April 16 1861 Tuesday
USA. US President Abraham Lincoln forbade trade between loyal states and the seceded states.
CSA. The Confederate government issued a call for 32,000 volunteers to defend the country.
Indian Territory. Fort Washita in the Chickasaw Nation was abandoned by Union forces.
North Carolina. North Carolina state forces occupied Fort Caswell at the mouth of the Cape Fear River and Fort Johnston near Smithville.
Virginia. Captain Garrett J Pendergrast USN, commanding USS Cumberland at Norfolk, was ordered to defer his departure to Vera Cruz and to assist in the preparations for moving the US Navy vessels from the Gosport Navy Yard to safer locations.
Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott
Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
Department of Florida: Harvey Brown awaited
Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring
Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
- District of Oregon: George Wright
Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite
Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
Department of Washington: Charles Ferguson Smith
Department of the West: William Selby Harney
CSA: Brigadier-General of Louisiana Militia Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the unofficial “Department of Louisiana”, succeeding Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs who was awaiting assignment to a formal Confederate command.
Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory
Department of Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert assumed
- “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
- “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn awaited
Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
- “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton awaited
“Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper
John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
David Emanuel Twiggs
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Alexander Robert Lawton