November 9 1861 Friday
East Kentucky Operations
USA. The Union western theatre was substantially reorganised into major new commands. The extensive and unmanageable Western Department was discontinued and was replaced by the Department of Missouri and the Department of Ohio. The Department of Kansas and the Department of New Mexico were also formed to provide for activity on the western frontier of the conflict. The new commanders travelled to take over their new commands during the next few days.
Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck was assigned to command the Department of the Missouri, and Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell to the Department of the Ohio. They were both subordinate to the General-in-Chief, Major-General George Brinton McClellan in Washington, DC, but they were rivals for the laurels of victory in the West. Halleck was ordered to hold onto Missouri and to prepare for an advance down the Mississippi River. Meanwhile, Buell was to keep Kentucky in the Union and to prepare for an offensive into eastern Tennessee. They were both good administrators and brought much-needed discipline, efficient administration, and organisation to an area that had hitherto been short of professional military guidance.
Kansas. As part of the organisation after the discontinuation of the Western Department, the Union Department of Kansas was established to operate on the far western fringe of operations. The Department began with fielded five regiments of infantry from Kansas and Wisconsin, and five cavalry regiments from Kansas and Ohio. All were untested but three Regular Army regiments provided contingents to strengthen them. Major-General David Hunter was assigned to take command in Kansas.
Kentucky. Demonstration at Columbus and Paducah ended.
Kentucky. Incident at Piketon.
Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General George Bibb Crittenden was promoted to Major-General to give him authority to coordinate the haphazard operations in Eastern Kentucky.
Missouri. Expedition to Rolla ended.
Missouri. The Union army in Missouri fell back from Springfield to Sedalia, as Major-General David Hunter feared for its exposed position. It was threatened by a Confederate force under State Major-General Sterling Price near Pineville and a second under Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch near Keetsville by the Arkansas border.
New Mexico Territory. As part of the reorganisation following the discontinuation of the Western Department, the Department of New Mexico was re-established, comprising New Mexico Territory from the Western Department. Colonel Edward Richard Sprigg Canby assumed command.
South Carolina. Gunboats from Captain Samuel Francis Du Pont’s fleet moved to occupy Port Royal and Beaufort. They blocked the mouth of Broad River, cutting direct communications between Charleston and Savannah. Union Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman landed troops and occupied Beaufort, making it the headquarters for future Army operations on the South Carolina coast. The US Navy headquarters remained at the anchorage of Port Royal. The Union’s success at Port Royal secured control of coastal and inland navigation, and the islands on the coast between Savannah and Charleston. Boat expeditions could now penetrate within four miles of Coosawhatchie and larger ships could ascend Broad River as far as Mackay’s Point, the mouth of the Pocotaligo, and some distance up the Coosawhatchie and Tulifinny rivers.
Virginia. Expedition to Mathias Point by Union troops under Brigadier-General Joseph Hooker and Brigadier-General Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Virginia. Confederates under Colonel John Stuart Williams reached Abingdon after abandoning Pikeville. The Confederate rearguard skirmished briefly with Union Colonel Joshua Woodrow Sill’s command near Pikeville.
USA: The Western Department was discontinued and its area transferred to the Department of New Mexico, the Department of the Missouri, and the Department of Kansas.
USA: The Department of the Cumberland was discontinued and its area divided between the Department of the Missouri and the Department of the Ohio.
USA: The Department of Kansas was established, with headquarters at Fort Leavenworth, comprising Kansas, Nebraska Territory, Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, and the Indian Territory, taken from the Western Department.
USA: Major-General David Hunter was appointed to command the Department of Kansas, arriving on 20 November 1861.
USA: The Department of New Mexico was re-established, comprising New Mexico Territory from the Western Department.
USA: Colonel Edward Richard Sprigg Canby (19th US Infantry) assumed command of the Department of New Mexico.
USA: The Southern District of New Mexico transferred from the Western Department to the Department of New Mexico.
USA: Colonel Benjamin Stone Roberts (5th New Mexico Infantry) retained command of the Southern District of New Mexico in the Department of New Mexico.
USA: The Department of the Missouri was established, comprising Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Arkansas from the Western Department, the Department of the East, and Kentucky west of the Cumberland River from the Department of the Cumberland.
USA: Major-General Henry Wager Halleck was appointed to command the Department of the Missouri, arriving on 19 November 1861.
USA: The Department of the Ohio was adjusted to comprise Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and the parts of Kentucky east of the Cumberland River, with headquarters at Louisville, Kentucky.
USA: Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell was appointed to command the Department of the Ohio, arriving 15 November 1861.
USA: Tennessee west of the Cumberland River was transferred from the Department of the Cumberland to the Department of the Ohio.
USA: The state of Michigan transferred from the Department from the East to the Department of the Ohio.
USA: The Army of the Ohio was established in the Department of the Ohio.
USA: Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell was appointed to command the Army of the Ohio, arriving on 15th November 1861.
USA: The District of North Missouri was discontinued.
USA: The District of Southeast Missouri transferred from the Western Department to the Department of the Missouri, comprising the vicinity of Cairo, Illinois, and Ironton, Jefferson City and Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
USA: Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant retained command of the District of Southeast Missouri.
USA: The District of Western Kentucky was transferred from the Western Department to the Department of the Missouri.
USA: Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith retained command of the District of Western Kentucky.
USA: The area of Virginia west of the Blue Ridge Mountains transferred to the Department of Western Virginia from the Department of the Potomac.
USA: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle promoted Brigadier-General 30 April 1862 to rank from 9 November 1861.
Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Thomas Tingey Craven
General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan
Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
Department of Kansas: David Hunter
Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
- District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
- District of Western Kentucky: Charles Ferguson Smith
Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler
Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
- Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
Department of the Ohio: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel interim Don Carlos Buell awaited
- District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
- Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell awaited
Department of the Pacific: George Wright
- District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
- District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
- District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
- Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
Department of Texas: Vacant
Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans
- District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
CSA: George Bibb Crittenden promoted Major-General PACS 9 November 1861.
Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory
Military Adviser to the President: Vacant
Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
- District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
- Army of Pensacola Braxton Bragg
Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
- District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
- District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill
Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
- District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
- District of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
- Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
- I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
- II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
- Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
- Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
- Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring
Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
- Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
- District of Middle and East Florida: James Heyward Trapier
- District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
- District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
- District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
- Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
- First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
- District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
- District of the Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
- District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
- Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
- Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
- Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor
Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
Edwin Denison Morgan
John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
William Starke Rosecrans
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Bankhead Magruder
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
William Wing Loring
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Rootes Jackson
Henry Alexander Wise
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
John Clifford Pemberton
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Philip St George Cocke
Robert Emmett Rodes
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
John Cabell Breckinridge
Alexander Peter Stewart
Daniel Marsh Frost