1861 January 4th

January 4 1861 Friday

Alabama. The US Arsenal at Mount Vernon in Mobile was seized by Alabama state troops on orders from Governor A B Moore. The Arsenal was commanded by Ordnance Captain Jesse Lee Reno USA and held a stock of 20,000 arms, 1,500 barrels of gun powder (150,000 pounds), several cannons, and a large quantity of munitions.

South Carolina. The South Carolina convention appointed T J Withers, L M Keitt, W W Boyce, James Chesnut, R B Rhett, R W Barnwell, and C G Memminger, as delegates to the convention of Southern states.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan

Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge

Secretary of War: Joseph Holt

Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

  • African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
  • Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
  • East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
  • European Squadron USN: vacant
  • Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
  • Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of California: Benjamin Lloyd Beall temporary
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Department of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

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