High Commands Chronology Confederate

Organisation of Confederate Territorial and Field Commands

Part 1: Introduction to Confederate Military Organisations and Pre-War Organisation

Part 2: Wartime Organisation, April 1861-June 1865

Part 2a: Trans-Mississippi Theatre
Part 2b: Gulf Coast Theatre, 1861-1862
Part 2c: Atlantic Coast Theatre
Part 2d: Eastern Theatre
Part 2e: Western and Gulf Theatre

Part 3: Staff Bureaux

Part 1: Introduction to Confederate Military Organisations

The permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America provided that the President should be Commander-in-Chief of the Army and of the Navy, and of the Militia of the several States when called into actual service. President Jefferson Davis became Commander-in-Chief on his inauguration as President of the Confederate States of America on 18th February 1861. Davis had been trained at USMA, and served with distinction in the US Volunteers and as Secretary of War of the United States, giving him a high opinion of his own military abilities.

The War Department under the Secretary of War conducted the political and administrative oversight of the Army, Navy and the Marines; and all matters pertaining to the conduct of military operations. The Militia of the several States were directed by the Governor. The Secretary of the Navy dealt with matters pertaining to the Navy and Marines.

The US Regular Army had traditionally considered its most senior ranking officer as General-in-Chief, but the post of General-in-Chief was not created by the Confederate Congress until 23rd January 1865. The position had been debated as early as February 27 1862, but President Jefferson Davis voiced his rejection and veto to the Congress on 14th March 1862. He believed that such a General could “command an army or armies without the will of the President.”

General Robert Edward Lee and General Braxton Bragg served as Military Advisers to the President, “charged with the conduct of military operations in the armies of the Confederacy.” Executive authority remained with the President with guidance from the Adviser.

Much of the design of the Confederate States Army was based on the structure and customs of the US Army when the Confederate Congress established their War Department on February 21 1861. The Confederate Army was composed of three parts; the Army of the Confederate States of America (ACSA), intended to become the permanent regular army, the Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS), a “Volunteer” Army to be disbanded after hostilities, and the Militias of the several States.

Territorial Commands

Territorial commands were organised to relate to geographical territories rather than to particular military forces. Military Divisions, Departments and Districts had a primarily administrative function for their specific territory and dealt with military and logistical matters. They provided operational command in response to strategic directions from the War Department and other senior leaders. They did not necessarily direct the tactical operations of forces in the field.

Military Divisions were strategic commands, reporting directly to the President, War Department and, eventually, the General-in-Chief. They were devised to coordinate the action of their subordinate Department commanders at a strategic level.

The Military Division of the West was designated in October 1863 and continued until December 1863. It was intended to coordinate operations of the Western Department, the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, and the Department of East Tennessee. Early in December 1863 the latter of these was detached and made independent, and the Western Department followed in July 1863. Its commander, General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, always argued that the region was so extensive, communications so slow, opportunities for cooperation by his Department commanders so difficult, and the direction of the President so strong, that the organisation was ineffectual.

The Military Division of the West was revived in October 1864, to coordinate the Department of Western Kentucky, the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command. Beauregard encountered the same obstacles as Johnston and by December 1864, it was again discontinued, and never revived.

As the Military Division proved to be impractical for the Confederacy, the highest-level of effective territorial command throughout was the Department. Departments reported directly to the President, War Department and, eventually and largely theoretically in 1865, to the General-in-Chief. Some Departments were subdivided into one or more Districts and Sub-Districts. Departments were created to oversee threatened regions of the Confederate States at the outbreak of the war but eventually extended across the entire Confederate regions by the end of the war. As the advancing Union army occupied Confederate territory, many Departments were discontinued or operated with a shadow of the influence their title implied.

The size and borders of Departments and their Districts and Sub-Districts changed in response to local circumstances and command priorities. Some were aligned with state borders but most reflected territories of military operations across or within state and territorial borders. Their nomenclature could be inconsistent, and anomalies occasionally arose over the geographical extent and authority of some Departments.

Districts and Sub-Districts were formed in some Departments. These had specific geographical responsibilities. Some existed for extended periods of time while others functioned only temporarily in response to operational requirements. Many were subject to changes to their territory of responsibility as commanders as circumstances developed.

Field Commands

Military forces were combined in varying sizes and levels of complexity for active operations. The basic building blocks were the infantry regiment and cavalry regiment. These were grouped into brigades and then brigades grouped into divisions. In larger forces, a collection of divisions and brigades was termed an Army. Sometimes Armies were sub-divided into one or more Corps (or more properly, Army Corps).

Corps were not authorised officially in the Confederate army until 18th September 1862. However, the term was already in unofficial use prior to this date, along with terms such as “Wing”, “Command”, and others. These usually described a group of divisions. Sometimes a Corps was no larger than a division; at other times, a Corps might contain several divisions.

The Corps was the largest formation within the major armies, but they were never officially numbered in the Confederate army. The terms I Corps, II Corps, III Corps etc., are modern descriptors. This convention means that As Corps designations, for example, I Corps, was counted only within its parent army, there are many apparent duplications of name, e.g. I Corps Northern Virginia, I Corps Mississippi, I Corps Tennessee, could all exist simultaneously. At the time, each Corps was usually named after its commander, e.g., Longstreet’s Corps. The use of the commander’s name by general practice meant that there was little confusion at the time, but use of the numerical makes it easier to trace the continuity of commands when their commanders’ names changed. If a number was ever used it was written in words, e.g. First Corps. Some Armies had only one named Corps and others had none. Some Corps only ever served within one field Army or Department while a few e. g. I Corps Northern Virginia, were transferred from Department to Department. Corps usually remained with their parent army but were occasionally detached to operate independently e. g. Longstreet’s Corps operated in Southern Virginia in 1863, Early‘s Corps operated in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864, Breckinridge’s Reserve Corps operated at Baton Rouge in 1862. A Corps operated temporarily with another field army on only one occasion when Longstreet’s I Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia was transferred temporarily to the Army of Tennessee in the autumn of 1863. It returned the following spring but always retained its designation as part of the Army of Northern Virginia on attachment.

There were never more than nine or ten active Confederate Corps and usually no more than five or six at any one time; these were broken up or reorganised occasionally. The transfer in and out of brigades or divisions from Corps to Corps was not seen as good practice, but happened more frequently in the West than in the East.

Divisions were created in the first year of the war to group brigades together under one command. The creation of Divisions within a field army was authorized by the Congress on 6th March 1861 to be commanded by a Major-General. They were almost always named after their commander and rarely numbered. The most common organisation was for a Corps to have three Divisions, but some had two and, especially early in the war, four, five or even six divisions. Divisions, whether they were within an Army Corps or acting independently, were intended to be commanded by a Major-General. Divisions were occasionally numbered within a Corps or an Army e. g. “1st Division” but the most widespread practice was to name them after their appointed commander e. g. “Cleburne’s Division”. Even on the infrequent occasions where they were assigned a numeral they were more frequently referred to by the commander’s name. In contrast, from mid to late 1862 onwards, Union Divisions were generally but not invariably numbered within a Corps e. g. 1st Division, VI Corps.

In the absence of the appointed Major-General, the senior Brigadier-General of the division would command but the Division would retain officially the name of the appointed Major-General. In practice, especially when a Major-General had an extended absence or was as yet unnamed, the Division would be referred to for clarity by the Brigadier-General’s name. Later in the war, necessity sometimes forced the appointment of Division commanders from outside the Corps.

The organisation of regiments into brigades was authorized by the Congress on March 6 1861. It was intended that Brigades of infantry and cavalry should be commanded by a Brigadier-General. Brigadier-Generals were nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Brigadier-Generals were appointed later in the war to command larger concentrations of artillery, and to some senior staff positions. The term Chief of Staff was not in use, but on both sides a General was sometimes appointed as a second-in-command to perform that role.

Brigades, whether acting within a Division or independently, were intended to be commanded by a Brigadier-General. Occasionally Brigades might be numbered within a division or command e. g. “1st Brigade” but the standard practice was to name them after their commander e. g. “Kemper’s Brigade”. Even where they were numbered they were more frequently referred to by the commander’s name.

Within a Brigade, each Regiment was commanded by a Colonel, supported at full strength by a Lieutenant-Colonel and a Major. In the absence of the appointed Brigadier-General, the senior Colonel of the brigade would command the Brigade, but it would retain officially the name of the appointed Brigadier. In practice, especially when a Brigadier-General had an extended absence or was yet to be assigned, the Brigade would be referred to for clarity by the commanding Colonel’s name. Preference to command a brigade was usually accorded to the senior Colonel if a promotion was required, but necessity sometimes forced the appointment of brigade commanders from outside the division or even the corps.

Commanders of Field Commands

Unlike in the US Regular Army and US Volunteers, which each had only the grades of Brigadier-General and Major-General until one single Lieutenant-General was appointed in 1864, the Confederates immediately created a three grade structure in 1861 – of Brigadier-General, Major-General and General. The fourth grade of Lieutenant-General was created to coincide with the creation of Corps commands in late 1862. The Confederates adhered fairly strictly to appointing commanders with a grade appropriate to their command: Brigadier-General for a Brigade, Major-General for a Division, Lieutenant-General for a Corps and General for a major Army. Territorial commands were assigned much less rigidly, and a Department could be commanded by an officer in any one of those grades, depending on its importance. As the Confederate army declined in size and numbers, from late 1864 onwards there were often officers holding higher grades than was requisite for their command. By the end of the war, there was an abundance of Generals of higher grades and a dearth of lower grades.

In the absence of the appointed Lieutenant-General, the senior Major-General of the division would normally assume command but the Corps would retain officially the name of the appointed Lieutenant-General. Occasionally, when the Lieutenant-General had an extended absence or was as yet unnamed, the Corps would be referred to for clarity by the name of the temporary commander. Necessity sometimes forced the appointment of a new or temporary Corps commander from outside the Corps.

This grade was not synonymous with the Union use of it; Ulysses Simpson Grant was one of only two Union Lieutenant-Generals during the war, the other being Winfield Scott who had received a promotion to Brevet Lieutenant-General by a special act of Congress in 1855. Grant was by the time of his promotion, March 9 1864, the only substantive Union Lieutenant-General in active service.

Major-Generals served in a few cases as aides to other higher-ranking Generals or War Department staff officers. Many commanded Military Departments or the Districts within them, the majority served as commanders of Divisions within a field army.

Pre-War Organisation

The Confederacy had both the advantage and the disadvantage of creating a military organisation anew for the new nation. Inheriting the traditions and training from the US Army as a basis for the new Confederate Army, there were also opportunities for innovation. The officer corps of the Confederacy did not come immediately into existence. Some officers resigned from the US Army and offered their services to the new nation, or to their home State. They were joined by former soldiers and officers, and new appointees taking up commissions for their State

The embryonic Army of the Confederate States of America (ACSA) provided commissions for the first volunteers, but there were quickly replaced by commissions in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS). The PACS, like the US Volunteers, was intended as an interim and temporary force to be stood down after the achievement of Independence and replaced by the ACSA. As victory was never achieved, the occasion never arose for the permanent Regular Army to be established much beyond the name.

There was some deliberate planning in the evolution of the territorial and field commands of the Confederacy, but the first six months were characterised by improvisation in response to the most immediate threats. Whereas the US Regular Army had existing military Departments covering the entire mainland of the country, the Confederates established its first military commands at the initial points of threatened invasion and the remaining US military posts on its territory and coastline.

The very first large-scale military organisation was the Department of Louisiana, to defend New Orleans, the most populous city of the South and the gateway to the Mississippi. The Confederates understood that the Mississippi River was a vital strategic artery and access to it needed to be defended as an urgent priority. Furthermore, the Confederacy’s economic and strategic dependence on cotton exports required every available port to be held open and their fortifications to be acquired by State or national troops.

The next development inevitably occurred around Charleston, SC, where the national crisis was increasingly focused on the US garrison holding out at Fort Sumter. The Department of South Carolina was formed at the beginning of March 1861 to organise state forces to achieve its reduction. Unsurprisingly, the Department of West Florida was formed very soon afterwards to oppose the US garrison at Fort Pickens, at Pensacola, Florida. The confrontation at Charleston would spark the outbreak of armed hostilities. Opportunism led to the emergence of the next Confederate command at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, where the US Arsenal provided much needed machinery and supplies.

Plans to recruit an army and to mobilise the existing state militias for the occupation of Federal property continued apace but it would require the outbreak of actual hostilities for the Confederate Army to establish its true form as a military organisation. For the coming conflict, the Confederacy followed the pattern of the Union, which supplemented its Regular Army by recruiting a temporary army of volunteers, called up for service of limited duration. The main difference was that the Confederates never truly established a Regular Army. Of 1,108 US Regular Army officers serving as of 1 January 1861, 270 ultimately resigned to join the Confederacy. Only a few hundred out of 15,135 enlisted men left the ranks.

Part 2: Wartime organisation, April 1861-June 1865

Part 2a: Trans-Mississippi Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, western Louisiana, the Indian Territory, Arizona Territory, New Mexico Territory, and adjacent operational regions.

The largest Confederate state west of the Mississippi was Texas and its military defences quickly took shape. There were three initial objectives: to provide a base of operations to extend Confederate influence into the western territories; to secure the coastal ports against enemy incursion and to retain open ports against the blockade; and thirdly, being broadly immune to overland invasion, to provide reinforcements and supplies for the more exposed states of Arkansas and Louisiana. The Department of Texas was established on the outbreak of war on April 11 1861 and quickly formed satellite districts and sub-districts to manage its far flung territory. These coalesced around Galveston, Pass Cavallo, Houston, the Rio Grande, and the Western and Eastern Districts of the state.

Control of the Indian Territory was disputed with the Union. It was initially treated as an autonomous military region but on 22nd November 1861, it became a Department of the Indian Territory. The Arizona Territory similarly operated as an autonomous military District from 1st October 1861.

The remainder of the Trans-Mississippi theatre was treated initially in a way similar to the Union, namely to treat the Mississippi River not as a border but as the centre of the military geography. The Western

Department established on June 25 1861 brought all the territory north of the 31st parallel, up the Mississippi River and east of the Tennessee River. This gave at least theoretical unity of command of the decisive area where the Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio and Tennessee converged. The District of Upper Arkansas and the Forces in Missouri took responsibility west of the Mississippi, although matters in Missouri were confused. By July 4 1861 the Western Department had been extended to include much of Alabama, the Mississippi River counties of Arkansas and Mississippi and Louisiana north and east of the White and Black Rivers. The Western Army was established unofficially on August 4 1861 to direct the forces west of the Mississippi.

In response to the obvious need to coordinate operations either side of the Mississippi, the growth of the Western Department continued inexorably. On September 10 1861 it was extended to include Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and the Indian Territory. The highly regarded General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command but his attention was necessarily focused on developments in Kentucky.

The Indian Territory was unmanageably distant and on November 22 1861 the Department of the Indian Territory was detached again to act independently. The same obstacles of distance and diverging priorities forced further changes in January 1862. The District of Upper Arkansas was discontinued, and became part of a new Trans-Mississippi District which straddled the river and was subordinated to the Western Department. Soon afterwards, the Western Army was discontinued, and incorporated into a new Army of the West, which was being considered for transfer from the less urgent operations west of the Mississippi to the eastern side. The Trans-Mississippi District existed from January 1862 until August 20 1862, and included Louisiana north of the Red River, the Indian Territory and the states of Arkansas and most of Missouri.

The most significant and far-reaching organisational decision was made on May 26 1862, in an attempt to rationalise this structure. The new Trans-Mississippi Department was established with the Mississippi River as its obvious eastern border and with responsibility for everything west of it. That separation allowed the Western Department to manage affairs east of the river without distraction. The Department remained in existence until the end of hostilities and was the last major Confederate command to surrender. Although internal adjustments were made in response to the evolving Union threats and invasions, the Department remained broadly intact and unchanged. It became almost synonymous with its commander, Edmund Kirby Smith, after he took command from 14 January 1863; so much so that it even acquired the nickname of “Kirby-Smithdom”.

The Trans-Mississippi Department took charge of Texas, the Indian Territory, and Arkansas, and acquired the parts of Louisiana west of the Mississippi. Texas continued to be managed as a set of smaller territorial commands, while Arkansas, Arizona, and the Indian Territory became separate districts. The Trans-Mississippi District – in fact, more of an “along the Mississippi” district – existed from January 1862 until August 20 1862, and included Louisiana north of the Red River, the Indian Territory and the states of Arkansas and most of Missouri. It was discontinued on August 20 1862 when a short-lived District of Missouri was formed. At the same time, western Louisiana became a separate District, and the District of Texas was also formed to direct its subordinate territories. By November 1862, the far western territories were irretrievably lost from Confederate control and the District of Texas took over the westernmost regions of the Confederacy as the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Indian Territory came under the District of Arkansas in March 1863.

The Trans-Mississippi struggled to raise, equip and retain large field forces in its comparatively under-developed territory. The Army of the West had long since been sent east of the Mississippi and strenuous efforts were needed to raise a new force for the Trans-Mississippi. Known from September 1862, as the Southwest Army, its heterogeneous parts were dubbed the Trans-Mississippi Army in February 1863 after Smith’s arrival. The immensity of its operational area and difficulty of supply, meant that the army could never operate as a single whole, but its various segments were deployed as necessary to Arkansas, the Texas coast, western Louisiana, and even Missouri. The same difficulties that hampered Confederate operations, also made it difficult for the Union to penetrate far into the interior of the region. The western territories were over-run during 1862, Arkansas was occupied in slow stages, a defensive cordon was established to protect Union-occupied New Orleans from the west, but Union attempts to advance further, whether from the Texas coast, overland from Arkansas, or up the Red River, from Louisiana, were repelled by skilful counter-attacks. The ambitious Confederate invasion of Missouri late in 1864 proved to be an ineffectual swan-song.

These tripartite structure of Districts in Arkansas, western Louisiana, and Texas (with the western territories) was largely unchanged until early 1865, by which time little or no thought could be given to expansive operations. Nor were such operations required as the Union had largely adopted a passive posture west of the Mississippi after securing Arkansas, the Mississippi valley and the majority of the Texan ports. In April 1865, the District of Arkansas and the District of Western Louisiana were combined into a new District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. This final adjustment pre-dated by just over a month the surrender of the entire Trans-Mississippi Department on May 26 1865.

Department of Texas

Established, April 11 1861-May 26 1862, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Department

Earl Van Dorn (April 11 1861-August 14 1861 interim September 4 1861), Henry Eustace McCulloch (temporary September 4 1861-September 18 1861), Paul Octave Hébert (August 14 1861-May 26 1862)

April 11 1861: The Department of Texas was established. Colonel Earl Van Dorn appointed to command of the Department of Texas, arriving on 21st April 1861.

April 21 1861: Colonel Earl Van Dorn arrived to command the Department of Texas.

June 25 1861: The Defences of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas.

August 14 1861: Colonel Paul Octave Hébert appointed to command the Department of Texas, arriving on September 18th 1861, to succeed Brigadier-General Earl Van Dorn.

September 4 1861: Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch assumed temporary command of the Department of Texas, pending the arrival of Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert.

September 18 1861: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert arrived to command of the Department of Texas, succeeding temporary commander Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch.

October 2 1861: The Defences of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Galveston. The District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas.

October 26 1861: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was established in the Department of Texas. 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn assumed command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

December 3 1861: The Western District of Texas was established in the Department of Texas.

January 3 1862: The District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas.

February 10 1862: The Eastern District of Texas (“District of Eastern Texas”) was established in the Department of Texas.

February 25 1862: The District of Galveston was discontinued. The Sub-District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. The District of Houston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Houston. February 25 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande was established in the Department of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Department of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Defences of Galveston

Established, June 25 1861-October 2 1861, discontinued, to District of Galveston

John Creed Moore (June 25 1861-October 2 1861)

June 25 1861: The Defences of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the forces collected on Galveston Island, Bolivar Point and the Galveston Peninsula. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the Defences of Galveston.

October 2 1861: The Defences of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Galveston.

District of Galveston

Established, from Defences of Galveston, October 2 1861-February 25 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Galveston)

John Creed Moore (October 2 1861-December 7 1861 interim December 10 1861), Ebenezer B Nichols (December 7 1861-February 25 1862)

October 2 1861: The District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former Defences of Galveston, Galveston Island, Galveston Bay, Virginia Point and the Bolivar Peninsula. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the District of Galveston.

December 7 1861: State Brigadier-General Ebenezer B Nichols appointed to command the District of Galveston, arriving on 10th December 1861.

December 10 1861: State Brigadier-General Ebenezer B Nichols arrived to command the District of Galveston, succeeding Colonel John Creed Moore.

February 25 1862: The District of Galveston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Galveston.

