1861 May 17th

May 17 1861 Friday

North Carolina Admitted to the Confederacy

Tennessee Admitted to the Confederacy

USA. The Coast Blockading Squadron of the US Navy was re-designated as the Atlantic Blockading Squadron, remaining under the command of Captain Silas Horton Stringham. At this time there were only fourteen ships assigned to the squadron.

The Flying Flotilla (or Potomac Flotilla) was already being formed by Commander James H Ward who had departed for the Chesapeake from the New York Navy Yard on 16 May 1861. Although it operated within the area of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Ward’s flotilla acted independently under the direct orders of the Navy Department, though there was some transfer of vessels between the commands.

By the acquisition and arming of civilian vessels, the Atlantic Blockading Squadron grew quickly to about three times its original allocated strength. The Squadron initially included four 1st Rate vessels USS Minnesota Screw Frigate (Squadron Flagship), USS Roanoke Screw Frigate, USS Wabash Screw Frigate, and USS Susquehanna Side-wheel Frigate. There were eight 2nd Rate vessels USS Brandywine Sailing Frigate (store ship at Hampton Roads), USS Congress Sailing Frigate, USS Cumberland Sailing Frigate, USS St Lawrence Sailing Frigate, USS Sabine Sailing Frigate, USS Savannah Sailing Frigate, USS Pawnee Screw Sloop and USS Quaker City Side-wheel Gunboat. There were six 3rd Rate vessels USS Iroquois 3rd Rate Screw Sloop, USS Seminole 3rd Rate Screw Sloop, USS Jamestown Sailing Sloop, USS Cambridge Screw Gunboat, USS Flag Screw Gunboat and USS Harriet Lane Side-wheel Gunboat from US Revenue Cutter Service. There were also 32 4th Rate vessels USS Dale Sailing Sloop, USS Vandalia Sailing Sloop, USS Albatross Screw Gunboat, USS Dawn Screw Gunboat, USS Daylight Screw Gunboat, USS Louisiana Screw Gunboat, USS Monticello Screw Gunboat, USS Mount Vernon Screw Gunboat, USS Penguin Screw Gunboat, USS Pocahontas Screw Gunboat, USS R B Forbes Screw Gunboat, USS Stars and Stripes Screw Gunboat, USS Valley City Screw Gunboat, USS Ceres Side-wheel Gunboat, USS John L Lockwood Side-wheel Gunboat, USS Thomas Freeborn Side-wheel Gunboat, USS Underwriter Side-wheel Gunboat, USS Union Screw Auxiliary, USS Young Rover Screw Auxiliary, USS Adelaide Side-wheel Auxiliary Transport, USS Cohasset Screw Tug, USS Reliance Screw Tug, USS Rescue Screw Tug, USS Resolute Screw Tug, USS Young America, Screw Tug (captured from the Confederates on 24 April 1861 in Hampton Roads), USS General William G Putnam Side-wheel Tug, USS Yankee Side-wheel Tug, USS Ben Morgan Sailing Hospital Ship, USS Charles Phelps Sailing Coal Ship, USS Perry, Sailing Brig, USS Gemsbok Sailing Bark and USS Release Sailing Bark Store Ship.

USA. The Union Army experienced its first substantial increase in the General Officer corps. As recently as 13 May 1861, there was still only one Major-General and three Brigadier-Generals in the US Regular Army. As the number of regiments mustering into the US Volunteers accelerated, the need for brigade and division commanders grew. Over the following four days, two new Major-Generals and five new Brigadier-Generals were appointed in the Regular Army. In addition, the first three Major-Generals and thirty-four Brigadier-Generals were confirmed as Brigadier-Generals in the US Volunteers. This amounted to an expansion from four to forty-eight general officers in four days.

Not all the Brigadier-Generals USV were confirmed immediately and, in fact, only Nathaniel Lyon and Jacob Dolson Cox were confirmed on their day of nomination. Both were already actively engaged in operations: Lyon in Missouri and Cox in western Virginia. The others were in the process of concentrating and forming their brigades or awaiting commands. The prominent politician Edward Dickinson Baker declined his promotion to General but nevertheless acted as a brigade commander.

Of these thirty-four Brigadier-Generals USV, twenty were subsequently promoted to Major-General and one became the only Lieutenant-General appointed during the war. They provided the original core of command for the first year of the growing Union Army. Two would be killed in action (N Lyon and P Kearny), one died of wounds (I B Richardson,  and two died during the war (F W Lander and J Cooper).

North Carolina. The Confederate Congress passed an act permitting the admission, under certain conditions, of North Carolina to the Confederate States.

Tennessee. The Confederate Congress passed an act permitting the admission, under certain conditions, of Tennessee to the Confederate States.

Virginia. USS Minnesota, Captain Silas Horton Stringham, captured the bark Star en route from Richmond to Bremen in Germany.

