1862 April 16th

April 16 1862 Wednesday

Siege of Yorktown Commenced, VA

Warwick Line, VA

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Peninsula Campaign – Siege of Yorktown

Operations at New Orleans

Confederate Evacuation of New Mexico

USA. The US Congress authorised that the Surgeon-General of the US Army may hold the grade of Brigadier-General and direct all medical services of the army.

CSA. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis signed the First Conscription Act, which called for the conscription of able-bodied men between the ages of 18 and 35 for three years’ service. The main reason for its enactment was to replace the army of one year volunteers who had enlisted upon secession in April 1861 and were now being disbanded at an alarmingly rapid rate. Ardent states’ rights advocates in the Confederacy repudiated this as the action of a despot and as a violation of the principles for which they had seceded. Subsequent acts provide exemptions for owners of 20 or more slaves, and the hiring of a substitute, or payment of $500.

Alabama. Tuscumbia occupied by Union troops.

District of Columbia. US President Abraham Lincoln signed a Bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia and all Union territories.

Kentucky. Incident at Paris.

Louisiana. Union Captain David Glasgow Farragut USN assembled the attacking flotilla of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron near the Head of the Passes. The ships were positioned below Fort Jackson and Fort St Philip, which guarded the approaches to New Orleans and mounted over a hundred guns. High water in the river had flooded the forts. Confederate garrisons worked night and day to control the water and strengthen the forts against the impending assault. A chain obstruction supported by hulks spanned the river. Above the forts a Confederate flotilla was collected under Commander John K Mitchell CSN, and it included the potentially invincible but still incomplete ironclad CSS Louisiana. Most of the other Confederate vessels were small, makeshift gunboats. There were also a number of fire rafts readied to be set adrift to flow with the current into the midst of the Union fleet. Against these combined defences, Farragut brought seventeen ships carrying 154 guns and a squadron of 20 mortar boats under Commander David Dixon Porter. Farragut made USS Hartford his flagship.

Missouri. Skirmish at Blackwater Creek involving mounted Confederate bushwhackers. Expedition to Quincy ended. Expedition to Quincy began. Reconnaissance to Camp Shiloh, Montevallo, and Little Niangua ended.

South Carolina. Skirmish at Whitemarsh Island and Wilmington Island.

Tennessee. Expedition to the Hatchie River and Jackson ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Savannah.

Tennessee. Confederate Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow was relieved of command by President Jefferson Finis Davis as a result of his incompetent leadership at Fort Donelson.

Virginia. The Confederate cavalry of Colonel Turner Ashby was scouting close to New Market, along Stony Creek. Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, holding the opposite bank of Stony Creek, advanced to seize the crossroads at New Market. He sent some of his cavalry up the creek, where they forded at a place unguarded by pickets. The Union troopers surprised and captured sixty of the Confederates.

Virginia. Expedition to Liberty Church by Union Lieutenant-Colonel Willard Sayles (1st Rhode Island Cavalry).

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Rappahannock River by Union Major Robert C Anthony (1st Rhode Island Cavalry). Skirmish at Warrenton Junction

Virginia. Skirmish involving the troops of Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks at Columbia Furnace.

Warwick Line, Virginia, also known as Lee’s Mill, Burnt Chimneys, or Dam No 1. The Union Army of the Potomac probed the Confederate Warwick Line at Dam No 1 where a potential weak spot had been located on 6 April. Confederate Major-General John Bankhead Magruder ordered the area strengthened and three regiments under Brigadier-General Thomas Howell Cobb, with six other regiments in reserve, began to improve their position on the west bank of the river overlooking the dam.

Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan became concerned that this strengthening might impede the installation of his siege batteries. He ordered Brigadier-General William Farrar Smith, a division commander in the IV Corps, to disrupt the construction of nw Confederate works but to avoid a general engagement.