Defences of Pass Cavallo

Established, October 26 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

John W Glenn (October 26 1861-May 26 1862)

October 26 1861: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was established in the Department of Texas. 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn assumed command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

May 26 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Western District of Texas

Established, December 3 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Department of Texas

Henry Eustace McCulloch (December 3 1861-May 26 1862)

December 3 1861: The Western District of Texas was established in the Department of Texas, comprising all of Texas not subsequently to be assigned to the Eastern District of Texas. Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch assumed command of the Western District of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

District of Houston

Established, January 3 1862-February 25 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Houston

John Creed Moore (January 3 1862-February 25 1862)

January 3 1862: The District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising Houston, Harrisburg and Lewis’ Bayou. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the District of Houston.

February 25 1862: The District of Houston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Houston.

Eastern District of Texas

Established, February 10 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

Paul Octave Hébert (February 10 1862-May 26 1862)

February 10 1862: The Eastern District of Texas (“District of Eastern Texas”) was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the territory between the northern and eastern boundaries of Texas, the eastern shore of Galveston Bay and the left bank of the Trinity River to the intersection of the Cross-Timbers at Alton and then following the Cross-Timbers to the Red River. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the Eastern District of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of Galveston

Established, from District of Galveston, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

Ebenezer B Nichols (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. Colonel Ebenezer B Nichols assumed command of the Sub-District of Galveston.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of Houston

Established, from District of Houston, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

John C Bowen (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. Colonel John C Bowen assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Established, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

Hamilton Prioleau Bee (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the vicinity of San Antonio, Victoria, Indianola and Saluria. State Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee appointed to command the Sub-District of the Rio Grande, arriving on 24th April 1862.

April 24 1862: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee arrived to command the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Indian Territory

Established, May 13 1861-September 10 1861, transferred to Western Department.

Benjamin McCulloch (May 13 1861-September 10 1861)

May 13 1861: Indian Territory was established, comprising approximately the territory of the later state of Oklahoma. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of the Indian Territory.

September 10 1862: Indian Territory transferred to the Western Department as the District of the Indian Territory.

Note: from June 1861, the Western Department held responsibility for much of the Trans-Mississippi theatre. See Part 2e Western Theatre.

Western Department (Department No 2), June 25 1861

District of Upper Arkansas, June 25 1861-January 10 1862, Trans-Mississippi District, January 10 1862-

District of the Indian Territory, September 10 1861-November 22 1861

Forces in Missouri, July 2 1861-August 4 1861, Western Army, August 4 1861-January 19 1862, Army of the West, January 19 1862-

District of Arizona

Established, October 1 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

John Robert Baylor (October 1 1861-December 12 1861), Henry Hopkins Sibley (December 12 1861-May 26 1862)

October 1 1861: The District of Arizona was established, comprising Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas and Indian Territory. Colonel John Robert Baylor assumed command of the District of Arizona.

December 12 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley assumed command of the District of Arizona, succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel John Robert Baylor.

December 14 1861: The Army of New Mexico was established in the District of Arizona.

May 26 1862: The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 26 1862: The District of Arizona transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Army of New Mexico

Established, December 14 1861-May 26 1862

Henry Hopkins Sibley (December 14 1861-May 26 1862)

December 14 1861: The Army of New Mexico was established in the District of Arizona. Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley assumed command of the Army of New Mexico.

May 26 1862: The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Department of the Indian Territory

Established, from District of the Indian Territory, November 22 1861-May 26 1862, to District of Indian Territory

Albert Pike (November 22 1861-January 20 1862, de facto January 20 1862-July 12 1862), Douglas Hancock Cooper (January 20 1862-May 26 1862)

November 22 1861: The Department of the Indian Territory was established, comprising the territory of the discontinued District of the Indian Territory. Brigadier-General Albert Pike assumed command of the Department of the Indian Territory.

January 20 1862: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper appointed to command of the Department of the Indian Territory; Brigadier-General Albert Pike retained de facto unofficial command.

May 26 1862: The Department of the Indian Territory was discontinued The Department of the Indian Territory was discontinued, and transferred as the District of the Indian Territory in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Trans-Mississippi Department

Established, from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-July 18 1862 interim July 30 1862), Theophilus Hunter Holmes (July 18 1862-January 14 1863 interim January 17 1863), Edmund Kirby Smith (January 14 1863-April 19 1865), Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary April 19 1865-April 22 1865), Edmund Kirby Smith (April 22 1865-May 26 1865)

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi Department was established to comprise Texas, Indian Territory, Arkansas, Missouri and Louisiana west of the Mississippi. The Department of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The District of Indian Territory was established in the Department of Trans-Mississippi. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 28 1862: Western Louisiana transferred from Department No 1 to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana. The Western District of Texas transferred formally from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas. The District of Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

July 18 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, arriving on 30th July 1862.

July 30 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi Department.

August 20 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was discontinued, and divided into the District of Texas and the District of West Louisiana. The District of Texas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana. The District of West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising Louisiana west of the Mississippi River. The District of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

September 28 1862: The District of Missouri was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into I Corps (Trans Mississippi). The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas. I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established to operate in north-western Arkansas, south-western Missouri and the Indian Territory.

November 29 1862: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established by extending the authority of the District of Texas over the District of Arizona and over New Mexico Territory, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

January 14 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, arriving on 17th January 1863.

January 17 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

February 9 1863: The Southwest Army was discontinued, and renamed the Trans-Mississippi Army. The Trans-Mississippi Army was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising all field forces west of the Mississippi.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

September 8 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army).

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. The District of Western Louisiana was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It comprised the former District of Arkansas and the District of West Louisiana. Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding General Edmund Kirby Smith.

April 22 1865: General Edmund Kirby Smith resumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

May 26 1865: The Trans-Mississippi Department surrendered. The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana surrendered. The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. The District of Indian Territory surrendered. Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. The Sub-District of Houston surrendered. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande surrendered. The Trans-Mississippi Army surrendered. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

Trans-Mississippi District

Transferred from Western Department, May 26 1862-August 20 1862, discontinued, to District of Missouri and District of West Louisiana

Earl Van Dorn (interim May 26 1862-May 31 1862), Thomas Carmichael Hindman (May 26 1862-July 2 1862), Vacant (July 3 1862-August 20 1862)

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi District, arriving on 31st May 1862, to succeed Major-General Earl Van Dorn. Major-General Earl Van Dorn retained interim command of the Trans-Mississippi District. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 28 1862: Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

May 31 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi District, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

July 3 1862: Command of the Trans-Mississippi District became vacant.

August 20 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana.

Forces in Arkansas

Established, May 11 1862-May 26 1862, to Trans-Mississippi Department

John Selden Roane (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General John Selden Roane retained command of Forces in Arkansas.

May 28 1862: Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

Eastern District of Texas

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, to District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert retained command of the Eastern District of Texas.

May 28 1862: The Eastern District of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana, in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Western District of Texas

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Henry Eustace McCulloch (May 26 1862-November 29 1862)

May 26 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch retained command of the Western District of Texas.

May 28 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred formally from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas.

November 29 1862: The Western District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, May 28 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Hamilton Prioleau Bee (May 28 1862-November 29 1862)

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas

Established, May 28 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Xavier Blanchard Debray (May 28 1862-November 29 1862)

May 28 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas, comprising Texas between the Sabine River on the east and a line beginning at Watson’s Ferry on the Sabine and running along the southern boundary of Panola, Rusk, Cherokee, Anderson, Freestone, and Limestone counties, to Marlin on the Brazos River, then up the Brazos to McLennan, then along the western boundary to Falls, Bell, Williamson, Travis, Bastrop, Fayette, Colorado, Wharton and Matagorda counties to Pass Cavallo. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas.

November 29 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of Arizona

Transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department, May 26 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Henry Hopkins Sibley (May 26 1862-November 29 1862)

May 26 1862: The District of Arizona transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley retained command of the District of Arizona.

November 29 1862: The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of the Indian Territory

Established, from Department of the Indian Territory, May 26 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Albert Pike (de facto May 26 1862-November 3 1862), Douglas Hancock Cooper (May 26 1862-January 8 1862 interim October 3 1863), William Steele (January 8 1863-December 11 1863), Samuel Bell Maxey (December 11 1863-January 9 1864), Douglas Hancock Cooper (temporary January 9 1864-May 9 1864), Samuel Bell Maxey (May 9 1864-July 21 1864), Douglas Hancock Cooper (July 21 1864-February 21 1865), Samuel Bell Maxey (February 21 1865-March 1 1865), Douglas Hancock Cooper (March 1 1865-May 26 1865)

May 26 1862: The District of Indian Territory was established in the Department of Trans-Mississippi. Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper retained command of the District of Indian Territory although Brigadier-General Albert Pike retained de facto unofficial field command of much of the District of Indian Territory.

November 3 1862: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed full command of the District of the Indian Territory.

January 8 1863: Brigadier-General William Steele was appointed to command the District of the Indian Territory, arriving on 3rd October 1863, to succeed Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

October 3 1863: Brigadier-General William Steele arrived to command the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

December 11 1863: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General William Steele.

January 9 1864: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed temporary command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

May 9 1864: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

July 21 1864: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

February 21 1865: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

March 1 1865: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed command of the District of Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

May 26 1865: The District of Indian Territory surrendered.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, transferred to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

John C Bowen (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Colonel John C Bowen retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana.

Sub-District of Galveston

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862

Ebenezer B Nichols (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Colonel Ebenezer B Nichols retained command of the Sub-District of Galveston.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, transferred to Western District of Texas

Hamilton Prioleau Bee (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas.

Defences of Pass Cavallo

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-November 27 1863, discontinued

John W Glenn (May 26 1862-November 27 1863)

May 26 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn retained command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

May 28 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was formally transferred from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

November 27 1863: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was discontinued.

District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

Established, from Eastern District of Texas, May 26 1862-August 20 1862, discontinued, to District of Texas and District of West Louisiana

Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-August 20 1862)

May 28 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising the former Eastern District of Texas, the Sub-District of Houston and the former Sub-District of Galveston and included the areas west of the Mississippi River and south of the Red River. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana.

August 20 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was discontinued, and divided into the District of Texas and the District of West Louisiana. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, May 28 1862-August 20 1862 transferred to District of Texas

John C Bowen (May 28 1862-June 3 1862), George M Flournoy (June 3 1862-July 8 1862), Xavier Blanchard Debray (July 8 1862-August 20 1862)

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana. Colonel John C Bowen retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

June 3 1862: Colonel George M Flournoy assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston, succeeding Colonel John C Bowen.

July 8 1862: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston, succeeding Colonel George M Flournoy.

August 20 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

District of Arkansas

Established, May 28 1862-February 1 1865, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Thomas Carmichael Hindman (May 28 1862-March 7 1863), Theophilus Hunter Holmes (March 7 1863-July 24 1863), Sterling Price (July 24 1863-September 25 1863), Theophilus Hunter Holmes (September 25 1863-March 11 1864 interim March 16 1864), Sterling Price (March 16 1864-August 1 1864), Thomas James Churchill (August 1 1864-August 4 1864), John Bankhead Magruder (August 4 1864-January 29 1865), Mosby Monroe Parsons (temporary January 29 1865-January 31 1865), John Bankhead Magruder (January 31 1865-February 1 1865)

May 28 1862: The District of Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was appointed to command the District of Arkansas, arriving on 2nd June 1862. Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

June 2 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman arrived to command the District of Arkansas.

March 7 1863: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

July 24 1863: Major-General Sterling Price assumed temporary command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

September 25 1863: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

March 11 1864: Major-General Sterling Price was appointed to command the District of Arkansas, arriving on 16 March 1864, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

March 16 1864: Major-General Sterling Price arrived to command the District of Arkansas, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

August 1 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

August 4 1864: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill.

January 29 1865: Major-General Mosby Monroe Parsons assumed temporary command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

January 31 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder resumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons.

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of Texas

Established, from District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Paul Octave Hébert (August 20 1862-October 10 1862 interim October 20 1862), John Bankhead Magruder (October 10 1862-November 27 1862), Hamilton Prioleau Bee (temporary November 27 1862-November 29 1862)

August 20 1862: The District of Texas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert was appointed to command the District of Texas, arriving on 12th September 1862. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana to the District of Texas.

September 12 1862: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert arrived to command the District of Texas.

September 28 1862: The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas.

October 10 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder was appointed to command of the District of Texas, arriving 20th October 1862.

October 15 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was established. The Second Sub-District of Texas was established.

October 20 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder arrived to command the District of Texas, succeeding Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert.

November 27 1862: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee assumed temporary command of the District of Texas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

November 29 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The Second Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Xavier Blanchard Debray (August 20 1862-November 29 1862)

August 20 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana to the District of Texas. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

First Sub-District of Texas

Established, October 15 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued

Paul Octave Hébert (October 15 1862-November 29 1862)

October 15 1862: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the First Sub-District of Texas.

October 15 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was established.

November 29 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued.

Second Sub-District of Texas

Established, October 15 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued

Vacant (October 15 1862-November 29 1862)

October 15 1862: The Second Sub-District Texas was established.

November 29 1862: The Second Sub-District of Texas was discontinued.

Southwest Army

Established, September 28 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Thomas Carmichael Hindman (September 28 1862-November 29 1862)

September 28 1862: The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed command of the Southwest Army.

November 29 1862: The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of West Louisiana

Established, from Trans-Mississippi District and the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-April 19 1865, discontinued, to District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

Richard Taylor (August 20 1862-June 10 1864), John George Walker (June 10 1864-August 4 1864), Simon Bolivar Buckner (August 4 1864-March 30 1865), John George Walker (March 30 1865-April 19 1865)

August 20 1862: The District of West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising Louisiana west of the Mississippi River. The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana. Major-General Richard Taylor assumed command of the District of West Louisiana.

June 10 1864: Major-General John George Walker assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor.

August 4 1864: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Major-General John George Walker.

March 30 1865: Major-General John George Walker assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

April 19 1865: The District of Western Louisiana was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

District of Missouri

Established, from Trans-Mississippi District, August 20 1862-September 28 1862, discontinued

Sterling Price (August 20 1862-September 28 1862)

August 20 1862: The District of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the District of Missouri.

September 28 1862: The District of Missouri was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into I Corps (Trans Mississippi).

District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

John Bankhead Magruder (November 29 1862-August 4 1864 interim August 6 1864), John George Walker (August 4 1864-March 30 1865 interim April 4 1865), John Bankhead Magruder (March 30 1865-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established by extending the authority of the District of Texas over the District of Arizona and over New Mexico Territory, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

March 4 1863: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was extended to include Lavaca and Victoria.

May 30 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established.

June 3 1863: The Sub-District of Houston was extended to include Austin, Harris, Galveston, Liberty, Chambers and Jefferson counties of Texas.

June 5 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was discontinued, and renamed the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Northern Sub-District was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

August 4 1864: Major-General John George Walker was appointed to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 6th August 1864, to succeed Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

August 6 1864: Major-General John George Walker arrived to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

March 30 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder was appointed to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 4th April 1865, to succeed Major-General John George Walker.

April 4 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder arrived to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Major-General John George Walker.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

May 26 1865: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Western District of Texas

Transferred from Western District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Henry Eustace McCulloch (November 29 1862-June 23 1863), Hamilton Prioleau Bee (June 23 1863-June 26 1864), Thomas Fenwick Drayton (June 26 1864-October 25 1864), James Edwin Slaughter (October 25 1864-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. It comprised Texas bounded on the east by the Eastern Sub-District, on the north by the Northern Sub-District and including the remainder of the state. Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch retained command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

June 23 1863: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee assumed command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch.

June 26 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee.

October 25 1864: Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter assumed command of the Western Sub-District of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

May 26 1865: The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Xavier Blanchard Debray (November 29 1862-February 13 1863), William Read Scurry (February 13 1863-May 30 1863), Xavier Blanchard Debray (temporary May 30 1863-June 10 1863), William Read Scurry (temporary June 10 1863-July 1 1863), Philip Noland Luckett (temporary July 1 1863-August 15 1863 interim August 16 1863), Henry Eustace McCulloch (August 15 1863-August 29 1863), Philip Noland Luckett temporary August 29 1863-November 23 1863), James Edwin Slaughter (November 23 1863-March 18 1864), William Steele (March 18 1864-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

February 13 1863: Brigadier-General William Read Scurry assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray.

March 4 1863: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was extended to include Lavaca and Victoria.

May 30 1863: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General William Read Scurry.

June 10 1863: Brigadier-General William Read Scurry assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray.

July 1 1863: Colonel Philip Noland Luckett assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General William Read Scurry.

August 15 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch was appointed to command the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 16th August 1863.

August 16 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch arrived to command the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Philip Noland Luckett.

August 29 1863: Colonel Philip Noland Luckett assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch.

November 23 1863: Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Phillip Noland Luckett.

March 18 1864: Brigadier-General William Steele assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter.

May 26 1865: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from District Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Xavier Blanchard Debray (November 29 1862-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

June 3 1863: The Sub-District of Houston was extended to include Austin, Harris, Galveston, Liberty, Chambers and Jefferson counties of Texas.

May 26 1865: The Sub-District of Houston surrendered.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Western District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

Hamilton Prioleau Bee (November 29 1862-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 26 1865: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande surrendered.

Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, May 30 1863-June 5 1863, discontinued, to Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Smith Pyne Bankhead (May 30 1863-June 5 1863)

May 30 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead assumed command of the Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

June 5 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, June 5 1863-May 26 1865, discontinued

Smith Pyne Bankhead (June 5 1863-July 9 1863 interim August 29 1863), Henry Eustace McCulloch (July 9 1863-May 26 1865)

June 5 1863: The Northern Sub-District was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead was appointed to command of the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 9th July 1863.

July 9 1863: Brigadier General Henry Eustace McCulloch was appointed to command the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 29th August 1863, to succeed Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead.

August 29 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch arrived to command the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead.

May 26 1865: The Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

District of Arkansas

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, February 1 1865-April 19 1865, discontinued, to District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

John Bankhead Magruder (February 1 1865-February 15 1865), Mosby Monroe Parsons (February 15 1865-March 8 1865), Sterling Price (March 8 1865-March 12 1865), Mosby Monroe Parsons (March 12 1865-March 31 1865), James Fleming Fagan (March 31 1865-April 19 1865)

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder retained command of the District of Arkansas.

February 15 1865: Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

March 8 1865: Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons.

March 12 1865: Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

March 31 1865: Major-General James Fleming Fagan assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Mosby Monroe Parsons.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

Established, from District of Arkansas and District of West Louisiana, April 19 1865-May 26 1865, discontinued

Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 19 1865-May 26 1865)

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It comprised the former District of Arkansas and the District of West Louisiana. Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

May 26 1865: The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana surrendered.

Southwest Army

Transferred from District of Texas, November 29 1862-February 9 1863, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Army

Thomas Carmichael Hindman (November 29 1862-January 14 1863 interim January 17 1863), Edmund Kirby Smith (January 14 1863-February 9 1863)

November 29 1862: The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman retained command of the Southwest Army.

January 14e 1862: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed temporary command of the Southwest Army, arriving on 17th January 1863.

January 17 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith arrived to command the Southwest Army, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

February 9 1863: The Southwest Army was discontinued, and renamed the Trans-Mississippi Army.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, September 28 1862-January 30 1863)

Vacant (September 28 1862-January 30 1863)

September 28 1862: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established to operate in north-western Arkansas, south-western Missouri and the Indian Territory. Command of I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) remained vacant.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

Trans-Mississippi Army

Established, from Southwest Army, February 9 1863-May 26 1865, discontinued

Edmund Kirby Smith (February 9 1863-April 19 1865), Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary April 19 1865-April 22 1865), Edmund Kirby Smith (April 22 1865-May 26 1865)

February 9 1863: The Trans-Mississippi Army was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising all field forces west of the Mississippi. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Army.

August 4 1864: II Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was re-established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. III Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

September 4 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army). Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces designated the Army of Missouri.

September 10 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was discontinued, and renamed Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

December 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

December 12 1864: The Army of Missouri was discontinued, and its remaining forces returned to the Trans-Mississippi Army.

March 12 1865: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued.

March 31 1865: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued. II Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued. I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

April 19 1865: Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Army, succeeding General Edmund Kirby Smith.

April 22 1865: General Edmund Kirby Smith resumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Army, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

May 26 1865: The Trans-Mississippi Army surrendered. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

Simon Bolivar Buckner (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of III Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

II Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

John Bankhead Magruder (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: II Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of II Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: II Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

III Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

John George Walker (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: III Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General John George Walker assumed command of III Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: III Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-September 8 1864, discontinued to Army of Missouri

Sterling Price (August 4 1864-September 8 1864)

August 4 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Sterling Price was appointed to command Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi), arriving on 28th August 1864.

August 28 1864: Major-General Sterling Price arrived to command Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

September 8 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces designated the Army of Missouri.

Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, from Reserve Forces of Texas, September 10 1864-May 26 1865, discontinued

Jerome Bonaparte Robertson (September 10 1864-September 12 1864), Thomas Pleasant Dockery (September 12 1864-March 27 1865), Elkanah Brackin Greer (March 27 1865-May 26 1865)

September 10 1864: Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army from the Reserve Forces of Texas. Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

September 12 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi), succeeding Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson.

March 27 1865: Brigadier-General Elkanah Brackin Greer assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi), succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery.

May 26 1865: Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, from Army of Missouri December 3 1864-March 12 1865, discontinued

Sterling Price (December 3 1864-March 12 1865)

December 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Sterling Price resumed command of Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 12 1865: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued.

Army of Missouri

Established, from Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi, September 8 1864-December 12 1864, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Army

Sterling Price (September 8 1864-December 3 1864), John Bullock Clark (December 3 1864-December 12 1864)

September 8 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army). Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the Army of Missouri.

December 3 1864: Brigadier-General John Bullock Clark assumed temporary command of the Army of Missouri, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

December 12 1864: The Army of Missouri was discontinued, and its remaining forces returned to the Trans-Mississippi Army.

Reserve Forces of Texas

Established, June 24 1864-September 10 1864, to Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi

Jerome Bonaparte Robertson (June 24 1864-September 10 1864)

June 24 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was established. Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Texas.

September 10 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was discontinued, and renamed Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

Part 2b: Gulf Coast Theatre, 1861-1862

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the western part of Florida, the eastern part of Louisiana, and the southern parts of Alabama, and Mississippi, and adjacent operational regions. From June 1862, it was effectively subordinated to the operations of the Western Theatre so from that date onward it is described in Part 2e: Western Theatre.

The very first large-scale military organisation of the Confederacy was the Department of Louisiana, created before the outbreak of war to defend New Orleans, the most populous city of the South and the gateway to the Mississippi. The Confederates understood that the Mississippi River was a vital strategic artery and access to it needed to be defended as an urgent priority. Furthermore, the Confederacy’s economic and strategic dependence on cotton exports required every available port to be held open and their fortifications to be acquired by State or national troops. The unofficial Department was re-designated briefly as the District of Louisiana after war broke out, but the first significant Confederate formation was Department No 1, established on May 27 1861, comprising the state of Louisiana except along the Mississippi River north of the 31st parallel; and also, southern Mississippi and southern Alabama including Mobile. The remainder of Mississippi, northwestern Louisiana, and Alabama came under the counterpart Department No 2 better known as the Western Department.

Department No 1 was responsible primarily for the defence of the Mississippi so the District of Alabama was established on September 12 1861, comprising the southern parts of Alabama east of the Pascagoula River. After just over a month it was found more convenient to transfer the Alabama segment entirely to the new Department of Alabama and West Florida. After the fall of New Orleans, the Department served little obvious purpose and on June 25 1862 it was discontinued, and the parts of Louisiana west of the Mississippi were transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

The Department of West Florida was also formed before the war to oppose the US garrison at Fort Pickens, at Pensacola, Florida. On October 7 1861, it was extended by the addition of parts of Alabama from Department No 1 and was renamed the Department of Alabama and West Florida. The subordinate District of Alabama was short-lived. The Confederates gathered and recruited a comparatively large force along the Gulf Coast, but the impossibility or undesirability of capturing Fort Pickens or Pensacola were soon apparent. The majority of the field forces were transferred to the operations in Tennessee and north Mississippi in early 1862. By the end of June 1862, the remaining commands were transferred to the supervision of the Western Department and remained subordinated to the strategic demands of that wider theatre.

Department of Louisiana

Established, February 22 1861-April 17 1861, discontinued, to District of Louisiana

Braxton Bragg (February 22 1861-March 22 1861), David Emanuel Twiggs (March 22 1861-April 16 1861), Paul Octave Hébert (April 16 1861-April 17 1861)

February 22 1861: The unofficial “Department of Louisiana” was established. Louisiana State Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the “Department of Louisiana”. The Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”) was established in the “Department of Louisiana”.

March 22 1861: Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs assumed command of the “Department of Louisiana”.

April 16 1861: Colonel Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the “Department of Louisiana”, succeeding Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs.

April 17 1861: The “Department of Louisiana” was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Louisiana.

Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”)

Established, February 22 1861-April 17 1861, transferred to District of Louisiana

Braxton Bragg (February 22 1861-April 17 1861)

February 22 1861: The Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”) was established in the “Department of Louisiana”. Louisiana State Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of Confederate Forces in New Orleans (Army of Louisiana).

April 17 1861: The Forces in New Orleans transferred from the “Department of Louisiana” to the District of Louisiana.

Department of West Florida

Established, March 7 1861-October 7 1861, discontinued, to Department of Alabama and West Florida

Braxton Bragg (March 7 1861-October 7 1861)

March 7 1861: The Department of West Florida was established. Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg appointed to command of the Department of West Florida, arriving on 11th March 1861. Forces in Pensacola was established in the Department of West Florida.

March 11 1861: Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg arrived to command of Department of West Florida.

October 7 1861: The Department of West Florida was discontinued, and incorporated in the Department of Alabama and West Florida. The Forces in Pensacola was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Department of Alabama and West Florida.

Forces in Pensacola

Established, March 7 1861-October 7 1861, discontinued, to Army of Pensacola.

Braxton Bragg (March 7 1861-October 7 1861)

March 7 1861: Forces in Pensacola was established, comprising the forces in and near Pensacola. Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg appointed to command of the Forces in Pensacola, arriving on 11th March 1861.

March 11 1861: Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg arrived to command of Forces in Pensacola.

October 7 1861: The Forces in Pensacola was discontinued.

District of Louisiana

Established, from “Department of Louisiana”, April 17 18161-May 27 1861, to Department No 1)

David Emanuel Twiggs (April 17 1861-May 27 1861)

April 17 1861: The District of Louisiana was established from the territory of the former “Department of Louisiana”. Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs assumed command of the District of Louisiana. Forces in New Orleans transferred from the “Department of Louisiana” to the District of Louisiana.

May 27 1861: The District of Louisiana was discontinued, and incorporated into Department No 1. The Forces in New Orleans transferred to Department No 1.

Forces in New Orleans

Transferred from “Department of Louisiana”, April 17 1861-May 27 1861, transferred to Department No 1)

Braxton Bragg (April 17 1861-May 27 1861)

April 17 1861: The Forces in New Orleans transferred from the “Department of Louisiana” to the District of Louisiana. Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg retained command of the Forces in New Orleans.

May 267 1861: The Forces in New Orleans transferred from the District of Louisiana to Department No 1.

Department No 1

Established, from District of Louisiana, May 27 1861-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Western Department

David Emanuel Twiggs (May 27 1861-October 7 1861 interim October 18 1861, Mansfield Lovell (October 7 1861-June 20 1862), Earl Van Dorn (June 20 1862-June 25 1862)

May 27 1861: Department No 1 was established, comprising the state of Louisiana except along the Mississippi River north of the 31st parallel; and also, southern Mississippi and southern Alabama including Mobile. Headquarters were at New Orleans, Louisiana. Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs appointed to command of Department No 1, arriving on 31st May 1861.

May 31 1861: Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs arrived to command Department No 1.

August 14 1861: Forces in New Orleans was discontinued.

September 12 1861: The District of Alabama was established in Department No 1.

October 7 1861: Major-General Mansfield Lovell appointed to command Department No 1, arriving on 18th October 1861, to succeed Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs.

October 14 1861: The District of Alabama transferred from Department No 1 to the Department of Alabama and West Florida.

October 18 1861: Major-General Mansfield Lovell arrived to command Department No 1, succeeding Major-General David Emanuel Twiggs.

May 28 1862: Western Louisiana transferred from Department No 1 to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

June 20 1862: Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of Department No 1, succeeding Major-General Mansfield Lovell.

June 25 1862: Department No 1 was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Western Department.

Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”)

Transferred from District of Louisiana, May 27 1861-August 14 1861, discontinued

Braxton Bragg (May 27 1861-August 14 1861)

May 27 1861: The Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”) transferred from the District of Louisiana to Department No 1. Brigadier-General Braxton Bragg retained command of the Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”).

August 14 1861: Forces in New Orleans (“Army of Louisiana”) was discontinued.

District of Alabama

Established, September 12 1861-October 14 1861, transferred to Department of Alabama and West Florida

Jones Mitchell Withers (September 12 1861-October 14 1861)

September 12 1861: The District of Alabama was established in Department No 1, comprising the southern parts of Alabama east of the Pascagoula River. Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed command of the District of Alabama.

October 14 1861: The District of Alabama transferred from Department No 1 to the Department of Alabama and West Florida.

Department of Alabama and West Florida

Established, from Department of West Florida, October 7 1861-June 29 1862, discontinued, to Gulf District

Braxton Bragg (October 7 1861-April 2 1862), Samuel Jones (April 2 1862-April 28 1862), John Horace Forney (temporary April 28 1862-June 29 1862)

October 7 1861: The Department of Alabama and West Florida was established and formally recognised on 14th October 1861, comprising the territory of the former Forces in Pensacola, and extended to include the Gulf coast of Alabama and the panhandle territory of Florida. Major-General Braxton Bragg appointed to command the Department of Alabama and West Florida, arriving on 14th October 1861.

October 14 1861: Major-General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Department of Alabama and West Florida. The District of Alabama transferred from Department No 1 to the Department of Alabama and West Florida. The Army of Pensacola was established in the Department of Alabama and West Florida.

December 12 1861: The Department of Alabama and West Florida was extended to include Pascagoula Bay and Mississippi east of the Pascagoula River.

January 27 1862: The District of Alabama was discontinued. The Army of Mobile was established in the Department of Alabama and Western Florida, comprising the field forces of the former District of Alabama.

March 12 1862: The Army of Pensacola was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Mobile.

April 2 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Department of Alabama and West Florida, succeeding Major-General Braxton Bragg.

April 28 1862: Brigadier-General John Horace Forney assumed temporary command of the Department of Alabama and West Florida, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

June 29 1862: The Department of Alabama and West Florida was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Department.

District of Alabama

Transferred from Department No 1, October 14 1861-January 27 1862

Jones Mitchell Withers (October 14 1861-January 27 1862)

October 14 1861: The District of Alabama transferred from Department No 1 to the Department of Alabama and West Florida. Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers retained command of the District of Alabama.

December 20 1861: The District of Alabama was extended to include Pascagoula Bay.

January 27 1862: The District of Alabama was discontinued, and its field forces designated as the Army of Mobile.

Army of Pensacola

Established, from Forces in Pensacola, October 22 1861-March 12 1862, discontinued to Army of Mississippi and Army of Mobile)

Braxton Bragg (October 22 1861-January 27 1862), Samuel Jones (January 27 1862-March 8 1862), Thomas Marshall Jones (temporary March 8 1862-March 12 1862)

October 22 1861: The Army of Pensacola was established in the Department of Alabama and West Florida, comprising the former Forces in Pensacola, Florida. Major-General Braxton Bragg appointed to command the Army of Pensacola, arriving on 29th October 1861.

October 29 1861: Major-General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Army of Pensacola.

January 27 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Army of Pensacola, succeeding Major-General Braxton Bragg.

March 8 1862: Colonel Thomas Marshall Jones assumed temporary command of the Army of Pensacola, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Jones.

March 12 1862: The Army of Pensacola was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Mobile.

Army of Mobile

Established, from District of Alabama, January 27 1862-June 27 1862, discontinued, to II Corps Mississippi

Jones Mitchell Withers (January 27 1862-February 5 1862), John Bordenave Villepigue (February 5 1862-March 11 1862), William L Powell (temporary March 11 1862-June 27 1862)

January 27 1862: The Army of Mobile was established in the Department of Alabama and Western Florida, comprising field forces of former District of Alabama. Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed command of the Army of Mobile.

February 5 1862: Colonel John Bordenave Villepigue assumed temporary command of the Army of Mobile, succeeding Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers.

March 11 1862: Colonel William L Powell assumed temporary command of the Army of Mobile, succeeding Colonel John Bordenave Villepigue.

June 27 1862: The Army of Mobile was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into II Corps (Mississippi).

Part 2c: Atlantic Coast Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and adjacent operational regions in Alabama and Virginia.

This theatre saw the first act of war at Charleston, South Carolina, when pro-Confederate forces opened fire on the Union garrison at Fort Sumter. This action was the first of many along the Atlantic Coasts. The Confederates needed to protect their ports in order to continue their export trade and to import supplies and military equipment through the blockade. They also needed to prevent the Union from establishing bases of operations for raids or advances into the interior of the nation. The US Navy gradually established outposts in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina; some of these provided depots for the blockading fleets while others were set up to attack Confederate coastal fortifications. Others were occupied simply to deny the use of ports and coastal waters to Confederate maritime trade. The Confederates occasionally attacked the Union enclaves, but were rarely successful unless they could neutralise the Union naval forces supporting the garrisons ashore. In most cases, overwhelming Union naval force overpowered the Confederate defences; however, the important ports of Charleston, Wilmington, and Mobile, were not finally occupied until the final months of the war. Inevitably, as the Union threat could materialise at any one of several points – pots, fortifications, navigable rivers – the Confederates were forced to spread their garrisons thinly, concentrating only when clear evidence of an attack was identified at a particular point. Their military organisation was therefore complicated, with many low-level territorial organisations being created with responsibility for specific locations, and field forces on a comparatively small in scale.

Initially, the Confederates managed the defence of the Atlantic coast on a state by state basis. The Department of South Carolina was formed on 3 March 1861; the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was formed on 20 August 1861 (western Florida was in a separate Department focused on the Gulf of Mexico coast); and, the Department of Georgia was formed on 26 October 1861. These three Departments were combined to become Districts within a “super-Department” under General Robert Edward Lee on 5 November 1861. Lee’s Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida attempted to bring unity of command and singleness of purpose in states that were led by particularly ardent proponents of states’ rights.

After Lee’s departure, his extensive Department reverted to more local Departments. On March 13 1862 the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, and the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, were formed in its place. This process was reversed in October 1862 when another high-ranking General, P G T Beauregard returned to command the reconstructed Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Once again, the constituent parts of the Department were allocated to Districts and smaller subdivisions. The Department remained in operation, undergoing a gradual segmentation until the final surrender on April 26 1865, by which time its field forces had been largely dispersed and all of its major cities occupied or neutralised by Union land or naval forces. Although superficially a complex organisation, the constituent parts of the Department related to ports and access points along the coast, undergoing adjustment as the Union points of attack shifted. Its ultimate collapse was achieved not so much by incursions from the coast but by the overland march across Georgia conducted by Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman in late 1864. Although the primary ports had been skilfully and determinedly defended, Sherman’s march to the Sea, and Sherman’s his irresistible campaign through the Carolinas in early 1865, exposed the vulnerability of the region when exposed to large land forces.

The coasts of North Carolina were among the first to be seriously threatened. The navigable waters around Roanoke and the Pamlico quickly attracted some of the first major amphibious operation of the Union, in Spring 1862. The Union soon secured bases at New Bern and Elizabeth City, to supplement the valuable harbour of Port Royal, captured at the end of 1861. The Department of North Carolina was created on 22 April 1861 with a primary goal of defending its coastal waters. Its subdivisions related directly to fortifications and defences. The most important position was immediately identified as Wilmington on the Cape Fear and the port was protected by Fort Fisher at the mouth of the Cape Fear right until early 1865. Its fall severed the last available blockade running route and precipitated the final collapse of the Confederate armies.

The need for coordinated operations with forces in southern Virginia increasingly required an amalgamation of the North Carolina organisations with those in Southern Virginia. The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia existed from September 19 1862 until February 26 1863. It reverted to the separate Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia from February 26 1863 to May 28 1863 but was then reconstituted as the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia on May 28 1863. By the end of 1864, it managed the vital defence of Wilmington and the supply lines leading north into Petersburg, Virginia. This Department remained in existence until the final surrender on April 26 1865.

Department of South Carolina

Established, March 3 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of South Carolina.

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (March 3 1861-May 27 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (May 27 1861-August 20 1861), Roswell Sabine Ripley (August 20 1861-November 5 1861)

March 3 1861: The Department of South Carolina was established. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command of the Department of South Carolina, arriving on 6th March 1861. Forces in Charleston was established in the Department of South Carolina.

March 6 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command of the Department of South Carolina

May 27 1861: The Forces in Charleston was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Department of South Carolina. Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

August 20 1861: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

November 5 1861: The Department of South Carolina was discontinued, and transferred as the District of South Carolina in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

Forces in Charleston

Established, March 3 1861-May 27 1861, discontinued)

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (March 3 1861-May 27 1861)

March 3 1861: Forces in Charleston was established, comprising the forces in and around Charleston, South Carolina. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command Forces in Charleston, South Carolina, arriving on 6th March 1861.

March 6 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command of Forces in Charleston.

May 27 1861: The Forces in Charleston was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Department of South Carolina.

Defences of Savannah

Established, April 13 1861-October 26 1861, discontinued, to Department of Georgia

Alexander Robert Lawton (April 13 1861-October 26 1861)

April 13 1861: The Defences of Savannah was established, comprising the territory around Savannah, Georgia, and Fort Pulaski. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton appointed to command the Defences of Savannah, arriving on 17th April 1861.

April 17 1861: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton arrived to command the Defences of Savannah.

May 4 1861: The Defences of Savannah was extended to include the entire coastline of Georgia.

October 26 1861: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Georgia.

Department of North Carolina

Established, April 22 1861-September 19 1862, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 22 1861-August 19 1861 interim August 20 1861), Richard Caswell Gatlin (August 19 1861-March 15 1862 interim March 19 1862), Joseph Reid Anderson (March 15 1862-March 24 1862 interim March 24 1862), Theophilus Hunter Holmes (March 24 1862-June 2 1862), James Green Martin (June 2 1862-July 17 1862), Daniel Harvey Hill (July 17 1862-September 19 1862)

April 22 1861: The Department of North Carolina was established, comprising the state of North Carolina. Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of North Carolina. The Defences of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina.

August 19 1861: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 20th August 1861 to succeed Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

August 20 1861: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

September 29 1861: The District of Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina.

October 1 1861: October 1 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was discontinued. The District of Cape Fear was established in the Department of North Carolina

January 22 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was established in the Department of North Carolina. Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island.

March 15 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 19th March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin.

March 24 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 25th March 1862.

March 25 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued, and part of its territory was incorporated into the Department of North Carolina.

June 2 1862: Brigadier-General James Green Martin assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

June 3 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge, transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

June 21 1862: The Department of North Carolina was extended to include the south bank of the James River in Virginia, including Drewry’s Bluff.

July 17 1862: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Green Martin.

August 18 1862: The District of Pamlico was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina. The District of Roanoke Island was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina. The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the right bank of the Roanoke River to the border of South Carolina. The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina.

August 24 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge.

September 19 1862: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The District of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Defences of North Carolina

Established, April 22 1861-October 1 1861, discontinued, to District of Cape Fear

Theophilus Hunter Holmes (September 3 1861 interim 24 September 1861), Joseph Reid Anderson (September 3 1861-October 1 1861)

Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 22 1861-September 3 1861 interim September 24 1861), Joseph Reid Anderson September 3 1861-October 1 1861)

April 22 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territory around Wilmington, North Carolina. Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Defences of North Carolina.

September 3 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson appointed to command the Defences of North Carolina, arriving on 24th September 1861.

September 24 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson arrived to command the Defences of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes

October 1 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Cape Fear.

District of Pamlico

Established, September 29 1861-August 18 1862, discontinued, to District of North Carolina

Daniel Harvey Hill (September 29 1861-November 16 1861), Lawrence O’Bryan Branch (November 16 1861-March 17 1862 interim March 18 1862), Samuel Gibbs French (March 17 1862-March 19 1862), Robert Ransom (temporary March 19 1862-August 18 1862)

September 29 1861: The District of Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound and the Neuse River territory of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill appointed to command the District of Pamlico, arriving on 4th October 1861.

October 4 1861: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill arrived to command the District of Pamlico.

November 16 1861: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch assumed command of the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

November 26 1861: The District of Pamlico was extended by the addition of Roanoke Island.

December 31 1861: The District of Pamlico was extended to include the coast of North Carolina between the District of Albemarle and Bogue Inlet.

January 22 1862: Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island.

March 17 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French appointed to command the District of Pamlico, arriving on 18th March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch.

March 18 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French arrived to command the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom assumed temporary command of the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French.

August 18 1862: The District of Pamlico was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina.

District of Cape Fear

Established, from Defences of North Carolina, October 1 1861-August 18 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Cape Fear

Joseph Reid Anderson (October 1 1861-March 15 1862 interim March 22 1862), Samuel Gibbs French (March 15 1862-July 17 1862), William Henry Chase Whiting (July 17 1862-August 18 1862)

October 1 1861: The District of Cape Fear was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territory formerly in the Defences of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson assumed command of the District of Cape Fear.

