1861 March 3rd

March 3 1861 Sunday

Go to March 4 1861

District of Columbia. Union General-in Chief Major-General Winfield Scott, Colonel Edwin Vose Sumner, and Colonel Charles Pomeroy Stone planned the military protection of the procession for the Presidential inauguration of Abraham Lincoln. All available Regular Army and volunteer units were deployed with the procession and to guard key points along the route, at the Capitol, and around the White House.

South Carolina. Confederate Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was ordered to Charleston to take command of the operations against Fort Sumter.

South Carolina. Union Major-General Winfield Scott completed his assessment of the situation at Fort Sumter and concluded that any relief attempt would be impracticable.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: Thomas T Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of South Carolina was established.
CSA: The Forces in Charleston was established, comprising the forces in and around Charleston, South Carolina.
CSA: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, arriving on 6 March 1861.
CSA: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Forces in Charleston, arriving on 6 March 1861.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

“Department of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Department of South Carolina established: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited

  • “Forces in Charleston” established: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Confederate Generals

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

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