1861 June 12th

June 12 1861 Wednesday

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

Lyon’s Operations in Missouri

Missouri. After quickly concluding that Jefferson City could not be held, State Major-General Sterling Price’s Missouri State Guard and Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson departed for Boonville. Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon promptly set out after them by steamboat with two volunteer regiments, a company of US Regular Army soldiers and a battery of artillery, about 1,700 men in all. His goal was to seize the capital and to disperse the secessionist Missouri State Guard. Union Colonel Franz Sigel took command of a second element of Union troops moving from St Louis into southwest Missouri to cut off any Missouri State Guard forces who might retreat south in the face of Lyon’s advance. He started to move his 1st and 2nd Battalions, along with five infantry companies, two rifle companies, and an artillery battery towards Springfield. Governor Jackson called for 50,000 secessionist volunteers to defend Missouri from the Union army. Thousands of additional men answered the proclamation and enlisted in the respective divisions of the Missouri State Guard.

Virginia. The West Virginia State Convention at Wheeling resolved to elect loyal state officers.

Union Organisation

USA: Montgomery Cunningham Meigs confirmed Brigadier-General USA to date from 10 July 1861; this appointment was subsequently withdrawn as inadvertent because Meigs had already been appointed on 15 May 1861.

Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham / Georgia-Pennsylvania / Born 3 May 1816 Augusta, Georgia / Died Washington, District of Columbia 2 January 1892
USMA 1 July 1836 5/49 Artillery-Engineers-Quartermaster’s Department / Cadet USMA 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1836 / Resigned USA 31 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 August 1837 to rank from 1 July 1836 / 1st Lieutenant 1 July 1838 / Captain USA 3 March 1853 / Colonel USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Quartermaster-General 28 April 1861 / Brigadier-General USA Quartermaster-General 15 May 1861 / War Board 17 March 1862-23 July 1862 / Quartermaster-General 9 February 1864 / Retired USA 6 February 1882 / Brevet Major-General USA 5 July 1864
Chief Engineer Department of Florida 11 April 1861-23 April 1861 / Quartermaster-General 28 April 1861-1 August 1863 / Quartermaster-General 9 January 1864-6 February 1882 / Emergency Division Defences of Washington 11 July 1864-14 July 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • Army of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of the Northwest: Robert Selden Garnett

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
Robert Selden Garnett

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