1861 June 17th

June 17 1861 Monday

Battle of Boonville, MO (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

Lyon’s Operations in Missouri

California. Operation at Mad River ended. Incident at Kettenshaw.

District of Columbia. US President Abraham Lincoln watched as Professor Thaddeus S C Lowe demonstrated his hot air balloon as an innovative platform for military observation.

Maryland. Incident at Conrad’s Ferry. A skirmish at Edwards’ Ferry occurred between the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry and Confederate scouts.

Missouri. Expedition to Boonville and St Louis ended. Incident at Independence.

Missouri. A shot was fired into the ranks of Colonel Kallmann’s 2nd US Reserve Infantry near the St Louis Recorder’s Court. Kallman ordered a volley to be fired in retaliation and six civilians were killed.

Boonville, Missouri, also known as Booneville or the “The Boonville Races”. After disembarking unopposed from riverboats about eight miles south of Boonville, Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon’s troops marched along the Rocheport Road toward Boonville at around 7 am. Confederate Colonel John Sappington Marmaduke’s ill-equipped Missouri State Guard companies, totalling about 500 men, waited on a ridge behind the bluff. They had no artillery support since that was all with State Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons at Tipton. Inexplicably, Governor Claiborne Jackson, commanding the Confederate force, observing from a mile or so away, held his only reasonably-disciplined and organised command (Captain Kelly’s company) in reserve and it took no part in the battle. Lyon’s command encountered State Guard pickets as they approached the bluffs but Lyon deployed skirmishers and continued to push his men forward rapidly. The Union artillery (two guns under Captain James Totten) quickly displaced the sharpshooters stationed in the William Adams house, while Union infantry (the majority of Colonel Francis Preston Blair’s 1st Missouri and a company of the 2nd Missouri Rifle Battalion under Captain Peter Joseph Osterhaus) closed with the Guardsmen and fired several volleys into them, causing them to retreat. This stage of the fighting lasted barely 20 minutes. Some attempts were made to rally the Guardsmen but these collapsed when two more Union companies from the 1st Missouri, supported by a siege howitzer on one of Lyon’s riverboats, outflanked the Confederate position and seized their camp. As Marmaduke feared, the Guard’s retreat rapidly turned into a rout through Camp Bacon and the town of Boonville. Some fugitives continued on to their homes while the remainder retreated with the Governor to the southwest corner of Missouri. Lyon took possession of Boonville at 11 am.

The short fight at Boonville and the State Guard’s precipitate retreat earned the battle the nickname of “The Boonville Races.” Due to logistical difficulties, Lyon could not keep pace with the retreating Guardsmen. Lyon seized the State Guard’s supplies and equipment, which included two iron 6-pounder guns without ammunition. The impact of Lyon’s success was out of proportion to the loss of life. The Union victory at Boonville ejected the secessionist forces from St Louis and central Missouri and secured the state for the Union.

After learning of the defeat at Boonville another group of Missouri State Guardsmen in Lexington led by State Major-General Sterling Price moved away southwards. This severed communications with sympathisers in the largely pro-Confederate Missouri River valley. Recruits from slave-owning regions north of the Missouri River subsequently found it difficult to join the Confederate army although many engaged in guerilla warfare.

Lyon’s victory gave the Union forces time to consolidate their hold on the state, while Marmaduke’s disappointment led him to resign from the Missouri State Guard and to seek a Confederate commission. Union casualties were light, with reports ranging from five killed and seven wounded to 31 total. There are no reliable figures of casualties for the Missouri State Guard: only a few are known to have been killed, and probably a dozen wounded, while about 80 were captured. Other reports estimate 50 Confederate casualties. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Virginia. A Confederate battery at Vienna opened fire on scouts from the Union 1st Ohio, causing 8 killed and wounded.

Virginia. The Confederates from Harper’s Ferry reached Winchester.

Virginia. The uncertainty over command of the Confederate Department of the Peninsula between Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill and Colonel John Bankhead Magruder was resolved in favour of the latter by proof of seniority. Magruder was promoted Brigadier-General to establish his right to command.

