Union Military Organisations: Atlantic Coast Theatre

Union Military Organisations: Atlantic Coast Theatre

Major Departments

Department of North Carolina

7 January 1862-15 July 1863

Department of North Carolina

31 January 1865-31 December 1865

Ambrose Everett Burnside 7 January 1862-5 July 1862 interim to 9 July 1862

John Gray Foster 6 July 1862-28 March 1863

Innis Newton Palmer temporary 29 March 1863-15 April 1863

John Gray Foster 16 April 1863-15 July 1863

John Gray Foster interim 31 January 1865-9 February 1865

John McAllister Schofield 9 February 1865-31 March 1865

Jacob Dolson Cox 31 March 1865-17 June 1865

Thomas Howard Ruger temporary 17 June 1865-27 June 1865

Samuel Powhatan Carter temporary 27 June 1865-28 June 1865

Thomas Howard Ruger 28 June 1865-31 December 1865

7 January 1862: The Department of North Carolina was established, comprising the parts of North Carolina occupied by Union forces, and territories detached from the Department of Virginia.

7 January 1862: Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 13 January 1862.

13 January 1862: Brigadier-General Ambrose Everett Burnside arrived to command the Department of North Carolina.

6 July 1862: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 10 July 1862, to succeed Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

10 July 1862: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside.

24 December 1862: XVIII Corps North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces from the expeditions to Roanoke Island and New Bern and the garrisons of New Bern, Plymouth, and Beaufort.

29 March 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

16 April 1863: Brigadier-General John Gray Foster assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

23 April 1863: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territories around Plymouth and Roanoke, North Carolina.

23 April 1863: The District of the Neuse was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the stations of the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad outside New Bern, North Carolina.

23 April 1863: The District of the Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Washington, North Carolina, Hatteras Inlet and the surrounding areas.

27 April 1863:The District of the Neuse was discontinued.

27 April 1863:The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina.

27 April 1863:The District of the Pamlico was redefined to include Craven County north of the Neuse River except for Fort Anderson; and the counties of Pitt, Beaufort and Hyde.

15 July 1863: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: The Department of Virginia was discontinued, and its territory taken into the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: The Department of Virginia and North Carolina was established with headquarters at Fortress Monroe, comprising the territories formerly under the authority of Department of North Carolina and the Department of Virginia.

15 July 1863: Major-General John Gray Foster appointed to command the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, arriving on 18 July 1863.

15 July 1863: The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: IV Corps Virginia transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: VII Corps Virginia transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

31 January 1865: The Department of North Carolina was re-established in the Military Division of the Mississippi.

31 January 1865: Major-General John McAllister Schofield was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 9 February 1865.

31 January 1865: Major-General John Gray Foster assumed interim command of the Department of North Carolina.

31 January 1865: The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina.

31 January 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of Virginia to the District of North Carolina.

31 January 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

2 February 1865: XXIII Corps Ohio transferred from the Military Division of the Mississippi to the Department of North Carolina, and continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of the Ohio”.

9 February 1865: Major-General John McAllister Schofield arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

25 February 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina was discontinued, and renamed as the District of Beaufort.

25 February 1865: The District of Beaufort was established in the Department of North Carolina from the former Sub-District of Beaufort.

1 March 1865: The District of North Carolina was discontinued.

1 March 1865: The District of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina.

23 March 1865: X Corps North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces previously in Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia.

31 March 1865: Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John McAllister Schofield.

19 April 1865: The parts of North Carolina not occupied by the armies of the Military Division of the Mississippi transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Military Division of the James.

17 June 1865: Brigadier-General Thomas Howard Ruger assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox.

27 June 1865: The Department of North Carolina transferred from the Military Division of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the Atlantic.

27 June 1865: The Department of North Carolina transferred from the Military Division of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the Atlantic.

