Union Wartime Organisation: Atlantic Coast Theatre

Union Wartime Organisation

Atlantic Coast Theatre

April 1861-June 1865

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and adjacent operational regions. The western part of Florida is more associated with the Gulf Coast theatre than the Atlantic Coast theatre.

Activity in the theatre increased as the Union acquired and developed bases along the coasts of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. The western parts of Florida passed between this theatre and the Gulf Coast Theatre, depending on operational demands.

Being isolated by sea from the contiguous mass of Union territory, the military outposts in this theatre were enabled and sustained by the US Navy. The initial aim was to secure bases of operations to maintain the naval blockade and for the army to advance to capture ports that would provide secure supply lines and into the hinterland. It was not until mid-1864 for Virginia, the end of 1864 for Georgia and South Carolina, and early 1865 for North Carolina, that forces in these areas could cooperate with the forces advancing overland from the north, west, and south.

The Department of North Carolina was founded first January 1862 to direct operations along the North Carolina Coast. In March 1862 the Department of the South was created to operate along the South Carolina and Georgia coasts, and to varying degrees, in Florida. The Department of the South remained active until June 1865, but the Department of North Carolina was incorporated into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina from July 1863.

The retention of Fortress Monroe in Virginia at the outbreak of hostilities provided the first avenue to penetrate the interior of the eastern Confederacy, using the Yorktown Peninsula and James River. Created very early in May 1861, the Department of Virginia continued to control the Virginia coastline until July 1863. In spring 1862, it became part of the operational territory of the main eastern army in Virginia but regained its autonomy in summer 1862 as those operations ended in a withdrawal of the bulk of the field forces from the outskirts of Richmond. By July 1863 it was extended to become the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, assuring unity of command for the coastal garrisons of southeastern Virginia and North Carolina. In mid-1864, its active operations were synchronised with the army which was approaching Richmond overland from the north. It was reinforced by troops transferred from the more passive coastal outposts in South Carolina and Florida.

In January 1865, the advance of the Union armies northwards through Georgia and South Carolina drew North Carolina into the sphere of the armies of the Western Theatre. North Carolina was placed under the aegis of the Military Division of the Mississippi. The Union Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Ohio marched from Tennessee, through Georgia and South Carolina, to reach North Carolina. Treasuring their history, they did not change their names to match their new location, creating some unusual misnomers for the final campaigns.

At the same time, the Department of Virginia was revived and it coordinated its operations almost seamlessly with the forces of the Department of the Potomac.


Department of North Carolina

Union High Command on January 7 1862: Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside awaited

(Established, January 7 1862-July 15 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Virginia)

  • Ambrose Everett Burnside (January 7 1862-July 5 1862 interim to July 9 1862)
  • John Gray Foster (July 6 1862-March 28 1863)
  • Innis Newton Palmer (temporary March 29 1863-April 15 1863)
  • John Gray Foster (April 16 1863-July 15 1863)

January 7 1862: The Department of North Carolina was established, comprising the parts of North Carolina occupied by Union forces, and territories detached from the Department of Virginia. Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 13th January 1862.

January 13 1862: Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside arrived to command the Department of North Carolina.

July 6 1862: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 10th July 1862, to succeed Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

July 10 1862: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

December 24 1862: XVIII Corps (North Carolina) was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces from the expeditions to Roanoke Island and New Bern and the garrisons of New Bern, Plymouth and Beaufort.

March 29 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

April 16 1863: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

April 23 1863: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territories around Plymouth and Roanoke, North Carolina. The District of the Neuse was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the stations of the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad outside New Bern, North Carolina. The District of the Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Washington, North Carolina, Hatteras Inlet and the surrounding areas.

April 27 1863: The District of the Neuse was discontinued. The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina. The District of the Pamlico was redefined to include Craven County north of the Neuse River except for Fort Anderson; and the counties of Pitt, Beaufort and Hyde.

July 15 1863: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

District of Albemarle

(Established, April 23 1863-July 15 1863, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Virginia)

  • Henry Walton Wessels (April 23 1863-July 15 1863)

April 23 1863: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territories around Plymouth and Roanoke, North Carolina. Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells assumed command of the District of Albemarle.

July 15 1863: The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

District of the Neuse

(Established, April 23 1863-April 27 1863, discontinued, to District of Beaufort North Carolina)

  • Henry Morris Naglee (April 23 1863-April 27 1863)

April 23 1863: The District of the Neuse was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the stations of the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad outside New Bern, North Carolina. Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of the District of the Neuse.

April 27 1863: The District of the Neuse was discontinued. The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina.

District of the Pamlico

(Established, April 23 1863-July 15 1863, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Virginia)

  • Henry Prince (April 23 1863-July 15 1863)

April 23 1863: The District of the Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Washington, North Carolina, Hatteras Inlet and the surrounding areas. Brigadier-General Henry Prince assumed command of the District of the Pamlico.

April 27 1863: The District of the Pamlico was redefined to include Craven County north of the Neuse River except for Fort Anderson; and the counties of Pitt, Beaufort and Hyde.

July 15 1863: The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

District of Beaufort North Carolina

(Established, from District of the Neuse, April 27 1863-July 15 1863, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Virginia)

  • Henry Morris Naglee (April 27 1863-May 28 1863)
  • Francis Barretto Spinola (May 29 1863)
  • Charles Adam Heckman (May 30 1863-July 15 1863)

April 27 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina. Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of the District of Beaufort (North Carolina).

May 29 1863: Brigadier-General Francis Barretto Spinola assumed command of the District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee.

May 30 1863: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General Francis Barretto Spinola.