Union Organisation

USA: The Coast Blockading Squadron of the US Navy was discontinued and renamed the Atlantic Blockading Squadron of the US Navy.

USA: The Atlantic Blockading Squadron of the US Navy was established from the renamed Coast Blockading Squadron of the US Navy

USA: Captain Silas Horton Stringham USN assumed command of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron of the US Navy.

Stringham, Silas Horton / Born 7 November 1797 Middletown, New Jersey / Died Brooklyn, New York 7 February 1876
Midshipman USN 15 November 1809 / Lieutenant USN 9 December 1814 / Master Commandant USN 3 March 1831 / Captain USN 8 September 1841 / Retired USN 21 December 1861 / Rear Admiral USN Retired 16 July 1862
Chief of Organisation Office March 1861-April 1861 / USS Minnesota April 1861 / Atlantic Blockading Squadron 8 June 1861-18 September 1861

USA: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield was promoted Brigadier-General USA 17 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861

Mansfield, Joseph King Fenno / Connecticut / Born 22 December 1803 New Haven, Connecticut / DOW Sharpsburg, Maryland 18 September 1862
USMA 1 July 1822 2/40 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1818 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1822 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5 March 1832 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Colonel USA Inspector-General 28 May 1853 / Brigadier-General USA 17 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 / Major-General USV 11 March 1863 to rank from 18 July 1862 posthumously / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1822 Brevet Major 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Colonel USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 6 May 1861 / WIA Monterey 7 July 1846 MWIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Inspector-General USA 28 May 1853-27 April 1861 / Department of Washington 27 April 1861-17 August 1861 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of Virginia 3 March 1862-22 June 1862 / Suffolk Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 22 July 1862-8 September 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 15 September 1862-17 September 1862

USA: Samuel Peter Heintzelman promoted Brigadier-General USV 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Heintzelman, Samuel Peter / Pennsylvania / Born 30 September 1805 Manheim, Pennsylvania / Died Washington, District of Columbia 1 May 1880
USMA 1 July 1826 17/41 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1822 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1826 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1826 / 1st Lieutenant USA 4 March 1833 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 7 July 1838-18 June 1846 / Captain USA 2nd US Infantry 4 November 1838 / Major USA 1st US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Colonel USA 17th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Major-General USA Retired 22 February 1869 / Retired USA 22 February 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1826 Brevet Major USA 9 October 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 19 December 1851 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 31 May 1862 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / CIA Alexandria 24 May 1861 Exchanged WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Glendale 30 June 1862
Assistant Inspector-General Department of Washington May 1861 / Heintzelman’s Brigade Department of Northeastern Virginia 28 May 1861-8 July 1861 / 3rd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 8 July 1861-14 August 1861 / Heintzelman’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 14 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Heintzelman’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / III Corps Potomac 3 March 1862-30 October 1862 / Defences South of the Potomac 9 September 1862-27 October 1862 / Military District of Washington 27 October 1862-2 February 1863 / Department of Washington 2 February 1863-14 October 1863 / XXII Corps Washington 2 February 1862-14 October 1863 / Northern Department 12 January 1864-1 October 1864

USA: David Hunter promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Hunter, David / District of Columbia-Illinois / Born 21 July 1802 Washington, District of Columbia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 2 February 1886
USMA 1 July 1822 25/40 Infantry-Dragoons / Cadet USMA 14 September 1818 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 1 July 1822 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 30 June 1828 / Captain USA 1st US Dragoons 4 March 1833 / Resigned USA 4 July 1836 / Paymaster USA 13 November 1841 / Major USA Paymaster 14 March 1842 / Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / 6th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Major-General USV 13 August 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 17 April 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Retired USA 31 July 1866 / Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861
Hunter’s Brigade Department of Washington 28 May 1861-30 June 1861 / 2nd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-21 July 1861 / Hunter’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-22 August 1861 / 1st Division Western Army 24 September 1861-2 November 1861 / Western Department 2 November 1861-9 November 1861 / Department of Kansas 20 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Department of the South 31 March 1862-5 September 1862 / Department of the South 20 December 1862-3 June 1863 / X Corps South 20 January 1863-12 June 1863 / Assistant Inspector-General 17 April 1864-May 1864 / Department of West Virginia 21 May 1864-8 August 1864 / Army of the Shenandoah 21 May 1864-3 July 1864

