1861 May 11th

May 11 1861 Saturday

California. Pro-Union demonstrations occurred in San Francisco.

District of Columbia. USS Pawnee, Commander Stephen Clegg Rowan, was ordered to proceed from the Washington Navy Yard to Alexandria, Virginia, to protect vessels from attack by Confederate forces.

Missouri. Pro-secession riots continued to break out in St Louis. A mob fired on a company of Union Home Guards. The Home Guards replied, and the exchange resulted in the deaths of three Guardsmen and four civilians. The 5th Missouri Reserve Regiment quelled the protests.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General William Selby Harney reasserted his command of the Department of the West over Captain Nathaniel Lyon, who had been acting against armed pro-secession groups under the direction of US Representative Francis Preston Blair Jr. Harney issued a proclamation, announcing his determination to enforce order and the authority of the Federal government.

Virginia. Pro-Union demonstrations occurred in Wheeling.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General William Selby Harney resumed command of the Department of the West.

Harney, William Selby / Tennessee / Born 27 August 1800 Haysboro, Tennessee / Died Orlando, Florida 9 May 1889
2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 13 February 1818 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 January 1819 / 1st US Artillery 16 November 1821 / 1st US Infantry 21 December 1822 / Captain USA 1st US Infantry 14 May 1825 / Major USA Paymaster 1 May 1833 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 2nd US Dragoons 15 August 1836 / Colonel USA 30 June 1846 / Colonel USA 1848 / Brigadier-General USA 14 June 1858 / Retired USA 1 August 1863 / Brevet Colonel USV 7 December 1840 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / CIA Harper’s Ferry 24 April 1861 Released 29 April 1861
Department of the West 30 November 1860-23 April 1861 / Department of the West 11 May 1861-31 May 1861

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Vacant
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan awaited
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Benjamin McCulloch promoted Brigadier-General PACS.

McCulloch, Benjamin / Tennessee-Texas / Born 11 November 1811 Rutherford, Tennessee / KIA Pea Ridge, Arkansas 7 March 1862
2nd Lieutenant Army of Texas 1835 / 1st Lieutenant Army of Texas 21 April 1836 / 1st Lieutenant Texas Rangers 1838-1839 / Captain 1st Texas Rangers 26 April 1846 / Major-General Texas Militia April 1846 / Mustered Out USV 30 July 1846 / Major USV Quartermaster 16 July 1847 / Resigned 6 September 1847 / Major-General Texas Militia 1861 / Colonel Texas Cavalry 14 February 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 May 1861 / CIA Ciudad Mier 1842
Indian Territory 13 May 1861-10 September 1861 / Forces in Missouri 2 July 1861-3 August 1861 / Western Army 4 August 1861-19 January 1862 / District of the Indian Territory 10 September 1861-21 November 1861 / 1st Division Army of the West 19 January 1862-7 March 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch

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