July 15 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

XVIII Corps North Carolina

(Established, December 24 1862-July 15 1863, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Virginia)

  • John Gray Foster (December 24 1862-July 15 1863)

December 24 1862: XVIII Corps (North Carolina) was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces that had taken part in the expeditions to Roanoke Island and New Bern and the garrisons of New Bern, Plymouth and Beaufort. Major-General John Gray Foster assumed of command XVIII Corps (North Carolina).

July 15 1983: XVIII Corps (North Carolina) transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.


Department of the South

Union High Command on March 15 1862 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the South: Thomas West Sherman temporary David Hunter awaited
    • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

(Established, from Department of Florida and Department of Key West, March 15 1862-June 27 1865, discontinued, to Military Division of the Atlantic)

  • Thomas West Sherman (interim March 15 1862-March 30 1862)
  • David Hunter (March 15 1862-September 4 1862)
  • John Milton Brannan (temporary September 5 1862-September 16 1862)
  • Ormsby McKnight Mitchel (September 17 1862-October 26 1862)
  • John Milton Brannan (temporary October 27 1862-January 19 1863)
  • David Hunter (January 20 1863-June 2 1863 interim to June 11 1863)
  • Quincy Adams Gillmore (June 3 1863-April 30 1864)
  • John Porter Hatch (May 1 1864-May 4 1864 interim to May 25 1864)
  • John Gary Foster (May 5 1864-February 8 1865)
  • Quincy Adams Gillmore (February 9 1865-June 27 1866)

March 15 1862: The Department of the South was established with headquarters at Hilton Head, South Carolina, comprising Florida, South Carolina and Georgia. Major-General David Hunter was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on March 31 1862. Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman assumed interim command of the Department of the South. The Department of Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the South. The Department of Key West was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of the South. The Western District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territory in Florida west of a line due north of Cedar Keys.

March 31 1862: Major-General David Hunter arrived to command the Department of the South. The Northern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the states of South Carolina, Georgia and the parts of Florida north of the line connecting Cape Canaveral to Cedar Keys and east of a north-south line from Cedar Keys to the border of Georgia. The Southern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising Florida south of a line connecting Cape Canaveral and Cedar Keys.

June 21 1862: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued. The Southern District of the Department of the South was discontinued. The Western District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

August 8 1862: The District of Pensacola was established in the Department of the Gulf, comprising Florida west of the Apalachicola River. The rest of Florida remained in the Department of the South.

September 3 1862: X Corps (South) was established in the Department of the South.

September 5 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

September 17 1862: Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-John Milton Brannan.

October 27 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel.

January 20 1863: Major-General David Hunter assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan.

March 16 1863: The District of Key West and Tortugas was established in the Department of the Gulf. The Tortugas and West Florida were transferred from the Department of the South and the remainder of Florida remained in the Department of the South.

June 3 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 12th June 1863, to succeed Major-General David Hunter.

June 12 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore arrived to command the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

January 13 1864: The Northern District of the South was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory from Charleston Harbour, to Saint Helena Sound, South Carolina.

January 15 1863: The District of Hilton Head was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Hilton Head, Seabrook and Saint Helena Islands in South Carolina, and Tybee Island and Fort Pulaski, Georgia.

February 1 1864: The District of Pensacola was discontinued in the Department of the Gulf and its territory transferred to the District of West Florida in the Department of the South. The District of West Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Pensacola, Florida.

February 7 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territories of Florida occupied by Federal troops.

April 25 1864: The District of Beaufort (South Carolina) was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Beaufort, South Carolina.

April 28 1864: X Corps (South) transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James.

May 1 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

May 5 1864: Major-General John Gray Foster was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 26th May 1864.

May 17 1864: The District of West Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf.

May 26 1864: Major-General John Gray Foster arrived to command the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

January 18 1865: The state of North Carolina transferred temporarily from the discontinued Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of the South, pending the re-establishment of the Department of North Carolina on 31stJanuary 1865. The District of Savannah was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the occupation forces in Savannah, Georgia.

January 31 1865: The state of North Carolina was removed from the temporary authority of the Department of the South.

February 9 1865: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

April 16 1865: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord was appointed to command the Department of the South but did not arrive to assume command. Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore retained command of the Department of the South.

April 19 1865: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord’s appointment to command the Department of the South was revoked before he assumed command.

May 13 1865: The District of Beaufort (South Carolina) was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal. The District of Hilton Head was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal. The District of Port Royal was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territories formerly in the District of Beaufort and the District of Hilton Head.

May 17 1865: The parts of Florida in the Department of the South were transferred to the Department of the Gulf.

June 3 1865: The District of Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf. It comprised the state of Florida.

June 5 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory around Augusta and along the upper Savannah River. The District of Southern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the state of Georgia south of the northern boundaries of Liberty, Tattnall, Montgomery, Laurens, Pulaski, Dooly, Sumter, Webster and Stewart counties. The District of Savannah was extended to include the counties of Chatham, Bryan, Effingham, Bulloch,

June 23 1865: The District of Charleston was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Charleston, Colleton, Orangeburg, Lexington, Barnwell and Richland districts (counties) of South Carolina. Emanuel, and Screven in Georgia. The District of Eastern South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Horry, Georgetown, Marion, Williamsburg, Marlboro, Darlington, Sumter, Kershaw and Chesterfield districts (counties). The District of Western South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Lancaster, Fairfield, Chester, York, Union, Newberry, Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson and Pickens districts (counties).

June 27 1865: The Department of the South was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Georgia and the Department of South Carolina. The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued. The District of Charleston was discontinued. The District of Eastern South Carolina was discontinued. The District of Western South Carolina was discontinued. The District of Port Royal was discontinued. The District of Savannah was discontinued. The District of Southern Georgia was discontinued. The District of Northern Georgia was discontinued.