USA: Erasmus Darwin Keyes promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Keyes, Erasmus Darwin / Massachusetts-Maine / Born 29 May 1810 Brimfield, Massachusetts / Died Nice, France 14 October 1895
USMA 1 July 1832 10/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant 1 August 1833 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1836 / ADC (W Scott) 1837-1841 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 7 July 1838-16 November 1838 / Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 30 November 1841 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 12 October 1858 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Military Secretary (W Scott) 1 January 1860-12 April 1861 / Colonel USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 re-dated 10 March 1863 to rank from 5 May 1862 / Resigned USV 6 May 1864 / Resigned USA 6 May 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 31 May 1862
Keyes’ Brigade 1st Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 1 July 1861-20 August 1861 / Keyes’ Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-2 October 1861 / 1st Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 November 1861 / Keyes’ Division Army of the Potomac 9 November 1861-13 March 1862 / IV Corps Potomac 3 March 1862-16 August 1862 / IV Corps Virginia 16 August 1862-1 August 1863 / Department of Virginia 6 April 1863-15 July 1863 / Keyes’ Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 14 April 1863-18 July 1863 / IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina 15 July 1863-31 July 1863

USA: Andrew Porter promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Porter, Andrew / Pennsylvania / Born 10 July 1820 Lancaster, Pennsylvania / Died Paris, France 3 January 1872
USMA 1836-1837 / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / Resigned USMA 4 January 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 15 May 1847 / Colonel USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Provost Marshal 3 October 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 20 April 1864 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 1 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 21 July 1861-30 July 1861 / Provost Marshal Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-6 August 1862

USA: Fitz-John Porter promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Porter, Fitz John / New Hampshire-New York / Born 31 August 1822 Portsmouth, New Hampshire / Died Morristown, New Jersey 21 May 1901
USMA 1 July 1845 8/41 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 29 May 1847 / Assistant Adjutant-General 27 June 1856 / Assistant Adjutant-General 27 April 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 19 July 1861 / Colonel USA 15th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 / Dismissed USV 21 January 1863 / Reinstated Colonel USA 5 August 1886 to rank from 14 May 1861 / Retired USA 7 August 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet Captain USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 27 June 1856 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 27 June 1862 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Sept of Pennsylvania 27 April 1861-19 July 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Shenandoah 19 July 1861-27 August 1861 F J Porter’s Division Army of the Potomac 28 August 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-18 May 1862 / V Corps Potomac 18 May 1862-10 November 1862

USA: William Buel Franklin promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Franklin, William Buel / Pennsylvania / Born 27 February 1823 York, Pennsylvania / Died Hartford, Connecticut 8 March 1903
USMA 1 July 1843 1/39 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 21 September 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Captain USA 1 July 1857 / Colonel USA 12th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 10 November 1865 / Resigned USA 15 March 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1843 Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 21 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 30 June 1862 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Mansfield 8 April 1864 CIA Washington DC 11 July 1864 Escaped 12 July 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia June 1861-July 1861 / 3rd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 21 July 1861-4 August 1861 / Franklin’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Franklin’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-18 May 1862 / VI Corps Potomac 18 May 1862-16 November 1862 / Left Grand Division Potomac 16 November 1862-25 January 1863 /1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 28 July 1863-20 August 1863 / XIX Corps Gulf 20 August 1863-2 May 1864

USA: William Tecumseh Sherman promoted Brigadier-General USV 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Sherman, William Tecumseh / Ohio / Born 8 February 1820 Lancaster, Ohio / Died New York, New York 14 February 1891
USMA 1 July 1840 6/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1841 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 27 September 1850 / Resigned USA 6 September 1853 / Major-General California Militia 1856-1857 / Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 4 August 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Mustered Out USV 12 August 1864 / Major-General USA 12 August 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 25 July 1866 / General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 4 March 1869-1 November 1883 / Retired USA 8 February 1884 / Brevet Captain USA 30 May 1848 Brevet General USA 13 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division Department of Northeastern Virginia 30 June 1861-17 August 1861 / Sherman’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 6 October 1861-9 November 1861 / District of Cairo 14 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Tennessee 1 March 1862-11 July 1862 / 5th Division District of Memphis 21 July 1862-26 October 1862 / District of Memphis 26 October 1862-25 November 1862 / Right Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 27 November 1862-22 December 1862 / XV Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-4 January 1863 / II Corps Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / XV Corps Tennessee 12 January 1863-29 October 1863 / Department of the Tennessee 17 October 1863-12 March 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 24 October 1863-26 March 1864 / Military Division of the Mississippi 18 March 1864-6 August 1866 / Military Division of the Missouri 6 August 1866-16 March 1869 / Military Division of the Atlantic 12 February 1868-12 February 1868 / General-in-Chief 4 March 1869-1 November 1883

USA: Charles Pomeroy Stone promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Stone, Charles Pomeroy / Massachusetts / Born 30 September 1824 Greenfield, Massachusetts / Died New York, New York 24 January 1887
USMA 1 July 1845 7/41 Ordnance-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / Ordnance 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 February 1853 / Resigned USA 17 November 1856 / Colonel Inspector-General District of Columbia Militia 1 January 1861-16 April 1861 / Colonel USV District of Columbia Infantry 16 April 1861-23 July 1861 / Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 13 September 1864 / Lieutenant-General and Chief of Staff Egyptian Army 1870-1883 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
Stone’s Brigade Department of Washington 28 May 1861-8 July 1861 / 7th Brigade 3rd Division Department of Pennsylvania 8 July 1861-25 July 1861/ 3rd Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 25 July 1861-4 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 4 August 1861-20 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Stone’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 February 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of the Gulf 23 May 1863-16 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 22 August 1864-10 September 1864