Following an artillery bombardment at 8am, Union Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks’ Brigade sent skirmishers forward to fire on the Confederate workers. McClellan told Smith to cross the river if it appeared the Confederates were withdrawing, a movement that Smith got underway by early afternoon. At 3pm, four companies of the crossed the dam and routed the remaining defenders. Behind the Confederate lines, Cobb organised a new line of defence with his brother Colonel Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb of the Georgia Legion and counter-attacked the Union troops who had occupied the Confederate rifle pits. Lacking reinforcements, the Vermont companies withdrew across the dam, suffering some casualties in their withdrawal. At about 5pm, Smith ordered the 6th Vermont Infantry to attack Confederate positions further downstream from the dam while the 4th Vermont Infantry demonstrated at the dam itself. This manoeuvre failed as the 6th Vermont came under heavy Confederate fire and was forced to withdraw. Some wounded men drowned as they fell into the shallow pond behind the dam. Smith was thrown twice from his unruly horse and was accused of drunkenness on duty, although investigations found the allegation to be groundless.

The action cost Union casualties of 35 killed and 121 wounded; the Confederate casualties were between 60 and 75.

Failure to exploit the initial success of this attack held up McClellan’s advance up the Yorktown peninsula for two additional weeks. He failed to convince the US Navy to steam past the Confederates coastal guns at Yorktown and Gloucester Point and to ascend the York River to West Point with troop transports, thus outflanking the Warwick Line. Deprived of room to manoeuvre, McClellan settled in for a conventional siege of the Yorktown defences. Brigadier-General Fitz John Porter was ordered to direct the siege operations, aided by Brigadier-General William Farquhar Barry (the army’s Chief of Artillery) and Brigadier-General John Gross Barnard (Chief of Engineers).

Union Organisation

USA: The Southern District of New Mexico was discontinued in the Department of New Mexico.

USA: The Central and Northern District of New Mexico was established in the Department of New Mexico, comprising the area north of Albuquerque, New Mexico.

USA: Colonel Benjamin Stone Roberts assumed command of the Central and Northern District of New Mexico.

Roberts, Benjamin Stone / Vermont / Born 18 November 1810 Manchester, Vermont / Died Washington, District of Columbia 29 January 1875
USMA 1 July 1835 53/56 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 May 1836 / 1st Lieutenant 31 July 1837 / Resigned USA 28 January 1839 / 1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 16 February 1847 / Major USA 13 May 1861 / 3rd US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV 5th New Mexico Infantry 9 December 1861 / Mustered Out USV 31 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General 5 August 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 28 July 1866 / Retired USA 15 December 1870 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 24 November 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 21 February 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Cedar Mountain 9 August 1862
Southern District of New Mexico 8 August 1861-16 April 1862 / Central and Northern District of New Mexico 16 April 1862-15 June 1862 / Cavalry Army of Virginia 18 July 1862-5 August 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of Virginia 5 August 1862-12 September 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Northwest September 1862 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Middle Department 11 March 1863-16 March 1863 / 4th Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 11 March 1863-23 May 1863 / District of Iowa 8 June 1863-4 December 1863 / 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 25 June 1864-1 July 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 2 July 1864-6 July 1864 / Cavalry Division Department of the Gulf 11 November 1864-28 December 1864 / District of West Tennessee 3 February 1865-4 March 1865 / Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 15 May 1865-14 June 1865