Western District of the South

(Established, from the Department of Florida, March 15 1862-June 21 1862, discontinued, to District of Pensacola)

  • Lewis Golding Arnold (March 15 1862-June 21 1862)

March 15 1862: The Western District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territory in Florida west of a line due north of Cedar Keys. Brigadier-General Lewis Golding Arnold assumed command of the Western District of the Department of the South.

June 21 1862: The Western District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

Northern District of the South

(Established, March 31 1862-June 21 1862, discontinued)

  • Henry Washington Benham (March 31 1862-June 21 1862)

March 31 1862: The Northern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the states of South Carolina, Georgia and the parts of Florida north of the line connecting Cape Canaveral to Cedar Keys and east of a north-south line from Cedar Keys to the border of Georgia. Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South.

June 21 1862: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

Southern District of the South

(Established, from Department of Key West, March 31 1862-June 21 1862, discontinued)

  • John Milton Brannan (March 31 1862-June 21 1862)

March 31 1862: The Southern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising Florida south of a line connecting Cape Canaveral and Cedar Keys, including territory formerly in the Department of Key West. Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed command of the Southern District of the Department of the South.

June 21 1862: The Southern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

Northern District of the South

(Established, January 15 1864-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Alfred Howe Terry (January 15 1864April 24 1864)
  • Alexander Schimmelfennig (April 25 1864-) September 1 1864)
  • Rufus Saxton (September 2 1864-October 2 1864)
  • Eliakim Parker Scammon (October 3 1864-October 25 1864)
  • Edward Elmer Potter (October 26 1864-November 13 1864)
  • John Porter Hatch (November 14 1864-November 27 1864)
  • Edward Needles Hallowell (November 28 1864-December 7 1864)
  • Alexander Schimmelfennig (December 8 1864-February 25 1865)
  • John Porter Hatch (February 26 1865-June 27 1865)

January 13 1864: The Northern District was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory from Charleston Harbour, to Saint Helena Sound, South Carolina. Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of the Northern District (South).

April 25 1864: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig assumed command of the Northern District of the District of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

September 2 1864: Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

October 3 1864: General Eliakim Parker Scammon assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton.

October 26 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon.

November 14 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

November 28 1864: Colonel Edward Needles Hallowell assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

December 8 1864: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Colonel Edward Needles Hallowell.

February 26 1865: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the Northern District (South), succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

June 27 1865: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

District of Hilton Head

(Established, January 15 1864-May 13 1865, discontinued, to District of Port Royal)

  • Truman Seymour (January 15 1863-February 5 1864)
  • Joshua Blackwood Howell (February 6 1864-April 25 1864)
  • William Watts Davis (April 26 1864-May 12 1864)
  • William Birney (May 13 1864-June 1 1864)
  • John Porter Hatch (June 2 1864-July 31 1864)
  • Edward Elmer Potter (August 1 1864-October 25 1864)
  • Philip Perry Brown (October 26 1864-October 31 1864)
  • Edward Elmer Potter (November 1 1864-November 27 1864)
  • Philip Perry Brown (November 28 1864-December 23 1864)
  • Milton Smith Littlefield (December 24 1864-December 31 1864)
  • Philip Perry Brown (January 1 1865-February 21 1865), Milton Smith Littlefield (February 22 1865-May 13 1865)

January 15 1863: The District of Hilton Head was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Hilton Head, Seabrook and Saint Helena Islands in South Carolina, and Tybee Island and Fort Pulaski, Georgia. Brigadier-General Truman Seymour assumed command of the District of Hilton Head.

February 6 1864: Colonel Joshua Blackwood Howell assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Truman Seymour.

April 26 1864: Colonel William Watts Hart Davis assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Joshua Blackwood Howell.

May 13 1864: Brigadier-General William Birney assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel William Watts Hart Davis.

June 2 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General William Birney.

August 1 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

October 26 1864: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

November 1 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

November 28 1864: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

December 24 1864: Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

January 1 1865: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield.

February 22 1865: Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

May 13 1865: The District of Hilton Head was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

District of West Florida

(Established, from District of Pensacola, February 1 1864-May 17 1864, transferred to Department of the Gulf)

  • Alexander Asboth (February 1 1864-May 17 1864)

February 1 1864: The District of Pensacola was discontinued in the Department of the Gulf and its territory transferred to the District of West Florida in the Department of the South. The District of West Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Pensacola, Florida. Brigadier-General Alexander Asboth assumed command of the District of West Florida.

May 17 1864: The District of West Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf.

District of Florida

(Established, February 7 1864-June 3 1865, transferred to Department of the Gulf)

  • Truman Seymour (February 7 1864-March 27 1864)
  • John Porter Hatch (March 28 1864-April 19 1864)
  • William Birney (April 20 1864-May 12 1864)
  • George Henry Gordon (May 13 1864-June 1 1864)
  • William Birney (June 2 1864-July 28 1864)
  • William Henry Noble (temporary July 29 1864-August 3 1864)
  • John Porter Hatch (August 4 1864-November 13 1864),
  • Eliakim Parker Scammon (November 14 1864-April 6 1865)
  • Benjamin Chew Tilghman (April 7 1865-April 18 1865)
  • Israel Vogdes (April 19 1865-June 3 1865)

February 7 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territories of Florida occupied by Federal troops. Brigadier-General Truman Seymour was appointed to command the District of Florida, arriving on 16th February.

February 16 1864: Brigadier-General Truman Seymour arrived to command the District of Florida.

March 28 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General Truman Seymour.

April 20 1864: Brigadier-General William Birney assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

May 13 1864: Brigadier-General George Henry Gordon assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General William Birney.

June 2 1864: Brigadier-General William Birney assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General George Henry Gordon.

July 29 1864: Colonel William Henry Noble assumed temporary command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General William Birney.