27 June 1865: Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Howard Ruger.

28 June 1865: Brigadier-General Thomas Howard Ruger assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter.

6 July 1865: The District of Beaufort North Carolina was discontinued.

6 July 1865: The District of Greensboro was established in the Department of North Carolina.

6 July 1865: The District of New Bern was established in the Department of North Carolina.

6 July 1865: The District of Raleigh was established in the Department of North Carolina.

6 July 1865: The District of West North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina.

1 August 1865: X Corps North Carolina was discontinued.

1 August 1865: XXIII Corps North Carolina was discontinued.

20 September 1865: The District of Wilmington was discontinued.

1 October 1865: The District of West North Carolina was discontinued.

Department of the South

15 March 1862-27 June 1865

Thomas West Sherman interim 15 March 1862-30 March 1862

David Hunter 15 March 1862-4 September 1862

John Milton Brannan temporary 5 September 1862-16 September 1862

Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 17 September 1862-26 October 1862

John Milton Brannan temporary 27 October 1862-19 January 1863

David Hunter 20 January 1863-2 June 1863 interim to 11 June 1863

Quincy Adams Gillmore 3 June 1863-30 April 1864

John Porter Hatch 1 May 1864-4 May 1864 interim to 25 May 1864

John Gary Foster 5 May 1864-8 February 1865

Quincy Adams Gillmore 9 February 1865-27 June 1866

15 March 1862: The Department of the South was established with headquarters at Hilton Head, South Carolina, comprising the states of Florida, South Carolina, and Georgia.

15 March 1862: Major-General David Hunter was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 31 March 1862.

15 March 1862: Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman assumed interim command of the Department of the South. 15 March 1862: The Department of Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the South.

15 March 1862: The Department of Key West was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of the South.

15 March 1862: The Western District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territory in Florida west of a line due north of Cedar Keys.

31 March 1862: Major-General David Hunter arrived to command the Department of the South.

31 March 1862: The Northern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the states of South Carolina, Georgia, and the parts of Florida north of the line connecting Cape Canaveral to Cedar Keys and east of a north-south line from Cedar Keys to the border of Georgia.

31 March 1862: The Southern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising Florida south of a line connecting Cape Canaveral and Cedar Keys.

21 June 1862: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

21 June 1862: The Southern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

21 June 1862: The Western District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

8 August 1862: The District of Pensacola was established and its territory transferred to the Department of the Gulf, comprising Florida west of the Apalachicola River. The rest of Florida remained in the Department of the South.

3 September 1862: X Corps South was established in the Department of the South.

5 September 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

17 September 1862: Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-John Milton Brannan.

27 October 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel.

20 January 1863: Major-General David Hunter assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan.

16 March 1863: The District of Key West and Tortugas was established in the Department of the Gulf. The Tortugas and West Florida transferred from the Department of the South and the remainder of Florida remained in the Department of the South.

3 June 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 12 June 1863, to succeed Major-General David Hunter.

12 June 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore arrived to command the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

13 January 1864: The Northern District of the South was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory from Charleston Harbour to Saint Helena Sound, South Carolina.

15 January 1863: The District of Hilton Head was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Hilton Head, Seabrook and Saint Helena Islands in South Carolina, and Tybee Island and Fort Pulaski, Georgia.

1 February 1864: The District of Pensacola was discontinued in the Department of the Gulf and its territory transferred to the District of West Florida in the Department of the South.

15 January 1863: The District of West Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Pensacola, Florida.

7 February 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of the South, comprising the territories of Florida occupied by Federal troops.

25 April 1864: The District of Beaufort South Carolina was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Beaufort, South Carolina.

28 April 1864: X Corps South transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James.

1 May 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed temporary command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

5 May 1864: Major-General John Gray Foster was appointed to command the Department of the South, arriving on 26 May 1864.

17 May 1864: The District of West Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf.

26 May 1864: Major-General John Gray Foster arrived to command the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

18 January 1865: The state of North Carolina transferred temporarily from the discontinued Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of the South, pending the re-establishment of the Department of North Carolina on 31 January 1865.

18 January 1865: The District of Savannah was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the occupation forces in Savannah, Georgia.

31 January 1865: The state of North Carolina was removed from the temporary authority of the Department of the South.

9 February 1865: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of the Department of the South, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

16 April 1865: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord was appointed to command the Department of the South but did not arrive to assume command. Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore retained command of the Department of the South.

19 April 1865: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord’s appointment to command the Department of the South was revoked before assuming command.

13 May 1865: The District of Beaufort South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

13 May 1865: The District of Hilton Head was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

13 May 1865: The District of Port Royal was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territories formerly in the District of Beaufort and the District of Hilton Head.

17 May 1865: The parts of Florida in the Department of the South transferred to the Department of the Gulf.

3 June 1865: The District of Florida transferred from the Department of the South to the Department of the Gulf. It comprised the state of Florida.

