1861 May 7th

May 7 1861 Tuesday

Virginia admitted to Confederacy

Camp Jackson Operations

 CSA. George T Sinclair became Confederate Naval Agent in Europe, serving in that post until 28 April 1865.

Alabama. The Union blockading force captured the Confederate steamers Dick Keyes and Lewis near Mobile.

Kentucky. Major Robert Anderson, the erstwhile Union commander of Fort Sumter, accepted a commission as Major-General of the Kentucky Militia.

Maryland. The railroad routes were restored between Philadelphia and Harrisburg in Pennsylvania with Washington, DC, via Baltimore through Maryland, and normal traffic was restored to the capital after a period of disruption by pro-Confederate militants.

Tennessee. The Tennessee state legislature entered into a “military league” with the Confederate States after announcing its secession on 6 May 1861. The secession was ratified by the popular mandate on 24 June 1861. Tennessee was not admitted to the Confederacy until 17 May 1861. Serious riots occurred in Knoxville after the raising of a United States’ flag with one rioter killed and many others injured.

Texas. The former US Army garrison of Fort Davis was made prisoner by 1,800 Confederates near Eastonville. The 11 officers and 300 men refused an invitation to enlist with the Confederacy.

Virginia. Virginia was admitted to the Confederate States of America after announcing its secession on 17 April 1861.

Virginia. Virginia State troops occupied Arlington Heights on the south bank of the Potomac River, overlooking Washington, DC.

Virginia. USS Yankee, Lieutenant Thomas O Selfridge, was fired on by Confederate batteries at Gloucester Point.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Vacant
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan awaited
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Edmund Brooke Alexander temporary

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham

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