USA: Don Carlos Buell promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Buell, Don Carlos / Ohio-Indiana / Born 23 March 1818 Lowell, Massachusetts / Died Airdrie, Kentucky 19 November 1898
USMA 1 July 1841 32/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1841 / 1st Lieutenant 18 June 1846 / Regt Adjutant 15 February 1847-25 January 1848 / Brevet Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 January 1848 / Brevet Major USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 February 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 17 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 23 May 1864 / Resigned USA 1 June 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847
Buell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 November 1861 / Department of the Ohio 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Army of the Ohio 9 November 1861-24 October 1862 / District of the Ohio 19 March 1862-24 October 1862

USA: Thomas West Sherman promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Sherman, Thomas West / Rhode Island / Born 26 March 1813 Newport, Rhode Island / Died Newport, Rhode Island 16 March 1879
USMA 1 July 1836 18/49 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA 14 March 1838 / Captain USA 28 May 1846 / Major USA 27 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 5th US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USA 3rd US Artillery 1 June 1863 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Major-General USA Retired 31 December 1870 / Retired USA 31 December 1870 / Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Port Hudson 27 May 1863
Port Royal Expedition 12 September 1861-15 March 1862 / Department of the South 15 March 1862-31 March 1862 / 6th Division Army of the Tennessee 30 April 1862-3 May 1862 / 1st Division Right Wing Army of the Ohio 3 May 1862-3 August 1862 / Sherman’s Division XIX Corps Sept of the Gulf 18 September 1862-9 January 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 9 January 1863-21 May 1863 / 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 13 January 1863-27 May 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 16 June 1864-9 February 1865 / Southern District of Louisiana 11 February 1865-27 June 1865 / Eastern District of Louisiana 27 June 1865-20 July 1865 / Department of the East 2 January 1868-16 July 1868

USA: Nathaniel Lyon promoted Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861.

Lyon, Nathaniel / Connecticut / Born 14 July 1818 Ashford, Connecticut / KIA Wilson’s Creek, Missouri 10 August 1861
USMA 1 July 1841 11/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 February 1847 / Captain USA 11 June 1851 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 12 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847
Department of the West 23 April 1861-28 April 1861 / Department of the West 31 May 1861-3 July 1861 / Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / 3 July 1861 -24 July 1861 Western Department

USA: John Pope promoted Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Pope, John / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 16 March 1822 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Sandusky, Ohio 23 September 1892
USMA 1 July 1842 17/56 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 9 May 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Captain USA Topographical Engineers 1 July 1856 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 17 July 1862 from 14 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 26 October 1886 / Retired USA 16 March 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
District of North Missouri 29 July 1861-9 November 1861 / 2nd Division Western Army 29 September 1861-3 December 1861 / District of Central Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / Army of Western Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / District of North Missouri 26 December 1861-10 March 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 23 February 1862-26 June 1862 / District of the Mississippi 27 February 1862-21 April 1862 / Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-12 September 1862 / Department of the Northwest 6 September 1862-28 November 1862 / Department of the Northwest 13 February 1863-30 January 1865 / Military Division of the Missouri 30 January 1865-27 June 1865 / Department of the Missouri 27 June 1865-6 August 1866 / Third Military District 11 March 1867-26 December 1867 / Department of the Lakes 1 February 1868-6 May 1870

USA: George Archibald McCall promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

McCall, George Archibald / Pennsylvania / Born 16 March 1802 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died West Chester, Pennsylvania 26 February 1868
USMA 1 July 1822 26/40 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1818 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1822 / 4th US Infantry 23 December 1822 / 1st Lieutenant USA 23 January 1829 / Captain USA 21 September 1836 / Assistant Adjutant-General 7 July 1846-26 December 1847 / Major USA 3rd US Infantry 26 December 1847 / Colonel USA Inspector-General 10 June 1850 / Resigned USA 29 April 1853 / Major-General Pennsylvania Militia 15 May 1861 Expired 23 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 31 March 1863 / Brevet Major USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Major USA 7 July 1846 / WIA & CIA Glendale 30 June 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
McCall’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 2 August 1861-20 August 1861 / McCall’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / McCall’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-12 June 1862 / 3rd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 June 1862-30 June 1862

USA: William Reading Montgomery promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Montgomery, William Reading / New Jersey / Born 10 July 1801 Monmouth, New Jersey / Died Bristol, Pennsylvania, 31 May 1871
USMA 1 July 1825 28/37 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1821 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1825 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 August 1833 / Captain USA 8th US Infantry 7 July 1838 / Major USA 2nd US Infantry 7 December 1852 / Dismissed USA 8 December 1855 / Colonel USV 1st New Jersey Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 4 April 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Major USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Resaca de la Palma 9 May 1846 WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847

