1861 April 16th

April 16 1861 Tuesday

USA. US President Abraham Lincoln forbade trade with the seceded states.

CSA. The Confederate government issued a call for 32,000 volunteers to defend the country.

Indian Territory. Fort Washita was abandoned.

North Carolina. North Carolina state forces occupied Fort Caswell and Fort Johnston.

Virginia. Flag Officer Garrett J Pendergrast USN, commanding USS Cumberland at Norfolk, was ordered to defer his departure to Vera Cruz and to assist the preparation for moving the vessels in the Yard to safer locations.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown awaited
  • Department of New Mexico: William Wing Loring
  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston interim Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Charles Ferguson Smith
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Colonel Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the “Department of Louisiana”, succeeding Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs.

Hébert, Paul Octave | Louisiana | Born 12 December 1818 Iberville, Louisiana | USMA 1840 1/42 Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1840 Resigned 31 March 1845 Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 9 April 1847 Honourably Discharged USA 25 July 1848 Colonel 1st Louisiana Artillery 1861 Brigadier-General Louisiana Militia 1 April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS August 18 1861 to rank from 17 August 1861 | Died 29 August 1880 | 16 April 1861 – 17 April 1861 Department of Louisiana, 14 August 1861 – 3 September 1861 Department of Texas, 10 February 1862 – 28 May 1862 Eastern District of Texas, 26 May 1862 – 29 July 1862 Trans-Mississippi Department, 28 May 1862 – 20 August 1862 District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana, 20 August 1862 – 19 October 1862 District of Texas, 15 October 1862 – 29 November 1862 First Sub-District of Texas

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert assumed
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn awaited
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton awaited
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858 Department of the West
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 28 June 1860 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific awaited
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston 3 March 1855 Department of the Pacific interim
  • Colonel William Wing Loring 30 December 1856 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Colonel Carlos Adolphus Waite 5 June 1860 Department of Texas temporary
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Ferguson Smith 3 March 1855 Department of Washington
  • Major Harvey Brown 9 January 1851 Department of Florida awaited

Confederate Generals

  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of South Carolina & Forces in Charleston
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah awaited
  • Colonel Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1861 Department of Texas awaited
  • Colonel Paul Octave Hébert 1 April 1861 Department of Louisiana
  • Colonel Kenton Harper Forces in Harper’s Ferry

 

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