1862 April 4th

April 4 1862 Friday

Battle of Island No 10, MO

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Peninsula Campaign

Island No 10 Campaign

Shiloh Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

USA. The US Congress made an important resolution regarding rank and command in the US Army and US Volunteers: “… whenever military operations may require the presence of two or more officers of the same grade in the same field or department. the President may assign the command of the forces in such field or department without regard to seniority or rank”. Although contrary to strict protocol, this provision gave the President greater flexibility in managing the high command of the Union armies.

California. Skirmish at Table Bluff.

Mississippi. Incidents at Greenwood and Pass Christian.

Missouri. Union reconnaissance to Cape Girardeau, Dallas, Jackson, and Whitewater ended. Incident at Doniphan.

Island No 10, Missouri. The USS Carondelet weighed anchor at New Madrid on a night with the moon concealed by clouds. The aim was to run past the Confederate batteries at Island No 10. Work had been undertaken for a week to protect and strengthen the vessel with cord-wood piled around the boilers, extra deck planking, and anchor chains trailed along the deck. An 11-inch hawser was wrapped around the pilot-house and a coal barge was lashed alongside. For fear of capture, the crew was armed with revolvers and cutlasses, while volunteer sharpshooters manned the decks. The ship was prepared to be scuttled rather than fall into enemy hands. All lights were extinguished save for one in the engine room to avoid detection.

At 10 pm the ship set out with muffled engine just as a fierce thunderstorm began. When USS Carondelet approached the Confederate Battery No 2 on Island No 10 the flue caught fire from sparks. Confederate sentries spotted the flames and sounded the alarm. Commander Henry Walke shouted to his pilot, William Hoel, for “full speed.” Hoel was an experienced pilot on this stretch of the river, and with the help of a boatswain’s mate stationed on the forecastle, steered the craft past the Island. The Confederate gunners were unable to depress all of their guns to train on the ship, allowing it to pass by unharmed although one shot hit the barge alongside and another was found later buried in a bale of hay. The fierce thunderstorm also helped to mask the gunboat’s progress.

USS Carondelet arrived unharmed at New Madrid the following morning before dawn, greeted by cheers from Major-General John Pope’s army. This exploit marked the introduction of a new tactic in warfare. The use of steam for driving ships meant that they no longer had to batter fixed forts into submission before trying a highly dangerous attempt to pass them. The tactic became commonplace during the war and the perceived value of fixed fortifications to prevent naval and riverine operations was seriously diminished.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Lawrenceburg involving Union Colonel Milo Smith Hascall (17th Indiana Infantry).

Tennessee. Skirmishes at Pittsburg Landing, Adamsville, and Crump’s Landing.

Tennessee. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant was injured when his horse fell and pinned him underneath. He went to convalesce at Savannah and was unable to move without the aid of crutches.

Tennessee. The Confederate march from Corinth continued to be beset by delays caused by bad weather and confusion. Major-General Braxton Bragg’s corps reached Monterey at midday, where it should have already camped overnight. One of Bragg’s divisions got completely lost. Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge’s Corps was out of communication and its location could not be determined. Major-General Leonidas Polk and Major-General William Joseph Hardee were making forced marches with their two Corps but they were held up at Mickey’s while Bragg’s column passed across their route. Extreme thunderstorms spoiled the deployment and it was impossible to consider an attack at dawn as had been planned.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Cockletown, Stafford Court House, Howard’s Mill, Young’s Mill, and Great Bethel.

Virginia. The Union Department of the Rappahannock and the Department of the Shenandoah were established, following the earlier creation of the Mountain Department. This was a direct and fatal consequence of aggressive Confederate action in the Shenandoah Valley.

This further division of command in Northern Virginia required the three Departments to receive instructions directly from the War Department in Washington and not from MajorGeneral George Brinton McClellan, who was now at Fortress Monroe.

This separation of command responsibility, intended to protect the capital, actually played into the hands of the Confederates, who began diversionary operations in the Shenandoah Valley. The diversion of reinforcements from the Union peninsula campaign to provide field forces for the new Departments also weakened the numerical advantage that Major-General George Brinton McClellan was relying on for his advance towards Richmond.

