippi
  • Major-General USV John Alexander McClernand 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862Major-General USV Charles Ferguson Smith 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV Lewis Wallace 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 3rd Division (Tennessee)
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 KIA 10 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861 District of the Kanawha
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 III Cops Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of the Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned 23 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Tecumseh Sherman 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Buel Franklin 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Railroad District
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Hooker 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Died 2 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 IV Corps Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-John Porter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Kearny 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Bush Richardson 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Darius Nash Couch 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius Stahel 12 November 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Brewerton Ricketts April 30 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Corcoran August 15 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Bolivar Willcox August 19 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Henry Thomas 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hayes Lockwood August 8 1861 District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland
  • Brigadier-General USV Louis Blenker 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Webb Morell 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Warner Slocum 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Samuel Wadsworth 9 August 1861 Military District of Washington
  • Brigadier-General USV John James Peck 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Martindale 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Davis Sturgis March 7 1862 to rank from August 10 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farrar Smith 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Stoneman 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Washington Benham 13 August 1861 Northern District of the South
  • Brigadier-General USV James William Denver 14 August 1861 District of Kansas
  • Brigadier-General USV Egbert Ludovicus Viele 17 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Shields 19 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farquhar Barry 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Fulton Reynolds 26 August 1861 to rank from 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Joseph Abercrombie 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Abram Duryée 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Silas Casey 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lawrence Pike Graham 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Gordon Meade 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Sedgwick September 5 1861 to rank from 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Justus McKinstry 2 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Davis Jameson 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Edgar Sickles 3 September 1861 Expired 13 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Eleazer Arthur Paine 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander McDowell McCook 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Huston Milroy 3 September 1861 Cheat Mountain District
  • Brigadier-General USV Ebenezer Dumont 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Oliver Otis Howard 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Willis Arnold Gorman 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Butterfield 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Mynn Thruston 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Gouverneur Wright 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Otho Cresap Ord 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Nelson 16 September 1861 4th Division (Ohio)
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Ward 18 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Blair Smith Todd 19 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Randolph Barnes Marcy 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Stewart Van Vliet 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Newton 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Winfield Scott Hancock 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Innis Newton Palmer 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Seth Williams 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gross Barnard 24 March 1862 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Leonidas Crittenden 27 October 1861 to rank from 27 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Wright 28 September 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ingalls Stevens 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Williams 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Sykes 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Wallace Burns 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Henry French 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Milton Brannan 28 September 1861 Southern District of the South
  • Brigadier-General USV John Porter Hatch 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV David Sloane Stanley 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Kerley Strong 28 September 1861 District of Cairo
  • Brigadier-General USV Albin Francisco Schoepf 30 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lovell Harrison Rousseau 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Melancthon Smith Wade 1 October 1861 Resigned 18 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Scott Negley 6 February 1862 to rank from 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard William Johnson 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas John Wood 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Adolph Wilhelm August Frederick Von Steinwehr 12 June 1862 to rank from 12 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Bennett Plummer 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gray Foster 23 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Cullum 12 November 1861 to rank from 1 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Schuyler Hamilton 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Christopher Columbus Augur 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jesse Lee Reno 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Morgan 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jeremiah Tilford Boyle 30 April 1862 to rank from 19 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John McAllister Schofield 21 November 1861 District of St Louis
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Jefferson McKean 21 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Grubb Parke 23 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Zealous Bates Tower 12 June 1862 to rank from 23 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jefferson Columbus Davis 30 April 1862 to rank from 18 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John McAuley Palmer 21 December 1861 to rank from 20 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William High Keim 21 December 1861 to rank from 20 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Abram Garfield 20 February 1862 to rank from 11 January 1862 District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River 20th Brigade, 6th Division (Ohio)