5 June 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory around Augusta and along the upper Savannah River.

5 June 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the state of Georgia south of the northern boundaries of Liberty, Tattnall, Montgomery, Laurens, Pulaski, Dooly, Sumter, Webster, and Stewart counties.

5 June 1865: The District of Savannah was extended to include the counties of Chatham, Bryan, Effingham, Bulloch,

23 June 1865: The District of Charleston was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Charleston, Colleton, Orangeburg, Lexington, Barnwell, and Richland districts counties of South Carolina. Emanuel, and Screven in Georgia.

23 June 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Horry, Georgetown, Marion, Williamsburg, Marlboro, Darlington, Sumter, Kershaw, and Chesterfield districts counties.

23 June 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Lancaster, Fairfield, Chester, York, Union, Newberry, Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson, and Pickens districts counties.

27 June 1865: The Department of the South was discontinued, and its territory divided between the Department of Georgia and the Department of South Carolina.

27 June 1865: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Charleston was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Port Royal was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Savannah was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was discontinued.

27 June 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was discontinued.

Minor Departments, Districts, Sub-Districts, and equivalents

Georgia

Department of Georgia

27 June 1865-31 December 1865

James Blair Steedman 20 June 1865-20 December 1865

James Harrison Wilson 20 December 1865-31 December 1865

27 June 1865: The Department of Georgia was established in the Military Division of the Tennessee. It comprised the state of Georgia.

27 June 1865: Major-General James Blair Steedman was appointed to command the Department of Georgia, arriving on 29 June 1865.

29 June 1865: Major-General James Blair Steedman arrived to command the Department of Georgia.

20 December 1865: Major-General James Harrison Wilson assumed command of the Department of Georgia, succeeding Major-General James Blair Steedman.

District of Northern Georgia

5 June 1865-27 June 1865

Edward Leslie Molineux 5 June 1865-27 June 1865

5 June 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory around Augusta and along the upper Savannah River.

5 June 1865: Colonel Edward Leslie Molineux assumed command of the District of Northern Georgia.

27 June 1865: The District of Northern Georgia was discontinued.

District of Southern Georgia

5 June 1865-27 June 1865

Cuvier Grover 5 June 1865-27 June 1865

5 June 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the state of Georgia south of the northern boundaries of Liberty, Tattnall, Montgomery, Laurens, Pulaski, Dooly, Sumter, Webster, and Stewart counties.

5 June 1865: Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover assumed command of the District of Southern Georgia.

27 June 1865: The District of Southern Georgia was discontinued.

District of Etowah Georgia

15 June 1864-20 June 1865

James Blair Steedman 15 June 1864-29 November 1864

Thomas Francis Meagher 29 November 1864-5 January 1865

James Blair Steedman 5 January 1865-20 June 1865

15 June 1864: The District of Etowah was established in the Department of the Cumberland, comprising the vicinity of Bridgeport in Alabama, Cleveland and Chattanooga in Tennessee, and Rome and Allatoona in Georgia.

15 June 1864: Major-General James Blair Steedman assumed command of the District of Etowah.

29 November 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Francis Meagher assumed command of the District of Etowah, succeeding Major-General James Blair Steedman.

5 January 1865: Major-General James Blair Steedman assumed command of the District of Etowah, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Francis Meagher.

20 June 1865: The District of Etowah was discontinued.

District of Savannah Georgia

18 January 1865-27 June 1865

Cuvier Grover 18 January 1865-11 February 1865

Henry Warner Birge 12 February 1865-4 June 1865

Stewart Lyndon Woodford 5 June 1865-22 June 1865-22 June 1865

Henry Warner Birge 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

18 January 1865: The District of Savannah was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the occupation forces in Savannah, Georgia.

18 January 1865: Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover assumed command of the District of Savannah.

12 February 1865: Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover.

5 June 1865: The District of Savannah was extended to include the counties of Chatham, Bryan, Effingham, Bulloch, Emanuel, and Screven in Georgia.

5 June 1865: Colonel Stewart Lyndon Woodford assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge.

23 June 1865: Brigadier-General Henry Warner Birge assumed command of the District of Savannah, succeeding Colonel Stewart Lyndon Woodford.