USA: Philip Kearny promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Kearny, Philip (Jr) / New York / Born 2 June 1815 New York City, New York / KIA Chantilly, Virginia 1 September 1862
2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Dragoons 8 March 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 22 July 1839 / Royal Cavalry School Saumur France 1839 / ADC 1st Chasseurs d’Afrique 1839-1840 / Resigned USA 6 April 1846 / Reinstated 1st US Dragoons 11 May 1846 / Captain USA 6 December 1846 / ADC (W Scott) 1847 / Resigned USA 9 October 1851 / French Imperial Guard 1859-1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 posthumously / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847 WIA Charles City Cross Roads 30 June 1862
Kearny’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / 1st Brigade Franklin’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-30 April 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 30 April 1862-5 August 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 5 August 1862-1 September 1862

USA: John Wolcott Phelps promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Phelps, John Wolcott / Vermont / Born 13 November 1813 Guilford, Vermont / Died Guilford, Vermont 2 February 1885
USMA 1 July 1836 24/49 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1832 / 24th US Artillery 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 July 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 31 March 1850 / Resigned USA 2 November 1859 / Colonel USV 1st Vermont Infantry 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 4 December 1861 Withdrawn 12 February 1863 / Resigned USV 21 August 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1836
Ship Island Expedition 27 November 1861-20 March 1862 / 1st Brigade Department of the Gulf 20 March 1862-21 August 1862

USA: Joseph Hooker promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Hooker, Joseph / Massachusetts / Born 13 November 1814 Hadley, Massachusetts / Died Garden City, New York 31 October 1879
USMA 1 July 1837 29/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 November 1838 / Regt Adjutant 1 September 1841-11 June 1846 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 1st US Artillery 29 October 1848 / Vacated 29 October 1848 / Resigned USA 21 February 1853 / Colonel California Militia 1859-1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 20 September 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General Retired USA 15 October 1868 / Retired USA 15 October 1868 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA AAG 3 March 1847 Brevet Major USA 11 June 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863
Hooker’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 4 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Hooker’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-15 September 1862 / III Corps Virginia 6 September 1862-12 September 1862 / I Corps Potomac 12 September 1862-17 September 1862 / V Corps Potomac 10 November 1862-16 November 1862 / Centre Grand Division Potomac 16 November 1862-24 January 1863 / Department of the Potomac 26 January 1863-27 June 1863 / Army of the Potomac 26 January 1863-28 June 1863 / Hooker’s Command Department of the Cumberland 25 September 1863-13 April 1864 / XX Corps Cumberland 14 April 1864-28 July 1864 / Northern Department 1 October 1864-27 June 1865 / Department of the East 15 July 1865-13 August 1866 / Department of the Lakes 23 August 1865-1 June 1867

USA: Ulysses Simpson Grant promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from May 17 1861

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: Joseph Jones Reynolds promoted Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Reynolds, Joseph Jones / Kentucky / Born 4 January 1822 Flemingsburg, Kentucky / Died Washington, District of Columbia 25 February 1899
USMA 1 July 1843 10/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 11 May 1846 / Resigned USA 28 February 1857 / Colonel Indiana Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel 10th Indiana Militia 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Indiana Militia 10 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Indiana Militia 17 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 23 January 1862 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 17 September 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 / Colonel USA 26th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / 25th US Infantry 8 January 1870 / 3rd US Cavalry 15 December 1870 / Retired USA 25 June 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 2 March 1867 Brevet Major-General USA 2 March 1867 / WIA Western Virginia 1861
1st Brigade Army of Occupation July 1861-September 1861 / Cheat Mountain District 24 July 1861-19 September 1861 / 5th Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 11 December 1862-9 January 1863 / 5th Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-8 June 1863 / 4th Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 8 June 1863-9 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Army of the Cumberland 10 October 1863-3 December 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 6 January 1864-16 June 1864 / 4th Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 25 January 1864-18 February 1864 / District of Morganza 16 June 1864-5 July 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 7 July 1864-7 November 1864 / Military Division of West Mississippi 4 November 1864-25 November 1864 / Reserve Corps Department of the Gulf 5 December 1864-12 January 1865 / Department of Arkansas 22 December 1864-29 August 1865 / Army of Arkansas 22 December 1864-1 August 1865 / VII Corps Arkansas 22 December 1864-1 August 1865 / Fifth Military District 16 March 1868-23 March 1868 / Fifth Military District 28 July 1868-4 November 1868