March 15 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French appointed to command the District of Cape Fear, arriving on 22nd March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

March 22 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French arrived to command the District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

July 17 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French.

August 18 1862: The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina.

District of Roanoke Island

Established, January 22 1862-August 18 1862, discontinued, to District of North Carolina

Henry Alexander Wise (January 22 1862-February 9 1862), Henry Marchmore Shaw (February 9 1862-August 18 1862)

January 22 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was established in the Department of North Carolina. Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the District of Roanoke Island.

February 9 1862: Colonel Henry Marchmore Shaw assumed command of the District of Roanoke Island, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise.

August 18 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina.

District of North Carolina

Established, from District of the Pamlico and District of Roanoke Island, August 18 1862-September 19 1862, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

James Green Martin (August 18 1862-September 19 1862)

The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the right bank of the Roanoke River to the border of South Carolina. Brigadier-General James Green Martin assumed command of the District of North Carolina. The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was established in the District of North Carolina, with responsibility for the defences of Wilmington, North Carolina.

September 19 1862: The District of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Established, from District of Cape Fear, August 18 1862-September 19 1862, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

William Henry Chase Whiting (August 18 1862-September 19 1862)

August 18 1862: The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was established in the District of North Carolina, with responsibility for the defences of Wilmington, North Carolina. Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting retained command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear.

September 19 1862: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida

Established, August 20 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of Middle and East Florida.

John Breckinridge Grayson (August 20 1861-October 10 1861 interim October 20 1861), vacant (October 21 1861), James Heyward Trapier (October 22 1861-November 5 1861)

August 21 1861: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was established, comprising the state of Florida apart from the western panhandle area. Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

October 10 1861: Brigadier-General Edmund Kirby Smith appointed to command the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida. The orders were revoked before arrival and Brigadier General John Breckinridge Grayson retained interim command.

October 21 1861: Command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida became vacant.

October 22 1861: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding the deceased Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson.

November 5 1861: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

Department of Georgia

Established, from Defences of Savannah, October 26 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of Georgia.

Alexander Robert Lawton (October 26 1861-November 5 1861)

October 26 1861: The Department of Georgia was established, comprising Savannah and the coast region of Georgia. The Defences of Savannah was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton assumed command of the Department of Georgia.

November 5 1861: The Department of Georgia was discontinued, and transferred as the District of Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida

Established, from Department of South Carolina, Department of Georgia and Department of Middle and East Florida, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Department of South Carolina and Georgia and Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

Robert Edward Lee (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida was established, comprising the coastal areas formerly in the Department of Georgia, the Department of South Carolina and the Department of Middle and East Florida. The western border was defined as the Apalachicola River. General Robert Edward Lee appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida, arriving on 8th November 1861. The District of South Carolina was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Georgia was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

November 8 1861: General Robert Edward Lee arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

March 13 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida was discontinued. The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and renamed the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

District of South Carolina

Established, from Department of South Carolina, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Roswell Sabine Ripley (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of South Carolina was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of South Carolina. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the District of South Carolina.

December 10 1861: The District of South Carolina was divided into the First Sub-District, the Second Sub-District, the Third Sub-District, the Fourth Sub-District, and the Fifth Sub-District. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established.

March 13 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Arthur Middleton Manigault (December 10 1861-March 13 1862

December 10 1861: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory around Georgetown and extending from the South Santee River northwards. Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Roswell Sabine Ripley (December 10 1861-March 13 1862

December 10 1861: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the South Santee River to the Stono River and up to Rantowles Creek. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Roswell Sabine Ripley (temporary December 11 1861-December 18 1861), Nathan George Evans (December 18 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the Stono River to the Ashepoo River. It remained attached temporarily to the Second Sub-District. Command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina remained vacant and it remained temporarily under Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

December 18 1861: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

John Clifford Pemberton (December 10 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the Ashepoo River to Port Royal entrance and up the Colleton River and Ocetee Creek to Ferebeeville. Brigadier-General John Clifford Pemberton assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Thomas Fenwick Drayton (December 10 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from Ferebeeville and Port Royal Sound to the Savannah River. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

District of Georgia

Established, from Department of Georgia, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Alexander Robert Lawton (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of Georgia was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton assumed command of the District of Georgia.

March 13 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

District of Middle and East Florida

Established, from Department of Middle and East Florida, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

James Heyward Trapier (November 5 1861-November 14 1861), William Montgomery Gardner (November 14 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

November 14 1861: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner assumed command of the District of Middle and East Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

March 13 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and renamed the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida

Established, from District of Middle and Eastern Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, discontinued to District of Middle and East Florida

James Heyward Trapier (March 13 1862-March 19 1862 interim April 1 1862), William Scott Dilworth (temporary March 19 1862-April 8 1862 interim April 18 1862), Joseph Finegan (April 8 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was established, comprising the former District of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General James Hayward Trapier assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

March 19 1862: Colonel William Scott Dilworth appointed to temporary command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, arriving on 1st April 1862, to succeed James Heyward Trapier.

April 1 1862; Colonel William Scott Dilworth arrived to temporary command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

April 8 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan was appointed to command the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida arriving on 18th April 1862, to succeed Colonel William Scott Dilworth.

April 18 1862: Brigadier-General John Finegan arrived to command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding Colonel William Scott Dilworth.

October 7 1862: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued.

Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Established, from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, discontinued, to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

John Clifford Pemberton (March 13 1862-August 29 1862 interim September 24 1862), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (August 29 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was established, comprising parts of the former Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton appointed to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, arriving on 19th March 1862. The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

March 19 1862: Major-General John Clifford Pemberton arrived to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

May 28 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

August 29 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command of the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, arriving on 24th September 1862, to succeed Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

September 24 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, succeeding Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

October 7 1862: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was discontinued. The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Roswell Sabine Ripley (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

March 19 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating parts of the Fifth Sub-District, comprising Port Royal Sound and Ferebeeville to the Savannah River.

May 6 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District.

October 7 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Arthur Middleton Manigault (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The First Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault retained command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 7 1862: The First Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Roswell Sabine Ripley (March 13 1862-May 26 1862) Nathan George Evans (interim May 26 1862-May 28 1862), Hugh Weedon Mercer (May 26 1862-July 19 1862), Johnson Hagood (July 19 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 26 1862: Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer was appointed to command the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, arriving on 28th May 1862. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed interim command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

May 28 1862: Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer arrived to command the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

July 19 1862: Colonel Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

October 7 1862: The Second Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Nathan George Evans (March 5 1862-May 28 1862), William Stephen Walker (May 28 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans retained command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

October 7 1862: The Third Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

John Clifford Pemberton (March 13 1862-March 19 1862), Maxcy Gregg (March 19 1862-May 6 18620, William Stephen Walker (May 6 1862-May 28 1862), Thomas Fenwick Drayton (May 28 1862-July 19 1862), William Stephen Walker (July 19 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton retained command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

April 11 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to the Coosawhatchee River.

May 6 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to the Savannah River, incorporating the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg.

May 28 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area of the Sixth Sub-District. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

July 19 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

October 7 1862: The Fourth Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-May 6 1862, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-May 6 1862, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Thomas Fenwick Drayton (March 5 1862-March 19 1862), Daniel Smith Donelson (March 19 1862-May 6 1862)

March 13 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier General Thomas Fenwick Drayton retained command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 19 1862: Parts of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina were transferred to form the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier General Daniel Smith Donelson assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

May 6 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, March 19 1862-May 28 1862, discontinued, to Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

Thomas Fenwick Drayton (March 19 1862-May 28 1862)

March 19 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating parts of the Fifth Sub-District, comprising Port Royal Sound and Ferebeeville to the Savannah River. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: May 28 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District.

District of Georgia

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Alexander Robert Lawton (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

October 7 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, from Department of North Carolina, September 19 1862-February 26 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and the Department of Southern Virginia

Gustavus Woodson Smith (September 19 1862-February 17 1863), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary January 14 1863-February 17 1863), Samuel Gibbs French (temporary February 17 1863-February 23 1863), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary February 23 1863-February 26 1863)

September 19 1862: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of North Carolina and adjacent operational area of the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

January 14 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

February 17 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

February 23 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French.

February 26 1863: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued, and divided into the Department of North Carolina and the Department of Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from District of North Carolina, September 19 1862-February 26 1863, transferred to the Department of North Carolina

Samuel Gibbs French (September 19 1862-November 8 1862 interim November 17 1862), William Henry Chase Whiting (November 8 1862-February 26 1863)

September 19 1862: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

November 8 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting was appointed to command the Sub-District of Cape Fear, arriving on 17th November.

November 17 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting arrived to command the Sub-District of Cape Fear, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French.

February 26 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Established, from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-April 26 1865, discontinued

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (October 7 1862-April 20 1864), Samuel Jones (April 20 1864-September 28 1864 interim October 2 1864), William Joseph Hardee (September 28 1864-February 22 1865 interim February 25 1865), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 22 1865-April 26 1865)

October 7 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida was established, comprising the area of the former Department of South Carolina and Georgia and the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 13th October 1862. The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina. The District of West Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

October 13 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

November 4 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida extended its authority in Florida to include the Choctawatchee River and Bay, forty miles west of the Chattahoochee River. The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida. The District of East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Middle Florida was established, in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River.

January 19 1863: Atlanta and the surrounding area in Georgia were added to the Western Department.

August 31 1863: The Defences of Savannah was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of East Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida. The District of Middle Florida was discontinued, and is area incorporated into the District of Florida. The District of West Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

April 20 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

September 28 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 3rd October 1864, to succeed Major-General Samuel Jones.

October 2 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

December 17 1864: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued.

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia.

February 22 1865: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia west of a line through Augusta and Macon, Georgia, to Jacksonville and Cedar Keys, Florida. Eastern Florida as far as the Chattahoochee River was also included. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 25th February 1865. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed as his second in command. The “Army of the South” was named unofficially to describe all commands united under the direction of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, in the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

February 25 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

April 26 1865: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida surrendered. The District of South Carolina surrendered. The District of Florida surrendered.

District of Middle and East Florida

Established, from Department of Middle and East Florida, October 7 1862-November 4 1862, discontinued, to District of Middle Florida and District of East Florida

Joseph Finegan (October 7 1862-November 4 1862)

October 7 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the former Department of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan retained command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

November 4 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida.

District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia and Florida, October 7 1862-April 26 1865, discontinued

Roswell Sabine Ripley (October 7 1862-October 12 1864), Samuel Jones (October 12 1864-April 26 1865)

October 7 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

October 22 1863: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was re-organised. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was established.

October 12 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

November 29 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina was discontinued.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The District of South Carolina surrendered. The First Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia surrendered.  The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

States Rights Gist (October 7 1862-October 16 1862), Roswell Sabine Ripley (October 16 1862-March 21 1864), Nathan George Evans (March 21 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The First Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General States Rights Gist assumed temporary command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault.

October 16 1862: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General States Rights Gist.

October 22 1863: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was re-organised, to comprise Fort Sumter, Sullivan’s Island, Long Island and the parishes of St Thomas and Christ Church.

March 21 1864: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

May 23 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Johnson Hagood (October 7 1862-March 14 1863), James Heyward Trapier (March 14 1863-October 16 1863), Beverley Holcombe Robertson (October 16 1863-December 28 1863), Johnson Hagood (December 28 1863-May 6 1864), Beverley Holcombe Robertson (May 6 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Second Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood retained command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 14 1863: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 16 1863: Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

December 28 1863: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson.

December 29 1863: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised to include the area west of the Sixth Sub-District, the Combahee and Little Salkehatchie Rivers and the Edisto River.

May 6 1864: Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 17 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

William Stephen Walker (October 7 1862-May 8 1864 interim May 16 1864), Thomas Jordan (May 8 1864-August 1 1864), Lafayette McLaws (August 1 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Third Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 8 1864: Colonel Thomas Jordan was appointed to command the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, arriving on 16th May 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

May 16 1864: Colonel Thomas Jordan arrived to command the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

August 1 1864: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan.

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, First Sub-District of South Carolina

William Stephen Walker (October 7 1862-November 6 1862), James Heyward Trapier (November 6 1862-July 19 1864), Roswell Sabine Ripley (July 19 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Fourth Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

November 6 1862: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Colonel William Stephen Walker.

July 19 1864: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed temporary command of the Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-May 23 1864, discontinued, to First Sub-District of South Carolina

Alfred Moore Rhett (October 22 1863-May 23 1864)

October 22 1863: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising Charleston, the Neck, Fort Ripley and Castle Pinckney. Colonel Alfred Moore Rhett assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 23 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-October 17 1864, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Henry Alexander Wise (October 22 1863-October 17 1864)

October 22 1863: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising the area along the eastern bank of the Edisto River west of Charleston. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 17 1864: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District.

Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-October 17 1864, discontinued, to Third Sub-District of South Carolina

William Booth Taliaferro (October 22 1863-February 20 1864), Johnson Hagood (February 20 1864-May 6 1864), William Booth Taliaferro (May 6 1864-October 17 1864)

October 22 1863: Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising James Island. Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina.

February 20 1864: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro.

May 6 1864: Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

From Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

James Heyward Trapier (October 17 1864-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the First Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

April 26 1865: The First Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

From First Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, to War Department

Nathan George Evans (October 17 1864-November 5 1864 interim November 22 1864), Robert Ransom (November 5 1864-April 26 1865), Vacant (April 26 1865-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

November 5 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom was appointed to command the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, arriving on 22nd November 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

November 22 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom arrived to command the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

April 26 1865: Command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina became vacant.  The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

From Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

William Booth Taliaferro (October 17 1864-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro retained command of the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

From Second Sub-District of South Carolina and Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-November 29 1864, discontinued

Beverley Holcombe Robertson (October 17 1864-November 29 1864)

October 17 1864: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and combined with the Second Sub-District and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes. Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

November 29 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina was discontinued.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, from Third Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

Lafayette McLaws (October 17 1864-January 23 1865), Vacant (January 23 1865-April 10 1865), Lafayette McLaws (April 10 1865-April 26 1865)

October 7 1864: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

January 23 1865: Command of the Fifth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina became vacant.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Sub-District of Northern Georgia

From District of Georgia, April 10 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

William Tatum Wofford (April 10 1865-April 26 1865)

April 10 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford retained command of the Sub-District of Northern Georgia.

April 26 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia surrendered.

District of West Florida

Established, October 7 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

John Horace Forney (October 7 1862-February 23 1864)

October 7 1862: The District of West Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General John Horace Forney assumed command of the District of West Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of West Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

District of Georgia

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-April 10 1865, discontinued, to Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Alexander Robert Lawton (October 7 1862-December 28 1862), Hugh Weedon Mercer (December 28 1862-November 11 1863 interim June 18 1864), Henry Rootes Jackson (November 11 1863-September 28 1864), Thomas Howell Cobb (September 28 1864-January 21 1865), Daniel Harvey Hill (January 21 1865-April 10 1865)

October 7 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River. Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton.

January 19 1863: Atlanta and the surrounding area in Georgia were added to the Western Department.

November 11 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson was appointed to command the District of Georgia, arriving on 18th June 1864, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

June 18 1864: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson arrived to command the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

September 28 1864: Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson.

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia.

January 21 1865: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

Sub-District of Northern Georgia

Established, January 20 1865-April 10 1865, to District of South Carolina

William Tatum Wofford (January 20 1865-April 10 1865)

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia. Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford assumed command of the Sub-District of Northern Georgia.

April 10 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

District of East Florida

Established, from District of Middle and East Florida, November 4 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

Joseph Finegan (November 4 1862-February 23 1864)

November 4 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida. The District of East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising Florida east of the Suwanee River. Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan assumed command of the District of East Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of East Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

District of Middle Florida

Established, from District of Middle and East Florida, November 4 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

Thomas Howell Cobb (November 4 1862-August 7 1863 interim August 12 1863), Joseph Finegan (August 7 1863-October 6 1863 interim November 11 1863), William Montgomery Gardner (October 6 1863-February 23 1864)

November 4 1862: The District of Middle Florida was established, in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the area between the Suwannee and Choctawatchee Rivers, including the defences of the Apalachicola River. Brigadier-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the District of Middle Florida.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River.

August 7 1863: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan was appointed to command the District of Middle Florida, arriving on 12th August 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

August 12 1863: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan arrived to command the District of Middle Florida, succeeding Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

October 6 1863: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner was appointed to command District of Middle Florida, arriving on 11th November 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan.

November 11 1863: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner arrived to assume command of the District of Middle Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan.

February 23 1864: The District of Middle Florida was discontinued, and is area incorporated into the District of Florida.

Defences of Savannah

Established, August 31 1863-December 17 1864, discontinued

Jeremy Francis Gilmer (August 31 1863-April 1 1864), Samuel Jones (April 1 1864-May 18 1864), Lafayette McLaws (May 18 1864-December 17 1864)

August 31 1863: The Defences of Savannah was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Major-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer assumed command of the Defences of Savannah.

April 1 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Defences of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer.

May 18 1864: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Defences of Savannah, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

December 17 1864: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued.

District of Florida

Established, from District of East Florida, District of West Florida and District of Middle Florida, February 23 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

James Patton Anderson (February 23 1864-August 30 1864), John King Jackson (August 30 1864-December 31 1864 interim February 2 1865), Samuel Jones (December 31 1864-April 26 1865)

February 23 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the former District of East Florida, District of West Florida and District of Middle Florida. Major-General James Patton Anderson was appointed to command the District of Florida, arriving on 4th March 1864.

March 4 1864: Major-General James Patton Anderson arrived to command the District of Florida.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

August 30 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Major-General James Patton Anderson.

September 29 1864: Brigadier-General William Miller assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General John King Jackson.

December 31 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the District of Florida, arriving on 2 February 1865, to succeed Brigadier-General William Miller.

February 2 1865: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General William Miller.

April 26 1865: The District of Florida surrendered.

Department of North Carolina

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, February 26 1863-May 28 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

James Longstreet (February 26 1863-May 28 1863)

February 26 1863: The Department of North Carolina was established. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the Department of North Carolina.

May 28 1863: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from District of North Carolina, February 28 1863-May 28 1863, transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Henry Chase Whiting (February 26 1863-May 28 1863)

February 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

May 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Department of Southern Virginia

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, February 26 1863-May 28 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

James Longstreet (February 26 1863-April 1 1863), Samuel Gibbs French (April 1 1863-May 28 1863)

February 26 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was established. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia.

April 1 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

April 23 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

April 27 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was extended in Tennessee and the south-western tip of Virginia was also added.

May 28 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia, May 28 1863-April 26 1865, discontinued

Daniel Harvey Hill (May 28 1863-July 1 1863), Samuel Gibbs French (temporary July 1 863-July 14 1863), William Henry Chase Whiting (July 14 1863-September 23 1863 interim September 24 1863), George Edward Pickett (September 23 1863-April 18 1864 interim May 10 1864), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (April 18 1864-may 14 1864), William Henry Chase Whiting (temporary May 14 1864-May 20 1864), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 20 1864-September 27 1864), William Henry Chase Whiting (September 27 1864-November 11 1864 interim November 17 1864), Braxton Bragg (November 11 1864-March 6 1865), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (March 6 1865-April 26 1865)

May 28 1863: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the area of the former Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia, including the Appomattox River and Petersburg, Virginia. Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Samuel Gibbs French and Lieutenant-General James Longstreet. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

July 1 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

July 14 1863: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was discontinued.

September 23 1863: Major-General George Edward Pickett was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 24th September 1863.

September 24 1863: Major-General George Edward Pickett arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

September 26 1863: The District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

April 18 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 10th May 1864, to succeed Major-General George Edward Pickett. District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was discontinued, and area transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Reserve Forces of North Carolina was activated.

May 10 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General George Edward Pickett. The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

May 14 1864: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

May 20 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting. The Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

May 25 1864: The Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

September 27 1864: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. The Defences of Petersburg was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

October 1 1864: Defences of Petersburg was discontinued.

November 11 1864: General Braxton Bragg was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 17th November 1864.

November 171864: General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

January 15 1865: The Third District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

March 6 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Braxton Bragg. The field forces of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia were added to the Army of the South.

April 9 1865: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

April 26 1865: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered. The Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from Department of North Carolina, May 28 1863-July 14 1863, discontinued, to District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington

Henry Chase Whiting (May 28 1863-July 14 1863)

May 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting retained command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear.

July 14 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear was discontinued.

District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington

Established, from Sub-District of Cape Fear, September 26 1863-April 18 1864, discontinued

William Henry Chase Whiting (September 26 1863-April 18 1864

September 26 1863: The District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington.

April 18 1864: District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was discontinued, and area transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 10 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

William B Butler (temporary May 10 1864-June 1 1864), Henry Alexander Wise (May 10 1864-April 9 1865)

May 10 1864: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the right bank of the Appomattox River. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise was appointed to command the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 1st June 1864. Colonel William B Butler assumed temporary command of the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

May 12 1864: The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was extended north of the Appomattox River to Swift Creek.