27 June 1865: The District of Savannah was discontinued.

North Carolina

Defences of New Bern North Carolina

21 July 1863-5 March 1864

 Sub-District of New Bern

5 March 1864-31 January 1865

District of New Bern

6 July 1865-31 December 1865

Charles Adam Heckman 21 July 1863-14 August 1863

Innis Newton Palmer 14 August 1863-6 October 1863

Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory 7 October 1863-8 November 1863

Innis Newton Palmer 9 November 1863-24 April 1864

Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory 25 April 1864-2 May 1864

Edward Harland 3 May 1864-31 January 1865

Charles Jackson Paine 6 July 1865-31 December 1865

21 July 1863: The Defences of New Bern was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the vicinity of New Bern, North Carolina.

21 July 1863: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the Defences of New Bern.

14 August 1863: The Defences of New Bern transferred to the District of North Carolina.

14 August: 1863: The Defences of New Bern transferred to the District of North Carolina.

14 August: 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

7 October 1863: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

9 November 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the Defences of New Bern, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

5 March 1864: The Defences of New Bern was discontinued, and renamed as the Sub-District of New Bern.

5 March 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern was established in the District of North Carolina comprising the former Defences of New Bern transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

5 March 1864: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer retained command of the Sub-District of New Bern.

25 April 1864: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Sub-District of New Bern, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

3 May 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Harland assumed command of the Sub-District of New Bern, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

21 October 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

21 October 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Harland retained command of the Sub-District of New Bern.

18 January 1865: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

18 January 1865: Brigadier-General Edward Harland retained command of the Sub-District of New Bern.

31 January 1865: The Sub-District of New Bern was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of North Carolina.

6 July 1865: The District of New Bern was re-established in the Department of North Carolina. It comprised the counties of Hertford, Bertie, Martin, Pitt, Greene, Lenoir, Jones and Onslow and all counties east of them in North Carolina.

6 July 1865: Brigadier-General Charles Jackson Paine assumed command of the District of New Bern.

District of North Carolina

14 August 1863-21 October 1864

31 January 1865-1 March 1865

John James Peck 14 August 1863-3 January 1864

Innis Newton Palmer 4 January 1864-4 February 1864

John James Peck 5 February 1864-24 April 1864

Innis Newton Palmer 25 April 1864-1 October 1864

Innis Newton Palmer 31 January 1865-1 March 1865

14 August 1863: The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising the former District of Albemarle, District of the Pamlico, District of Beaufort, and the Defences of New Bern, each of which transferred the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The District of Albemarle was renamed the Sub- District of Albemarle and transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The District of the Pamlico was renamed the Sub-District of the Pamlico and transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The District of Beaufort was renamed the Sub-District of Beaufort and transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The Defences of New Bern transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the District of North Carolina.

4 January 1864: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of North Carolina in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

5 February 1864: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the District of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

5 March 1864: The Defences of New Bern was discontinued, and renamed as the Sub-District of New Bern.

5 March 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern was established in the District of North Carolina from the Defences of New Bern.

19 April 1864: The Sub-District of Albemarle was discontinued.

25 April 1864: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

21 October 1864: The District of North Carolina was discontinued.

21 October 1864: The Sub-District of New Bern transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

21 October 1864: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

31 January 1865: The District of North Carolina was re-established in the Department of North Carolina. It comprised the territories of New Bern, Roanoke Island, Beaufort, and Roanoke.

31 January 1865: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of North Carolina.

1 March 1865: The District of North Carolina was discontinued.

District of West North Carolina

6 July 1865-1 October 1865

Thomas Tinsley Heath 6 July 1865-1 October 1865

6 July 1865: The District of West North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina. It comprised the territory around Morganton, North Carolina.

6 July 1865: Colonel Thomas Tinsley Heath assumed command of the District of West North Carolina.

October 1 19865: The District of West North Carolina was discontinued.

District of Albemarle North Carolina

23 April 1863-14 August 1863

Sub-District of Albemarle

14 August 1863-19 April 1864

Henry Walton Wessels 23 April 1863-19 April 1864

23 April 1863: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territories around Plymouth and Roanoke, North Carolina.

23 April 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells assumed command of the District of Albemarle.

15 July 1863: The District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells retained command of the District of Albemarle.

14 August 1863: The District of Albemarle was renamed as the Sub-District of Albemarle in the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The Sub-District of Albemarle was established in the District of North Carolina. It comprised the renamed District of Albemarle transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells retained command of the Sub-District of Albemarle.

