1861 March 22nd

March 22 1861 Friday

Go to March 23 1861

CSA. David Emanuel Twiggs, formerly the third-ranking General in the US Army, was appointed to the grade of Major-General in the Confederate Army and assigned to command the unofficial Department of Louisiana. He was the highest-ranking officer of the US Army to join the Confederate Army. His former seniority in the US Regular Army led to him being ranked above fellow defectors Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard and Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg. However, their later elevation to a new grade of General superseded him in the seniority ranking.

Kentucky. The Kentucky State Rights Convention met. It adopted resolutions denouncing any attempt on the part of the government to collect revenue as coercion; and affirmed that, if any such attempt were made, the Border States should make common cause with the Confederacy. They also recommended convening a convention of border states.

Nevada Territory. James W Nye became Governor of Nevada Territory.

Union Organisation

USA: Colonel William Wing Loring (US Mounted Rifles) arrived to command the Department of New Mexico, succeeding Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, who had defected to the Confederacy.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring arrived

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs assumed command of the “Department of Louisiana”.
CSA: David Emanuel Twiggs was promoted Major-General PACS.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

“Department of Louisiana”: David Emanuel Twiggs

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Confederate Generals

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

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