USA: Samuel Ryan Curtis promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Curtis, Samuel Ryan / New York-Ohio / Born 3 February 1805 Champlain (Clinton City), New York / Died Council Bluffs, Iowa 26 December 1866
USMA 1 July 1831 27/33 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1827 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1831 / Resigned USA 30 June 1832 / Colonel Ohio Militia 1843 / Adjutant-General Ohio Militia 1846 / Colonel USV 3rd Ohio Infantry 23 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 24 June 1847 / Colonel USV 2nd Iowa Infantry 1 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1831
District of Southwest Missouri 25 December 1861-4 June 1862 / Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-29 August 1862 / District of the Missouri 15 June 1862-29 August 1862 / Department of the Missouri 19 September 1862-13 May 1863 / Department of Kansas 1 January 1864-30 January 1865 / Army of the Border 14 October 1864-8 November 1864 / Department of the Northwest 30 January 1865-27 June 1865

USA: Charles Smith Hamilton promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Hamilton, Charles Smith / New York / Born 16 November 1822 Westernville, New York / Died Milwaukee, Wisconsin 17 April 1891
USMA 26/39 1843 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 17 November 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 June 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 1 March 1848-18 September 1848 / Resigned USA 30 April 1853 / Colonel USV 3rd Wisconsin Infantry 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 19 September 1862 / Resigned USV 13 April 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847
3rd Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 8 August 1861-17 August 1861 / 3rd Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 8 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-3 May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Mississippi 18 June 1862-20 October 1862 / District of Corinth 20 October 1862-15 January 1863 / Left Wing XIII Corps Tennessee 1 November 1862-22 December 1862 / Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-1 April 1863 / XVI Corps Tennessee 10 January 1863-5 February 1863 / District of West Tennessee 15 January 1863-11 February 1863 / District of Corinth 20 January 1863—23 March 1863

USA: Darius Nash Couch promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 17 1861.

Couch, Darius Nash / New York / Born 23 July 1822 South East, New York / Died Norwalk, Connecticut 12 February 1897
USMA 1 July 1846 13/59 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 /4th US Artillery / 2nd Lieutenant USA 16 February 1847 / 1st Lieutenant 4 December 1847 / Resigned USA 30 April 1855 / Colonel USV 17th Massachusetts Infantry 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 26 May 1865 / Quartermaster-General Connecticut Militia 1876-1878 / Adjutant-General Connecticut Militia 1883-1884 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 February 1847 / WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863
Couch’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 4 August 1861-20 August 1861 / Couch’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-14 September 1861 / 1st Brigade Buell’s Division Army of the Potomac 14 September 1862-13 March 1862 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-12 July 1862 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac August 1862-26 September 1862 /3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 26 September 1862-14 November 1862 / II Corps Potomac 14 November 1862-25 January 1863 1862 / Right Grand Division Potomac 25 January 1863-5 February 1863 / II Corps Potomac 5 February 1863-22 May 1863 / Department of the Susquehanna 11 June 1863-1 December 1864 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 8 December 1864-14 January 1865 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 February 1865-28 February 1865 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 8 April 1865-30 April 1865

USA: Rufus King promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

King, Rufus / New York / Born 26 January 1814 New York City, New York / Died New York, New York 13 October 1876
USMA 1 July 1833 4/43 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1829 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1833 / Resigned USA 30 September 1836 / Adjutant-General New York Militia 184-1844 / Brigadier-General Wisconsin Militia 15 April 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 20 October 1863
King’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 9 August 1861-20 August 1861 / King’s Brigade Department of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / 3rd Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 3rd Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / 1st Division III Corps Army of Virginia September 1862-14 September 1862 / King’s Brigade VII Corps Middle Department 1 April 1863-17 June 1863 / 1st Division IV Corps Department of Virginia 17 June 1863-15 July 1863 / King’s Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 18 July 1863-17 October 1863

USA: Jacob Dolson Cox promoted Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861.

Cox, Jacob Dolson / Canada-Ohio / Born 27 October 1828 Montreal, Canada / Died Gloucester, Massachusetts 4 August 1900
Brigadier-General Ohio Militia 23 April 1861-30 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 6 October 1862 Expired 3 March 1863 Reverted to Brigadier-General USV / Reappointed Major-General USV 7 December 1864 / Resigned USV 1 January 1866
Kanawha Brigade Department of the Ohio July 1861-25 July 1861 / Kanawha Brigade Army of Occupation 25 July 1861-11 October 1861 / District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-26 July 1862 / Defences of Washington 30 August 1862-7 September 1862 / Kanawha Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 7 September 1862-14 September 1862 / IX Corps Potomac 14 September 1862-8 October 1862 / District of Western Virginia 13 October 1862-December 1862 / District of Ohio 14 April 1863-16 November 1863 / District of Michigan 2 June 1863-5 June 1863 / XXIII Corps Ohio 21 December 1863-10 February 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 3 March 1864-31 March 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 4 April 1864-9 April 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 25 May 1864-27 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 26 May 1864-27 May 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 14 September 1864-22 October 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 22 October 1864-30 November 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 30 November 1864-1 December 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 1 December 1864-13 January 1865 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 17 January 1865-9 February 1865 /3rd Division XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 9 February 1865-15 February 1865 / Cox’s Provisional Corps Department of North Carolina 25 February 1865-31 March 1865 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 25 February 1865-18 March 1865 / XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-19 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-16 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 19 June 1865-27 June 1865