Union Organisation

USA: Robert Anderson promoted Brigadier-General USA June 17 1861 to rank from May 15 1861

Anderson, Robert | Kentucky | Born 14 June 1805 Louisville, Kentucky | USMA 1825 15/37 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 30 June 1833 Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 23 October 1841 Major USA 1st US Artillery 5 October 1857 | Brigadier-General USA June 17 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 Retired USA October 27 1863 | WIA Mexican War CIA Fort Sumter 1861 | Died 26 October 1871 | 28 May 1861 – 14 August 1861 Department of Kentucky, 15 August 1861 – 7 October 1861 Department of the Cumberland

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of Occupation: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

CSA: John Bankhead Magruder promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Magruder, John Bankhead | Virginia | Born 1 May 1807 Port Royal | USMA 1830 15/42 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 1 July 1830 1st US Artillery 11 August 1831 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 March 1836 Captain USA 1st US Artillery 18 June 1846 Resigned USA 20 April 1861 Colonel PACS 16 May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 Not paroled | Died 18 February 1871 | 8 May 1861 – 20 May 1861 Forces in Richmond, 21 May 1861 – 25 May 1861 Hampton Line, 26 May 1861 – 30 May 1861 Department of the Peninsula, 26 May 1861 – 30 May 1861 Army of the Peninsula, 17 June 1861 – 11 April 1862 Department of the Peninsula, 17 June 1861 – 11 April 1862 Army of the Peninsula, 4 May 1862 – 25 June 1862 Reserve Northern Virginia, 25 June 1862 – 14 July 1862 Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia, 10 October 1862 – 26 November 1862 District of Texas, 29 November 1862 – 5 August 1864 District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, 4 August 1864 – 28 January 1865 District of Arkansas, 4 August 1864 – 31 March 1865 II Corps Trans-Mississippi, 31 January 1865 – 14 February 1865 District of Arkansas, 20 March 1865 – 26 May 1865 District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

CSA: William Joseph Hardee promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Hardee, William Joseph | Georgia | Born 12 October 1815 Camden, Georgia | USMA 1838 26/45 Dragoons | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1838 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 3 December 1839 Captain USA 2nd US Dragoons 3 September 1844 Lieutenant-Colonel USA 1st US Cavalry 28 June 1860 Resigned USA 31 January 1861 Colonel PACS 16 March 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 Surrendered 26 April 1865 Paroled 1 May 1865 | CIA Carricitos Ranch 1846 | Died 6 November 1873 | 25 June 1861 – 10 January 1862 District of Upper Arkansas, 3 August 1861 – 26 May 1862 Forces in Missouri, 4 December 1861 – 17 December 1861 Army of Central Kentucky, 1 January 1862 – 26 February 1862 Army of Central Kentucky, 29 March 1862 – 15 August 1862 III Corps Mississippi, 6 July 1862 – 14 August 1862 Army of Mississippi, 15 August 1862 – 6 November 1862 Left Wing Mississippi, 7 November 1862 – 20 November 1862 II Corps Mississippi, 20 November 1862 – 23 July 1863 II Corps Tennessee, 30 July 1863 – 22 October 1863 Army of Mississippi, 21 August 1863 – 1 December 1863 Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, 23 October 1863 – 1 December 1863 I Corps Tennessee, 2 December 1863 – 21 December 1863 Army of Tennessee, 27 December 1863 – 30 August 1864 I Corps Tennessee, 1 September 1864 – 1 September 1864 I Corps Tennessee, 28 September 1864 – 24 February 1865 Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, 23 February 1865 – 15 March 1865 I Corps Tennessee, 9 April 1865 – 26 April 1865 I Corps Tennessee

CSA: Benjamin Huger promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Huger, Benjamin | South Carolina | Born 22 November 1805 Charleston, South Carolina | USMA 1825 8/37 Artillery – Ordnance | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 Captain USA Ordnance 30 May 1832 Major USA Ordnance 15 February 1855 Resigned USA 22 April 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel CSA 16 March 1861 Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 16 May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 Paroled 12 June 1865 | Died 7 December 1877 | 21 May 1861 – 23 May 1861 Forces in Norfolk, 23 May 1861 – 12 April 1862 Department of Norfolk

