1861 April 5th

April 5 1861 Friday

South Carolina. US President Abraham Lincoln gave final orders for a substantial naval expedition to be sent to relieve Fort Sumter. USS Powhatan and USS Pawnee (two steam-driven sloops), USS Pocahontas (armed screw steamer), and the US Revenue Cutter Harriet Lane were ordered to re-provision the garrison at Fort Sumter. The squadron commander was Captain Samuel Mercer USN. The steamer Baltic carried about 200 soldiers from the 2nd US Artillery (Companies C and D), and three tug boats were provided to help in landing the troops as reinforcements for the fort.

Texas. Fort Quitman was surrendered to the Texas authorities.  The US Army garrison had been reduced to one officer (2nd Lieutenant Zenas Bliss) and 20 men. Bliss and his men were ordered to march to San Antonio, joining other Federal troops evacuating garrisons in western Texas. They believed they would be put on ships and sent to the North, but instead, they were held as prisoners of war.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
  • Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
  • East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
  • European Squadron USN: vacant
  • Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
  • Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring
  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim, Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • “Department of Louisiana”: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Confederate Generals

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

 

 

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