August 4 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Colonel William Henry Noble.

November 14 1864: Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

April 7 1865: Colonel Benjamin Chew Tilghman assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon.

April 19 1865: Brigadier-General Israel Vogdes assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Colonel Benjamin Chew Tilghman.

June 3 1865: The District of Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf. It comprised the state of Florida.

District of Beaufort South Carolina

(Established, April 25 1864-May 13 1865, discontinued, to District of Port Royal)

  • Rufus Saxton (April 25 1864-January 22 1865)
  • Edward Elmer Potter (January 23 1865-May 13 1865)

April 25 1864: The District of Beaufort (South Carolina) was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Beaufort, South Carolina. Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton assumed command of the District of Beaufort (South Carolina).

January 23 1865: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Beaufort (South Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton.

May 13 1865: The District of Beaufort (South Carolina) was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

District of Savannah

(Established, January 18 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Cuvier Grover (January 18 1865-February 11 1865)
  • Henry Warner Birge (February 12 1865-June 4 1865)
  • Stewart Lyndon Woodford (June 5 1865-June 22 1865-June 22 1865)
  • Henry Warner Birge (June 23 1865-June 27 1865)

January 18 1865: The District of Savannah was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the occupation forces in Savannah, Georgia. Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover assumed command of the District of Savannah.

February 12 1865: Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover.

June 5 1865: The District of Savannah was extended to include the counties of Chatham, Bryan, Effingham, Bulloch, Emanuel, and Screven in Georgia. Colonel Stewart Lyndon Woodford assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge.

June 23 1865: Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Colonel Stewart Lyndon Woodford.

June 27 1865: The District of Savannah was discontinued.

District of Port Royal

(Established, from District of Hilton Head and District of Beaufort South Carolina, May 13 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Edward Elmer Potter (May 13 1865-June 27 1865)

May 13 1865: The District of Beaufort (South Carolina) was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal. The District of Hilton Head was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal. The District of Port Royal was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territories formerly in the District of Beaufort and the District of Hilton Head. Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Port Royal.

June 27 1865: The District of Port Royal was discontinued.

District of Northern Georgia

(Established, June 5 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Edward Leslie Molineux (June 5 1865-June 27 1865)

June 5 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory around Augusta and along the upper Savannah River. Colonel Edward Leslie Molineux assumed command of the District of Northern Georgia.

June 27 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was discontinued.

District of Southern Georgia

(Established, June 5 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Cuvier Grover (June 5 1865-June 27 1865)

June 5 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the state of Georgia south of the northern boundaries of Liberty, Tattnall, Montgomery, Laurens, Pulaski, Dooly, Sumter, Webster and Stewart counties. Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover assumed command of the District of Southern Georgia.

June 27 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was discontinued.

District of Charleston

(Established, June 23 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • John Porter Hatch (June 23 1865-June 27 1865)

June 23 1865: The District of Charleston was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Charleston, Colleton, Orangeburg, Lexington, Barnwell and Richland districts (counties) of South Carolina. Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Charleston.

June 27 1865: The District of Charleston was discontinued.

District of Eastern South Carolina

(Established, June 23 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • George Lafayette Beal (June 23 1865-June 27 1865)

June 23 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Horry, Georgetown, Marion, Williamsburg, Marlboro, Darlington, Sumter, Kershaw and Chesterfield districts (counties). Brigadier-General George Lafayette Beal assumed command of the District of Eastern South Carolina.

June 27 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was discontinued.

District of Western South Carolina

(Established, June 23 1865-June 27 1865, discontinued)

  • Charles Henry Van Wyck (June 23 1865-June 27 1865)

June 23 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Lancaster, Fairfield, Chester, York, Union, Newberry, Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson and Pickens districts (counties). Colonel Charles Henry Van Wyck assumed command of the District of Western South Carolina.

June 27 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was discontinued.

X Corps South

(Established, September 3 1862-April 28 1864, transferred to Army of the James)

  • John Milton Brannan (September 3 1862-September 16 1862)
  • Ormsby McKnight Mitchel (September 17 1862-October 26 1862)
  • John Milton Brannan (temporary October 27 1862-January 19 1863)
  • David Hunter (January 20 1863-June 11 1863)
  • Quincy Adams Gillmore (June 12 1863-April 28 1864)

September 3 1862: X Corps (South) was established in the Department of the South. Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed command of X Corps (South).

September 17 1862: Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel assumed command of X Corps (South), succeeding Brigadier-John Milton Brannan.

October 27 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the X Corps (South), succeeding Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel.

January 20 1863: Major-General David Hunter assumed command of the X Corps (South), succeeding Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan.

June 12 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of X Corps (South), succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

April 28 1864: X Corps (South) transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James.


Department of Virginia and North Carolina

Union High Command on July 15 1863 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: John Gray Foster awaited
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina: George Washington Getty temporary
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

(Established, from Department of Virginia and Department of North Carolina July 15 1863-January 18 1865, discontinued, to Department of Virginia and Military Division of the Mississippi)

  • John Gray Foster (July 15 1863-August 27 1863)
  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (August 28 1863-July 26 1864)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (temporary July 27 1864-August 26 1864, August 27 1864-September 4 1864)
  • David Bell Birney (temporary September 5 1864September 6 1864)
  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (September 7 1864-December 13 1864)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (temporary December 14 1864-December 23 1864)
  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (December 24 1864-January 18 1865)

July 15 1863: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory taken into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The Department of Virginia was discontinued, and its territory taken into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The Department of Virginia and North Carolina was established with headquarters at Fortress Monroe, comprising the territories formerly under the authority of Department of North Carolina and the Department of Virginia. Major-General John Gray Foster appointed to command the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, arriving on 18th July 1863. The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. IV Corps (Virginia) transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. VII Corps (Virginia) transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

July 18 1863: Major-General John Gray Foster arrived to command the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of Yorktown was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the vicinity of Yorktown, Virginia.