USA: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut promoted Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Hurlbut, Stephen Augustus / South Carolina-Illinois / Born 29 November 1815 Charleston, South Carolina / Died Lima, Peru 27 March 1882
1st Lieutenant USV 1st South Carolina Infantry 1846-1848 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 / Mustered Out USV 20 June 1865 / CIA Memphis 21 August 1864 Exchanged
4th Division Army of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-14 July 1862 / 4th Division District of Memphis 14 July 1862-24 September 1862 / 4th Division District of Jackson 24 September 1862-26 October 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 5 October 1862-15 October 1862 / District of Jackson 16 October 1862-19 November 1862 / District of Memphis 25 November 1862-6 January 1863 / XVI Corps Tennessee 22 December 1862-10 January 1863 / XVI Corps Tennessee 5 February 1863-17 April 1864 / District of West Tennessee 11 February 1863-27 April 1864 / Department of the Gulf 22 September 1864-22 April 1865 / Army of the Gulf 23 September 1864-21 April 1865

USA: Franz Sigel promoted Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Sigel, Franz / Germany / Born 18 November 1824 Sinsheim, Baden / Died New York, New York 21 August 1902 Karlsruhe Military Academy 1843 / Lieutenant Baden Army 1843-1847 / Major 5th New York Militia 1854-1857 / Colonel USV 3rd Missouri Infantry 4 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 4 May 1865 / WIA Missouri 10 May 1861 WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade Army of the West 24 July 1861-August 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the West August 1861-10 August 1861 / 3rd Division Western Department 24 September 1861-24 October 1861 / 4th Brigade Western Department 24 October 1861-9 November 1861 / 4th Brigade Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-25 December 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-7 February 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / Sigel’s Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 June 1862-26 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 30 June 1862-7 July 1862 / I Corps Virginia 12 July 1862-12 September 1862 / XI Corps Potomac 12 September 1862-10 January 1863 / Reserve Grand Division Potomac 14 November 1862-4 February 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 5 February 1863-22 February 1863 / Lehigh District 20 August 1863-29 February 1864 / Department of West Virginia 29 February 1864-17 May 1864 / District of Harper’s Ferry 24 May 1864-7 July 1864

USA: Robert Cumming Schenck promoted Brigadier-General USV 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861

Schenck, Robert Cumming / Ohio / Born 4 October 1809 Franklin, Ohio / Died Washington, District of Columbia 23 March 1890
Brigadier-General Ohio Militia April 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 30 August 1862 / Resigned USV 5 December 1863 / WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 12 June 1861-25 July 1861 / Schenck’s Brigade Department of Washington 25 July 1861-17 August 1861 / Schenck’s Brigade Army of Occupation September 1861-11 October 1861 / 1st Brigade District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-11 March 1862 / District of the Cumberland 11 March 1862-7 April 1862 / Schenck’s Brigade Mountain Department 7 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-30 August 1862 / I Corps Virginia 28 June 1862-30 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 7 July 1862-12 July 1862 / Middle Department 17 December 1862-12 March 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 22 December 1862-12 March 1863 / Middle Department 20 March 1863-10 August 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 22 March 1863-10 August 1863 / Middle Department 31 August 1863-22 September 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 31 August 1863-22 September 1863 / Middle Department 10 October 1863-21 November 1863 / VIII Corps Middle 10 October 1863-5 December 1863

USA: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Prentiss, Benjamin Mayberry / Virginia / Born 23 November 1819 Belleville, Virginia / Died Bethany, Missouri 8 February 1901
1st Lieutenant Illinois Militia 1844 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1st Illinois Infantry 18 June 1846 / Captain USV 14 September 1846 / Mustered Out USV 17 June 1847 / Brigadier-General Illinois Militia 1861 / Captain USV 10th Illinois Infantry 29 April 1861 / Colonel USV 29 April 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 13 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 28 October 1863 / CIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
District of Ironton 15 August 1861-1 September 1861 / District of North Missouri 26 November 1861-26 December 1861 / 6th Division Army of the Tennessee 26 March 1862-6 April 1862 / District of Eastern Arkansas 14 February 1863-3 August 1863

USA: Frederick West Lander promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Lander, Frederick West / Massachusetts / Born 17 December 1821 Salem, Massachusetts / Died Paw Paw, Virginia 2 March 1862
ADC (G B McClellan) May 1861-June 1861 / ADC (T A Morris) May 1861-July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / WIA Edward’s Ferry 22 October 1861
2nd Brigade Stone’s Division Army of the Potomac 9 September 1862-20 October 1862 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 20 October 1861-22 October 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 1 December 1861-2 March 1862 / Lander’s Division Army of the Potomac 5 January 1862-2 March 1862