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Golding Arnold 28 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 Western District of the South
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick Steele 30 January 1862 to rank from 29 January 1862 District of Southeast Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Scott Ketchum 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Abner Doubleday 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wynn Davidson 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Francis Meagher 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV David Bell Birney 17 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Morris Naglee 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Johnson 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Gallant Spears 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Alfred Davies 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Eugene Asa Carr 30 April 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Tyler 16 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Hemsley Emory 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Hiram Gregory Berry 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Orris Sanford Ferry 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Jackson Smith 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Marsena Rudolph Patrick 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ferdinand Quinby 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862 Sub-District of Columbus
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Phineas Woodbury 20 March 1862 to rank from 19 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Latimer McCook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Gartner Lauman 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Phillips Van Cleve 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard James Oglesby 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Harvey Lamb Wallace March 22 182 to rank from March 21 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John McArthur 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Moses Judah 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Alexander Logan 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Speed Smith Fry 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Craig 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Asboth 24 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Grenville Mellen Dodge 11 April 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Mahlon Dickerson Manson 26 March 1862 to rank from 24 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Gordon Granger 26 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Richard Sprigg Canby 11 April 1862 to rank from 31 March 1862 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel USA Benjamin Stone Roberts 9 December 1861 Southern District of New Mexico
  • Colonel USV James Henry Carleton 19 August 1861 District of Southern California
  • Colonel USV Francis James Lippitt 2 September 1861 District of the Humboldt
  • Colonel USV John Montgomery Glover 4 September 1861 District of Northeast Missouri
  • Lieutenant-Colonel USA Albemarle Cady 6 June 1861 District of Oregon
  • Lieutenant USN Samuel Powhatan Carter District of the Gap
  • State Brigadier-General James Totten 1 September 1861 District of Central Missouri
  • State Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Loan 21 November 1861 District of Northwest Missouri

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861 KIA 6 April 1862
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Military Adviser to the President
  • General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 Department of Northern Virginia & Army of Northern Virginia
  • General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861 Western Department & Army of Mississippi
  • General PACS Braxton Bragg 12 April 1862 to rank from April 6 1862 II Corps Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861
  • Major-General PACS Leonidas Polk 25 June 1861 I Corps (Mississippi)
  • Major-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 19 September 1861 Trans-Mississippi District & Army of the West
  • Major-General PACS Gustavus Woodson Smith 19 September 1861 Left Wing Northern Virginia & District of Aquia
  • Major-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 7 October 1861 Department of North Carolina
  • Major-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 7 October 1861 III Corps (Mississippi)
  • Major-General PACS James Longstreet 7 October 1861 Right Wing Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 7 October 1861 Valley District & Army of the Valley
  • Major-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 7 October 1861 Department of the Peninsula & Army of the Peninsula
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Huger 7 October 1861 Department of Norfolk
  • Major-General PACS Mansfield Lovell 7 October 1861 Department No 1
  • Major-General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 13 October 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861 Department of East Tennessee & Army of East Tennessee
  • Major-General PACS George Bibb Crittenden 9 November 1861
  • Major-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 10 January 1862 to rank from 15 January 1862 Department of South Carolina and Georgia
  • Major-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 17 January 1862 to rank from 23 January 1862
  • Major-General PACS William Wing Loring 15 February 1862 to rank from 17 February 1862 Department of Southwestern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Sterling Price 6 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Samuel Jones 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 Department of Alabama and West Florida
  • Major-General PACS John Porter McCown 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Daniel Harvey Hill 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862 Centre Wing Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Jones Mitchell Withers 16 August 1862 to rank from 6 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 District of Georgia
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861 Resigned 29 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 25 May 1861 Resigned 29 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 4 June 1861 Resigned 2 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 KIA 13 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861 District of Arizona & Army of New Mexico
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS David Rumph Jones 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Henry Winder 21 June 1861 Department of Henrico & Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Caswell Gatlin 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gideon Johnson Pillow 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Read Anderson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Smith Donelson 9 July 1861 5th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Felix Kirk Zollicoffer 9 July 1861 KIA 19 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Heron Anderson 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Augustus Toombs 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Arnold Elzey 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jubal Anderson Early July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Chase Whiting 28 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Stebbins Bartow 21 July 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Ruggles August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 District of North Alabama