July 21 1863: The Defences of New Bern was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the vicinity of New Bern, North Carolina.

August 14 1863: The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the former District of Albemarle, District of the Pamlico, District of Beaufort and the Defences of New Bern, each of which became a Sub-District of the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of the Pamlico was established in the District of North Carolina. The Defences of New Bern transferred to the District of North Carolina. The District of Albemarle was renamed as the Sub-District of Albemarle in the District of North Carolina. The District of Beaufort (North Carolina) was renamed as the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) in the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) was established in the District of North Carolina.

August 16 1863: The Army of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

August 21 1863: The District of Virginia was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the territory around Fort Monroe, Camp Hamilton, Newport News, Yorktown, Suffolk, Portsmouth and Norfolk. The District of Yorktown was renamed as the Sub-District of Yorktown in the District of Virginia. The Sub-District of Yorktown was established in the District of Virginia, comprising the renamed District of Yorktown.

August 28 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

September 23 1863: The Sub-District of Yorktown was discontinued, and renamed as the District of Yorktown in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The District of Yorktown was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the territory of the former Sub-District of Yorktown from the District of Virginia.

December 11 1863: The District of Currituck was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising Pungo, Currituck Court House, Coinjack and Northwest Landing on the border of Virginia and North Carolina.

December 21 1863: Northampton and Accomac counties of Virginia were transferred from the Middle Department to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

April 25 1864: The Army of North Carolina was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

April 28 1864: The Army of the James was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

May 17 1864: The District of Yorktown was discontinued.

May 27 1864: The District of Eastern Virginia was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

June 21 1864: St Mary’s county, Maryland, transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Washington.

July 7 1864: The District of St Mary’s transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Washington. It comprised the county of St Mary’s in Maryland and the Point Lookout prison camp.

July 27 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed temporary command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler.

August 27 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed full command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

September 5 1864: Major-General David Bell Birney assumed temporary command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

September 7 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General David Bell Birney.

October 21 1864: The District of North Carolina was discontinued. The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

December 14 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed temporary command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler.

December 24 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

January 6 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina; effectively comprising the former X Corps, in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

January 18 1865: The Department of Virginia and North Carolina was discontinued, and the territory within 60 miles of Fort Monroe, Northampton and Accomac counties, Virginia south of the Rappahannock River and east of the Fredericksburg-Richmond-Petersburg-Weldon Railroad transferred to the Department of Virginia. The Army of the James transferred interim from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia. The District of Currituck was discontinued. The District of Eastern Virginia transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia. The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia. The state of North Carolina transferred temporarily from the discontinued Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of the South, pending the re-establishment of the Department of North Carolina on January 31 1865. The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

District of Albemarle

(Transferred from Department of North Carolina, July 15 1863-August 14 1863, discontinued, to District of North Carolina)

  • Henry Walton Wessels (July 15 1863-August 14 1863)

July 15 1863: The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells retained command of the District of Albemarle.

August 14 1863: The District of Albemarle was renamed as the Sub-District of Albemarle in the District of North Carolina.

District of Beaufort North Carolina

(Transferred, from Department of North Carolina, July 15 1863-August 14 1863, discontinued, to Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina)

  • Charles Adam Heckman (July 15 1863-July 20 1863)
  • Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory (July 21 1863-August 14 1863)

July 15 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman retained command of the District of Beaufort (Virginia and North Carolina).

July 21 1863: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the District of Beaufort (North Carolina and Virginia), succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

August 14 1863: The District of Beaufort (North Carolina) was renamed as the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) in the District of North Carolina.

District of the Pamlico

(Transferred from Department of North Carolina, July 15 1863-August 14 1863, discontinued, to District of North Carolina)

  • Joseph Miller McChesney (temporary July 15 1863-July 30 1863)
  • Orson E Moulton (temporary July 31 1863-August 14 1863)

July 15 1863: The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney assumed temporary command of the District of the Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Prince.

July 31 1863: Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton assumed temporary command of the District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney.

August 14 1863: The District of the Pamlico was renamed the Sub-District of the District of North Carolina.

District of Yorktown

(Established, July 18 1863-August 21 1863, discontinued, to Sub-District of Yorktown)

  • Isaac Jones Wistar (July 18 1863-August 21 1863)

July 18 1863: The District of Yorktown was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the vicinity of Yorktown, Virginia. Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar assumed command of the District of Yorktown.

August 21 1863: The District of Yorktown was renamed as the Sub-District of Yorktown in the District of Virginia.

Defences of New Bern

(Established, July 21 1863-August 14 1863, transferred to District of North Carolina)

  • Charles Adam Heckman (July 21 1863-August 14 1863)

July 21 1863: The Defences of New Bern was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the vicinity of New Bern, North Carolina. Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the Defences of New Bern.

August 14 1863: The Defences of New Bern transferred to the District of North Carolina.

District of North Carolina

(Established, from District of the Albemarle, District of the Pamlico, District of Beaufort and Defences of New Bern, August 14 1863-October 21 1864, discontinued, to Department of Virginia and North Carolina)

  • John James Peck (August 14 1863-January 3 1864)
  • Innis Newton Palmer (January 4 1864-February 4 1864)
  • John James Peck (February 5 1864-April 24 1864)
  • Innis Newton Palmer (April 25 1864-October 1 1864)

August 14 1863: The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the former District of Albemarle, District of the Pamlico, District of Beaufort and the Defences of New Bern, each of which became a Sub-District of the District of North Carolina. Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the District of North Carolina.