USA: Benjamin Franklin Kelley promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Kelley, Benjamin Franklin / New Hampshire / Born 10 April 1807 New Hampton, New Hampshire / Died Oakland, Maryland 16 June 1891
Colonel USV 1st (West) Virginia Infantry (4th Virginia Militia) 22 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 1 June 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 5 August 1864 / WIA Philippi 3 June 1861 CIA Cumberland 21 February 1865 Exchanged 20 March 1865
Kelley’s Brigade Army of Occupation 17 May 1861-3 June 1861 / District of Grafton 3 August 1861-20 December 1861 / District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland 22 October 1861-20 December 1861 / Railroad District 20 December 1861-26 June 1862 / Railroad Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 June 1862-20 September 1862 / Railroad Division District of West Virginia 20 December 1862-16 March 1863 / 3rd Division VIII Corps Middle Department 16 March 1863-27 March 1863 / 1st Division VIII Corps Middle Department 27 March 1863-26 June 1863 / Department of West Virginia 28 June 1863-10 March 1864 / Forces West of Sleepy Creek Department of West Virginia April 1864-21 February 1865

USA: John Alexander McClernand promoted Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Ken tucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

USA: Alpheus Starkey Williams promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Williams, Alpheus Starkey / Connecticut / Born 20 September 1810 Saybrook, Connecticut / Died Washington, District of Columbia 21 December 1878
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1st Michigan Infantry 8 December 1847 / Mustered Out USV 29 July 1848 / Brigadier-General Michigan Militia 24 April 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Mustered out USV 15 January 1866 / WIA New Hope Church 26 May 1864
1st Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 18 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 April 1862-26 June 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-4 September 1862 / II Corps Virginia 4 September 1862-12 September 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 12 September 1862 – 15 September 1862 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Potomac 15 September 1862-17 September 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 17 September 1862-20 October 1862 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Potomac 20 October 1862-1 July 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 1 July 1863-4 July 1863 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Potomac 4 July 1863-11 August 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 31 August 1863-13 September 1863 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Potomac 17 September 1863-25 September 1863 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Cumberland 25 September 1863-22 December 1863 / 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Cumberland 30 January 1864-14 April 1864 / 1st Division XX Corps Army of the Cumberland 14 April 1864-28 July 1864 / XX Corps Cumberland 28 July 1864-27 August 1864 / 1st Division XX Corps Army of the Cumberland 27 August 1864-11 November 1864 / XX Corps Georgia 11 November 1864-2 April 1865 / 1st Division XX Corps Army of Georgia 2 April 1865-4 June 1865

USA: Israel Bush Richardson promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Richardson, Israel Bush / Vermont / Born 26 December 1815 Fairfax, Vermont / DOW Sharpsburg, Maryland 3 November 1862
USMA 1 July 1841 38/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 September 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 21 September 1846 / Captain USA 5 March 1851 / Resigned USA 30 September 1855 / Colonel USV 2nd Michigan Infantry 25 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 posthumously / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 / MWIA Antietam 17 September 1862
4th Brigade 1st Division Department of Northeastern Virginia June 1861-20 August 1861 / Richardson’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / 1st Brigade Heintzelman’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862/ 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-17 July 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 15 August 1862-17 September 1862

USA: James Cooper promoted Brigadier-General USV 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Cooper, James / Maryland / Born 8 May 1810 Frederick, Maryland / Died Camp Chase, Ohio 28 March 1863
Cooper’s Brigade Middle Department April 1862-25 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Department of the Shenandoah 25 May 1862-4 June 1862 / 1st Brigade Sigel’s Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 June 1862-26 June 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-11 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Virginia 11 July 1862-16 July 1862

USA: Edward Dickinson Baker promoted Brigadier-General 31 July 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 (Declined)

Baker, Edward Dickinson / California / Born 24 February 1811 London, England / KIA Ball’s Bluff, Virginia 21 October 1861
Private Illinois Infantry 1832 / Mustered Out USV 1832 / Colonel USV 4th Illinois Infantry 4 March 1845 / Resigned USV 24 December 1846 / Brigadier-General USV 31 July 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Declined but Confirmed / Colonel USV 71st Pennsylvania Infantry (1st California Regiment) 22 June 1861 / Major-General USV 21 September 1861 Unconfirmed

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA. James H North became the Confederate Naval Agent in Europe, serving in that role until April 1865.

North, James H / Born South Carolina
Lieutenant USN / Resigned USN January 1861 / Lieutenant CSN 26 March 1861 / Commander CSN 23 October 1862 to rank from 6 May 1862
Naval Agent in Europe 17 May 1861-April 1865

Commander-in-Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson interim, Joseph Eggleston Johnston awaited
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch

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