19 April 1864: The Sub-District of Albemarle in the District of North Carolina was discontinued.

District of Currituck North Carolina

11 December 1863-18 January 1865

James Hewitt Ledlie 11 December 1863-15 February 1864

Samuel Henry Roberts 16 February 1864-18 January 1865

11 December 1863: The District of Currituck was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, comprising Pungo, Currituck Court House, Coinjack, and Northwest Landing on the border of Virginia and North Carolina.

11 December 1863: Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie assumed command of the District of Currituck.

16 February 1864: Colonel Samuel Henry Roberts assumed command of the District of Currituck, succeeding Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie.

18 January 1865: The District of Currituck was discontinued.

District of Greensboro North Carolina

6 July 1865-31 December 1865

Samuel Powhatan Carter 6 July 1865-31 December 1865

6 July 1865: The District of Greensboro was established in the Department of North Carolina. The district extended over 22 counties in central North Carolina, around Greensboro.

6 July 1865: Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter assumed command of the District of Greensboro.

District of the Neuse North Carolina

23 April 1863-27 April 1863

District of Beaufort North Carolina

27 April 1863-14 August 1863

Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina

14 August 1863–25 February 1865

District of Beaufort North Carolina

25 February 1865-6 July 1865

Henry Morris Naglee 23 April 1863-28 May 1863

Francis Barretto Spinola 29 May 1863

Charles Adam Heckman 30 May 1863-20 July 1863,

Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory 21 July 1863-14 August 1863

Charles Adam Heckman 14 August 1863-10 October 1863

James Jourdan 11 October 1863-26 June 1864

Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory 27 June 1864-6 October 1864

James Stewart 7 October 1864-25 February 1865

Jacob Dolson Cox 25 February 1865-18 March 1865

Innis Newton Palmer 18 March 1865-1 June 1865

Charles Jackson Paine 1 June 1865-6 July 1865

23 April 1863: The District of the Neuse was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the stations of the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad outside New Bern, North Carolina.

23 April 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of the District of the Neuse.

27 April 1863:The District of the Neuse was discontinued.

27 April 1863:The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina.

27 April 1863:The District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina by renaming the District of the Neuse. It included the region south of a line from Evan’s Mill due east to the Neuse River, except for Portsmouth, North Carolina.

27 April 1863:Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina.

29 May 1863:Brigadier-General Francis Barretto Spinola assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee.

30 May 1863: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Francis Barretto Spinola.

15 July 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman retained command of the District of Beaufort Virginia and North Carolina.

21 July 1863: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina and Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

14 August 1863: The District of Beaufort North Carolina was renamed as the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina in the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina was established in the District of North Carolina. It comprised the renamed Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Colonel Jonathan Coffin Amory.

11 October 1863: Colonel James Jourdan assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman.

27 June 1864: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Colonel James Jourdan.

7 October 1864: Colonel James Stewart assumed command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory.

21 October 1864: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

21 October 1864: Colonel James Stewart retained command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina.

21 October 1864: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

21 October 1864: Colonel James Stewart retained command of the Sub-District of Beaufort Virginia and North Carolina.

18 January 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

31 January 1865: Colonel James Stewart retained command of the Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina.

31 January 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina transferred from the Department of Virginia to the District of North Carolina.

25 February 1865: The Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina was discontinued, and renamed as the District of Beaufort.

25 February 1865: The District of Beaufort was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the former Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina. It included all posts north of Port Macon, North Carolina.

25 February 1865: Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina.

18 March 1865: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox.

1 June 1865: Brigadier-General Charles Jackson Paine assumed command of the District of Beaufort North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

6 July 1865: The District of Beaufort North Carolina was discontinued.

District of the Pamlico North Carolina

23 April 1863-14 August 1863

Sub-District of the Pamlico

14 August 1863-1 May 1864

Henry Prince 23 April 1863-15 July 1863

Joseph Miller McChesney temporary 15 July 1863-30 July 1863

Orson E Moulton temporary 31 July 1863-7 September 1863

Josiah Pickett 8 September 1863-25 October 1863

Joseph Miller McChesney 26 October 1863-10 March 1864

Edward Harland 11 March 1864-1 May 1864

23 April 1863: The District of the Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Washington, North Carolina, Hatteras Inlet, and the surrounding areas.