January 4 1864: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of North Carolina in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

February 5 1864: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the District of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

March 5 1864: The Defences of New Bern was discontinued, and renamed as the Sub-District of New Bern. The Sub-District of New Bern was established in the District of North Carolina by renaming the existing Defences of New Bern.

April 19 1864: The Sub-District of Albemarle was discontinued.

April 25 1864: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

October 21 1864: The District of North Carolina was discontinued. The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

Sub-District of the Pamlico

(Established, from District of the Pamlico, August 14 1863-May 1 1864, discontinued)

  • Orson E Moulton (August 14 1863-September 7 1863)
  • Josiah Pickett (September 8 1863-October 25 1863)
  • Joseph Miller McChesney (October 26 1863-March 10 1864)
  • Edward Harland (March 11 1864-May 1 1864)

August 14 1863: The District of the Pamlico was renamed the Sub-District of the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of the Pamlico was established in the District of North Carolina. Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton retained command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico.

September 8 1863: Colonel Josiah Pickett assumed command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton.

October 26 1863: Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney assumed temporary command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Josiah Pickett.

March 11 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Harland assumed command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney.

May 1 1864: The Sub-District of the Pamlico was discontinued.

Defences of New Bern

(Transferred from Department of Virginia and North Carolina, August 14 1863-March 5 1864, discontinued, to Sub-District of New Bern)

  • Innis Newton Palmer (August 14 1863-October 6 1863)
  • Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory (October 7 1863-November 8 1863)
  • Innis Newton Palmer (November 9 1863-March 5 1864)

August 14: 1863: The Defences of New Bern transferred to the District of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

October 7 1863: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

November 9 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

March 5 1864: The Defences of New Bern was discontinued, and renamed as the Sub-District of New Bern.

Sub-District of Albemarle

(Established, from District of Albemarle, August 14 1863-April 19 1864, discontinued)

  • Henry Walton Wessels (August 14 1863-April 19 1864)

August 14 1863: The Sub-District of Albemarle was established in the District of North Carolina. It comprised the renamed District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells retained command of the Sub-District of Albemarle.

April 19 1864: The Sub-District of Albemarle in the District of North Carolina was discontinued.

Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina

(From District of Beaufort North Carolina, August 14 1863-October 21 1864, to Department of Virginia and North Carolina)

  • Charles Adam Heckman (August 14 1863-October 10 1863)
  • James Jourdan (October 11 1863-June 26 1864)
  • Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory (June 27 1864-October 6 1864)
  • James Stewart (October 7 1864-October 21 1864)

August 14 1863: The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) was established in the District of North Carolina. It comprised the renamed Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the Department of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Colonel Jonathan Coffin Amory.

October 11 1863: Colonel James Jourdan assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

June 27 1864: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Colonel James Jourdan.

October 7 1864: Colonel James Stewart assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina), succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

October 21 1864: The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

Sub-District of New Bern

(Established, from Defences of New Bern, March 5 1864-October 21 1864, transferred to Department of Virginia and North Carolina)

  • Innis Newton Palmer (March 5 1864-April 24 1864)
  • Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory (April 25 1864-May 2 1864)
  • Edward Harland (May 3 1864-October 21 1864)

March 5 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern was established in the District of North Carolina It comprised the renamed Defences of New Bern transferred from the Department of North Carolina, including the vicinity of New Bern, North Carolina. Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer retained command of the Sub-District of New Bern.

April 25 1864: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Sub-District of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

May 3 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Harland assumed command of the Sub-District of New Bern, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

October 21 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

District of Virginia

(Established, August 21 1863-September 23 1863, discontinued, to District of Virginia)

  • Henry Morris Naglee (August 21 1863-September 23 1863)

August 21 1863: The District of Virginia was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the territory around Fort Monroe, Camp Hamilton, Newport News, Yorktown, Suffolk, Portsmouth and Norfolk. Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of the District of Virginia.

September 23 1863: The District of Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Yorktown.

Sub-District of Yorktown

(From District of Yorktown, August 21 1863-September 23 1863, to District of Yorktown)

  • Isaac Jones Wistar (August 21 1863-September 23 1863)

August 21 1863: The Sub-District of Yorktown was established in the District of Virginia, comprising the renamed District of Yorktown transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar retained command of the Sub-District of Yorktown.

September 23 1863: The Sub-District of Yorktown was discontinued, and renamed as the District of Yorktown in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

District of Yorktown

(From District of Virginia and Sub-District of Yorktown, September 23 1863-May 17 1864, discontinued)

  • Isaac Jones Wistar (September 23 1863-December 21 1863)
  • Robert Mayhew West (temporary December 22 1863-January 21 1864)
  • Isaac Jones Wistar (January 22 1864-February 15 1864)
  • Robert Mayhew West (temporary February 16 1864-March 7 1864)
  • Isaac Jones Wistar (March 8 1864-April 20 1864)
  • William Farrar Smith (April 21 1864-May 3 1864)
  • Joseph Bradford Carr (May 4 1864-May 17 1864)

September 23 1863: The District of Yorktown was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the territory of the former Sub-District of Yorktown transferred from the District of Virginia. Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar assumed command of the District of Yorktown.

December 22 1863: Colonel Robert Mayhew West assumed temporary command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar.

January 22 1864: Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar assumed command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Colonel Robert Mayhew West.

February 16 1864: Colonel Robert Mayhew West assumed temporary command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar.

March 8 1864: Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar assumed command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Colonel Robert Mayhew West.

April 21 1864: Major-General William Farrar Smith assumed command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Brigadier-General Isaac Jones Wistar.

May 4 1864: Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr assumed command of the District of Yorktown, succeeding Major-General William Farrar Smith.

May 17 1864: The District of Yorktown was discontinued.

