1861 November 5th

November 5 1861 Monday

Port Royal, SC

Port Royal Expedition

East Kentucky Operations

West Kentucky Operations

Kentucky. Union Brigadier-General William Nelson occupied Prestonsburg.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant had attempted for two days to divert Confederate attention in southeastern Missouri and to intercept Confederate reinforcements heading across the Mississippi from Columbus, Kentucky. When he learned that Confederate troops were moving into Missouri in the direction of Colonel Richard James Oglesby’s column, he ordered Brigadier-General Charles Ferguson Smith to move from Paducah into southwestern Kentucky to distract the Confederates. Grant chose to strike against Belmont, a ferry landing and tiny hamlet consisting of just three shacks, some 2,000 feet across the river from Columbus.

Grant’s expedition consisted of 3,114 men organised into two brigades under Brigadier-General John Alexander McClernand and Colonel Henry Dougherty, plus two cavalry companies and an artillery battery. Grant’s force travelled aboard the steamers Aleck Scott, Chancellor, Keystone State, Belle Memphis, James Montgomery, and Rob Roy, under the protection of gunboats USS Lexington and USS Tyler.

Port Royal, South Carolina. Early in the morning Union gunboats USS Ottawa, USS Seneca, USS Pembina, USS Curlew, USS Isaac Smith, and USS Pawnee, made an incursion into the harbour at Port Royal, seeking to draw enemy fire and estimate the enemy strength. Confederate Captain Josiah Tattnall CSN and his “mosquito fleet” had been attempting an active defence, harassing elements of the Union fleet as they came into shallow coastal waters. With the approach of the Union expedition of fifteen warships Tatnall’s “Savannah River Squadron” made an aggressive sortie with the gunboats CSS Savannah (flagship), CSS Sampson, CSS Lady Davis, and the tender CSS Resolute, along with the converted slaver-privateer Bonita. Tattnall encountered eight of Du Pont’s fifteen US warships. The Confederates were vastly outgunned and outclassed and driven back.

The Union ships returned to their anchorage where the captains of the warships assembled to formulate plans for the assault on the forts. Union Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman informed Captain Samuel Francis Du Pont USN that the army could not take part in the operation. The loss of ships in the storm had deprived him of his landing boats as well as much of his ammunition. Furthermore, his transports were not designed to make a landing against opposition. Sherman would not commit his troops until the arrival of the storm-delayed transport Ocean Express, carrying most of his small arms’ ammunition and heavy ordnance.

Unwilling to cancel the operation at this point, Du Pont ordered his fleet to attack alone, concentrating their gunfire on Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard. As they moved in, however, the flagship USS Wabash grounded on Fishing Rip Shoal and the advance was abruptly halted. By the time USS Wabash was worked free, the day was too far gone to continue the attack.

South Carolina. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee was recalled to Richmond from western Virginia and assigned to command the coastal defences of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida. The transfer was made in response to the arrival of the huge Union fleet off Port Royal. Lee also relinquished his role as Military Adviser to the President in order to concentrate on repelling the Union incursion on the South Carolina Coast. To give Lee wide-ranging authority to coordinate his resources along the Atlantic coastline, the states of South Carolina, Georgia, and the majority of Florida came under his command in a new Department. The existing Departments led by Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley (South Carolina), Alexander Robert Lawton (Georgia), and James Heyward Trapier (Middle and East Florida) were re-designated and subordinated as Districts within Lee’s Department.

Virginia. Operation at New River began.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Thomas Tingey Craven

General–in-Chief: George Brinton McClellan

Department of the Cumberland: William Tecumseh Sherman

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of the Ohio: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel

  • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Western Department: David Hunter

  • District of Western Kentucky: Charles Ferguson Smith
  • District of North Missouri: John Pope
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The post of Military Adviser to the Present became vacant after the transfer of General Robert Edward Lee from western Virginia to South Carolina.

CSA: The Department of Georgia was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida.

CSA: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida.

CSA: The Department of South Carolina was discontinued and incorporated into the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida.

CSA: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida was established, comprising the coastal areas of the three states, formerly in the Department of Georgia, the Department of South Carolina and the Department of Middle and East Florida. The western border was defined as the Apalachicola River.

