January 30 1861 Wednesday
Alabama. The US Revenue Schooner Lewis Cass (Captain John J Morrison USRM) was surrendered at Mobile to the Alabama State authorities.
Illinois. US President-elect Abraham Lincoln left Springfield and traveled to Coles County to visit his stepmother, Sarah Bush Lincoln.
Maryland. The Maryland Senate President John B Brooke and Maryland House Speaker E G Kilbourn asked Maryland Governor Thomas H Hicks to convene the legislature in response to public meetings, demanding action on the matter of secession.
North Carolina. The North Carolina state legislature passed the Convention Bill, with the election to take place on 28 February. The legislature concluded that no Secession Ordinance would be valid without being ratified by a majority of the qualified voters of the state and this action provided the means for such a ratification.
Tennessee. The state of Tennessee appointed commissioners to Washington, DC.
Virginia. The Virginia House of Delegates rejected the resolutions of the Pennsylvania state legislature but referred those of the Tennessee state legislature to the Committee on US Relations.
Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey
African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott
Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited
Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston
- District of Oregon: George Wright
Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs
Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
Department of the West: William Selby Harney
John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Joseph Eggleston Johnston