June 1 1864: Brigadier General Henry Alexander Wise arrived to command the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

June 2 1864: The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was extended to include the area between the James and Roanoke Rivers including the north side of the James River at Richmond.

April 9 1865: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 20 1864-January 15 1865, discontinued

William Henry Chase Whiting (May 20 1864-January 15 1865)

May 20 1864: The Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established. It comprised the area around Wilmington, North Carolina.

January 15 1865: The Third District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 25 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

John Henry Winder (May 25 1864-June 9 1864), Laurence Simmons Baker (June 9 1864-April 26 1865)

May 25 1864: The Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established. It comprised the interior of the state of North Carolina and southern sections of Virginia. Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

June 9 1864: Brigadier-General Laurence Simmons Baker assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Henry Winder.

April 26 1865: The Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Defences of Petersburg

Established, September 27 1864-October 1 1864, discontinued

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (September 27 1864-October 1 1864)

September 27 1864: The Defences of Petersburg was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Defences of Petersburg.

October 1 1864: Defences of Petersburg was discontinued.

Reserve Forces of North Carolina

Established, April 18 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 18 1864-April 26 1865)

April 18 1864: The Reserve Forces of North Carolina was activated. Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina, arriving on 28th May 1864.

May 28 1864: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina.

April 26 1865: Reserve Forces of North Carolina surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Florida

Established, April 30 1864-May 10 1865, discontinued

John King Jackson (April 30 1864-September 8 1864), William Miller (September 8 1864-May 10 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida was established. Brigadier-General John King Jackson was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of Florida, arriving on 13th May 1864.

May 13 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson arrived to command the Reserve Forces of Florida.

September 8 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida were activated. Brigadier-General William Miller assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Florida.

May 10 1865: The Reserve Forces of Florida surrendered.

Reserve Forces of South Carolina

Established, April 30 1864-May 10 1865, discontinued

James Chesnut (April 30 1864-April 25 1865), Vacant (April 26 1865-May 10 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of South Carolina was established. Brigadier-General James Chesnut assumed command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: Command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina became vacant.

May 10 1865: The Reserve Forces of South Carolina surrendered.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

From District of South Carolina, April 26 1865-May 1 1865, discontinued

Vacant (April 26 1865-May 1 1865

April 26 1865: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously. Command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina became vacant.

May 1 1865: The Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina surrendered.

Part 2d: Eastern Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, District of Columbia and adjacent operational regions.

Operations in the theatre were dominated by the fact that the two capitals at Washington, DC, and Richmond, Virginia, were barely one hundred miles apart. Virginia inevitably became a primary theatre of the conflict as each belligerent sought to threaten the other’s capital city while defending its own. Each side had to provide for the defence of its capital, but the urgency was greater on the Union side, tying down large forces to occupy Washington’s extensive fortifications and to counter Confederate diversions and threats. Washington, DC also became the administrative nerve centre and the base for many significant logistical operations and this only added to its strategic significiance. Until mid-1864, the sensitivity and vulnerability of the US capital meant that it was always strongly garrisoned and heavily fortified, and Confederate threats invariably provoked intense anxiety and impulsive reactions to ensure tis defence. It was not until the suppression of Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley in late 1864 that the capital was finally considered secure.

 

The Union had to take the strategic initiative and attempted several overland advances towards Richmond, with occasional efforts made from the coast along the James River and Yorktown Peninsula. The Confederates responded aggressively and made diversionary advances and invasions towards Washington and across the Potomac River into Union territory. This required the Union to make continual adjustments to the military organisation north of the Potomac, which could raise short-term forces, forestall and react to raids, and provide security for the Northern hinterland.

Union forces quickly established bases on either side of the James River and in North Carolina and it became necessary to place garrisons to prevent further progress inland from the coasts. The proximity of Richmond and Petersburg to navigable waterways made their particularly vulnerable, and their loss would also cut lines of supply into central and northern Virginia. Confederate strategy focused from the start on protecting these locations, and making offensive movements or feints to divert Union forces from this critical area.

Both sides engaged continually in operations in the Shenandoah Valley and the mountainous region of western Virginia. The Valley was an important source of supplies for the Confederates and offered a covered line of advance into Union territory, an advantage that was exploited effectively in 1862, 1863, and 1864. The general south-westward orientation of the valley meant that any Union advance would gradually diverge and dissipate forces away from the main axis between Washington and Richmond.

Western Virginia was largely pro-Unionist and provided a base for Union operations towards prized natural resources and the vital East-West railroad line through eastern Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. The region was inaccessible to large forces and difficult either to occupy or defend but it constantly drew the attention of both sides. Difficult to conquer or garrison, there were many intense but short campaigns and raids. By late 1864 the Confederates had been so reduced that the Union was finally able to break out of the mountains into eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina.

In the immediate crisis of the outbreak of war, short-lived organisations were improvised on the peripheries of Virginia. The earliest commands were established in western Virginia, the Yorktown peninsula, the Shenandoah Valley, the Norfolk Navy Yard, and most importantly south of the Potomac River.

The first year of the war saw the creation of many small, sometimes grandiosely titled field forces and territorial commands. Along these were the Forces in Norfolk which evolved into the Department of Norfolk; the Potomac Line which became the Department of Fredericksburg; the Forces in Richmond which became the Department of Richmond; western Virginia was served by the small Forces in the Kanawha Valley, the Army of the Kanawha and the Army of the Northwest; the Department of Southwestern Virginia; the Hampton Line which became the Department and Army of the Peninsula. The Shenandoah Valley always had its own local command, evolving from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry later renamed the Army of the Shenandoah and then the District and various permutations of the Army of the Northwest and the Army of the Valley.

The largest single field force of the Confederacy was always stationed on the axis between Washington, DC, and Richmond. and gathered initially across the Potomac River from the Federal capital. Beginning as the Department of Alexandria and the Forces in Alexandria or the Alexandria Line, the Confederates’ primary command grew into the Department and Army of the Potomac and then the Department and Army of Northern Virginia. This command, for almost its entire history and until the dissolution of the Confederacy became synonymous with General Robert Edward Lee. While Lee directed the major campaigns for the defence of the Confederacy’s most northerly frontier, the Department of Henrico managed the military functions of the capital itself, the Department of Richmond organised its garrison, and the Department of Southwestern Virginia (later Trans-Allegheny Department and Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia) protected the western fringe of the state. The need to coordinate operations of forces in southern Virginia and North Carolina resulted in a Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia from September 1862 to February 1863 and again from May 1863, to protect the vital port of Wilmington and supply lines leading north into Petersburg, Virginia. Although these more minor organisations had some autonomy, they were usually subordinated to Lee’s dominant strategy.

Forces in Harper’s Ferry

Established, April 2 1861-July 4 1861, to Army of the Shenandoah)

Kenton Harper (April 2 1861-April 29 1861), Thomas Jonathan Jackson (April 29 1861-May 15 1861 interim May 24 1861), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (May 24 1861-July 4 1861)

April 2 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was established, comprising the Virginia Militias occupying Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Virginia State Colonel Kenton Harper assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

April 29 1861: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Kenton Harper.

May 15 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston appointed to command Forces in Harper’s Ferry, arriving on 24th May 1861.

May 24 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

July 4 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Shenandoah.

Forces in Norfolk

Established, April 18 1861-May 23 1861, discontinued, to Department of Norfolk

William Booth Taliaferro (April 18 1861-April 26 1861), Walter Gwynn (April 26 1861-May 21 1861), Benjamin Huger (May 21 1861-May 23 1861)

April 18 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was established, comprising forces sent to occupy Norfolk, Virginia, and the Gosport Navy Yard. Colonel William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk.

April 26 1861: State Major-General Walter Gwynn assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel William Booth Taliaferro.

May 21 1861: State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel Walter Gwynn.

May 23 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Norfolk.

Potomac Line

Established, April 22 1861-June 5 1861, discontinued, to Department of Fredericksburg

Daniel Ruggles (April 22 1861-June 5 1861)

April 22 1861: The Potomac Line was established, comprising forces collected around Fredericksburg, Virginia, controlling the Potomac River from Mt Vernon to the Rappahannock River. State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the Potomac Line.

June 5 1861: The Potomac Line was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Fredericksburg.

Department of Alexandria

Established, April 24 1861-May 31 1861, discontinued

Philip St George Cocke (April 24 1861-May 21 1861), Milledge Luke Bonham (May 21 1861-May 31 1861)

April 24 1861: The Department of Alexandria was established, comprising the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Department of Alexandria. Forces in Alexandria was established in the Department of Alexandria.

May 21 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Department of Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

May 24 1861: The Alexandria Line was discontinued. The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria.

May 31 1861: The Department of Alexandria was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

Forces in Alexandria/Alexandria Line

Established, April 24 1861-May 24 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Potomac

Philip St George Cocke (April 24 1861-May 21 1861), Milledge Luke Bonham (May 21 1861-May 1861)

April 24 1861: The “Alexandria Line” or “Forces in Alexandria” was established in the Department of Alexandria, comprising field forces gathering in the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the “Alexandria Line”.

May 21 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Forces in Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

May 24 1861: Forces in Alexandria was discontinued.

Army of the Potomac

Established, from Forces in Alexandria, May 24 1861-May 31 1861, to Army of the Potomac

Milledge Luke Bonham (May 24 1861-May 31 1861)

May 24 1861: The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Army of the Potomac.

May 31 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

Forces in Richmond

Established, April 26 1861-August 30 1862, discontinued, to Department of Richmond

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (April 26 1861-May 8 1861), John Bankhead Magruder (May 8 1861-May 21 1861), Thomas Turner Fauntleroy (May 21 1861-August 30 1861), Charles Dimmock (August 30 1861-July 2 1862), Gustavus Woodson Smith (July 2 1862-August 30 1862)

April 26 1861: The Forces in Richmond was established, comprising forces collected for the defence of Richmond, Virginia. Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Forces in Richmond.

May 8 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

May 21 1861: State Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy assumed command of the Forces in Richmond succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

August 30 1861: Colonel Charles Dimmock assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy.

July 2 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Charles Dimmock.

August 30 1862: Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

Forces in the Kanawha Valley

Established, May 3 1861-June 6 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Kanawha

Christopher Quarles Tompkins (May 3 1861-June 6 1861)

May 3 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was established, comprising forces collected in western Virginia prior to the formation of the Army of the Kanawha. State Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins assumed command of the Forces in the Kanawha Valley.

June 6 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Army of the Kanawha.

Department of Southwestern Virginia

Established, May 8 1861-November 25 1862, discontinued to Trans-Allegheny Department

William Wing Loring (May 8 1861-October 16 1862), John Echols October 16 1862-November 10 1862 interim November 19 1862), John Stuart Williams (temporary November 10 1862-November 25 1862)

May 8 1861: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was established, comprising the mountainous regions of southwest Virginia. Colonel William Wing Loring assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

January 28 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

May 2 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

May 8 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued.

October 16 1862: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Wing Loring.

November 10 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams assumed temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, arriving on 19th November 1862.

November 19 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams arrived to temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

November 25 1862: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed as the Trans-Allegheny Department. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia.

District of Lewisburg

Established, January 28 1862-May 8 1862, discontinued

Henry Heth (January 27 1862-May 8 1862)

January 28 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the forces around Lewisburg, Virginia. Brigadier-General Henry Heth assumed command of the District of Lewisburg.

May 8 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued.

District of Abingdon

Established, May 2 1862-November 25 1862, transferred to Trans-Allegheny Department.

Humphrey Marshall (May 2 1862-November 25 1862)

May 2 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, McDowell and Wyoming in Virginia. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall assumed command of the District of Abingdon.

November 25 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia.

Hampton Line

Established, May 21 1861-May 26 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Peninsula)

John Bankhead Magruder (May 21 1861-May 26 1861)

May 21 1861: The Hampton Line was established, comprising forces gathering in the Yorktown peninsula of Virginia. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Hampton Line.

May 26 1861: The Hampton Line was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Peninsula.

Department of Norfolk

Established, from Forces in Norfolk, May 23 1861-April 12 1862, discontinued

Jones Mitchell Withers (temporary May 23 1861-May 26 1861), Benjamin Huger (May 23 1861-April 12 1862)

May 23 1861: The Department of Norfolk was established, comprising the former Forces in Norfolk. State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger appointed to command the Department of Norfolk, arriving on 26th May 1861. Colonel Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of the Department of Norfolk.

May 26 1861: Colonel Benjamin Huger arrived to command the Department of Norfolk.

December 21 1861: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of Norfolk.

February 5 1862: The Department of Norfolk was extended to include Martin, Bertie, Halifax, Hertford and Northampton counties of Virginia.

February 23 1862: The District of Albemarle was discontinued.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued. Most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia and part incorporated into the Department of North Carolina.

District of Albemarle

Established, December 21 1861-February 23 1862, discontinued

Henry Alexander Wise (December 21 1861-February 23 1862)

December 21 1861: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of Norfolk, comprising North Carolina east of the Chowan River and Washington and Tyrrel counties. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise appointed to command the District of Albemarle, arriving on 11th January 1862.

January 11 1862: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise arrived to command the District of Albemarle.

February 23 1862: The District of Albemarle was discontinued.

Department of the Peninsula

Established, May 26 1861-April 12 1862, discontinued

John Bankhead Magruder (May 26 1861-May 31 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary May 31 1861-June 17 1861), John Bankhead Magruder (June 17 1861-April 12 1862)

May 26 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was established with headquarters at Yorktown, comprising the territory occupied by the field forces of the former Hampton Line. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula. The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula.

May 31 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

June 14 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester Point, Virginia.

June 17 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

June 28 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include James Island and West Point, Virginia.

August 26 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester, Matthews and Middlesex counties of Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Peninsula

Established, from Hampton Line, May 26 1861-April 12 1862, to Army of Northern Virginia

John Bankhead Magruder (May 26 1861-May 31 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary May 31 1861-June 17 1861), John Bankhead Magruder (June 17 1861-April 12 1862)

May 26 1861: The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula, comprising the field forces of the former Hampton Line, operating on the Yorktown peninsula. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

May 31 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Army of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

June 17 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

April 12 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

Department of the Potomac

Established, from Department of Alexandria, May 31 1861-October 22 1861, to Department of Northern Virginia)

Milledge Luke Bonham (interim May 31 1861-June 2 1861), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 31 1861-July 20 1861), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 20 1861-October 22 1861)

May 31 1861: The Department of the Potomac was established, comprising the territory of the former Department of Alexandria. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Department of the Potomac, arriving on 2nd June 1861. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed interim command of the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

June 2 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

June 10 1861: The Department of the Potomac was extended to include Prince William, Fairfax and Loudoun counties of Virginia.

July 20 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of the Potomac, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac.

August 22 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac.

September 25 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

October 22 1861: The Department of the Potomac was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

Army of the Potomac

Transferred from Department of Alexandria, May 31 1861-October 22 1861, transferred to Department of Northern Virginia

Milledge Luke Bonham (interim May 31 1861-June 2 1861), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 31 1861-July 20 1861 interim July 21 1861), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 21 1861-October 22 1861)

May 31 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on 2nd June 1861. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham retained interim command of the Army of the Potomac.

June 2 18861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Army of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on July 21st 1861.

July 21 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Army of the Potomac.

September 25 1861: “I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Potomac

Established, September 25 1861-October 22 1861, transferred to Department of Northern Virginia

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (September 25 1861-October 4 1861), Earl Van Dorn (October 4 1861-October 22 1861)

“I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of I Corps (Potomac).

October 4 1861: Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command I Corps (Potomac), succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

II Corps Potomac

Established, September 25 1861-October 22 1861, to Department of Northern Virginia.

Gustavus Woodson Smith (September 25 1861-October 22 1861

September 25 1861: “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to command II Corps (Potomac), arriving on 4th October 1861.

October 4 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to command II Corps (Potomac).

October 22 1861: II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Kanawha

Transferred to Department of the Potomac, July 20 1861-September 25 1861, discontinued)

Henry Alexander Wise (July 20 1861-August 11 1861), John Buchanan Floyd (August 11 1861-September 25 1861)

July 20 1861: The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise retained command of the Army of the Kanawha.

August 11 1861; Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise.

September 25 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

Army of the Valley

Established, August 22 1861-October 22 1861, to Valley District

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (August 22 1861-October 22 1861)

August 22 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Valley.

October 22 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

Department of Fredericksburg

Established, June 5 1861-October 22 1861, discontinued, to Department of the Potomac

Vacant (June 5 1861), Theophilus Hunter Holmes (June 6 1861-July 17 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (July 17 1861-October 22 1861)

June 5 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was established, comprising the field forces of the Potomac Line. Command of the Department of Fredericksburg remained vacant. June 5 1861: The Potomac Line was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Fredericksburg.

June 6 1861: Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg.

July 17 1861: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

July 18 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg.

October 22 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

District of Aquia

Established, July 18 1861-October 22 1861

Richard M Cary (July 18 1861-July 19 1861), Daniel Ruggles (July 19 1861-August 20 1861),

Vacant (August 21 1861-October 22 1861)

July 18 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg, comprising the territory between Powell’s River and the mouth of the Potomac River including North Neck and the counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg. Colonel Richard M Cary assumed temporary command of the District of Aquia.

July 19 1861: Colonel Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Colonel Richard M Cary.

August 21 1861: Command of the District of Aquia became vacant.

October 22 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Kanawha

Established, from Forces in the Kanawha Valley, June 6 1861-July 20 1861, to Department of the Potomac)

Henry Alexander Wise (June 6 1861-July 20 1861)

June 6 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was established, comprising the former Forces in the Kanawha Valley and additional troops, with headquarters initially at Charleston, Virginia. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac.

Army of the Northwest

Established, June 8 1861-November 4 1861, to Valley District

Robert Selden Garnett (June 8 1861-July 13 1861), Henry Rootes Jackson (July 13 1861-July 20 1861), William Wing Loring (July 20 1861-November 4 1861)

June 8 1861: The Army of the Northwest was established, comprising all forces collected in north-western Virginia. Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett assumed command of the Army of the Northwest.

July 13 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Northwest succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett.

July 20 1861: Brigadier-General William Wing Loring assumed command of the Army of the Northwest, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

District of Harper’s Ferry

Established, July 4 1861-July 20 1861, discontinued

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 4 1861-July 20 1861)

July 4 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was established. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the District of Harper’s Ferry. The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

July 20 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

Army of the Shenandoah

Established, from Forces in Harper’s Ferry, July 4 1861-July 20 1861, to Army of the Potomac)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 4 1861-July 20 1861)

July 4 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of the Shenandoah.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

Department of Henrico

Established, October 21 1861-March 5 1864, discontinued

John Henry Winder (October 21 1861-March 5 1864)

October 21 1861: The Department of Henrico was established, comprising Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia. It assumed jurisdiction over garrison troops, city guard, militia, police, hospitals, prisons, warehouses, training camps and government administration buildings. Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Department of Henrico.

March 25 1862: The Department of Henrico was extended to include Petersburg and its vicinity.

August 30 1862: The field forces of the Department of Henrico were transferred to the Department of Richmond. The Department of Henrico retained responsibility for administrative, garrison and guard duties around Richmond, Virginia.

March 5 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

Department of Northern Virginia

Established, from Department of the Potomac and Department of Fredericksburg, October 22 1861-April 9 1865, discontinued

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (October 22 1861-May 31 1862), Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary May 31 1862-June 1 1862), Robert Edward Lee (June 11 862-April 9 1865)

October 22 1861: The Department of Northern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of Fredericksburg and the Department of the Potomac. The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia. The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. The Valley District was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of the Potomac was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

January 29 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

March 13 1862: The Army of the Potomac was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Northern Virginia. The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac.

March 24 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued, and most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

May 31 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

June 1 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

June 21 1862: The Department of North Carolina was extended to include the south bank of the James River in Virginia, including Drewry’s Bluff.

September 6 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

April 2 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: The Department of Northern Virginia surrendered. The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia. The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered.

District of Aquia

Transferred from Department of Fredericksburg, October 22 1861-September 6 1862)

Robert August Toombs (October 22 1861-March 22 1862 interim March 23 1862), Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary March 23 1862-September 6 1862)

October 22 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs assumed command of the District of Aquia.

March 22 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to temporary command of the District of Aquia, arriving on 23rd March 1862.

March 24 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to temporary command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs.

September 6 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

District of the Potomac

Established, October 22 1861-January 29 1862

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (October 22 1861-January 29 1862)

October 22 1861: The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the territory of Virginia between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the left bank of Powell’s River. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the District of the Potomac.