USA: George Lucas Hartsuff confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Hartsuff, George Lucas / New York / Born 28 May 1830 Tyre, New York / Died New York, New York 16 May 1874
USMA 1 July 1852 19/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1852 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 12 June 1853 / 1st Lieutenant USA 8 March 1855 / Assistant Adjutant-General 22 March 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Major USA Assistant Adjutant-General 17 July 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 to rank from 19 November 1862 / Captain USA 23 May 1863 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 1 June 1864 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Major-General USA Retired 29 June 1871 / Retired USA 29 June 1871 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1852 Brevet Captain USA 22 March 1861 Brevet Colonel USA 17 September 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Fort Myers 20 December 1855 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Georgia 12 March 1864
Assistant Adjutant-General Department of Florida 11 April 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General Department of the Ohio 8 May 1861-July 1861 / Chief of Staff Department of the Ohio July 1861-21 September 1861 / Chief of Staff Department of West Virginia 11 October 1861-11 March 1862 / Chief of Staff Mountain Department 11 March 1862-29 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Department of the Shenandoah 30 April 1862-10 May 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Department of the Rappahannock 16 May 1862-26 June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-29 August 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of Virginia 2 September 1862-12 September 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 September 1862-17 September 1862 / XXIII Corps Ohio 28 May 1863-24 September 1863 / Hartsuff’s Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 19 March 1865-16 April 1865 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of the Ohio 1865 / District of the Nottoway 22 May 1865-24 August 1865

USA: Rufus Saxton confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Saxton, Rufus / Massachusetts / Born 19 October 1824 Greenfield, Massachusetts / Died Washington, District of Columbia 23 February 1908
USMA 1 July 1849 18/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1849 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 12 September 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2 March 1855 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 13 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General 23 January 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Major USA Quartermaster 29 July 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Deputy Quartermaster-General 6 June 1872 / Colonel USA Assistant Quartermaster-General 10 March 1882 / Retired USA 19 October 1888 / Brigadier-General USA Retired 23 April 1904 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 Brevet Major-General USV 12 January 1865 Brevet Major USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 30 May 1862
Assistant Quartermaster Army of Southwest Missouri 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster Army of Occupation 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster Port Royal Expedition 9 September 1861-15 March 1862 / 2nd Division Department of the Shenandoah April 1862 / District of Beaufort South Carolina 25 April 1864-23 July 1865 / Northern District of the South 2 September 1864-3 October 1864 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the South 23 January 1865-10 June 1865

USA: Benjamin Alvord confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862.

Alvord, Benjamin / Vermont / Born 18 August 1813 Rutland, Vermont / Died Washington, District of Columbia 16 October 1884
USMA 1 July 1833 22/43 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1829 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 21 July 1835 / 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1836 / Regt Adjutant 1 April 1840-31 July 1840 / Captain USA 4th US Infantry 9 September 1846 / Major USA Paymaster 22 June 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Resigned USV 8 August 1865 / Colonel USA Paymaster-General USA 1 January 1872 / Brigadier-General USA Paymaster-General 22 July 1876 / Retired USA 8 June 1880 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1833 Brevet Captain USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Major USA 15 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 9 April 1865
7 July 1862-23 March 1865 District of Oregon

USA: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Buford, Napoleon Bonaparte / Kentucky / Born 13 January 1807 Woodford, Kentucky / Died Chicago, Illinois 28 March 1883
USMA 1 July 1827 6/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1823 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1827 / Resigned USA 31 December 1835 / Colonel USV 27th Illinois Infantry 10 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 / Expired 4 March 1863 Reverted to Brigadier-General USV / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1827 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865
Flotilla Brigade Army of the Mississippi 4 March 1862-24 April 1862/ 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 24 April 1862-16 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 26 April 1862-25 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 20 September 1862-1 November 1862 / District of Eastern Arkansas 19 September 1863-6 August 1864 / District of Eastern Arkansas 28 September 1864-7 October 1864 / District of Eastern Arkansas 10 October 1864-9 March 1865

USA: William Sooy Smith confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Smith, William Sooy / Ohio / Born 22 July 1830 Tarlton, Ohio / Died Medford, Oregon 4 March 1916
USMA 1 July 1853 6/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 9 July 1853 / Resigned USA 19 June 1854 / Colonel USV 13th Ohio Infantry 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Resigned USV 15 July 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853
14th Brigade 5th Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-1 July 1862 / Chief Engineer Army of the Ohio May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Ohio 2 July 1862-11 July 1862 / 17th Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Ohio 19 August 1862-23 August 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Ohio 23 August 1862-29 September 1862 / 4th Division II Corps Army of the Ohio 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 2nd Division Left Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-10 December 1862 / 1st Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee January 1863-20 July 1863 / Cavalry Military Division of the Mississippi 20 July 1863-15 July 1864