District of Currituck

(Established, December 11 1863-January 18 1865, discontinued)

  • James Hewitt Ledlie (December 11 1863-February 15 1864)
  • Samuel Henry Roberts (February 16 1864-January 18 1865)

December 11 1863: The District of Currituck was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising Pungo, Currituck Court House, Coinjack and Northwest Landing on the border of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie assumed command of the District of Currituck.

February 16 1864: Colonel Samuel Henry Roberts assumed command of the District of Currituck, succeeding Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie.

January 18 1865: The District of Currituck was discontinued.

Sub-District of New Bern

(Transferred from District of North Carolina, October 21 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • Edward Harland (October 21 1864-January 18 1865)

October 21 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General Edward Harland retained command of the Sub-District of New Bern.

January 18 1865: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina

(Transferred from District of North Carolina, October 21 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • James Stewart (October 21 1864-January 18 1865)

October 21 1864: The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Colonel James Stewart retained command of the Sub-District of Beaufort (Virginia and North Carolina).

January 18 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort (North Carolina) transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

District of St Mary’s

(Transferred from War Department, December 2 1863-July 7 1864, transferred to Department of Washington)

  • Gilman Marston (December 2 1863-April 2 1864)
  • Edward Winslow Hinks (April 3 1864-April 19 1864)
  • Alonzo Granville Draper (April 20 1864-July 7 1864)

December 2 1863: The District of St Mary’s transferred from the War Department to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. It comprised the county of St Mary’s in Maryland and the Point Lookout prison camp. Brigadier-General Gilman Marston retained command of the District of St Mary’s.

April 3 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Winslow Hinks assumed command of the District of St Mary’s, succeeding Brigadier-General Gilman Marston.

April 20 1864: Colonel Alonzo Granville Draper assumed command of the District of St Mary’s, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Winslow Hinks.

July 7 1864: The District of St Mary’s transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Washington.

District of Eastern Virginia

(Established, May 27 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • George Foster Shepley (May 27 1864-January 18 1865)

May 27 1864: The District of Eastern Virginia was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General George Foster Shepley assumed command of the District of Eastern Virginia.

January 18 1865: The District of Eastern Virginia transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina

(Transferred from Department of Virginia July 15 1863-August 1 1863, discontinued, to XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina)

  • Erasmus Darwin Keyes (July 15 1863-August 1 1863)

July 15 1863: IV Corps (Virginia) transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes retained command of IV Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

August 1 1863: IV Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina

(Transferred from Department of Virginia, July 15 1863-August 1 1863, discontinued, to XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina)

  • George Washington Getty (temporary July 15 1863)
  • Henry Morris Naglee (July 16 1863-July 19 1863)
  • George Washington Getty (temporary July 20 1863-July 24 1863)
  • Henry Morris Naglee (July 25 1863-August 1 1863)

July 15 1863: VII Corps (Virginia) transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Brigadier-General George Washington Getty assumed temporary command of VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina), succeeding Major-General John Adams Dix.

July 16 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General George Washington Getty.

July 20 1863: Brigadier-General George Washington Getty assumed temporary command of VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee.

July 25 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed temporary command of VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General George Washington Getty.

August 1 1863: VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina

(Transferred from Department of North Carolina, July 15 1863-August 16 1863, transferred to Army of North Carolina)

  • John Gray Foster (July 15 1863-July 17 1863)
  • Innis Newton Palmer (temporary July 18 1863-August 13 1863)
  • John James Peck (August 14 1863-August 16 1863)

July 15 1983: XVIII Corps (North Carolina) transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General John Gray Foster retained command of XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

July 18 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina), succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

August 1 1863: IV Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina). VII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

August 14 1863: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina), succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

August 16 1863: XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of North Carolina.

Army of North Carolina

(Established, August 16 1863-April 25 1864, discontinued)

  • John James Peck (August 16 1863-April 25 1864)

August 16 1863: The Army of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the Army of North Carolina.

April 25 1864: The Army of North Carolina was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. XVIII Corps North Carolina transferred from the Army of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

XVIII Corps North Carolina

(Transferred from Department of Virginia and North Carolina, August 16 1863-April 25 1864, transferred to Department of Virginia and North Carolina)

  • John Gray Foster (August 16 1863-November 10 1863)
  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 11 1863-April 25 1864)

August 16 1863: XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of North Carolina. Major-General John Gray Foster assumed command of XVIII Corps (Army of North Carolina) succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

November 11 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of XVIII Corps (North Carolina), succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

April 25 1864: XVIII Corps North Carolina transferred from the discontinued Army of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina

(Transferred from Army of North Carolina, April 25 1864-May 2 1864, transferred to Army of the James)

  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (April 25 1864-May 2 1864)

April 25 1864: XVIII Corps (North Carolina) transferred from the discontinued Army of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler retained command of XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

May 2 1864: XVIII Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of the James.

Army of the James

(Established, April 28 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • Benjamin Franklin Butler (April 28 1864-January 7 1865)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (January 8 1865-January 18 1865)

April 28 1864: The Army of the James was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of the Army of the James. X Corps (South) transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James.

May 2 1864: XVIII Corps (Virginia and North Carolina) transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of the James.

December 3 1864: X Corps (James) was discontinued. XVIII Corps (James) was discontinued. XXIV Corps was established in the Army of the James. XXV Corps was established in the Army of the James by consolidating the black divisions of X Corps and XVIII Corps.

January 8 1865: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of the Army of the James, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler.

January 18 1865: The Army of the James transferred interim from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia. XXIV Corps (James) transferred with the Army of the James to the Department of Virginia. XXV Corps (James) transferred with the Army of the James to the Department of Virginia.

