1861 May 7th

May 7 1861 Tuesday

Virginia admitted to Confederacy

Camp Jackson Operations

 CSA. George T Sinclair became the Confederate Naval Agent in Europe, serving in that post until 28 April 1865.

Alabama. The Union blockading force captured the Confederate steamers Dick Keyes and Lewis near Mobile.

Kentucky. Major Robert Anderson, the erstwhile Union commander of Fort Sumter, accepted a commission as Major-General of the Kentucky Militia.

Maryland. The railroad routes were restored between Philadelphia and Harrisburg in Pennsylvania with Washington, DC, via Baltimore through Maryland, and normal traffic was restored to the capital after a period of disruption by pro-Confederate militants.

Tennessee. The Tennessee state legislature entered into a “military league” with the Confederate States after announcing its secession on 6 May 1861. The secession was ratified by the popular mandate on 24 June 1861. Tennessee was not admitted to the Confederacy until 17 May 1861. Serious riots occurred in Knoxville after the raising of a United States’ flag with one rioter killed and many others injured.

Texas. The former US Army garrison of Fort Davis was made prisoner by 1,800 Confederates near Eastonville. The 11 officers and 300 men refused an invitation to enlist with the Confederacy.

Virginia. Virginia was admitted to the Confederate States of America after announcing its secession on 17 April 1861.

Virginia. Virginia State troops occupied Arlington Heights on the south bank of the Potomac River, overlooking Washington, DC.

Virginia. USS Yankee, Lieutenant Thomas O Selfridge, was fired on by Confederate batteries at Gloucester Point.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

Coast Blockading Squadron: Silas Horton Stringham
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William Mervine
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Potomac Flotilla: James Harmon Ward

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of New Mexico: Vacant

Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan awaited

Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield

Department of the West: Edmund Brooke Alexander temporary

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke

  • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn

Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg

District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton

Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles

Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

“Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn

Forces in Richmond: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham

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