1861 June 17th

June 17 1861 Monday

Battle of Boonville, MO (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

Lyon’s Operations in Missouri

CSA. The General Officer corps of the Confederate army expanded with the appointment of eleven new Brigadier-Generals. These would be assigned to brigades forming in various parts of the South. In Virginia, Edmund Kirby Smith, Richard Stoddert Ewell, Thomas Jonathan Jackson, James Longstreet, Benjamin Huger, David Rumph Jones, John Bankhead Magruder, John Clifford Pemberton, and Barnard Elliott Bee were assigned to command brigades in different parts of the state from the Shenandoah Valley to Norfolk. In the western theatre, William Joseph Hardee was assigned a brigade in Arkansas. Henry Hopkins Sibley was given a brigade in Texas.

California. Operation at Mad River ended. Incident at Kettenshaw.

District of Columbia. US President Abraham Lincoln observed as Professor Thaddeus S C Lowe demonstrated his hot air balloon as an innovative platform for military observation.

Maryland. Incident at Conrad’s Ferry. A skirmish at Edwards’ Ferry occurred between the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry and Confederate scouts.

Mississippi. USS Massachusetts, Commander Melancton Smith, captured the schooner Achilles near Ship Island.

Missouri. A shot was fired into the ranks of Colonel Kallmann’s 2nd US Reserve Infantry near the St Louis Recorder’s Court. Kallman ordered a volley to be fired in retaliation and six civilians were killed.

Missouri. Union forces completed their occupation of Jefferson City.

Missouri. Expedition to Boonville and St Louis ended. Incident at Independence.

Boonville, Missouri, also known as Booneville or the “The Boonville Races”. After disembarking unopposed from riverboats about eight miles south of Boonville, Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon’s troops began to march along the Rocheport Road toward Boonville at around 7 am. Confederate Colonel John Sappington Marmaduke’s ill-equipped Missouri State Guard companies, totalling about 500 men, waited on a ridge behind the bluff. They had no artillery support since that was all with State Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons at Tipton. Inexplicably, Governor Claiborne Jackson, commanding the Confederate force, observing from a mile or so away, held his only reasonably-disciplined and organised command (Captain Kelly’s company) in reserve and it took no part in the battle.

Lyon’s command encountered State Guard pickets as they approached the bluffs but Lyon deployed skirmishers and continued to push his men forward rapidly. The Union artillery (two guns under Captain James Totten) quickly displaced the sharpshooters stationed in the William Adams house, while Union infantry (the majority of Colonel Francis Preston Blair’s 1st Missouri and a company of the 2nd Missouri Rifle Battalion under Captain Peter Joseph Osterhaus) closed with the Guardsmen and fired several volleys into them, causing them to retreat. This stage of the fighting lasted barely 20 minutes. Some attempts were made to rally the Guardsmen but these collapsed when two more Union companies from the 1st Missouri, supported by a siege howitzer on one of Lyon’s riverboats, outflanked the Confederate position and seized their camp.

As Marmaduke feared, the ill-trained Guards’ retreat rapidly turned into a rout through Camp Bacon and the town of Boonville. Some fugitives continued on to refuge at their homes while the remainder retreated with the Governor to the southwest corner of Missouri. Lyon took possession of Boonville at 11 am. Marmaduke’s disappointment led him to resign from the Missouri State Guard and to seek a Confederate commission.

Due to logistical difficulties, Lyon could not keep pace with the retreating Guardsmen. Lyon seized the State Guard’s supplies and equipment, which included two iron 6-pounder guns without ammunition.

After learning of the defeat at Boonville another group of Missouri State Guardsmen in Lexington led by State Major-General Sterling Price moved away southwards. This severed communications with sympathisers in the largely pro-Confederate Missouri River valley. Recruits from slave-owning regions north of the Missouri River subsequently found it difficult to join the Confederate army although many engaged in guerilla warfare.

The impact of Lyon’s success was out of proportion to the loss of life. The Union victory at Boonville ejected the secessionist forces from St Louis and central Missouri and secured the state for the Union. Lyon’s victory gave the Union forces time to consolidate their hold on the state.

The short fight at Boonville and the State Guard’s precipitate retreat earned the battle the nickname of “The Boonville Races.” Union casualties were light, with reports ranging from five killed and seven wounded to 31 total. There are no reliable figures of casualties for the Missouri State Guard: only a few are known to have been killed, and probably a dozen wounded, while about 80 were captured. Other reports estimate 50 Confederate casualties. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Virginia. A Confederate battery commanded by Colonel Maxcy Greeg (1st South Carolina) at Vienna opened fire on scouts from the Union 1st Ohio, killing or wounding 8 men.