USA: Nathan Kimball confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Kimball, Nathan / Indiana / Born 22 November 1822 Fredericksburg, Indiana / Died Ogden, Utah 21 January 1898
Captain USV 2nd Indiana Infantry 4 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 23 June 1847 / Captain USV 14th Indiana Infantry 23 April 1861 / Colonel USV 7 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 1 February 1865 / WIA Buena Vista 23 February 1847 WIA Fredericksburg 13 December 1862
1st Brigade Lander’s Division Army of the Potomac 2 March 1862-13 March 1862 / Lander’s Division Army of the Potomac 6 March 1862-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-22 March 1862 / 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 22 March 1862-23 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 23 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 April 1862-10 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 10 May 1862-26 June 1862 / Kimball’s Brigade II Corps Army of the Potomac 15 July 1862-10 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 10 September 1862-13 December 1862 / District of Jackson 20 March 1863-28 May 1863 / Kimball’s Division XVI Corps Department of the Tennessee 3 June 1863-4 August 1863 / 2nd Division XVI Corps Department of Arkansas 13 September 1863-30 November 1863 / 2nd Division VII Corps Department of Arkansas 13 February 1864-25 April 1864 / Department of Arkansas 22 March 1864-22 May 1864 / VII Corps Arkansas 22 March 1864-21 May 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 22 May 1864-4 August 1864 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 4 August 1864-19 September 1864 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 27 November 1864-16 February 1865 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 16 March 1865-1 August 1865

USA: Charles Devens confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Devens, Charles (Jr) / Massachusetts / Born 4 April 1820 Charlestown, Massachusetts / Died Boston, Massachusetts 7 January 1891
Brigadier-General Massachusetts Militia 1861 / Major 3rd Battalion Massachusetts Militia 19 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 20 July 1861 / Colonel USV 15th Massachusetts Infantry 24 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Mustered Out USV 2 June 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 3 April 1865 / WIA Ball’s Bluff 21 October 1861 WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 2 May 1863
3rd Brigade 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 1 May 1862-31 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 26 Ju ne 1862-26 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 26 September 1862=October 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac October 1862-December 1862 / 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac December 1862-February 1863 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac February 1863-20 April 1863 / 1st Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 20 April 1863-2 May 1863 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 26 May 1864-30 May 1864 / 3rd Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 30 May 1864-4 June 1864 / 1st Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 29 October 1864-3 December 1864 / 3rd Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 3 December 1864-2 January 1865 / XXIV Corps James 2 January 1865-15 January 1865 / 3rd Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 15 January 1865-10 July 1865 / District of Northeastern Virginia 10 July 1865-2 June 1866 / Department of South Carolina 10 September 1865-16 October 1865 / Department of South Carolina 28 March 1866-1 April 1866 / Department of South Carolina 5 May 1866-19 May 1866

USA: James Henry Van Alen confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Van Alen, James Henry / New York / Born 17 August 1819 Kinderhook, New York / Died Atlantic Ocean 22 July 1886
Colonel USV 3rd New York Cavalry 28 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / ADC (J Hooker) 4 April 1863-7 May 1863 / Resigned USV 14 July 1863
Cavalry II Corps Army of the Potomac April 1862

USA: Carl Schurz confirmed Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862.