January 29 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

Valley District

Established, October 22 1861-April 9 1865, discontinued, to Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (October 22 1861-September 6 1862), Daniel Harvey Hill (September 6 1862-December 29 1862), William Edmondson Jones (December 29 1862-April 26 1863), Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (April 26 1863-June 15 1863), Jubal Anderson Early (June 15 1863-July 8 1863), Gabriel Colvin Wharton (July 8 1863-July 21 1863 interim July 28 1863), John Daniel Imboden (July 21 1863-December 15 1863), Jubal Anderson Early (December 15 1863-March 27 1865), Vacant (March 28 1865), Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (March 29 1865-April 9 1865)

The Valley District was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. It comprised the Shenandoah Valley and the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountain areas. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson appointed to command the Valley District, arriving on 7th November 1861. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

November 7 1861: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson arrived to command the Valley District.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

June 25 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

September 6 1862: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

December 29 1862: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

April 26 1863: Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

June 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of the District of the Valley, succeeding Major-General Isaac Ridgway Trimble.

July 8 1863: Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

July 21 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden was appointed to temporary command of the Valley District, arriving on 28th July 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

July 28 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden arrived to temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

December 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden.

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued. “II Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

March 28 1865: Command of the Valley District became vacant.

March 29 1865: Major-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 9 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

Army of the Valley

Transferred from Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-June 25 1862, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (October 22 1861-June 25 1862)

October 22 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of the Army of the Valley.

June 25 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Army of the Northwest

Transferred to Valley District, November 4 1861-February 10 1862

William Wing Loring (November 4 1861-January 26 1862), Edward Johnson (temporary January 26 1862-February 10 1862)

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General William Wing Loring retained command of the Army of the Northwest.

January 26 1862: Brigadier-General Edward Johnson assumed temporary command of the Army of the Northwest.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

Army of the Valley

Established, from II Corps Northern Virginia, June 12 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

Jubal Anderson Early (June 12 1864-September 27 1864)

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District, comprising II Corps (Northern Virginia). Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the “Army of the Valley”.

June 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). “II Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia).

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued. “II Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

I Corps Valley

Established, June 27 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

Robert Emmett Rodes (June 27 1864-September 19 1864), Stephen Dodson Ramseur (temporary September 19 1864-September 27 1864)

June 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed command of “I Corps (Valley)”.

September 19 1864: Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur assumed temporary command of I Corps (Valley), succeeding Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

September 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

II Corps Valley

Established, June 27 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

John Cabell Breckinridge (June 27 1864-September 27 1864)

June 27 1864: “II Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of “II Corps (Valley)”.

September 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

Army of the Potomac

Transferred from Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-March 13 1862, to Army of Northern Virginia)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (October 22 1861-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retained command of the Army of the Potomac. I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

March 13 1862: The Army of the Potomac was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Northern Virginia. I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia. II Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps Potomac

From Department of the Potomac October 22 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Right Wing Northern Virginia

Earl Van Dorn (October 22 1861-January 10 1862), James Longstreet (January 10 1862-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. Major-General Earl Van Dorn retained command of I Corps (Potomac).

January 10 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

March 13 1862: I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps Potomac

From Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Left Wing Northern Virginia

Gustavus Woodson Smith (October 22 1861-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith retained command of I Corps (Potomac).

March 13 1862: II Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

Army of Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Potomac, March 13 1862-April 9 1865, discontinued

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (March 13 1862-May 31 1862), Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary May 31 1862-June 11 862), Robert Edward Lee (June 1 1862-April 9 1865)

March 13 1862: The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 31 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

June 1 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

June 25 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia. Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

July 14 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia re-established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

November 6 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Northern Virginia. I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Northern Virginia. II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

May 30 1`863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee.

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 12 1864: Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued.

June 12 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the “Army of the Valley”. The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). II Corps (Northern Virginia) was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”.

October 19 1864: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered. I Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered. II Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered. Cavalry (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

Right Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from I Corps Potomac, March 13 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

James Longstreet (March 13 1862-June 25 1862)

March 13 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Left Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from II Corps Potomac, March 13 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Gustavus Woodson Smith (March 13 1862-June 25 1862)

March 13 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of Left Wing Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Centre Wing Northern Virginia

Established, March 13 1862-May 4 1862, discontinued, to Reserve Northern Virginia

Daniel Harvey Hill (March 13 1862-May 4 1862)

March 13 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia.

Reserve Northern Virginia

Established, from Centre Wing Northern Virginia, May 4 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

John Bankhead Magruder (May 4 1862-June 25 1862)

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Reserve Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia.

Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Right Wing Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 16 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia

James Longstreet (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

July 16 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Valley and Left Wing Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 16 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s left Wing Northern Virginia

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

July 16 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Reserve Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 14 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia and Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia

John Bankhead Magruder (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia. Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Magruder’s Command.

July 16 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued.

Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from Longstreet’s Command, Northern Virginia, July 16 1862-September 4 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

James Longstreet (July 16 1862-September 4 1862)

July 16 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from Jackson’s Command, Northern Virginia, July 16 1862 –September 4 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (July 16 1862-September 4 1862:

July 16 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Wing Northern Virginia.

September 4 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Right Wing Northern Virginia, September 4 1862-November 6 1862, discontinued to I Corps Northern Virginia

James Longstreet (September 4 1862-November 6 1862)

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Left Wing Northern Virginia, June September 4 1862-November 6 1862, discontinued to II Corps Northern Virginia

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (September 4 1862-November 6 1862)

September 4 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia, November 6 1862-September 9 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

James Longstreet (November 6 1862-September 9 1863)

November 6 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Northern Virginia. I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee.

II Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia, November 6 1862-June 12 1864, to Army of the Valley

Thomas Jonathan Jackson (November 6 1862-May 2 1863), Ambrose Powell Hill (temporary May 2 1863), Robert Emmett Rodes (temporary May 2 1863, James Ewell Brown Stuart (temporary May 2 1863-May 6 1863), Ambrose Powell Hill (temporary May 6 1863-7 1863 interim May 10 1863), Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 10 1863-May 30 1863), Richard Stoddert Ewell (May 7 1863-December 4 1863-November 15 1863), Jubal Anderson Early (temporary November 15 1863-June 12 1864)December 4 1863), Richard Stoddert Ewell (December 4 1863-May 29 1864), Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 29 1864-June 3 1864, June 4 1864-June 12 1864)

November 6 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Northern Virginia. II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command.

May 2 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill. Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

May 6 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart.

May 7 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell was appointed to command II Corps Northern Virginia, arriving on 30th May 1863.

May 10 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, pending the arrival of Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

May 30 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell arrived to command II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

November 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

December 4 1863: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell resumed command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

May 29 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

June 4 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed full command of II Corps (Northern Virginia).

June 12 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the Army of the valley.

III Corps Northern Virginia

Established, May 30 1863-April 2 1865, discontinued

Ambrose Powell Hill (May 30 1863-May 8 1864), Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 8 1864-May 21 1864), Ambrose Powell Hill (May 21 1864-April 2 1865)

May 30 1863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia.

May 8 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of III Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

May 21 1864: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia

Established, May 30 1863-May 12 1864, discontinued

James Ewell Brown Stuart (May 30 1863-May 12 1864)

May 30 1863: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed command of Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia.

May 12 1864: Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued

I Corps Northern Virginia

Transferred from District of Tennessee, April 7 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

James Longstreet (April 7 1864-May 6 1864), Charles William Field (May 6 1864-May 7 1864), Richard Heron Anderson (May 7 1864-October 17 1864), James Longstreet (October 17 1864-April 9 1865)

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the Department of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Lafayette McLaws.

May 6 1864¨ Major-General Charles William Field assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

May 8 1864: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Charles William Field.

October 17 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: I Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

II Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Valley, September 27 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

Jubal Anderson Early (September 27 1864-December 9 1864), John Brown Gordon (December 9 1864-April 9 1865)

September 27 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”. Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early retained command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), comprising the forces of the discontinued Army of the Valley.

December 9 1864: Major-General John Brown Gordon assumed command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 5 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 6 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: II Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

IV Corps Northern Virginia

Established, October 19 1864-April 8 1865, discontinued

Richard Heron Anderson (October 17 1864-April 8 1865)

October 19 1864: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed command of IV Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

Department of Richmond

Established, August 30 1862-April 6 1865, discontinued

Gustavus Woodson Smith (August 30 1862-December 12 1862), Arnold Elzey (December 12 1862-July 1 1863), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary July 1 1863-July 13 1863), Robert Ransom (temporary July 13 1863-September 23 1863), Arnold Elzey (September 23 1863-February 26 1864), James Longstreet (temporary February 26 1864-April 24 1864), Robert Ransom (April 24 1864-June 13 1864), Richard Stoddert Ewell (June 13 1864-April 5 1865)

August 30 1862: The Department of Richmond was established to include all field forces and prisons in and around Richmond, Virginia, and incorporating the Forces in Richmond and the field forces of the Department of Henrico. Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of Richmond.

December 12 1862: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

April 23 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

July 1 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

July 13 1863: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

September 23 1863: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

February 26 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

March 5 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

April 24 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

June 13 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

April 6 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

Trans-Allegheny Department

Established, from Department of Southwestern Virginia, November 25 1862-September 27 1864, discontinued, to Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

John Stuart Williams (interim November 25 1862-December 10 1862), Samuel Jones (November 25 1862-February 26 1864), John Hunt Morgan (interim February 26 1864-March 1864, de facto March 5 1864-xxx, John Cabell Breckinridge (February 26 1864-May 23 1864 interim may 25 1864), William Edmondson Jones (May 23 1864-May 31 1864), George Bibb Crittenden (temporary May 31 1864-June 22 1864), John Hunt Morgan (temporary June 22 1864-August 22 1864), John Echols (temporary August 22 1864-September 17 1864 interim September 22 1864), John Cabell Breckinridge (September 17 1864-September 27 1864)

November 25 1862: The Trans-Allegheny Department was established, comprising the former Department of Southwestern Virginia, and extended to the eastern boundary of Kentucky. Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 10th December 1862. Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams retained temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

December 10 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams.

January 17 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

April 2 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

September 5 1863: September 5 1863: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include the portion of southwestern Virginia formerly belonging to the Department of East Tennessee and the forces east of Knoxville.

February 26 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 5th March 1864. Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed de facto local command of the Trans-Allegheny Department interim and subsequently.

March 19 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include Saltville, Virginia.

April 23 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department took control of the territory of the District of East Tennessee.

May 2 1864: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

May 23 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 25th May 1864.

May 25 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

May 31 1864: Colonel George Bibb Crittenden assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

June 22 1864: Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Colonel George Gibb Crittenden.

August 22 1864: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan.

September 17 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 22nd September 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General John Echols.

September 22 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge arrived to assume command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

September 27 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was discontinued.

District of Abingdon

Transferred, from Department of Southwestern Virginia, November 25 1862-January 17 1863, transferred to Department of East Tennessee

Humphrey Marshall (November 25 1862-January 17 1863)

November 25 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall retained command of the District of Abingdon.

January 17 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

Reserve Forces of Virginia

Established, April 30 1864-April 5 1865, discontinued

James Lawson Kemper (April 30 1864-April 5 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Virginia was established. Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Virginia.

April 5 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-April 19 1865, discontinued, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

John Cabell Breckinridge (December 16 1864-February 20 1865), Jubal Anderson Early (February 20 1865-March 27 1865), Vacant (March 28 1865), John Echols (March 29 1865-April 19 1865)

December 16 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

February 20 1865: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

March 28 1865: Command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia became vacant.

March 29 1865: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 9 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

April 19 1865: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

Part 2e: Western and Gulf Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and adjacent operational regions in Louisiana, Florida Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, South Carolina, and North Carolina.

This was the decisive theatre of operations where the foundations of Union victory were firmly established. Being geographically central, operations in this theatre inevitably impinged on and overlapped with all the other theatres of war. The Confederates’ military organisation evolved in response both to Union incursions and to facilitate offensive operations. The primary focus was on two main lines of possible advance by the Union Army, both assisted by naval forces on the inland rivers. The first followed the line of the Mississippi southwards and the second, followed the line of the Tennessee River into northern Georgia during 1862 to 1864. Exploitation of the latter advance in late 1864 and 1865 took dominant Union forces from the western theatre across Georgia to the Atlantic Coast and then north through the Carolinas.

Confederate military organisation necessarily evolved into two diverging and competing segments: one defending the Mississippi sector and the other protecting the invasion routes through Tennessee into Georgia. There were repeated efforts to coordinate the two sectors, but they were largely ineffective as resources were insufficient to strengthen either segment at the expense of the other without risking defeat in the weaker sector. The Confederates aspired repeatedly to launch aggressive counteroffensives, but their efforts floundered beyond the tactical level. The invasion of Kentucky in 1862 was an ambitious but fruitless enterprise, while the attacks at Shiloh and Corinth in 1862, Chickamauga in 1863 and Tennessee in 1864 showed a comparable aggression.

The initial military organisation coalesced around the Mississippi River, attempting to coordinate forces on the western and eastern banks, and on the disputed state of Kentucky. The Western Department (or, Department No 2) was formed on June 25 1861 to organise forces on both banks of the Mississippi as far as north as Kentucky and west of the Tennessee River, while Department No 1 oversaw the southern stretches of the Mississippi. By September 1861, the Department had been extended to include northern Alabama, the parts of Mississippi and Louisiana along the Mississippi River, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. The Indian Territory was soon taken away as it was too distant for effective direction. Field forces collected around fortified strongholds along the Mississippi, Tennessee and Cumberland, and attempted to become established in central and eastern Kentucky. The unexpected vulnerability of riverside forts to attack armoured by armoured warships undermined this strategy and as Union forces penetrated inland along the major rivers, the Confederate line of defence was forced back broadly to a line along the southern edge of Tennessee and the neighbouring states.

The difficulty of coordinating operations on both banks of the Mississippi was acknowledged in May 1862 and the Trans-Mississippi parts of the Western Department gained autonomy. The discontinuation of Department No 1 in June 1862 meant that the Department now controlled the vast theatre between the Mississippi, the Appalachian massif and the Gulf of Mexico. This extension now added a third competing sector to the strategic challenge: the defence of the Gulf ports but this remained a mercifully minor problem until late 1864.

The invasion of Kentucky in 1862, intended as a bold sweep to regain the territory as far north of the Ohio, necessitated the extension of the Department into mountainous East Tennessee and the emergence of what became the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana and its army to hold the Mississippi live while the Army of Mississippi advanced from middle to join the Army of East Tennessee/Kentucky from eastern Tennessee in an uneasy collaboration.

There were desperate efforts to coordinate the operations of these three armies but to little avail so in November 1862, the first attempt to provide a clear strategic oversight was enacted with the formation of the Military Division of the West. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston led this supreme headquarters, but it was immediately apparent to him that it was impossible to meet all of his diverging priorities or to concentrate his field forces to gain a consistent ascendancy at any point. The merger of the Department of East Tennessee and the Western Department into the Department of Tennessee in July 1863 was a positive move, but even though Johnston took immediate command in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana after the fall of Vicksburg, it was impossible to reverse the disaster.

Another bold initiative to wrest back the initiative in Tennessee occurred in the autumn of 1863 as strong reinforcements were transferred from Virginia to Tennessee. Despite tactical success at Chickamauga and strenuous efforts to regain eastern Tennessee, the endeavour was unsuccessful. It was proving impossible to hold the line at all the threatened points and simultaneously to form a concentration in the western theatre powerful enough to reverse Union progress decisively. Even the repeated denuding of men from the Trans-Mississippi Gulf and and Atlantic Coasts to provide reinforcemernts could not reverse the need for more men. Indeed, the Confederate offensive of late 1863 provoked a major shift in the Union High Command as Ulysses Simpson Grant was given the predominant command to save Chattanooga and the first truly unified Union command (the Military Division of the Mississippi) enabled the effective and coordinated application of force in 1864 and 1865 that had eluded the Confederates in 1862 and 1863.

The Military Division of the West was finally was disbanded as an unworkable ideal in December 1863 after the fiasco at Chattanooga. The Georgia sector was defended by the Army of Tennessee which had been formed from the merged Army of Mississippi and the Army of Kentucky. Even when reinforced from Mississippi, it did not seem likely to halt the Union steamroller towards Atlanta.

The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, soon renamed the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi and later as the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, provided the command structure in the western and Gulf sectors while the Department of Tennessee directed the primary eastern sector. Harassing operations continued in Mississippi and Alabama, but there were never enough troops to reverse the Union domination of the Mississippi valley and the majority of these forces were drawn back to the primary sector in northern Georgia once the Union began its advance towards Atlanta.

The next major evolution came after the fall of Atlanta. Incapable of regaining the city by a direct approach, the Confederates made one last attempt to reverse the Union invasion in the Georgia sector by another far-reaching offensive campaign. Renaming the Department of Tennessee as the Department of Tennessee and Georgia, General John Bell Hood inadvertently revealed the two diverging areas of geographical responsibility. He opted to attack the lengthy enemy lines of communications through Tennessee, and in so doing left Georgia almost defenceless. The audacity of the Union response, an unsupported march from Atlanta across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean rather than a hasty retreat to guard its rear, was not foreseen. The second coming of the Military Division of the West, led by General P G T Beauregard, intended to provide expert supervision to the inexperienced Hood and to coordinate in his support the Department of Western Kentucky, the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was another false start and it was abandoned after the crushing of Hood’s hopes and army at Nashville in December 1864.

The constituent Departments regained their autonomy after Beauregard’s Military Division was discontinued, but now they all lacked a substantial field force capable of resisting relentless Union progress through Georgia, the Carolinas, or Alabama. The defeat of the forts defending Mobile on the Gulf Coast was protracted but inevitable and the most strenuous efforts to create an Army of the South under Johnston from the remnants of armies and garrisons across Tennessee, Georgia and the Carolinas, resulted in the capacity to harass and annoy the advancing Union armies but not to halt them.

The surrender of the Confederate Army in Virginia was followed within a month by the dissolution of the armies in North Carolina and Alabama.

The Confederates sought repeatedly to seize the strategic initiative in the western theatre, and made genuine attempts to achieve coordination and clarity of effort. However, shortage of resources, and the impossibility of defending all of the threatened avenues of invasion simultaneously, led to a proliferation of rival commands that were defeated in turn.

Army of Liberation

Established, June 23 1861-September 1 1861

Gideon Johnson Pillow (June 23 1861-September 1 1861)

June 23 1861: The Army of Liberation was established unofficially, comprising forces collected at New Madrid, Missouri. State Major-General Gideon Johnson Pillow assumed command of the Army of Liberation.

September 1 1861: The Army of Liberation was discontinued, and incorporated into the field forces of the Western Department.

Western Department (Department No 2)

Established, June 25 1861-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West.

Leonidas Polk (June 25 1861-September 10 1861), Albert Sidney Johnston (September 10 1861-April 6 1862), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (April 6 1862-June 20 1862 interim June 27 1862), Braxton Bragg (June 20 1862-October 24 1862), Leonidas Polk (temporary |October 24 1862-November 3 1862), Braxton Bragg (November 3 1862-November 4 1862)

June 25 1861: The Western Department (or Department No 2) was established, comprising the territory north of the 31st parallel on the Mississippi River and bounded on the east by the Tennessee River. Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the Western Department (Department No 2), having arrived to take command of forces in the territory unofficially on 13 June 1861. The District of Upper Arkansas was established in the Western Department.

July 2 1861: The Forces in Missouri was established in the Western Department.

July 4 1861: The Western Department was extended to include Alabama north of the Tennessee River beginning at Waterloo and running east to Decatur; Alabama north of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad from Decatur to Stevenson, with that portion of Tennessee west and south of the Tennessee River; the Mississippi River counties of Arkansas and Mississippi including Corinth and extending to Eastport; it also included the river parishes of Louisiana north and east of the White and Black Rivers.

August 4 1861: The Forces in Missouri was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Army. The “Western Army” was established unofficially in the Western Department.

September 1 1861: The Army of Liberation was discontinued, and incorporated into the field forces of the Western Department.

September 2 1861: The Western Department was extended to include Mississippi west of New Orleans, Jackson, and the Great Northern and Central Railroads. The First Geographical Division was established in the Western Department.

September 10 1861: The Western Department was extended to include Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Western Department, succeeding Major-General Leonidas Polk. The District of the Indian Territory was established in the Western Department. Then District of East Tennessee transferred to the Western Department.

September 18 1861: The Army of Central Kentucky (or, Central Army of Kentucky) was established in the Western Department

November 1 1861: The Army of Eastern Kentucky was established in the Western Department.

November 22 1861: The District of the Indian Territory was discontinued, and renamed as the Department of the Indian Territory.

January 10 1862: The District of Upper Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory transferred from The Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi District. The Trans-Mississippi District was established in the Western Department.

January 19 1862: The “Western Army” was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the West.

February 22 1862: The District of North Alabama was established in the Western Department.

February 25 1862: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of East Tennessee.

March 5 1862: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Western Department. The First Geographical Division was discontinued. The First Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. The Second Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

March 21 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended southwards to include Chattanooga.