McClellan suddenly found that he was also deprived of the use of 12,000 men in the Fortress Monroe garrison and he was further discouraged by the fact that Major-General Irvin McDowell’s I Corps (now renamed the Department of the Rappahannock) was being withheld indefinitely for the defence of Washington. That meant it could not be sent as planned to envelop the Yorktown positions by an overland advance from the north. McDowell had been earmarked by McClellan to outflank the Confederate line by landings further up the York River. To emphasise this, the Military District of Washington itself was subordinated to McDowell’s new Department. Although the title was officially discontinued, the field force of the Department of the Rappahannock was renamed again later as I Corps (Potomac).

The division of Brigadier-General Louis Blenker, officially, 3rd Division of II Corps, had already been withheld in March and was allocated to the Mountain Department.

The Union V Corps of Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks had been detached from the direct command of the Army of the Potomac on 15 March 1862 and this became the field force of the Department of the Shenandoah, with its two divisions under Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams and Brigadier-General James Shields. The 3rd Division of Brigadier-General John Sedgwick had already left the Shenandoah and never rejoined V Corps. After arriving at Fortress Monroe, it was incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. Banks’ V Corps (Potomac) was discontinued.

McClellan’s computation of his strength and the forces left to protect the capital were undermined by the Military Governor of Washington, Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth. Wadsworth mistakenly recalculated the force available to defend the capital and complained to President Abraham Lincoln that he was left with only 29,000 men instead of the 40,000 computed and promised by McClellan as the minimum essential garrison. These calculations were exchanged between Lincoln and McClellan with increasing animosity and frustration, as McClellan tried to prove had made adequate provision for the capital’s defence and Lincoln sought to show that he had not.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s Army of the Potomac started its advance up the Yorktown Peninsula towards Richmond. While the Confederate ironclad warship CSS Virginia remained at Norfolk, the US Navy was unable or unwilling to transport McClellan’s forces any further up the James River. The US Navy also did not believe it was possible to silence the Confederate water batteries at Yorktown and Gloucester Point so that made it impossible for him to send troops up the York River to disembark at West Point and restricted his direction of advance.

McClellan was obliged to proceed overland from the area around Fortress Monroe towards Yorktown. As he advanced he discovered that his maps were inaccurate and that the deliberately-flooded Warwick River was much more of an obstacle than anticipated. Confederate Major-General John Bankhead Magruder had constructed a defensive line (the “Warwick Line”) from Yorktown on the York River, running behind the Warwick River to Mulberry Point on the James River. Magruder even took advantage of the remnants of trenches originally dug by Cornwallis in 1781. Magruder could not adequately man the fourteen miles of defensive works with his available force so he began to construct more defences ten miles to the rear near Williamsburg in case he should be forced to retreat. At Williamsburg, a dozen small redoubts were clustered around a larger star-shaped work christened Fort Magruder.

Magruder also compensated for his numerical weakness by using a range of ploys that displayed his troops in theatrical ways to suggest they were far greater in number than they really were. These stunts helped to convince the Union commanders that they faced a large and well-fortified enemy. Between 24 March and 4 April Confederate General Robert Edward Lee had switched three of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston’s six divisions from his new lines on the Rapidan to the Peninsula to reinforce Magruder. This reinforcement now gave Magruder enough men to extend his line to cover most of the threatened front.

McClellan’s plan called for Major-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman’s III Corps to fix the Confederate troops in their trenches near the York River, while the IV Corps under Brigadier-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes enveloped the Confederate right, broke past them, and cut off the Confederate lines of communication. McClellan and his staff, ignorant of the extent of Magruder’s line, assumed that the Confederates were concentrated only in the immediate vicinity of Yorktown.

Lee was awaiting greater certainty about Union intentions before ordering Johnston to shift the rest of his army from the direct line of advance towards the peninsula east of Richmond. Johnston now had just 23,000 men on the Rapidan while Magruder had increased his force to 31,500 men, either in place or on their way. Johnston would soon need very soon to be committed fully to one or other of these sectors.

Lee also ordered the construction of a third defensive line within two miles of Richmond that anchored its right on the James River and its left flank on the impassable Chickahominy River.

Virginia. Confederate Brigadier-General James Ewell Brown Stuart, on outpost duty north of the Rappahannock River, reported the continuing movement of substantial numbers of Union transports from Washington DC.