Schurz, Carl / Germany / Born 2 March 1829 Liblar-am-Rhein, Prussia / Died New York, New York 14 May 1906
Lieutenant Prussian Army 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 / Major-General USV 17 March 1863 to rank from 14 March 1863 / Resigned USV 6 May 1865
3rd Division I Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-12 September 1862 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 12 September 1862-19 January 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 19 January 1863-5 February 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 45 February 1863-5 March 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 5 March 1863-2 April 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 2 Aril 1863-25 September 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 1 July 1863-1 July 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Cumberland 25 September 1863-21 January 1864 / XI Corps Cumberland 21 January 1864-25 February 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of Georgia 1 April 1865-27 April 1865 / Chief of Staff Middle Military Division 27 April 1865-6 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
    • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of St Louis: Lewis Merrill
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Kansas: Samuel Davis Sturgis

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Middle Department: John Adams Dix

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood

Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont

  • Cheat Mountain District: Thomas Maley Harris
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
  • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Central and Northern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes

Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell

  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the South: David Hunter

  • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
  • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
  • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Thomas Carmichael Hindman confirmed Major-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862.

Hindman, Thomas Carmichael / Tennessee / Born 28 January 1828 Knoxville, Tennessee / Died Helena, Arkansas 28 September 1868
2nd Lieutenant USV 2nd Mississippi Infantry 1846 / Captain USV 7 December 1846 / Mustered Out USV August 1848 / Colonel PACS 2nd Arkansas Infantry 21 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 September 1861 / Major-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / No Record of Parole / WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863 WIA Kennesaw Mountain 27 June 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-29 March 1862 / 1st Brigade III Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-6 April 1862 / 1st Brigade and 3rd Brigade III Corps Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862-7 April 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 6 May 1862-2 June 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 10 May 1862-26 May 1862 / Trans-Mississippi District 26 May 1862-3 July 1862 / District of Arkansas 28 May 1862-7 March 1863 /Trans-Mississippi Department 20 June 1862-16 July 1862 / I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army 28 September 1862-30 January 1863 / Southwest Army 28 September 1862-16 January 1863 / Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 13 August 1863-10 September 1863 / Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 12 September 1863-13 September 1863 / Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Hindman’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 1 October 1863-31 October 1863 / II Corps Tennessee 15 December 1863-27 February 1864 / Hindman’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 25 February 1864-27 June 1864

CSA: John Cabell Breckinridge confirmed Major-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862.

Breckinridge, John Cabell / Kentucky / Born 16 January 1821 Lexington, Kentucky / Died Lexington, Kentucky 17 May 1875
Major USV 3rd Kentucky Infantry 6 September 1847 / Mustered out USV 21 July 1848 / Brigadier-General PACS 2 November 1861 / Major-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / No Record of Parole / WIA Shiloh 7 April 1862
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Central Kentucky 15 November 1861-23 February 1862 / 4th Division Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-29 March 1862 / Reserve Corps Mississippi 31 March 1862-30 June 1862 / District of Mississippi 30 June 1862-18 August 1862 / Reserve Corps Mississippi 3 July 1862-4 August 1862 / Breckinridge’s Command Army of the West 5 August 1862 / Reserve Corps Mississippi 18 August 1862-28 October 1862 / Army of Middle Tennessee 28 October 1862-7 November 1862 / Breckinridge’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / 3rd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 December 1862 / Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 12 December 1862-January 1863 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee January 1863-31 May 1863 / Breckinridge’s Division Military Division of the West 31 May 1863-June 1863 / Breckinridge’s Division Army of Tennessee June 1863 / Breckinridge’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 25 August 1863-8 November 1863 / II Corps Tennessee 15 October 1863-15 December 1863 / Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 15 December 1863-15 February 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 25 February 1864-25 May 1864 / Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 25 May 1864-7 June 1864 / II Corps Valley 27 June 1864-27 September 1864 / 1st Division and 2nd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 July 1864-August 1864 / Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 September 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 17 September 1864-27 September 1864 / Reserve Forces of Tennessee 1 September 1864-4 May 1865 / Trans-Allegheny Department 17 September 1864-27 September 1864 / Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 27 September 1864-6 February 1865

CSA: Thomas Jordan confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862.