March 29 1862: The Army of Central Kentucky was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Mississippi.

April 6 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Western Department, succeeding General Albert Sidney Johnston.

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Western Department was extended southwards to the 33rd parallel east of the Mississippi River and extending to the eastern border of Alabama. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established in the Western Department.

June 20 1862: General Braxton Bragg was appointed to command the Western Department, arriving on 27th June 1862.

June 25 1862: Department No 1 was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Western Department. The eastern border of The Western Department was redefined as the line of the railroad from Chattanooga via Atlanta and West Point and then following the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers to the Gulf. The eastern border of the Western Department was redefined as the line of the railroad from Chattanooga via Atlanta and West Point and then following the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers to the Gulf of Mexico.

June 27 1862: General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Western Department, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. The District of North Alabama was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Department.

June 29 1862: The Department of Alabama and West Florida was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Department.

July 2 1862: The Gulf District was established in the Western Department, comprising the area from the Pearl River to the Apalachicola River and northward to latitude 32 degrees north. The District of the Mississippi was established in the Western Department. Southern Mississippi was detached from the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to become part of the District of Mississippi.

July 18 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended by adding the parts of Georgia north of Atlanta and West Point.

July 21 1862: The District of the Tennessee was established in the Western Department

September 12 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended by adding the area east of the Hiwassee River. The area west of the Hiwassee River was added to the Western Department.

September 27 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee was established in the Western Department.

September 28 1862: The Army of the West was discontinued, and incorporated into the unofficial “Army of West Tennessee”. The “Army of West Tennessee” was established in the Western Department, incorporating the discontinued Army of the West.

October 1 1862: The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of the Mississippi was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued. The Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued. The Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued.

October 8 1862: The Army of Kentucky transferred temporarily to the Army of Mississippi for the duration of operations in Kentucky.

October 20 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended with more territory north of Chattanooga, which was detached from The Western Department.

October 24 1862: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed temporary command of the Western Department, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

October 28 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was established from forces taken from Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

November 3 1862: General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the Western Department, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk.

November 3 1862: The Gulf District was extended northwards to latitude 33 degrees north.

November 4 1862: The Western Department was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The District of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Right Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Left Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Reserve Corps (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Army of West Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Army of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

District of Upper Arkansas

Established, June 25 1861-January 10 1862, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi District

William Joseph Hardee (June 25 1861-January 10 1862)

The District of Upper Arkansas was established in the Western Department, comprising the part of Arkansas north of the White and Black Rivers, and north of the Arkansas River. Brigadier-General William Joseph Hardee appointed to command the District of Upper Arkansas in the Western Department, arriving on 22nd July 1861.

July 22 1861: Brigadier-General William Joseph Hardee arrived to command the District of Upper Arkansas in the Western Department.

January 10 1862: The District of Upper Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory transferred from The Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi District.

First Geographical Division

Established, September 2 1861-March 5 1862, discontinued, to First Grand Division Mississippi

Leonidas Polk (September 2 1861-March 5 1862)

September 2 1861: The First Geographical Division was established in the Western Department. It comprised western Tennessee and Kentucky running along the line of the Memphis & Louisville Railroad, excluding the city of Nashville and extending west of the Mississippi River; an operational territory in Kentucky west of the Cumberland River was also included. Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the First Geographical Division in the Western Department.

March 5 1862: The First Geographical Division was discontinued.

District of East Tennessee

Transferred to Western Department, September 10 1861-February 25 1862, discontinued, to Department of East Tennessee.

Felix Kirk Zollicoffer (September 10-November 11 1861 interim to December 8 1861), George Bibb Crittenden (November 11 1861-February 25 1862)

July 26 1861: The District of East Tennessee was established, comprising the territory September 10 1861: The District of East Tennessee transferred to the Western Department.

November 11 1861: Major-General George Bibb Crittenden appointed to command the District of East Tennessee, arriving on 8th December 1861.

December 8 1861: Major-General George Bibb Crittenden arrived to command the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer.

February 25 1862: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued.

District of the Indian Territory

Established, from Indian Territory, September 10 1861-November 22 1861

Benjamin McCulloch (September 10 1861-November 22 1861)

September 10 1861: The District of the Indian Territory was established in the Western Department. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory.

November 22 1861: The District of the Indian Territory was discontinued, and renamed as the Department of the Indian Territory.

Trans-Mississippi District

Established, January 10 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

Earl Van Dorn (January 10 1862-May 26 1862)

January 10 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District was established in the Western Department, comprising Louisiana north of the Red River, the Indian Territory and the states of Arkansas and Missouri, except for the territory east of St Francis County to Scott County in Missouri. Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi District, arriving on 29th January 1862.

January 29 1862: Major-General Earl Van Dorn arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi District.

May 11 1862: Forces in Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi District, comprising field forces in Arkansas.

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Forces in Arkansas

Established, May 11 1862-May 26 1862, to Trans-Mississippi Department

John Selden Roane (May 11 1862-May 26 1862)

May 11 1862: Forces in Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi District, comprising field forces in Arkansas. Brigadier-General John Selden Roane assumed command of Forces in Arkansas.

May 26 1862: Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

District of North Alabama

Established, February 22 1862-June 27 1862, discontinued, to Western Department

Daniel Ruggles (February 22 1862-June 27 1862)

February 22 1862: The District of North Alabama was established in the Western Department. Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles appointed to command the District of North Alabama in the Western Department, arriving on 23rd February 1862.

February 23 1862: Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles arrived to command the District of North Alabama.

June 27 1862: The District of North Alabama was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Department.

District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, May 26 1862-October 1 1862, discontinued, to Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Earl Van Dorn (May 26 1862-September 4 1862), Vacant (September 5 1862-October 1 1862)

May 26 1862: The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established in the Western Department. Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

June 26 1862: The First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established. The Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established. The Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established.

July 2 1862: Southern Mississippi was detached from the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to become part of the District of Mississippi.

September 5 1862: Command of the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana became vacant.

October 1 1862: The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued. The Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued. The Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued.

First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, June 26 1862-October 1 1862, discontinued, to District One of Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Daniel Ruggles (June 26 1862-September 4 1862), Vacant (September 5 1862-October 1 1862)

June 26 1862: The First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established. It comprised Louisiana east of the Mississippi River and the Gulf counties of Mississippi. Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed temporary command of the First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

September 5 1862: Command of the First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana became vacant.

October 1 1862: The First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued.

Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, June 26 1862-October 1 1862, discontinued, to District Three (Port Hudson District) Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

William Nelson Rector Beall (June 26 1862-October 1 1862)

June 26 1862: The Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established. It comprised all counties in Mississippi below the 32nd parallel except those along the Gulf coast. Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall assumed command of the Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

October 1 1862: The Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued.

Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, June 26 1862-October 1 1862, discontinued, to District Two of Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Martin Luther Smith (June 26 1862-October 1 1862)

June 26 1862: The Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established. It comprised all counties in Mississippi between the 32nd parallel and 33rd parallel. Brigadier-General Martin Luther Smith assumed command of the Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.
October 1 1862: The Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was discontinued.

Gulf District

Established, from Department of Alabama and West Florida, July 2 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

John Horace Forney (July 2 1862-November 4 1862), Dabney Herndon Maury (November 4 1862-November 4 1862)

July 2 1862: The Gulf District was established in the Western Department, comprising the area from the Pearl River to the Apalachicola River and northward to latitude 32 degrees north. Brigadier-General John Horace Forney assumed command of the Gulf District.

November 3 1862: The Gulf District was extended northwards to latitude 33 degrees north.

November 4 1862: The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

District of the Mississippi

Established, July 2 1862-October 1 1862 discontinued, to Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Earl Van Dorn (July 2 1862-September 5 1862), Daniel Ruggles (temporary September 5 1862-October 1 1862)

July 2 1862: The District of the Mississippi was established in the Western Department, comprising the area west of the Pearl River from its mouth to Jackson and along the line of the Mississippi Central Railroad to Grand Junction. Southern Mississippi was detached from the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to become part of the District of Mississippi. Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of the District of the Mississippi.

September 5 1862: Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed temporary command of the District of the Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

October 1 1862: The District of the Mississippi was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

District of the Tennessee

Established, July 21 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Sterling Price (July 21 1862-September 27 1862), John Porter McCown (September 27 1862-November 4 1862)

July 21 1862: The District of the Tennessee was established in the Western Department, comprising northwestern Alabama and the portion of Mississippi north of the 32nd parallel and east of the Pearl River and of the Mississippi Central Railroad from Jackson to Grand Junction. Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the District of the Tennessee.

September 27 1862: Major-General John Porter McCown assumed command of the District of the Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

November 4 1862: The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

District of Middle Tennessee

Established, September 27 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Samuel Jones (September 27 1862-November 4 1862)

September 27 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee was established in the Western Department comprising central Tennessee and Alabama north of the Tennessee River. Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the District of Middle Tennessee.

November 4 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

Forces in Missouri

Established, July 2 1861-August 4 1861, discontinued, to Western Army)

Benjamin McCulloch (July 2 1861-August 3 1861), William Joseph Hardee (August 3 1861-August 4 1861)

July 2 1861: The Forces in Missouri was established in the Western Department. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of Forces in Missouri.

August 3 1861: Brigadier-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of Forces in Missouri in the Western Department, succeeding Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch.

August 4 1861: The Forces in Missouri was discontinued, and incorporated into the Western Army.

Western Army

Established, from Forces in Missouri, August 4 1861-January 19 1862, discontinued, to Army of the West

Benjamin McCulloch (August 4 1861-January 19 1862)

August 4 1861: The “Western Army” was established unofficially in the Western Department, comprising the former Forces in Missouri. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of the “Western Army”.

January 19 1862: The “Western Army” was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the West.

Army of Central Kentucky

Established, September 18 1861-March 29 1862, discontinued, to Army of Mississippi

Simon Bolivar Buckner (September 18 1861-October 28 1861), Albert Sidney Johnston (October 28 1861-December 4 1861 interim December 5 1861), William Joseph Hardee (temporary December 4 1861-December 18 1861), Albert Sidney Johnston (December 18 1861-January 1 1862), William Joseph Hardee (January 1 1862-February 23 1862 interim February 27 1862), Albert Sidney Johnston (February 23 1862-March 29 1862)

September 18 1861: The Army of Central Kentucky (or, Central Army of Kentucky) was established in the Western Department, comprising the forces formerly known as the “Central Division of Kentucky” or the “Army Corps of Central Kentucky”. Brigadier-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of the Army of Central Kentucky in the Western Department.

October 28 1861: General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Army of Central Kentucky, succeeding Brigadier-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

December 4 1861: Major-General William Joseph Hardee appointed to temporary command of the Army of Central Kentucky, arriving on 5th December 1861.

December 5 1861: Major-General William Joseph Hardee arrived to temporary command of the Army of Central Kentucky, commanding interim for General Albert Sidney Johnston.

December 18 1861: General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Army of Central Kentucky, succeeding Major-General William Joseph Hardee.

January 1 1862: Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of the Army of Central Kentucky, succeeding General Albert Sidney Johnston.

February 23 1862: General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Army of Central Kentucky, arriving on 27th February 1862.

February 27 1862: General Albert Sidney Johnston arrived to command the Army of Central Kentucky, succeeding Major-General William Joseph Hardee.

March 29 1862: The Army of Central Kentucky was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Mississippi.

Army of Eastern Kentucky

Established, November 1 1861-March 8 1862, discontinued, to Army of East Tennessee

Humphrey Marshall (November 1 1861-March 8 1862)

November 1 1861: The Army of Eastern Kentucky was established in the Western Department, to defend Cumberland Gap and eastern Kentucky. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall assumed command of the Army of Eastern Kentucky.

March 8 1862: The Army of Eastern Kentucky was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of East Tennessee.

Army of the West

Established, from Western Army, January 19 1862-September 28 1862, discontinued, to Army of West Tennessee

Benjamin McCulloch (interim January 19 1862-March 4 1862), Earl Van Dorn (January 19 1862-June 20 1862 interim June 25 1862), John Porter McCown (temporary June 20 1862-June 26 1862), Dabney Herndon Maury (June 26 1862-July 6 1862), Sterling Price (July 6 1862-September 28 1862)

January 19 1862: The “Western Army” was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the West. The Army of the West was established in the Western Department. Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command of the Army of the West, arriving on 4th March 1862. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed interim command of the Army of the West.

March 4 1862: Major-General Earl Van Dorn arrived to command the Army of the West, succeeding Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch.

March 17 1862: The Missouri State Guard was incorporated into the Army of the West.

June 20 1862: Brigadier-General John Porter McCown assumed temporary command of the Army of the West, arriving on 25th June 1862.

June 25 1862: Brigadier-General John Porter McCown arrived to temporary command of the Army of the West, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

June 26 1862: Brigadier-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed temporary command of the Army of the West, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter McCown.

July 6 1862: Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the Army of the West, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

September 28 1862: The Army of the West was discontinued, and incorporated into the unofficial “Army of West Tennessee”.

Army of Mississippi

Established, March 5 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (March 5 1862-March 29 1862), Albert Sidney Johnston (March 29 1862-April 6 1862), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (April 6 1862-May 6 1862 interim May 7 1862), Braxton Bragg (temporary May 6 1862-June 26 1862, June 27 1862-July 6 1862), William Joseph Hardee (temporary July 6 1862-August 15 1862), Braxton Bragg (August 15 1862-September 28 1862), Leonidas Polk (temporary September 28 1862-November 4 1862)

March 5 1862: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Western Department. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Army of Mississippi, arriving on 17th March 1862. The First Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. The Second Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

March 17 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Army of Mississippi.

March 29 1862: The Army of Central Kentucky was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. First Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed I Corps (Mississippi). I Corps (Mississippi) was established from First Grand Division (Mississippi) Second Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Mississippi). III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

April 6 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Albert Sidney Johnston.

May 6 1862: General Braxton Bragg assumed temporary command of the Army of Mississippi, arriving on 7th May 1862, to succeed General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

May 7 1862: General Braxton Bragg arrived to temporary command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

June 27 1862: General Braxton Bragg assumed full command of the Army of Mississippi.

July 6 1862: Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed temporary command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

August 15 1862: General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding Major-General William Joseph Hardee. I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing (Mississippi). Right Wing (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from I Corps (Mississippi). II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces merged with III Corps (Mississippi) to become Left Wing (Mississippi). Left Wing (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from II Corps (Mississippi) and III Corps (Mississippi). III Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and merged with II Corps (Mississippi) to become Left Wing (Mississippi).

September 28 19862: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed temporary command of the Army of Mississippi.

October 8 1862: The Army of Kentucky transferred temporarily to the Army of Mississippi for the duration of operations in Kentucky.

October 13 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the forces of the Army of Kentucky and retained both names concurrently.

October 28 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was established from forces taken from Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

November 4 1862: The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Right Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Left Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. III Corps (Mississippi Army of Kentucky transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Reserve Corps (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West.

First Grand Division Mississippi

Established, from First Geographical Division, March 5 1862-March 29 1862, discontinued, to I Corps Mississippi

Leonidas Polk (March 5 1862-March 29 1862)

March 5 1862: The First Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of First Grand Division (Mississippi).

March 29 1862: First Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed I Corps (Mississippi).

Second Grand Division Mississippi

Established, March 5 1862-March 29 1862, discontinued to II Corps Mississippi

Braxton Bragg (March 5 1862-March 29 1862)

March 5 1862: The Second Grand Division was established in the Army of Mississippi. Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of Second Grand Division (Mississippi).

March 29 1862: Second Grand Division (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Mississippi).

Reserve Corps Mississippi

Established, March 5 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

George Bibb Crittenden (March 6 1862-March 31 1862 interim April 6 1862), John Cabell Breckinridge (temporary March 31 1862-April 5 1862, April 6 1862-June 30 1862), Jones Mitchell Withers (temporary June 30 1862-July 3 1862), John Cabell Breckinridge (July 3 1862-August 5 1862), Jones Mitchell Withers (August 5 1862-November 4 1862)

March 5 1862: Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi. Major-General George Bibb Crittenden assumed command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

March 31 1862: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge appointed to temporary command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi), arriving officially on 6th April 1862.

April 6 1862: Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed full command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

June 30 1862: Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

July 3 1862: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers.

August 5 1862: Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed full command of the Reserve Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

October 28 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was established from forces taken from Reserve Corps (Mississippi) in the District of Middle Tennessee.

November 4 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West

I Corps Mississippi

Established, from First Grand Division Mississippi, March 29 1862-August 15 1862, discontinued to Right Wing Mississippi

Leonidas Polk (March 29 1862-August 15 1862)

March 29 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was established from First Grand Division (Mississippi) in the Army of Mississippi. Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of I Corps (Mississippi).

August 15 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing (Mississippi).

II Corps Mississippi

Established, from Second Grand Division Mississippi, March 29 1862-August 15 1862, discontinued, to Left Wing Mississippi.

Braxton Bragg (March 29 1862-May 6 1862), Thomas Carmichael Hindman (temporary May 6 1862-June 2 1862), Samuel Jones (June 2 1862-August 15 1862)

March 29 1862: II Corps (Mississippi) was established from Second Grand Division (Mississippi). Major-General Braxton Bragg assumed command of II Corps (Mississippi).

May 6 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed temporary command of II Corps Mississippi, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

June 2 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of II Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

June 27 1862: he Army of Mobile was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into II Corps (Mississippi).

August 15 1862: II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces merged with III Corps (Mississippi) to become Left Wing (Mississippi).

III Corps Mississippi

Established, March 29 1862-August 15 1862, discontinued, to Left Wing Mississippi

William Joseph Hardee (March 29 1862-August 15 1862)

March 29 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi. Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of III Corps (Mississippi).

August 15 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and merged with II Corps (Mississippi) to become Left Wing (Mississippi).

Right Wing Mississippi

Established, from I Corps Mississippi, August 15 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Leonidas Polk (August 15 1862-October 24 1862), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (October 24 1862-November 4 1862)

August 15 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing (Mississippi). Right Wing (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from I Corps (Mississippi). Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of Right Wing (Mississippi).

October 24 1862: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of Right Wing (Mississippi).

November 4 1862: Right Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West.

Left Wing Mississippi

Established, from II Corps Mississippi, August 15 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

William Joseph Hardee (August 15 1862-November 4 1862)

II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces merged with III Corps (Mississippi) to become Left Wing (Mississippi). Left Wing (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising forces from II Corps (Mississippi) and III Corps (Mississippi). Major-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of Left Wing (Mississippi).

November 4 1862: Left Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West.

Army of Kentucky

Transferred from Department of East Tennessee, October 8 1862-October 13 1862, transferred to III Corps Mississippi

Edmund Kirby Smith (October 8 1862-October 13 1862)

October 8 1862: The Army of Kentucky transferred temporarily to the Army of Mississippi for the duration of operations in Kentucky. Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of the Army of Kentucky.

October 13 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the forces of the Army of Kentucky and retained both names concurrently.

III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky

Established, from Army of Kentucky, October 13 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Edmund Kirby Smith (October 13 1862-November 4 1862)

October 13 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the forces of the Army of Kentucky and retained both names concurrently. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of III Corps (Mississippi), and retained the name of Army of Kentucky concurrently.

November 4 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West.

Army of West Tennessee

Established, from Army of the West, September 28 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Earl Van Dorn (September 28 1862-November 4 1862)

September 28 1862: The “Army of West Tennessee” was established in the Western Department, incorporating the discontinued Army of the West. Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of the “Army of West Tennessee”.

November 4 1862: Army of West Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

Army of Middle Tennessee

Established, from Reserve Corps Mississippi, October 28 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

John Cabell Breckinridge (October 28 1862-November 4 1862)

October 28 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was established from forces taken from Reserve Corps (Mississippi). Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Army of Middle Tennessee.

November 4 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West

District of East Tennessee

Established, July 26 1861-September 10 1861, transferred to Western Department

Felix Kirk Zollicoffer (July 26 1861-September 10 1861)

July 26 1861: The District of East Tennessee was established, comprising the territory around Knoxville. Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer assumed command of the District of East Tennessee.

September 10 1861: The District of East Tennessee transferred to the Western Department.

Department of East Tennessee

Established, from District of East Tennessee, February 25 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Edmund Kirby Smith (February 25 1862-August 24 1862 interim September 1 1862), John Porter McCown (August 24 1862-September 19 1862 interim September 23 1862) Samuel Jones (September 19 1862-September 27 1862), Samuel Jones (September 27 1862-October 20 1862), Edmund Kirby Smith (October 20 1862-November 4 1862

February 26 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was established, comprising the parts of Tennessee east of Chattanooga and the territory of the former District of East Tennessee, with headquarters at Knoxville. Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 9th March 1862.

March 9 1862: Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith arrived to command of the Department of East Tennessee. The Army of East Tennessee was established in the Department of Eastern Tennessee.

March 21 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended southwards to include Chattanooga.