CSA: Thomas Jonathan Jackson promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Jackson, Thomas Jonathan | Virginia | Born 21 January 1824 Clarksburg, Virginia | USMA 1846 17/59 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 20 August 1847 Resigned USA 29 February 1852 Colonel Virginia 21 April 1861 Colonel PACS 27 April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 1863 | DOW 10 May 1863 | 29 April 1861 – 23 May 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry, 22 August 1861 – 25 June 1862 Army of the Valley, 22 October 1861 – 5 September 1862 Valley District, 25 June 1862 – 13 July 1862 Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia, 14 July 1862 – 3 September 1862 Left Wing Northern Virginia, 4 September 1862 – 5 November 1862 Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia, 6 November 1862 – 1 May 1863 II Corps Northern Virginia

CSA: Richard Stoddert Ewell promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Ewell, Richard Stoddert | District of Columbia | Born 8 January 1817 Georgetown, District of Columbia | USMA 1840 13/42 Dragoons | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1840 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Dragoons 18 September 1845 Captain USA 1st US Dragoons 4 August 1849 Resigned USA 7 May 1861 Colonel Virginia Cavalry 9 May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 17 January 1862 to rank from 23 January 1862 Lieutenant-General PACS 23 May 1863 Surrendered 6 April 1865 Paroled 6 August 1865 | WIA Fairfax 1861 WIA Groveton 1862 WIA Kelly’s Ford 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 1865 | Died 25 January 1872 | 7 May 1863 – 14 November 1863 II Corps Northern Virginia, 4 December 1863 – 28 May 1864 II Corps Northern Virginia, 13 June 1864 – 6 April 1865 Department of Richmond

CSA: Henry Hopkins Sibley promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Sibley, Henry Hopkins | Louisiana | Born 16 January 1816 Natchitoches, Louisiana | USMA 1838 31.45 Dragoons | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1838 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 8 March 1840 Captain USA 2nd US Dragoons 16 February 1847 Major USA 1st US Dragoons 13 May 1861 Resigned USA 13 May 1861 Colonel PACS 16 May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 | Died 23 August 1886 | 12 December 1861 – 29 November 1862 District of Arizona, 14 December 1861 – 26 May 1862 Army of New Mexico

CSA: Edmund Kirby Smith promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Smith, Edmund Kirby | Florida | Born 16 May 1824 St Augustine, Florida | USMA 1845 25/41 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 22 August 1846 1st Lieutenant 7th US Infantry 9 March 1851 Captain USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 31 January 1861 Resigned USA 6 April 1861 Major CSA CS Artillery 16 March 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel CSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS October 13 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861 Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 General PACS 19 February 1864 Surrendered and Paroled 2 June 1865 | WIA Nescutunga Valley 1859 WIA First Bull Run 1861 | Died 28 March 1893 | 25 February 1862 – 31 August 1862 Department of East Tennessee, 9 March 1862 – 16 August 1862 Army of East Tennessee, 16 August 1862 – 20 November 1862 Army of Kentucky, 13 October 1862 – 20 November 1862 III Corps Mississippi, 20 October 1862 – 10 November 1862 Department of East Tennessee, 20 November 1862 – 23 December 1862 III Corps Tennessee, 23 December 1862 – 3 February 1863 Department of East Tennessee, 14 January 1863 – 18 April 1865 Trans-Mississippi Department, 14 January 1863 – 8 February 1863 Southwest Army, 9 February 1863 – 18 April 1865 Trans-Mississippi Army, 22 April 1865 – 26 May 1865 Trans-Mississippi Department, 22 April 1865 – 26 May 1865 Trans-Mississippi Army

CSA: Barnard Elliott Bee promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Bee, Barnard Elliott | South Carolina | Born 8 February 1824 Charleston, South Carolina | USMA 1845 33/41 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 21 September 1846 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 5 March 1851 Captain USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 3 March 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st South Carolina Regular April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 | WIA Cerro Gordo 1847 WIA First Bull Run 1861 | DOW 22 July 1861