Jordan, Thomas / Virginia / Born 30 September 1819 Luray, Virginia / Died New York, New York 27 November 1895
USMA 1 July 1840 41/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1840 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 December 1840 / 1st# Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846-5 March 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 21 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1840
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Potomac June 1861-February 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-April 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Mississippi April 1862 / Chief of Staff Western Department 17 July 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina and Georgia 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 7 October 1862-20 April 1864 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 8 May 1864-1 August 1864

CSA: George Earl Maney promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862.

Maney, George Earl / Tennessee / Born 24 August 1826 Franklin, Tennessee / Died Washington, District of Columbia 9 February 1901
2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Tennessee Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 7 September 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 6 March 1847 / 3rd US Dragoons 9 April 1847 / Discharged USA 31 July 1848 / Captain PACS 11th Tennessee Infantry 8 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Tennessee Infantry 8 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Ringgold 26 November 1863 CIA Jonesboro 31 August 1864
2nd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862-2 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 November 1863 / Maney’s Brigade Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-25 November 1863 / Maney’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-July 1864 / Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee July 1864-31 August 1864

CSA: William Preston confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862.

Preston, William (III) / Kentucky / Born 16 October 1816 Louisville, Kentucky / Died 21 September 1887
Captain Kentucky Militia 1846 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 4th Kentucky Infantry October 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Colonel PACS ADC (A S Johnston) September 1861-6 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / Major-General PACS Trans-Mississippi Unconfirmed 1 January 1865 / Paroled 2 June 1865
2nd Brigade I Corps Army of Mississippi May 1862-June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 12 December 1862-9 May 1863 / District of Abingdon 9 May 1863-7 January 1864 / 1st Brigade III Corps Army of Tennessee 18 May 1863-16 September 1863 / Department of East Tennessee 26 June 1863-25 July 1863 / Preston’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 16 September 1863

CSA: Roger Atkinson Pryor promoted Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862.

Pryor, Roger Atkinson / Virginia / Born 19 July 1828 Petersburg, Virginia / Died New York, New York 14 March 1919
ADC (P G T Beauregard) 11 April 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC (J F Davis) April 1861 / Colonel PACS 3rd Virginia Infantry 20 April 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862 / Resigned PACS 18 August 1863 / ADC (B R Johnson) May 1864 / Private PACS Special Courier 3rd Virginia Cavalry / CIA Petersburg 27 November 1864 / Paroled 25 February 1865
5th Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia April 1862-May 1862 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-June 1862 / 5th Brigade 1st Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-August 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-17 September 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia September 1862-10 November 1862 / Pryor’s Brigade Department of Southern Virginia 10 November 1862-December 1862

CSA: Henry Little promoted Brigadier-General PACS 5 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862.

Little, (Lewis) Henry / Maryland-Missouri / Born 19 March 1817 Baltimore, Maryland / KIA Iuka, Mississippi 19 September 1862
2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 1 July 1839 / 7th US Infantry 6 May 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 31 March 1847-20 August 1847 / Captain USA 20 August 1847 / Resigned USA 7 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Major ACS Artillery May 1861 / Colonel Assistant Adjutant-General Missouri State Guard 18 May 1861-23 January 1862 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General August 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846
1st Brigade Missouri State Guard 23 January 1862-6 March 1862 / 1st Division Missouri State Guard Army of the West 6 March 1862-17 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the West 17 March 1862-12 June 1862 / 1st Division Army of the West 12 June 1862-September 1862 / 1st Division Price’s Corps Army of the West September 1862-19 September 1862

CSA: John Echols promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862.

Echols, John / Virginia / Born 20 March 1823 Lynchburg, Virginia / Died Staunton, Virginia 24 May 1896
Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 27th Virginia Infantry 30 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 14 October 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Winchester 23 March 1862 CIA Augusta, Georgia April 1865
1st Brigade Department of Southwestern Virginia September 1862-16 October 1862 / Department of Southwestern Virginia 16 October 1862-18 November 1862 / Department of Southwestern Virginia 10 November 1862-April 1863 / 1st Brigade Trans-Allegheny Department April 1863-17 May 1864 / Echols’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 May 1864-7 July 1864 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 July 1864-22 August 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 22 August 1864-19 September 1864 / Echols’ Brigade Wharton’s Division Valley District 17 September 1864-January 1865 / Wharton’s Division Valley District January 1865-29 March 1865 / Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 29 March 1865-2 April 1865 / Echols’ Brigade Lomax’s Division Hampton’s Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 2 April 1865-April 1865

CSA: George Earl Maney promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862.