Virginia. The Confederates from Harper’s Ferry reached Winchester.

Virginia. The uncertainty over command of the Confederate Department of the Peninsula between Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill and Colonel John Bankhead Magruder was resolved in favour of the latter by proof of seniority. Magruder was promoted Brigadier-General to establish substantively his right to command.

Union Organisation

USA: Robert Anderson confirmed Brigadier-General USA 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861

Anderson, Robert / Kentucky / Born 14 June 1805 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Nice, France 26 October 1871
USMA 1 July 1825 15/37 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1821 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 / Colonel USV Illinois Infantry 1832 / Mustered Out USV 1832 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 30 June 1833 / Assistant Adjutant-General7 July 1838-30 Nov 1841 / Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 23 October 1841 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 5 October 1857 / Brigadier-General USA 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 / Retired USA 27 October 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Captain USA 2 April 1838 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 3 February 1865 / WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847 CIA Fort Sumter 14 April 1861 Released 1861
Department of Kentucky 28 May 1861-14 August 1861 / Department of the Cumberland 15 August 1861-6 October 1861

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of Occupation: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

CSA: William Joseph Hardee promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Hardee, William Joseph / Georgia / Born 12 October 1815 Camden, Georgia / Died Wytheville, Virginia 6 November 1873
USMA 1 July 1838 26 /45 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 December 1839 / Captain USA 13 September 1844 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 22 July 1856-8 September 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 1st US Cavalry 28 June 1860 / Resigned USA 31 January 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 7 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 / Brevet Major USA 25 March 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 August 1847 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / CIA Carricitos Ranch 25 April 1846 Exchanged 11 May 1846 WIA La Rosia 1847 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
District of Upper Arkansas 25 June 1861-28 October 1861 / Forces in Missouri 3 August 1861-4 August 1861 / 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-4 December 1861 / Army of Central Kentucky 4 December 1861-18 December 1861 / 1st Division Army of Central Kentucky 18 December 1861-30 December 1861 / Army of Central Kentucky 30 December 1862-23 February 1862 / III Corps Mississippi 29 March 1862-15 August 1862 / Army of Mississippi 5 July 1862-15 August 1862 / Left Wing Mississippi 15 August 1862-6 November 1862 / II Corps Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / II Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-23 July 1863 / Army of Mississippi 30 July 1863-23 October 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 August 1863-2 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 23 October 1863-2 December 1863 / Department of Tennessee 2 December 1863-22 December 1863 / Army of Tennessee 2 December 1863-16 December 1863 / I Corps Tennessee 27 December 1863-31 August 1864 / I Corps and II Corps Army of Tennessee 31 August 1864-2 September 1864 / I Corps Tennessee 2 September 1864-28 September 1864 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 28 September 1864-24 February 1865 / I Corps Tennessee 23 February 1865-15 March 1865 / I Corps Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

CSA: Richard Stoddert Ewell promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Ewell, Richard Stoddert / District of Columbia / Born 8 January 1817 Georgetown, District of Columbia / Died Spring Hill, Tennessee 25 January 1872
USMA 1 July 1840 13 /42 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1840 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 November 1840 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 September 1845 / Captain USA 4 August 1849 / Resigned USA 7 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Colonel Cavalry Virginia Provisional Army 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 17 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 23 May 1863 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 19 July 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1840 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Frontier 4 August 1859 WIA Fairfax 31 May 1861 WIA Gaines’ Mill 27 June 1862 WIA Groveton 28 August 1862 WIA Shenandoah Valley 14 June 1863 WIA Kelly’s Ford 7 November 1863 CIA Sayler’s Creek 6 April 1865
2nd Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-22 October 1861 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-21 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 21 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 3rd Division Left Wing Army of the Potomac 14 March 1862-17 May 1862 / 3rd Division Valley District 17 May 1862-26 June 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / II Corps Northern Virginia 7 May 1863-27 May 1864 / Department of Richmond 13 June 1864-4 April 1865 / Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 4 April 1865-6 April 1865

