1861 January 30th

January 30 1861 Wednesday

Alabama. The US Revenue Schooner Lewis Cass (Captain John J Morrison USRM) was surrendered at Mobile to the Alabama State authorities.

Illinois. US President-elect Abraham Lincoln left Springfield and traveled to Coles County to visit his stepmother, Sarah Bush Lincoln.

Maryland. The Maryland Senate President John B Brooke and Maryland House Speaker E G Kilbourn asked Maryland Governor Thomas H Hicks to convene the legislature in response to public meetings, demanding action on the matter of secession.

North Carolina. The North Carolina state legislature passed the Convention Bill, with the election to take place on 28 February. The legislature concluded that no Secession Ordinance would be valid without being ratified by a majority of the qualified voters of the state and this action provided the means for such a ratification.

Tennessee. The state of Tennessee appointed commissioners to Washington, DC.

Virginia. The Virginia House of Delegates rejected the resolutions of the Pennsylvania state legislature but referred those of the Tennessee state legislature to the Committee on US Relations.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan

Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge

Secretary of War: Joseph Holt

Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

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