Maney, George Earl / Tennessee / Born 24 August 1826 Franklin, Tennessee / Died Washington, District of Columbia 9 February 1901
2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Tennessee Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 7 September 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 6 March 1847 / 3rd US Dragoons 9 April 1847 / Discharged USA 31 July 1848 / Captain PACS 11th Tennessee Infantry 8 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Tennessee Infantry 8 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Ringgold 26 November 1863 CIA Jonesboro 31 August 1864
2nd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862-2 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-15 August 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 15 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 November 1863 / Maney’s Brigade Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-25 November 1863 / Maney’s Brigade Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-July 1864 / Cheatham’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee July 1864-31 August 1864

CSA: Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862.

Mouton, Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre / Louisiana / Born 18 February 1829 Opelousas, Louisiana / KIA Mansfield, Louisiana 8 April 1864
USMA 1 July 1850 38/44 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1846 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1850 / Resigned USA 16 September 1850 / Brigadier-General Louisiana Militia 1850-1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Resigned ACSA 16 July 1861 / Colonel PACS 18th Louisiana Infantry 5 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1850 / WIA Shiloh 7 April 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Mississippi April 1862-7 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division District of West Louisiana January 1863-November 1863 / 1st Division District of West Louisiana November 1863-8 April 1864

CSA: John Stuart Williams promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862.

Williams, John Stuart / Kentucky / Born 10 July 1818 Mount Sterling, Kentucky / Died Mount Sterling, 17 July 1898
Captain USV attached 6th US Infantry 1847 / Colonel USV 4th Kentucky Infantry October 1847 / Mustered out USV July 1848 / Colonel PACS 5th Kentucky Infantry 16 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 / Paroled Washington, Georgia 9 May 1865
Department of Southwestern Virginia 10 November 1862-25 November 1862 / Trans-Allegheny Department 25 November 1862-10 December 1862 / Williams’ Brigade Trans-Allegheny Department June 1863 / Cavalry Brigade Trans-Allegheny DeptOctober 1863-November 1863 / Cavalry Brigade Trans-Allegheny Department March 1864-April 1864 / Williams’ Brigade Humes’ Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee May 1864-10 July 1864 / Williams’ Brigade Kelly’s Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 10 July 1864-31 July 1864 / Williams’ Brigade Kelly’s Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee 31 August 1864-27 September 1864 / Williams’ Brigade Department of Southwestern Virginia and East Tennessee 27 September 1864-3 October 1864 / Williams’ Brigade Lomax’s Cavalry Division Hampton’s Command Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-9 May 1865

CSA: Julius Adolph De Lagnel promoted Brigadier-General, to rank from 15 April 1862, declined 11 July 1862 and unconfirmed.

De Lagnel, Julius Adolph / New Jersey / Born 24 July 1827 Newark, New Jersey / Died 3 June 1912
2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 8 March 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 January 1849 / Resigned USA 17 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 18 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862 Declined 11 July 1862 / Major PACS 20th Battalion Virginia Artillery 3 July 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Ordnance July 1862 / Inspector of Arsenals 23 November 1863 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Rich Mountain 11 July 1861 CIA Laurel Hill 13 July 1861 Exchanged 18 December 1861
Chief of Artillery Army of the Northwest June 1861-11 July 1861

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Samuel Jones

  • Army of Mobile: William L Powell

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: William Scott Dilworth interim Joseph Finegan awaited

Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
  • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
  • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • I Corps (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
    • III Corps (Mississippi): William Joseph Hardee
    • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis

James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams

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