CSA: General Robert Edward Lee was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida, arriving on 8 November 1861.

Lee, Robert Edward / Virginia / Born 19 January 1807 Stratford, Westmoreland, Virginia / Died Lexington, Virginia 12 October 1870
USMA 1 July 1829 2/46 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1825 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 September 1836 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Superintendent USMA 1 September 1852-31 March 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Colonel USA 1st US Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Resigned USA 25 April 1861 / Major-General Commander-in-Chief Provisional Army of Virginia 22 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 14 June 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / General ACSA 14 June 1861 / General-in-Chief 31 January 1865 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Chapultepec 1847 13 September 1847 CIA Appomattox 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Major USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 13 September 1847
Military Adviser to the President 8 June 1861-4 November 1861 / Army of the Kanawha 21 September 1861-5 November 1861 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and East Florida 5 November 1861-14 March 1862 / Military Adviser to the President 13 March 1862-31 May 1862 / Department of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-9 April 1865 / Army of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-9 April 1865 / General-in-Chief 31 January 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: The District of South Carolina was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the area of the former Department of South Carolina.

CSA: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the District of South Carolina.

Ripley, Roswell Sabine / Ohio-New York / Born 14 March 1823 Franklin, Ohio / Died New York, New York 29 March 1887
USMA 1 July 1843 7/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 26 March 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 2 March 1853 / Major Ordnance South Carolina Militia 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st Battalion South Carolina Artillery 28 January 1861 / South Carolina Regular Artillery May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Antietam 1862
Department of South Carolina 21 August 1861-5 November 1861 / District of South Carolina 5 November 1861-11 October 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-26 May 1862 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-17 December 1861 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-23 July 1862 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 23 July 1862-10 August 1862 / 5th Brigade G W Smith’s Division Defences of Richmond 10 August 1862-2 September 1862 / Ripley’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 2 September 1862-17 September 1862 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 16 October 1862-21 March 1864 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1864-17 October 1864 / Ripley’s Brigade Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida November 1864-December 1864 / Ripley’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 14 February 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: The District of Georgia was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the area of the former Department of Georgia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton assumed command of the District of Georgia.

Lawton, Alexander Robert / South Carolina / Born 4 November 1818 Beaufort, South Carolina / Died Clifton Springs, New York 2 July 1896
USMA 1 July 1839 13/31 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 31 December 1840 / Georgia Militia 1849 / Colonel 1st Georgia Militia January 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Georgia 27 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 August 1861 to rank from 13 April 1861 / Quartermaster-General PACS 10 August 1863 / Paroled Washington, Georgia 9 May 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Defences of Savannah 13 March 1861-26 October 1861 / Department of Georgia 26 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Georgia 5 November 1861-14 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-26 June 1862 / Lawton’s Brigade 3rd Division Jackson’s Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 28 August 1862-17 September 1862 / District of Georgia 7 October 1862-28 December 1862 / Quartermaster-General 7 August 1863-9 May 1865

CSA: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, comprising the area of the former Department of Middle and East Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

Trapier, James Heyward / South Carolina / Born 24 November 1815 Georgetown, South Carolina / Died Georgetown, South Carolina 21 December 1865
USMA 1 July 1838 3/45 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 28 February 1848 / Colonel South Carolina Militia 1851-1853 / Captain ACSA Engineers January 1861 / ADC (F W Pickens) January 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Quartermaster 19 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / No Record of Parole
Chief Engineer Department of South Carolina April 1861-November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 22 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Middle and East Florida 5 November 1861-13 November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 14 March 1862-31 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi March 1862-14 April 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 14 April 1862 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 6 November 1862-19 July 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 14 March 1863-16 October 1863 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-10 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Army of Pensacola Braxton Bragg

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin

  • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
  • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
  • District of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
    • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee awaited

  •  District of Middle and East Florida: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
  • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
  • District of the Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
  • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
  • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch

District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Rootes Jackson
Henry Alexander Wise
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
John Clifford Pemberton
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
George Bibb Crittenden
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Philip St George Cocke
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Daniel Marsh Frost

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