CSA: John Clifford Pemberton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Pemberton, John Clifford | Pennsylvania | Born 10 August 1814 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | USMA 1837 27/50 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1837 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 19 March 1842 Captain USA 4th US Artillery 16 September 1850 Resigned USA 24 April 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel CSA 28 April 1861 Colonel Virginia 8 May 1861 Major PACS 17 June 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS January 10 1862 to rank from 15 January 1862 Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 13 October 1862 Resigned PACS 18 May 1864 Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 12 May 1864 Surrendered 12 April 1865 | CIA Vicksburg 1863 | Died 13 July 1881 | 10 December 1861 – 18 March 1862 Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, 14 March 1862 – 23 September 1862 Department of South Carolina and Georgia, 1 October 1862 – 11 October 1862 Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, 14 October 1862 – 3 July 1862 Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, 7 December 1862 – 8 December 1862 Army of Mississippi, 17 December 1862 – 4 July 1863 Army of Mississippi

CSA: James Longstreet promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Longstreet, James | South Carolina | Born 8 January 1821 Edgefield, South Carolina | USMA 1842 54/62 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 4 March 1845 1st Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 23 February 1847 Captain USA 8th US Infantry 7 December 1852 Major USA Staff 19 July 1858 Resigned USA 1 June 1861 Lieutenant-Colonel PACS June 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 Surrendered and Paroled 9 April 1865 | WIA Chapultepec 1847 WIA Wilderness 1864 | Died 2 January 1904 | 10 January 1862 – 14 March 1862 I Corps Potomac, 14 March 1862 – 25 June 1862 Right Wing Northern Virginia, 25 June 1862 – 13 July 1862 Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia, 14 July 1862 – 3 September 1862 Right Wing Northern Virginia, 4 September 1862 – 5 November 1862 Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia, 6 November 1862 – 17 September 1863 I Corps Northern Virginia, 26 February 1863 – 27 May 1863 Department of North Carolina, 26 February 1863 – 31 March 1863 Department of Southern Virginia, 19 September 1863 – 20 September 1863 Right Wing Tennessee, 3 December 1863 – 7 March 1864 District of East Tennessee, February 26 1864 – April 24 1864 Department of Richmond, February 26 1864 – April 24 1864 Department of Richmond, 18 March 1864 – 11 April 1864 District of East Tennessee, 7 April 1864 – 5 May 1864 I Corps Northern Virginia, 17 October 1864 -9 April 1865 I Corps Northern Virginia

CSA: David Rumph Jones promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Jones, David Rumph | South Carolina | Born 5 April 1825 Orangeburg, South Carolina | USMA 1846 41/59 Infantry – Adjutant-General’s Department | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 23 November 1846 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 7 May 1849 Adjutant-General’s Department 16 March 1853 Resigned USA 15 February 1861 Major PACS Staff April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Major-General PACS September 26 1862 to rank from October 11 1862 | Died 15 January 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of the Northwest: Robert Selden Garnett

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Department of the Ohio & Army of Occupation
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861 Department of Northeastern Virginia
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield May 17 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Department of Washington
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 Department of Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of Virginia
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of Annapolis
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 Department of the West
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Pope 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Tecumseh Sherman 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Buel Franklin 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Hooker 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Alexander McClernand 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV David Hunter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Don Carlos Buell 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-John Porter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Franz Sigel 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 17 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Kearny 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Bush Richardson 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Darius Nash Couch 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 17 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ulysses Simpson Grant 9 August 1861 to rank from May 17 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius Stahel 12 November 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Colonel Edward Richard Sprigg Canby 14 May 1861 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel Harvey Brown 14 May 1861 Department of Florida
  • State Major-General Robert Patterson Department of Pennsylvania Army of the Shenandoah

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Military Adviser to the President
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 Department No 1
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston May 15 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 Indian Territory
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Wing Loring 20 May 1861 Department of Southwestern Virginia
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861.
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 25 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 4 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 5 June 1861 Department of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 5 June 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina & Department of Fredericksburg
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861 Army of the Kanawha
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 Army of the Northwest
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Huger 17 June 1861 Department of Norfolk
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 17 June 1861 Department of the Peninsula & Army of the Peninsula
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Longstreet 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS David Rumph Jones 17 June 1861.
  • Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill Department of South Carolina
  • Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy Forces in Richmond

 

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