23 April 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Prince assumed command of the District of the Pamlico.

27 April 1863: The District of the Pamlico was redefined to include Craven County north of the Neuse River except for Fort Anderson; and the counties of Pitt, Beaufort, and Hyde.

15 July 1863: The District of the Pamlico transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney assumed temporary command of the District of the Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Prince.

31 July 1863: Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton assumed temporary command of the District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney.

14 August 1863: The District of the Pamlico was renamed the Sub-District of the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: The Sub-District of the Pamlico was established in the District of North Carolina.

14 August 1863: Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton retained command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico.

8 September 1863: Colonel Josiah Pickett assumed command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel Orson E Moulton.

26 October 1863: Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney assumed temporary command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Josiah Pickett.

11 March 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Harland assumed command of the Sub-District of the Pamlico, succeeding Colonel Joseph Miller McChesney.

1 May 1864: The Sub-District of the Pamlico was discontinued.

District of Raleigh North Carolina

6 July 1865-31 December 1865

Adelbert Ames 6 July 1865-31 December 1865

6 July 1865: The District of Raleigh was established in the Department of North Carolina. It comprised the vicinity of Raleigh and Goldsboro, North Carolina.

6 July 1865: Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames assumed command of the District of Raleigh.

District of Wilmington North Carolina

1 March 1865-20 September 1865

Joseph Roswell Hawley 1 March 1865-23 June 1865

John Worthington Ames 23 June 1865-20 September 1865

1 March 1865: The District of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina. It comprised Wilmington, North Carolina, and the territory around, including the locations occupied by XVIII Corps North Carolina “Army of the Ohio”.

1 March 1865: Brigadier-General Joseph Roswell Hawley assumed command of the District of Wilmington.

23 June 1865: Colonel John Worthington Ames assumed command of the District of Wilmington, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Roswell Hawley.

20 September 1865: The District of Wilmington was discontinued.

South Carolina

District of Beaufort South Carolina

25 April 1864-13 May 1865

Rufus Saxton 25 April 1864-22 January 1865

Edward Elmer Potter 23 January 1865-13 May 1865

25 April 1864: The District of Beaufort South Carolina was established in the Department of the South, comprising the vicinity of Beaufort, South Carolina.

25 April 1864: Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton assumed command of the District of Beaufort South Carolina.

23 January 1865: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Beaufort South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton.

13 May 1865: The District of Beaufort South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

District of Charleston South Carolina

23 June 1865-27 June 1865

John Porter Hatch 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

23 June 1865: The District of Charleston was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Charleston, Colleton, Orangeburg, Lexington, Barnwell, and Richland districts counties of South Carolina.

23 June 1865: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Charleston.

27 June 1865: The District of Charleston was discontinued.

District of Hilton Head South Carolina

15 January 1864-13 May 1865

District of Port Royal South Carolina

13 May 1865-27 June 1865

Truman Seymour 15 January 1863-5 February 1864

Joshua Blackwood Howell 6 February 1864-25 April 1864

William Watts Davis 26 April 1864-12 May 1864

William Birney 13 May 1864-1 June 1864

John Porter Hatch 2 June 1864-31 July 1864

Edward Elmer Potter 1 August 1864-25 October 1864

Philip Perry Brown 26 October 1864-31 October 1864

Edward Elmer Potter 1 November 1864-27 November 1864

Philip Perry Brown 28 November 1864-23 December 1864

Milton Smith Littlefield 24 December 1864-31 December 1864

Philip Perry Brown 1 January 1865-21 February 1865

Milton Smith Littlefield 22 February 1865-13 May 1865

Edward Elmer Potter 13 May 1865-27 June 1865

15 January 1863: The District of Hilton Head was established in the Department of the South. It comprised Hilton Head, Seabrook and Saint Helena Islands in South Carolina, and Tybee Island and Fort Pulaski, Georgia.

15 January 1863: Brigadier-General Truman Seymour assumed command of the District of Hilton Head.

6 February 1864: Colonel Joshua Blackwood Howell assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Truman Seymour.

26 April 1864: Colonel William Watts Hart Davis assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Joshua Blackwood Howell.

13 May 1864: Brigadier-General William Birney assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel William Watts Hart Davis.