CSA: David Rumph Jones promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Jones, David Rumph / South Carolina / Born 5 April 1825 Orangeburg, South Carolina / Died Richmond, Virginia 15 January 1863
USMA 1 July 1846 41/59 Infantry-Adjutant-General’s Department / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 23 November 1846 / Regt Adjutant 15 April 1847-29 December 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 May 1849-3 March 1855 / Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1853 / Resigned USA 15 February 1861 / Major ACSA Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 10 March 1862 Rejected / Major-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 11 October 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain USA 16 March 1853
Chief of Staff Forces in Charleston 6 March 1861-27 May 1861 / 3rd Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 June 1861-20 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade I Corps Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-22 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-12 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-23 March 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 23 March 1862-April 1862 / 1st Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia April 1862-3 July 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 July 1862-11 October 1862

CSA: Benjamin Huger promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Huger, Benjamin / South Carolina / Born 22 November 1805 Charleston, South Carolina / Died Charleston, South Carolina 7 December 1877
USMA 1 July 1825 8 /37 Artillery-Ordnance / Cadet USMA 1 July 1821 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 / Captain USA Ordnance 30 May 1832 / Major USA 15 February 1855 / Resigned USA 22 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 22 May 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 12 June 1862 / Inspector of Ordnance and Artillery 26 August 1862-23 November 1863 / Paroled Shreveport, Louisiana 12 June 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Major USA 29 March 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 13 September 1847
Forces in Norfolk 21 May 1861-23 May 1861 / Department of Norfolk 23 May 1861-12 April 1862 / Huger’s Division Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-12 June 1862 / Inspector of Ordnance and Artillery 26 August 1862-23 November 1863 / Assistant Inspector-General Trans-Mississippi Department 26 August 1862-July 1863 / Chief of Ordnance Trans-Mississippi Department July 1863-March 1865

CSA: John Bankhead Magruder promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Magruder, John Bankhead / Virginia / Born 1 May 1807 Port Royal, Virginia / Died Houston, Texas 18 February 1871
USMA 1 July 1830 15/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1826 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 1 July 1830 / 1st US Artillery 11 August 1831 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 March 1836 / Captain USA 18 June 1846 / Resigned USA 20 April 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Colonel PACS Artillery 16 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1830 Brevet Major USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847 / Major-General Mexican Imperial Army/ WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847
Forces in Richmond 8 May 1861-21 May 1861 / Hampton Line 21 May 1861-26 May 1861 / Department of the Peninsula 26 May 1861-31 May 1861 / Army of the Peninsula 26 May 1861-31 May 1861 / Department of the Peninsula 17 June 1861-12 April 1862 / Army of the Peninsula 17 June 1861-12 April 1862 / Magruder’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 12 April 1862-May 1862 / Reserve Northern Virginia 4 May 1862-25 June 1862 / Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-14 July 1862 / District of Texas 10 October 1862-27 November 1862 / District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 29 November 1862-4 August 1864 / District of Arkansas 4 August 1864-28 January 1865 / II Corps Trans-Mississippi 4 August 1864-31 March 1865 / District of Arkansas 31 January 1865-14 February 1865 / District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 20 March 1865-26 May 1865

CSA: James Longstreet promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Longstreet, James / South Carolina / Born 8 January 1821 Edgefield, South Carolina / Died Gainesville, Georgia 2 January 1904
USMA 1 July 1842 54/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 4 March 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 23 February 1847 / Regt Adjutant 8 June 1847-1 July 1849 / Captain USA 7 December 1847 / Major USA Paymaster 19 July 1858 / Resigned USA 1 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 2 July 1861-14 October 1861 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862 / I Corps Potomac 10 January 1862-14 March 1862 / Right Wing Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-25 June 1862 / Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-13 July 1862 / Right Wing Northern Virginia 14 July 1862-3 September 1862 / Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-5 November 1862 / I Corps Northern Virginia 6 November 1862-20 September 1863 / Department of North Carolina 26 February 1863-28 May 1863 / Department of Southern Virginia 26 February 1863-1 April 1863 / Department of Richmond 26 February 1863-1 April 1863 / Right Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / District of East Tennessee 3 December 1863-8 March 1864 / District of East Tennessee 18 March 1864-11 April 1864 / I Corps Northern Virginia 7 April 1864-6 May 1864 / I Corps Northern Virginia 17 October 1864-9 April 1865