X Corps James

(Transferred from Department of the South, April 28 1864-December 3 1864, discontinued, to XXIV Corps James)

  • Alfred Howe Terry (temporary April 28 1864-May 3 1864)
  • Quincy Adam Gillmore (May 4 1864-June 13 1864)
  • Alfred Howe Terry (temporary June 14 1864-June 20 1864)
  • William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks (temporary June 21 1864-July 13 1864)
  • Alfred Howe Terry (temporary July 14 1864-July 20 1864)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (July 21 1864-July 22 1864)
  • David Bell Birney (July 23 1864-October 9 1864)
  • Alfred Howe Terry (October 10 1864-November 3 1864)
  • Adelbert Ames (temporary November 4 1864-Novmber 17 1864)
  • Alfred Howe Terry (November 18 1864-December 3 1864)

April 28 1864: X Corps (South) transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James. Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed temporary command of X Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

May 4 1864: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

June 14 1864: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed temporary command of X Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

June 21 1864: Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks assumed temporary command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

July 14 1864: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed temporary command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks.

July 21 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

July 23 1864: Major-General David Bell Birney assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

October 10 1864: Major-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Major-General David Bell Birney.

November 4 1864: Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames assumed temporary command of X Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Alfred Howe Terry.

November 18 1864: Major-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames.

December 3 1864: X Corps (James) was discontinued. XXV Corps was established in the Army of the James by consolidating the black divisions of X Corps (James) and XVIII Corps (James).

XVIII Corps James

(Transferred from Department of Virginia and North Carolina, May 2 1864-December 3 1864, discontinued, to XXV Corps James)

  • William Farrar Smith (May 2 1864-July 9 1864)
  • John Henry Martindale (temporary July 10 1864-July 20 1864)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (July 21 1864-September 3 1864)
  • John Gibbon (temporary September 4 1864-September 21 1864)
  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord (September 22 1864-September 28 1864)
  • Charles Adam Heckman (temporary September 29 1864-September 30 1864)
  • Godfrey Weitzel (October 1 1864-December 3 1864)

May 2 1864: XVIII Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of the James. William Farrar Smith assumed command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler.

July 10 1864: Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General William Farrar Smith.

July 21 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale.

September 4 1864: Major-General John Gibbon assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

September 22 1864: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General John Gibbon.

September 29 1864: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

October 1 1864: Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel assumed command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-Charles Adam Pleasant Heckman.

December 3 1864: XVIII Corps (James) was discontinued. XXV Corps was established in the Army of the James by consolidating the black divisions of X Corps and XVIII Corps.

XXIV Corps James

(Established, from X Corps James, December 3 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • Edward Otho Cresap Ord December 3 1864-December 5 1864)
  • Alfred Howe Terry (December 6 1864-January 1 1865)
  • Charles Devens (temporary January 2 1865-January 14 1865)
  • John Gibbon (January 15 1865)

December 3 1864: XXIV Corps was established in the Army of the James. Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of XXIV Corps (James).

December 6 1864: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of XXIV Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.

January 2 1865: Brigadier-General Charles Devens assumed temporary command of XXIV Corps (James), succeeding Major-General Alfred Howe Terry.

January 15 1865: Major-General John Gibbon assumed command of XXIV Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Devens.

January 18 1865: XXIV Corps (James) transferred with the Army of the James from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

XXV Corps James

(Established, from X Corps James and XVIII Corps James, December 3 1864-January 18 1865, transferred to Department of Virginia)

  • Godfrey Weitzel (December 3 1864-December 31 1864)
  • Charles Adam Heckman (January 1 1865-January 18 1865)

December 3 1864: XXV Corps (James) was established in the Army of the James by consolidating the black divisions from X Corps (James) and XVIII Corps (James). Major-General Godfrey Weitzel assumed command of XXV Corps (James).

January 1 1865: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of XXV Corps (James) succeeding Major-General Godfrey Weitzel.

January 18 1865: XXV Corps (James) transferred with the Army of the James from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia and North Carolina

(Established, from X Corps (James) January 6 1865-January 18 1865, to Department of Virginia)

  • Alfred Howe Terry (January 6 1865-January 18 1865)

January 6 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina; comprising parts of the former X Corps (James). Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of Terry’s Provisional Corps (Virginia and North Carolina).

January 18 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.


 

Union High Command on June 27 1865 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Military Division of the Atlantic: George Gordon Meade awaited
    • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
    • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
      • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
      • District of Washington: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
      • IX Corps Washington: John Grubb Parke
    • Department of Virginia: Alfred Howe Terry
      • District of Eastern Virginia: George Henry Gordon
      • District of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • District of Lynchburg: John Irvin Gregg
      • District of Fort Monroe: Nelson Appleton Miles
        • Sub-District of the Peninsula: Benjamin Chambers Ludlow
      • District of the Nottoway: George Lucas Hartsuff
        • Sub-District of Blackwater: Gilbert Hunt McKibbin
        • Sub-District of Roanoke: Edward Ferrero
        • Sub-District of the Appomattox: Charles Henry Smith
      • District of Henrico: John Wesley Turner
      • Sub-District of the Rappahannock: Edwin Vose Sumner Jr
      • Sub-District of the South Anna: Alvin Coe Voris
    • Department of North Carolina: Samuel Powhatan Carter temporary
      • District of Beaufort (NC): Charles Jackson Paine
      • District of Wilmington: John Worthington Ames
      • Army of the James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
        • XXIV Corps James: John Gibbon
      • X Corps North Carolina: Adelbert Ames
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace interim Winfield Scott Hancock awaited
      • District of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: John Moulder Wilson temporary
      • District of Annapolis: Frederic Dummer Sewall
    • Department of South Carolina: Quincy Adams Gillmore awaited
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
      • V Corps Potomac: Charles Griffin
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright

 

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