2 June 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General William Birney.

1 August 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

26 October 1864: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

1 November 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

28 November 1864: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

24 December 1864: Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

1 January 1865: Colonel Philip Perry Brown assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield.

22 February 1865: Colonel Milton Smith Littlefield assumed command of the District of Hilton Head, succeeding Colonel Philip Perry Brown.

13 May 1865: The District of Hilton Head was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

13 May 1865: The District of Beaufort South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Port Royal.

13 May 1865: The District of Port Royal was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territories formerly in the District of Beaufort and the District of Hilton Head.

13 May 1865: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the District of Port Royal.

27 June 1865: The District of Port Royal was discontinued.

Northern District of the South

31 March 1862-21 June 1862

13 January 1864-27 June 1865

Henry Washington Benham 31 March 1862-21 June 1862

Alfred Howe Terry 15 January 1864-24 April 1864

Alexander Schimmelfennig 25 April 1864- 1 September 1864

Rufus Saxton 2 September 1864-2 October 1864

Eliakim Parker Scammon 3 October 1864-25 October 1864

Edward Elmer Potter 26 October 1864-13 November 1864

John Porter Hatch 14 November 1864-27 November 1864

Edward Needles Hallowell 28 November 1864-7 December 1864

Alexander Schimmelfennig 8 December 1864-25 February 1865

John Porter Hatch 26 February 1865-27 June 1865

31 March 1862: The Northern District was established in the Department of the South, comprising the states of South Carolina, Georgia, and the parts of Florida north of the line connecting Cape Canaveral to Cedar Keys and east of a north-south line from Cedar Keys to the border of Georgia.

31 March 1862: Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South.

21 June 1862: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

13 January 1864: The Northern District was established in the Department of the South. It comprised the territory from Charleston Harbour to Saint Helena Sound, South Carolina.

13 January 1864: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of the Northern District South.

25 April 1864: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig assumed command of the Northern District of the District of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

2 September 1864: Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

3 October 1864: General Eliakim Parker Scammon assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton.

26 October 1864: Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Eliakim Parker Scammon.

14 November 1864: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General Edward Elmer Potter.

28 November 1864: Colonel Edward Needles Hallowell assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch.

8 December 1864: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig assumed command of the Northern District of the Department of the South, succeeding Colonel Edward Needles Hallowell.

26 February 1865: Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch assumed command of the Northern District South, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfennig.

27 June 1865: The Northern District of the Department of the South was discontinued.

Department of South Carolina

27 June 1865-31 December 1865

Quincy Adams Gillmore 27 June 1865-10 September 1865

Charles Devens temporary 10 September 1865-16 October 1865

Quincy Adams Gillmore 16 October 1865-9 November 1865 interim 18 November 1865

Daniel Edgar Sickles 9 November 1865-31 December 1865

27 June 1865: The Department of South Carolina was established in the Military Division of the Atlantic.

27 June 1865: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, arriving on 18 July 1865.

18 July 1865: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore arrived to command the Department of South Carolina.

10 September 1865: Brigadier-General Charles Devens assumed temporary command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

16 October 1865: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Devens.

9 November 1865: Major-General Daniel Edgar Sickles was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, arriving on 18 November 1865.

18 November 1865: Major-General Daniel Edgar Sickles arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Charles Devens.

District of Eastern South Carolina

23 June 1865-27 June 1865

George Lafayette Beal 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

23 June 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Horry, Georgetown, Marion, Williamsburg, Marlboro, Darlington, Sumter, Kershaw, and Chesterfield districts counties.

23 June 1865: Brigadier-General George Lafayette Beal assumed command of the District of Eastern South Carolina.

27 June 1865: The District of Eastern South Carolina was discontinued.

District of Western South Carolina

23 June 1865-27 June 1865

Charles Henry Van Wyck 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

23 June 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was established in the Department of the South. It consisted of Lancaster, Fairfield, Chester, York, Union, Newberry, Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurens, Spartanburg, Greenville, Anderson, and Pickens districts counties.