CSA: Edmund Kirby Smith promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Smith, Edmund Kirby / Florida / Born 16 May 1824 St Augustine, Florida / Died Sewanee, Tennessee 28 March 1893
USMA 1 July 1845 25/41 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 22 August 1846 / 1st Lieutenant 9 March 1851 / Captain USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Major USA 31 January 1861 / Resigned USA 6 April 1861 / Major ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 13 October 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 / General PACS 19 February 1864 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Old Fort Atchison, Texas 13 May 1859 WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 CIA Texas 26 May 1865
Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Shenandoah June 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Shenandoah June 1861-20 July 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-21 July 1861 / Department of Middle and East Florida 10 October 1861-21 October 1861 / 4th Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-21 February 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 25 February 1862-31 August 1862 / Army of East Tennessee 9 March 1862-25 August 1862 / Army of Kentucky 16 August 1862-20 November 1862 / III (Smith’s) Corps Mississippi 13 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 20 October 1862-11 November 1862 / III Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-23 December 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 23 December 1862-3 February 1863 / Trans-Mississippi Department 14 January 1863-19 April 1865 / Southwest Army 14 January 1863-8 February 1863 / Trans-Mississippi Army 9 February 1863-19 April 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Department 22 April 1865-26 May 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Army 22 April 1865-26 May 1865

CSA: John Clifford Pemberton promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Pemberton, John Clifford / Pennsylvania / Born 10 August 1814 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Penllyn, Pennsylvania 13 July 1881
USMA 1 July 1837 27/50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 19 March 1842 / Captain USA 16 September 1850 / Resigned USA 29 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA 28 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 29 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 8 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Artillery 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 13 October 1862 to rank from 10 October 1862 / Resigned as General PACS 9 May 1864 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Artillery 12 May 1864 / Inspector-General 7 January 1865 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1837 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Mexico City 8 September 1847 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Pemberton’s Brigade Department of Norfolk June 1861-November 1861 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-18 March 1862 / Department of South Carolina and Georgia 14 March 1862-23 September 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 October 1862-11 October 1862 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 14 October 1862-4 July 1862 / Army of Mississippi 7 December 1862-9 December 1862 / Army of Mississippi 17 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Chief of Artillery Department of Richmond 12 May 1864-9 January 1865

CSA: Thomas Jonathan Jackson promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Jackson, Thomas Jonathan / Virginia / Born 21 January 1824 Clarksburg, Virginia / DOW Guinea’s Station, Virginia 10 May 1863
USMA 1 July 1846 17/59 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 / Resigned USA 29 February 1852 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Major Topographical Engineer Virginia Militia 25 April 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861 / Colonel Virginia 21 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 MWIA Chancellorsville 2 May 1863
Forces in Harper’s Ferry 29 April 1861-23 May 1861 / 1st Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 15 May 1861-20 July 1861 / 1st Brigade Valley District Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-28 October 1861 / Army of the Valley 22 August 1861-25 June 1862 / Valley District 22 October 1861-6 September 1862 / Jackson’s Command (II Corps) Northern Virginia 25 June 1862-13 July 1862 / Left Wing (II Corps) Northern Virginia 14 July 1862-3 September 1862 / Jackson’s Command (II Corps) Northern Virginia 4 September 1862-5 November 1862 / II Corps Northern Virginia 6 November 1862-2 May 1863

CSA: Henry Hopkins Sibley promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Sibley, Henry Hopkins / Louisiana / Born 16 January 1816 Natchitoches, Louisiana / Died Fredericksburg, Virginia 23 August 1886
USMA 1 July 1838 11/45 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 1 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 8 March 1840 / Regt Adjutant 1 January 1841-16 April 1842 / Regt Adjutant 17 September 1842-1 April 1846 / Captain USA 16 February 1847 / Major USA 1st US Dragoons 13 May 1861 / Resigned USA 13 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel ACSA Cavalry 16 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Paroled Shreveport, Louisiana 8 June 1865 / Brevet Major USA 25 March 1847
Sibley’s Brigade Department of Texas November 1861 / District of Arizona 12 December 1861-29 November 1862 / Army of New Mexico 14 December 1861-26 May 1862

CSA: Barnard Elliott Bee promoted Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861.

Bee, Barnard Elliott (Jr) / South Carolina / Born 8 February 1824 Charleston, South Carolina / DOW Bull Run, Virginia 22 July 1861
USMA 1 July 1845 33/41 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 /3rd US Infantry 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 21 September 1846 / Regt Adjutant 25 July 1848-3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 5 March 1851 / Captain USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 3 March 1861 / Major ACSA 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st South Carolina Regular Infantry 1 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 Confirmed posthumously / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Cerro Gordo 18 April 1847 MWIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861
3rd Brigade Army of the Shenandoah July 1861-21 July 1861

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of the Northwest: Robert Selden Garnett

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
Robert Selden Garnett
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
Barnard Elliott Bee

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