  • Brigadier-General PACS Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Breckinridge Grayson 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Died 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roswell Sabine Ripley 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 District of South Carolina & 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Pike 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Octave Hébert August 18 1861 to rank from August 17 1861 Department of Texas & Eastern District of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Reid Anderson 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Simon Bolivar Buckner 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Leroy Pope Walker 17 September 1861 Resigned 31 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Gallatin Blanchard 21 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gabriel James Rains 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ewell Brown Stuart 24 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lafayette McLaws 25 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Fenwick Drayton 25 September 1861 6th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Carmichael Hindman 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Adley Hogan Gladden 30 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lloyd Tilghman 18 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Emmett Rodes 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Philip St George Cocke 21 October 1861 Died 26 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Nathan George Evans 21 October 1861 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Taylor 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Trezevant Wigfall 21 October 1861 Resigned 20 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Heyward Trapier 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Gibbs French 23 October 1861 District of Cape Fear
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Carroll 26 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hugh Weedon Mercer 29 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Humphrey Marshall October 30 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Griffith 2 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Cabell Breckinridge 2 November 1861 Reserve Corps (Mississippi)
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Peter Stewart 8 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Montgomery Gardner 14 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Brooke Garnett 14 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lawrence O’Bryan Branch 16 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Mahone 16 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Johnson 13 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Maxcy Gregg 14 December 1861 4th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Constantine Wayne 16 December 1861 Resigned 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Raleigh Edward Colston 23 December 1861 to rank from 24 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Heth 9 January 1862 to rank from 6 January 1862 District of Lewisburg
  • Brigadier-General PACS Johnson Kelly Duncan 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Sterling Alexander Martin Wood 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John George Walker 9 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John King Jackson 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Edward Pickett 14 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James McQueen McIntosh 17 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Bushrod Rust Johnson 24 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Patton Anderson 10 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Wythe Randolph 12 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Brevard Kershaw 1 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ronald Chalmers 10 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Howell Cobb 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Lewis Hogg 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Ambrose Powell Hill 24 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Johnston Pettigrew 28 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Carter Littlepage Stevenson 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Whann Mackall 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Danville Leadbetter 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Ransom 6 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862 District of Pamlico temporary
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Sidney Winder 7 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Marsh Frost 10 October 1861 to rank from March 3 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bell Hood 6 March 1862 to rank from 3 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Winfield Scott Featherston 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas James Churchill 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Booth Taliaferro 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Rust 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hamilton Prioleau Bee 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 Sub-District of the Rio Grande awaited
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Bell Maxey 7 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Morrison Hawes 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Hume Steuart 11 March 1862 to rank from 6 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Duncan Smith 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Edwin Slaughter 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles William Field 11 March 1862 to rank from 9 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Horace Forney 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Jones Semmes 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lucius Marshall Walker 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Seth Maxwell Barton 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Dabney Herndon Maury 14 March 1862 to rank from 12 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bordenave Villepigue 14 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Eustace McCulloch 14 March 1862 Western District of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Stevens Bowen 14 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Hardin Helm 14 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS States Rights Gist 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Selden Roane 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Nelson Pendleton 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Yarnel Slack 17 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 DOW 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lewis Addison Armistead 1 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Finegan 5 April 1862
  • Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault 31 May 1861 1st Sub-District of the District of South Carolina
  • Colonel Charles Dimmock Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper July 1861 Department of the Indian Territory
  • Colonel William Scott Dilworth Department of Middle and Eastern Florida temporary
  • Colonel Henry Marchmore Shaw September 1861 District of Roanoke Island
  • Colonel John C Bowen Sub-District of Houston
  • Colonel William L Powell 21 November 1861 Army of Mobile
  • 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn Defences of Pass Cavallo
  • State Brigadier-General Ebenezer B Nichols Sub-District of Galveston

 

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