January 30 1861 Wednesday
Alabama. The US Revenue Schooner Lewis Cass (Captain John J Morrison USRM) was surrendered at Mobile to the Alabama State authorities.
Illinois. US President-elect Abraham Lincoln left Springfield and traveled to Coles County to visit his stepmother, Sarah Bush Lincoln.
Maryland. The Maryland Senate President John B Brooke and Maryland House Speaker E G Kilbourn asked Maryland Governor Thomas H Hicks to convene the legislature in response to public meetings, demanding action on the matter of secession.
North Carolina. The North Carolina state legislature passed the Convention Bill, with the election to take place on 28th February. The legislature concluded that no Secession Ordinance would be valid without being ratified by a majority of the qualified voters of the state and this action provided the means for such a ratification.
Tennessee. The state of Tennessee appointed commissioners to Washington, DC.
Virginia. The Virginia House of Delegates rejected the resolutions of the Pennsylvania state legislature but referred those of the Tennessee state legislature to the Committee on US Relations.
Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey
- African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
- Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
- East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
- European Squadron USN: vacant
- Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
- Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
- Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott
- Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
- Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited
- Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston
- District of Oregon: George Wright
- Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs
- Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
- Department of the West: William Selby Harney
John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Joseph Eggleston Johnston