23 June 1865: Colonel Charles Henry Van Wyck assumed command of the District of Western South Carolina.

27 June 1865: The District of Western South Carolina was discontinued.

Minor Armies, Corps, and equivalents

Army of North Carolina

16 August 1863-25 April 1864

John James Peck 16 August 1863-25 April 1864

16 August 1863: The Army of North Carolina was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

16 August 1863: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of the Army of North Carolina.

25 April 1864: The Army of North Carolina was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. XVIII Corps North Carolina transferred from the Army of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

X Corps South

3 September 1862-28 April 1864

Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia and North Carolina

6 January 1865-18 January 1865

Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia

18 January 1865-31 January 1865

Terry’s Provisional Corps North Carolina

31 January 1865-23 March 1865

X Corps North Carolina

23 March 1865-1 August 1865

John Milton Brannan 3 September 1862-16 September 1862

Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 17 September 1862-26 October 1862

John Milton Brannan temporary 27 October 1862-19 January 1863

David Hunter 20 January 1863-11 June 1863

Quincy Adams Gillmore 12 June 1863-28 April 1864

Alfred Howe Terry 6 January 1865-13 May 1865

Adelbert Ames 13 May 1865-1 August 1865

3 September 1862: X Corps South was established in the Department of the South.

3 September 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed command of X Corps South.

17 September 1862: Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel assumed command of X Corps South, succeeding Brigadier-John Milton Brannan.

27 October 1862: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan assumed temporary command of the X Corps South, succeeding Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel.

20 January 1863: Major-General David Hunter assumed command of the X Corps South, succeeding Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan.

12 June 1863: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore assumed command of X Corps South, succeeding Major-General David Hunter.

28 April 1864: X Corps South transferred from the Department of the South to the Army of the James.

6 January 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps was established in the Department of Virginia and North Carolina; comprising parts of the former X Corps James.

6 January 1865: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry assumed command of Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia and North Carolina.

18 January 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Department of Virginia.

18 January 1865: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry retained command of Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia.

31 January 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps Virginia transferred from the Department of Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

31 January 1865: Major-General Alfred Howe Terry retained command of Terry’s Provisional Corps North Carolina.

23 March 1865: Terry’s Provisional Corps North Carolina was discontinued, and its forces transferred to X Corps North Carolina.

23 March 1865: X Corps was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces previously in Terry’s Provisional Corps North Carolina.

23 March 1865: Major-General Alfred Howe Terry retained command of X Corps North Carolina.

13 May 1865: Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames assumed command of X Corps North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Alfred Howe Terry.

1 August 1865: X Corps North Carolina was discontinued.

XVIII Corps North Carolina

24 December 1862-15 July 1863

XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina

15 July 1863-16 August 1863

XVIII Corps North Carolina

16 August 1863-25 April 1864

XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina

25 April 1864-2 May 1864

John Gray Foster 24 December 1862-17 July 1863

Innis Newton Palmer temporary 18 July 1863-13 August 1863

John James Peck 14 August 1863-16 August 1863

John Gray Foster 16 August 1863-10 November 1863

Benjamin Franklin Butler 11 November 1863-2 May 1864

24 December 1862: XVIII Corps North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising forces that had taken part in the expeditions to Roanoke Island and New Bern and the garrisons of New Bern, Plymouth, and Beaufort.

24 December 1862: Major-General John Gray Foster assumed of command XVIII Corps North Carolina.

15 July 1863: XVIII Corps North Carolina transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

15 July 1863: Major-General John Gray Foster retained command of XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina.

18 July 1863: Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer assumed temporary command of XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

1 August 1863: IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina.

1 August 1863: VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina was discontinued, and its forces assigned to XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina.

14 August 1863: Major-General John James Peck assumed command of XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer.

16 August 1863: XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of North Carolina.

16 August 1863: Major-General John Gray Foster assumed command of XVIII Corps Army of North Carolina succeeding Major-General John James Peck.

11 November 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler assumed command of XVIII Corps North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Gray Foster.

25 April 1864: XVIII Corps North Carolina transferred from the discontinued Army of North Carolina to the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

25 April 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler retained command of XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina.

2 May 1864: XVIII Corps transferred from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to the Army of the James.

XXIII Corps North Carolina

2 February 1865-1 August 1865

John McAllister Schofield 2 February 1865-31 March 1865

Jacob Dolson Cox 31 March 1865-1 August 1865

2 February 1865: XXIII Corps transferred with the Army of the Ohio to the Department of North Carolina and continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of the Ohio”.

2 February 1865: Major-General John McAllister Schofield retained command of XXIII Corps North Carolina in the Department of North Carolina.

31 March 1865: Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox assumed command of XXIII Corps North Carolina, succeeding Major-General John McAllister Schofield.

1 August 1865: XXIII Corps North Carolina was discontinued.

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