1862 April 1st

April 1 1862 Tuesday

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Peninsula Campaign

Island No 10 Campaign

Shiloh Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

Alabama. Union gunboat expedition from Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, to Eastport, Mississippi, and Chickasaw, Alabama.

Alabama. CSS Gaines, Commander William W Hunter, recaptured the Confederate schooner Isabel off Mobile. Isabel had been under tow of USS Cayuga, Lieutenant Harrison, but was cast off in a heavy gale in the Gulf of Mexico.

Mississippi. Union gunboat expedition from Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, to Eastport, Mississippi, and Chickasaw, Alabama.

Missouri. Skirmish at Doniphan, involving Union Brigadier-General Frederick Steele.

Missouri. Skirmishes at Little Sni and Putnam Ferry involving Union State Brigadier-General James Totten.

New Mexico Territory. Union Brigadier-General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby left Fort Craig to advance against the Confederate army at Santa Fe.

Tennessee. Union gunboat expedition from Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, to Eastport, Mississippi, and Chickasaw, Alabama.

Island No 10, Tennessee. At Island No 10 a squad of forty men from the 42nd Illinois Infantry under Union Colonel George W Roberts, from Brigadier-General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford’s flotilla brigade, stole downriver in skiffs during the night to Redan Fort No 1 on the Tennessee shore above Island No 10. They surprised the sentries and spiked six Confederate guns. This raid was part of the preparations for the running of the batteries by the Union gunboat flotilla.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan prepared to board the steamer Commodore in Alexandria to head overnight for Fortress Monroe.

Virginia. Union expedition along the Strasburg Road began. Skirmishes occurred at Edenburg and Woodstock, and along the Strasburg to Staunton Road. A Union force entered the town of Salem and attacked the troops of Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson. The Confederates were forced to retreat further up the Shenandoah Valley. Jackson’s cavalry, commanded by Colonel Turner Ashby, covered the continuing withdrawal. Union forces occupied Woodstock.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan notified President Abraham Lincoln a list of the forces he had detached for the protection of the capital while he operated on the York and James peninsula. His tabulation stated his view that he had far exceeded the minimum requirement of 40,000 men for the security of Washington, DC: nearly 11,000 were at Manassas, a further 8,000 were at Warrenton, over 35,000 were in the Shenandoah Valley, 22,100 were stationed around Washington, and 1,350 men were based along the Potomac. Interpretations in Washington DC differed from McClellan’s estimates and suggested that McClellan was being disingenuous in his calculations.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General James William Denver arrived to command the District of Kansas.

Denver, James William / Virginia / Born 28 May 1817 Winchester, Virginia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 9 August 1892
Captain USA Infantry 5 March 1847 / 12th US Infantry 9 April 1847 / Discharged USA 25 July 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 14 August 1861 / Resigned USV 5 March 1863
Kansas Troops Department of Kansas – 2 December 1861-1 February 1862 / District of Kansas 19 March 1862-10 April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 5th Division Army of West Tennessee 16 May 1862-21 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 5th Division District of Memphis Department of Tennessee 21 July 1862-26 October 1862 / 2nd Brigade Memphis XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 26 October 1862-12 November 1862 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 November 1862-9 December 1862 / 1st Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-20 January 1862 / 1st Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-5 March 1863

USA: The Sub-District of Columbus was established in the District of Cairo, comprising the vicinity of Columbus, Kentucky.

USA: Brigadier-General Isaac Ferdinand Quinby assumed command of the Sub-District of Columbus.

Quinby, Isaac Ferdinand / New Jersey / Born 29 January 1821 Morristown, New Jersey / Died Rochester, New York 18 September 1891
USMA 1 July 1843 6/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 20 December 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 Regt Quartermaster 10 October 1850-1 November 1851 / Resigned USA 16 March 1852 / Colonel USV 13th New York Infantry 14 May 1861 / Resigned USV 4 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862 / Resigned USV 31 December 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843
Sub-District of Columbus 1 April 1862-21 April 1862 / District of Mississippi 21 April 1862-16 June 1862 / Subdistrict of Mississippi 16 June 1862-24 September 1862 / 4th Division District of West Tennessee 24 September 1862-16 October 1862 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 26 October 1862-1 November 1862 / 7th Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-20 January 1863 / 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-14 April 1863 / 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 16 May 1863-3 June 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
    • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Kansas: James William Denver

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Middle Department: John Adams Dix

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont

  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
  • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the South: David Hunter

  • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
  • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
  • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Colonel William Scott Dilworth (3rd Florida Infantry) arrived to assume temporary command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

Dilworth, William Scott / Born 11 May 1822 Camden, Georgia / Died 25 September 1869
Private Florida Militia / Colonel 3rd Florida Infantry 25 July 1861 / /
Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 19 March 1862-17 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Tennessee November 1862-12 December 1862 / Preston’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee May 1863

CSA: Lewis Addison Armistead promoted Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862.

Armistead, Lewis Addison / North Carolina / Born 18 February 1817 New Bern, North Carolina / DOW Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 5 July 1863
USMA 1834-1836 / Cadet USMA 1 September 1834 / Resigned USMA 15 February 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6th US Infantry 10 July 1839 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 March 1844 / Captain USA 6th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 26 May 1861 / Major ACSA CS Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 57th Virginia Infantry 25 September 1861 / Provost Marshal 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 MWIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863
Provost Marshal Army of Northern Virginia 1861 / 4th Brigade Huger’s Division Department of Northern Virginia 1 April 1862-12 July 1862 / Armistead’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Northern Virginia 12 July 1862-17 September 1862 / Provost Marshal General Army of Northern Virginia 4 September 1862 / 3rd Brigade R H Anderson’s Division Defences of Richmond September 1862-October 1862 / Armistead’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia October 186225 February 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina 25 February 19863-1 April 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of Southern Virginia and North Carolina 1 April 1863-May 1863 / Armistead’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1863-3 July 1863

CSA: Roger Atkinson Pryor promoted Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862.

Pryor, Roger Atkinson / Virginia / Born 19 July 1828 Petersburg, Virginia / Died New York, New York 14 March 1919
ADC (P G T Beauregard) 11 April 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC (J F Davis) April 1861 / Colonel PACS 3rd Virginia Infantry 20 April 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862 / Resigned PACS 18 August 1863 / ADC (B R Johnson) May 1864 / Private PACS Special Courier 3rd Virginia Cavalry / CIA Petersburg 27 November 1864 / Paroled 25 February 1865
5th Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia April 1862-May 1862 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-June 1862 / 5th Brigade 1st Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-August 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-17 September 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia September 1862-10 November 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Department of Southern Virginia 10 November 1862-December 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • Army of Mobile: William L Powell

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: William Scott Dilworth temporary

Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
  • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
  • Army of Mississippi: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • I Corps (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
    • III Corps (Mississippi): William Joseph Hardee
    • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): John Cabell Breckinridge temporary
  • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis

John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
William Hervey Lamm Wallace
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Martin Luther Smith

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close