Union Organisation

USA: The Department of the Rappahannock was established, comprising the portion of Virginia east of the Blue Ridge and west of the Fredericksburg & Richmond Railroad, Washington and the District of Columbia and the part of Maryland between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers, transferred from the Department of the Potomac. Its field force comprised the troops formerly in I Corps of the Army of the Potomac.

USA: The area of Maryland between the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers, the District of Columbia, and Virginia east of the Blue Ridge Mountains and west of the Fredericksburg & Richmond Railroad was transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of the Rappahannock.

USA: I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued and its forces incorporated into the Department of the Rappahannock.

USA: Major-General Irvin McDowell assumed command of the Department of the Rappahannock.

McDowell, Irvin / Ohio / Born 15 October 1818 Columbus, Ohio / Died 4 May 1885
USMA 1 July 1838 23/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 October 1842 / Assistant Adjutant-General 13 May 1847 / Brigadier-General USA 14 May 1861 / Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 25 November 1872 / Retired USA 15 October 1882 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1838 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major USA 31 March 1856 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Department of Northeastern Virginia 27 May 1861-17 August 1861 / Army of Northeastern Virginia 8 July 1861-15 August 1861 / Army of the Potomac 15 August 1861-19 August 1861 / McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / I Corps Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / III Corps Virginia 26 June 1862-5 September 1862 / Department of the Pacific 21 May 1864-27 June 1865 / Department of California 27 June 1865-31 March 1868 / Fourth Military District 4 June 1868-4 July 1868 / Department of the West 16 July 1868-16 December 1872

USA: The Military District of Washington was subordinated to the Department of the Rappahannock.

USA: Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth retained command of the Military District of Washington.

Wadsworth, James Samuel / New York / Born 30 October 1807 Geneseo, New York / DOW Wilderness, Virginia 8 May 1864
Major-General New York Militia May 1861 / ADC (I McDowell) 8 June 1861-19 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1864 Withdrawn / Brevet Major-General USV 6 May 1864 posthumously / MWIA & CIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
2nd Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861 / Wadsworth’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-12 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 March 1862-17 March 1862 / Military District of Washington 17 March 1862-7 September 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 27 December 1862-2 January 1863 / I Corps Potomac 2 January 1863-4 January 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 4 January 1863-27 February 1863 / I Corps Potomac 1 March 1863-9 March 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 9 March 1863-15 June 1863 / I Corps Potomac 12 March 1864-13 March 1864 / 4th Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-6 May 1864

USA: The Department of the Shenandoah was re-established, comprising Maryland west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and east of the Mountain Department (namely, Flintstone Creek, south to Branch Mountain, Town Hill Mountain, Branch Big Ridge Mountain, North Shenandoah Mountain, Purgatory Mountain, and Allegheny Mountain. Its field force comprised the troops formerly in the V Corps (Potomac).

USA: The parts of Maryland and Virginia west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and east of the Mountain Department were transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of the Shenandoah.

USA: V Corps (Potomac) was discontinued and its forces incorporated into the Department of the Shenandoah.

USA: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks was appointed to command the Department of the Shenandoah, arriving on 12th April 1862.

Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss / Massachusetts / Born 30 January 1816 Waltham, Massachusetts / Died Waltham, Massachusetts 1 September 1894
Major-General USV 16 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865
Banks’ Division Department of Annapolis May `1861-11 June 1861 / Department of Annapolis 11 June 1861-19 July 1861 / Department of the Shenandoah 19 July 1861-17 August 1861 / Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-3 March 1862 / V Corps Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / Department of the Shenandoah 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / II Corps Virginia 26 June 1862-23 September 1862 / Military District of Washington (Defences of Washington) 7 September 1862-27 October 1862 / Department of the Gulf 8 November 1862-23 September 1864 / Army of the Gulf 15 December 1862-22 September 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 16 December 1862-19 August 1863 / Department of the Gulf 18 March 1865-3 June 1865 / Army of the Gulf 22 April 1865-2 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
      • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
      • District of Kansas: James William Denver
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Middle Department: John Adams Dix
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell
    • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
    • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
    • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Samuel Jones
    • Army of Mobile: William L Powell
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: William Scott Dilworth temporary
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Albert Sidney Johnston
      • I Corps (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
      • III Corps (Mississippi): William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): John Cabell Breckinridge temporary
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis

John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
William Hervey Lamm Wallace
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Martin Luther Smith

 

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