June 3 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge, transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

July 18 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended by adding the parts of Georgia north of Atlanta and West Point.

August 16 1862: The Army of East Tennessee was discontinued. The Army of Kentucky was established in the Department of East Tennessee, comprising forces in Kentucky and eastern Tennessee from the Army of East Tennessee.

August 24 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge. Major-General John Porter McCown assumed temporary command of the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 1st September 1862.

September 1 1862: Major-General John Porter McCown arrived to temporary command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith.

September 12 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended by adding the area east of the Hiwassee River. The area west of the Hiwassee River was added to the Western Department.

September 19 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 23rd September 1862.

September 23 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter McCown.

September 27 1862: Major-General John Porter McCown assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

October 8 1862: The Army of Kentucky transferred temporarily to the Army of Mississippi for the duration of operations in Kentucky.

October 20 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended with more territory north of Chattanooga, which was detached from The Western Department.

October 20 1862: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General John Porter McCown.

November 4 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was subordinated to the Military Division of the West.

Army of East Tennessee

Established, from Army of Eastern Kentucky, March 8 1862-August 16 1862, discontinued, to Army of Kentucky.

Edmund Kirby Smith (March 8 1862-August 16 1862)

March 8 1862: The Army of East Tennessee was established in the Department of Eastern Tennessee. Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Army of East Tennessee.

August 16 1862: The Army of East Tennessee was discontinued.

Army of Kentucky

Established, from Army of East Tennessee, August 16 1862-October 8 1862, transferred to Army of Mississippi.

Edmund Kirby Smith (August 16 1862-October 8 1862)

August 16 1862: The Army of Kentucky was established in the Department of East Tennessee, comprising forces in Kentucky and eastern Tennessee from the Army of East Tennessee. Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Army of Kentucky.

October 8 1862: The Army of Kentucky transferred temporarily to the Army of Mississippi for the duration of operations in Kentucky.

Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, from District of the Mississippi and the District of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, October 1 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Earl Van Dorn (interim October 12 1862-October 14 1862), John Clifford Pemberton (October 1 1862-November 4 1862)

October 1 1862: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising the areas of the former District of the Mississippi and the District of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana. Headquarters were at Jackson, Mississippi. Mississippi and eastern Louisiana were transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton was appointed to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, arriving on 14th October 1862.

October 12 1862: Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, pending the arrival of Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

October 14 1862: Major-General John Clifford Pemberton arrived to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

October 21 1862: District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established. District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established. District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established.

November 4 1862: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, from First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, October 21 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Daniel Ruggles (October 21 1862-November 4 1862)

October 21 1862: District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising Mississippi east of the Mississippi & Tennessee Railroad and the New Orleans & Jackson Railroad excluding the counties along the Gulf Coast. Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed command of District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, from Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, October 21 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

Martin Luther Smith (October 21 1862-November 4 1862)

October 21 1862: District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising the area between the Mississippi & Tennessee Railroad, the Mississippi River and the Big Black River. Brigadier-General Martin Luther Smith assumed command of District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, from Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, October 21 1862-November 4 1862, transferred to Military Division of the West

William Nelson Rector Beall (October 21 1862-November 4 1862)

October 21 1862: District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising the area between the New Orleans & Jackson Railroad, the Mississippi River and the Big Black River, and the Gulf counties of Mississippi. Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall assumed command of District Three (or Port Hudson District) of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

Military Division of the West

Established, November 4 1862-December 16 1863), discontinued

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (November 4 1862-December 16 1863)

November 4 1862: The Military Division of the West established. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Military Division of the West, arriving on 4th December 1862. The Western Department was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. The Department of East Tennessee was subordinated to the Military Division of the West.

December 4 1862: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Military Division of the West.

December 7 1862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Military Division of the West to the Western Department.

July 22 1863: The Western Department was detached from the authority of the Military Division of the West.

December 16 1863: The Military Division of the West was discontinued.

Western Department

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-July 22 1863, to War Department

Braxton Bragg (November 4 1862-July 22 1863)

November 4 1862: The Western Department was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. November 4 1862: The Western Department was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The District of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Right Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Left Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Reserve Corps (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Army of West Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Army of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West.

November 20 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee was discontinued. The Army of Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Tennessee. The Army of Tennessee was established in the Western Department, incorporating the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Kentucky. The Army of Middle Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

November 24 1862: The “Army of West Tennessee”, which had continued in official existence since 16th October 1862, was ruled to be improper in name and function and discontinued, but the force remained in existence and continued to use the name unofficially.

November 29 1862: The Western Department was extended to include northern Georgia and Atlanta.

December 7 17862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Military Division of the West to the Western Department.

December 23 1862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the War Department.

January 19 1863: Atlanta and the surrounding area in Georgia were added to the Western Department.

July 22 1863: The Western Department was detached from the authority of the Military Division of the West. The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Gulf District

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-July 22 1863, transferred with Western Department

Dabney Herndon Maury (November 4 1862-December 8 1862), William Whann Mackall (temporary December 8 1862-December 14 1862 interim December 23 1862 interim December 23 1862), Simon Bolivar Buckner (December 14 1862-April 27 1863), Franklin Gardner (temporary April 27 1863-May 1 1863), Dabney Herndon Maury (May 1 1863-July 22 1863)

November 4 1862: The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General John Horace Forney.

December 8 1862: Brigadier-General William Whann Mackall assumed temporary command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

December 14 1862: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner was appointed to command the Gulf District, arriving on 23rd December 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General William Whann Mackall.

December 23 1862: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner arrived to command the Gulf District, succeeding Brigadier-General William Whann Mackall.

April 27 1863: Major-General Franklin Gardner assumed temporary command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

May 1 1863: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed command of the Gulf District.

July 22 1863: The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of the Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-July 22 1863, transferred with Western Department to War Department

John Porter McCown (November 4 1862-February 23 1863), John King Jackson (February 23 1863-July 22 1863)

November 4 1862: The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Porter McCown retained command of the District of the Tennessee.

February 23 1863: February 23 1863: Brigadier-General John King Jackson assumed command of the District of the Tennessee, succeeding Major-General John Porter McCown.

July 22 1863: The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of Middle Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued

Samuel Jones (November 4 1862-November 20 1862)

November 4 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Samuel Jones retained command of the District of Middle Tennessee.

November 20 1862: The District of Middle Tennessee was discontinued.

Army of Mississippi

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 20 1862, to Army of Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (temporary November 4 1862-November 7 1862), Braxton Bragg (November 7 1862-November 20 1862)

November 4 1862: The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of the Army of Mississippi.

November 7 1862: General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk. Right Wing (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed I Corps (Mississippi). I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Right Wing (Mississippi). Left Wing (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Mississippi). II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Left Wing (Mississippi).

November 20 1862: The Army of Mississippi was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Tennessee. I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed as I Corps (Tennessee). II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Tennessee). III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky was discontinued, and renamed as Smith’s Corps (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

Right Wing Mississippi

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 7 1862, discontinued, to I Corps Mississippi

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (November 4 1862-November 7 1862)

November 4 1862: Right Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained command of Right Wing (Mississippi).

November 7 1862: Right Wing (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed I Corps (Mississippi). I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Right Wing (Mississippi).

Left Wing Mississippi

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 7 1862, discontinued, to II Corps Mississippi

William Joseph Hardee (November 4 1862-November 7 1862)

November 4 1862: Left Wing (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee retained command of Left Wing (Mississippi).

November 7 1862: Left Wing (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Mississippi). II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Left Wing (Mississippi).

Reserve Corps Mississippi

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued, to II Corps Tennessee

Jones Mitchell Withers (November 4 1862-November 20 1862)

November 4 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers retained command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi).

November 20 1862: Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued, to Smith’s Corps Tennessee

Edmund Kirby Smith (November 4 1862-November 20 1862)

November 4 1862: Reserve Corps (Mississippi) transferred with the Army of the Mississippi to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky.

November 20 1862: III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky was discontinued, and renamed as Smith’s Corps (Tennessee).

I Corps Mississippi

Established, from Right Wing Mississippi, November 7 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued, to I Corps Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (November 7 1862-November 20 1862)

November 7 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Right Wing (Mississippi). Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of I Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

November 20 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed as I Corps (Tennessee).

II Corps Mississippi

Established, from Left Wing Mississippi, November 7 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued, to II Corps Tennessee

William Joseph Hardee (November 7 1862-November 20 1862)

November 7 1862: II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, from Left Wing (Mississippi). Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee retained command of II Corps (Mississippi).

November 20 1862: II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and renamed II Corps (Tennessee).

Army of West Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 24 1862, discontinued, to Army of Mississippi

Earl Van Dorn (November 4 1862-November 24 1862)

November 4 1862: The Army of West Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Earl Van Dorn retained command of the Army of West Tennessee.

November 24 1862: The “Army of West Tennessee”, which had continued in official existence since 16th October 1862, was ruled to be improper in name and function and discontinued, but the force remained in existence and continued to use the name unofficially.

December 7 1862: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, but continued to be known unofficially as the “Army of West Tennessee”.

Army of Middle Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-November 20 1862, discontinued, to II Corps Tennessee

John Cabell Breckinridge (November 4 1862-November 20 1862)

November 4 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee transferred with the Western Department to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Army of Middle Tennessee.

November 20 1862: The Army of Middle Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

Army of Tennessee

Established, from Army of Mississippi and Army of Kentucky, November 20 1862-July 22 1863, to War Department

Braxton Bragg (November 20 1862-July 22 1863)

November 20 1862: The Army of Tennessee was established in the Western Department, incorporating the Army of Mississippi and the Army of Kentucky. General Braxton Bragg assumed command of the Army of Tennessee. I Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee from I Corps (Mississippi). II Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee from II Corps (Mississippi). Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee). The Army of Middle Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

December 23 1862: Smith’s III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued. The force continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Kentucky”.

March 16 1863: “Cavalry Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of Tennessee.

July 22 1863: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

I Corps Tennessee

Established, from I Corps Mississippi, November 20 1862-July 22 1863, transferred with Western Department

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (interim November 20 1862-November 26 1862), Leonidas Polk (November 20 1862-July 22 1863)

November 20 1862: I Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee from I Corps (Mississippi). Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was appointed to command I Corps (Tennessee), arriving on 26th November 1862. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained interim command of I Corps (Tennessee).

November 26 1862: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk arrived to command I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

July 22 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

II Corps Tennessee

Established, from II Corps Mississippi, November 20 1862-July 22 1863, transferred with Western Department

William Joseph Hardee (November 20 1862-July 19 1863 interim July 24 1863), Daniel Harvey Hill (July 19 1863-July 22 1863)

November 20 1862: II Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee from II Corps (Mississippi). Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of II Corps (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee). The Army of Middle Tennessee was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into II Corps (Tennessee).

July 19 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill was appointed to command II Corps (Tennessee), arriving on 24th July 1863, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

July 22 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Smith’s Corps Tennessee

Established, from III Corps Mississippi Army of Kentucky, November 20 1862-December 23 1862, discontinued

Edmund Kirby Smith (November 20 1862-December 23 1862)

November 20 1862: Smith’s Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee from III Corps (Mississippi) Army of Kentucky. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of Smith’s Corps (Tennessee).

December 23 1862: Smith’s III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued. The force continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Kentucky”.

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Established, March 16 1863-July 22 1863, transferred with Western Department

Earl Van Dorn (March 16 1863-May 7 163), George Blake Cosby (May 7 1863-May 8 1863), William Hicks Jackson (May 8 1863-July 18 1863), Joseph Wheeler (July 18 1863-July 22 1863)

March 16 1863: “Cavalry Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of Tennessee. Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed command of “Cavalry Corps” (Tennessee).

May 7 1863: Brigadier-General George Blake Cosby assumed command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

May 8 1863: Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson assumed command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Brigadier-General George Blake Cosby.

July 18 1863: Major-General Joseph Wheeler assumed command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson.

July 22 1863: Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of East Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 7 1862-December 23 1862, to War Department

Henry Heth (December 7 1862-December 23 1862)

December 7 17862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Military Division of the West to the Western Department. Major-General Henry Heth retained command of the Department of East Tennessee.

December 23 1862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Western Department.

Department of East Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-December 7 1862, transferred to Western Department

Edmund Kirby Smith (November 4 1862-November 11 1862), Henry Heth (November 11 1862-December 7 1862)

November 4 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith retained command of the Department of East Tennessee.

November 11 1862: Brigadier-General Henry Heth assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith.

November 29 1862: The Western Department was extended to include northern Georgia and Atlanta.

December 7 17862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Military Division of the West to the Western Department.

Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-December 16 1863, transferred to War Department

John Clifford Pemberton (November 4 1862-July 4 1863), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 4 1863-August 21 interim August 24 1863), William Joseph Hardee (August 21 1863-December 2 1863), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (temporary December 2 1863-December 16 1863)

November 4 1862: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was subordinated to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton retained command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

December 7 1862: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, comprising the former “Army of West Tennessee”. I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi. II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

December 28 1862: The Defences of Vicksburg was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

February 28 1863; II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued.

March 9 1863: District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established.

April 1 1863: District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established.

May 20 1863: The Army of Mississippi was effectively discontinued, although the term remained in use unofficially to describe the forces that continued to operate in Mississippi outside Vicksburg.

July 4 1863: The Defences of Vicksburg surrendered. The Army of Mississippi was discontinued. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton.

July 9 1863: District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

July 25 1863: The Gulf District transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

July 30 1863: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

August 21 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee was appointed to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, arriving on 24th August 1863, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

August 24 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee arrived to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

September 2 1863: District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued. District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued. District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued. District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

December 2 1863: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

December 16 1863: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retained command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-September 2 1863, discontinued

Daniel Ruggles (November 4 1862-September 2 1863)

November 4 1862: District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles retained command of District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

September 2 1863: District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-September 2 1863, discontinued

Martin Luther Smith (November 4 1862-December 1 1862), Carter Littlepage Stevenson (December 1 1862-July 4 1863), Vacant (July 4 1863-September 2 1863)

November 4 1862: District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Martin Luther Smith retained command of District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

December 1 1862: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson assumed command of District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

July 4 1863: Command of District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana became vacant.

September 2 1863: District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, November 4 1862-July 9 1863, discontinued

William Nelson Rector Beall (November 4 1862-December 28 1862), Franklin Gardner (December 28 1862-July 9 1863)

November 4 1862: District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall retained command of District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

December 28 1862: Major-General Franklin Gardner assumed command of District Three (Port Hudson) of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall.

July 9 1863: District Three (Port Hudson District) of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

Defences of Vicksburg

Established, December 28 1862-July 4 1863, discontinued

Martin Luther Smith (December 28 1862-July 4 1863)

December 28 1862: The Defences of Vicksburg was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Major-General Martin Luther Smith assumed command of the Defences of Vicksburg.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

July 4 1863: The Defences of Vicksburg was discontinued.

District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, March 9 1863-September 2 1863, discontinued

James Ronald Chalmers (March 9 1863-September 2 1863)

March 9 1863: District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising the two northern tiers of counties in Mississippi from New Albany to the Mississippi River. Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers assumed command of District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

September 2 1863: District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, April 1 1863-September 2 1863, discontinued

John Adams (April 1 1863-September 2 1863)

April 1 1863: District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established, comprising the vicinity of Jackson, Mississippi. Brigadier-General John Adams assumed command of District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

September 2 1863: District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

Army of Mississippi

Established, from Army of West Tennessee, December 7 1862-July 4 1863, discontinued

John Clifford Pemberton (December 7 1862-December 9 1862), Earl Van Dorn (temporary December 9 1862-December 17 1862), John Clifford Pemberton (December 17 1862-July 4 1863)

December 7 1862: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, but continued to be known unofficially as the “Army of West Tennessee”. Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton assumed command of the Army of Mississippi. I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi. II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

December 9 1862: Major-General Earl Van Dorn assumed temporary command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton.

December 17 1862: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

February 28 1863: II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued.

May 20 1863: The Army of Mississippi was effectively discontinued, although the term remained in use unofficially to describe the forces that continued to operate in Mississippi outside Vicksburg. I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued.

July 4 1863: The Army of Mississippi was discontinued.

I Corps Mississippi

Established, from Army of West Tennessee, December 7 1862-May 20 1863, discontinued)

Earl Van Dorn (December 7 1862-December 15 1862), William Wing Loring (temporary December 15 1862-May 20 1863)

December 7 1862: I Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi, comprising the former Army of West Tennessee.

December 15 1862: Major-General William Wing Loring assumed temporary command of I Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

May 20 1863: I Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued.

II Corps Mississippi

Established, from Army of West Tennessee, December 7 1862-Februarys 28 1863, discontinued

Sterling Price (December 7 1862-February 28 1863)

December 7 1862: II Corps (Mississippi) was established in the Army of Mississippi.

February 28 1863: II Corps (Mississippi) was discontinued.

Gulf District

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-December 16 1863, transferred with Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Dabney Herndon Maury (July 25 1863-December 16 1863)

July 25 1863: The Gulf District transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

December 16 1863: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Army of Mississippi

Established, from Army of Mississippi, July 30 1863-December 16 1863, transferred with Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

William Joseph Hardee (July 30 1863-October 23 1863), Leonidas Polk (October 23 1863-December 16 1863)

July 30 1863: The Army of Mississippi was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, comprising those parts of the Army of Mississippi which escaped the surrender at Vicksburg on 4th July 1863. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of the Army of Mississippi.

October 23 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the Army of Mississippi, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

December 16 1863: The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of East Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, December 23 1862-July 25 1863, discontinued, to District of East Tennessee

Edmund Kirby Smith (December 23 1862-January 17 1863) William George Mackey Davis (temporary January 17 1863-February 4 1863), Daniel Smith Donelson (January 17 1863-February 15 1863 interim April 17 1863), Vacant April 17 1863-April 25 1863), Dabney Herndon Maury (February 15 1863-April 27 1863 interim May 12 1863), Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 27 1863-June 26 1863), William Preston (temporary June 26 1863-July 245 1863)

December 23 1862: The Department of East Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith resumed command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Heth.

January 17 1863: Major-General Daniel Smith Donelson was appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 4th February 1863. Brigadier-General William George Mackey Davis assumed temporary command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

February 4 1863: Major-General Daniel Smith Donelson arrived to command the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Brigadier-General William George Mackey Davis.

February 15 1863: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury was appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 25th April 1863, to succeed Major-General Daniel Smith Donelson.

April 17 1863: Command of the Department of East Tennessee became vacant.

April 25 1863: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury arrived to command the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Daniel Smith Donelson.

April 27 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was extended in Tennessee and the south-western tip of Virginia was also added. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner was appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee, arriving on 12th May 1863, to succeed Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

May 12 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner arrived to command the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

June 8 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was reorganised with the western limit was defined as the Little Tennessee River to Kingston, along the Clinch River to Emery Creek, and along the Cumberland Mountains to Cumberland Gap.

June 26 1863: Brigadier General William Preston assumed temporary command of the Department of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

July 23 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising the field forces of the Department of East Tennessee and the former Army of East Tennessee.

July 25 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was discontinued, and renamed the District of East Tennessee. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of East Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

District of Abingdon

Transferred, from Department of East Tennessee, January 17 1863-July 25 1863, to District of East Tennessee

Humphrey Marshall (January 17 1863-May 9 1863), William Preston (May 9 1863-July 25 1863)

January 17 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall retained command of the District of Abingdon.

May 9 1863: Brigadier-General William Preston assumed command of the District of Abingdon, succeeding Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall.

July 25 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of East Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

Western Department

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, discontinued, to Department of Tennessee

Braxton Bragg (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: The Western Department was detached from the authority of the Military Division of the West. General Braxton Bragg retained command of the Western Department.

July 25 1863: The Western Department was discontinued, and transferred to the Department of Tennessee. The District of the Tennessee was discontinued. The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Tennessee. The Gulf District transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

Gulf District

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, transferred to Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Dabney Herndon Maury (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: The Gulf District transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

July 25 1863: The Gulf District transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

District of the Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, discontinued

John King Jackson (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: The District of the Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General John King Jackson retained command of the District of the Tennessee.

July 25 1863: The District of the Tennessee was discontinued.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, to Department of Tennessee

Braxton Bragg (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Western Department from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General Braxton Bragg retained command of the Army of Tennessee.

July 23 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising the field forces of the Department of East Tennessee and the former Army of East Tennessee.

July 25 1863: The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Tennessee. I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. III Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

I Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, to Department of Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps Tennessee.

July 25 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

II Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, to Department of Tennessee

William Joseph Hardee (interim July 22 1863-July 24 1863), Daniel Harvey Hill July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee retained interim command of II Corps Tennessee, pending the arrival of Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

July 24 1863: Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill arrived to command II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

July 25 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, July 22 1863-July 25 1863, to Department of Tennessee

Joseph Wheeler (July 22 1863-July 25 1863)

July 22 1863: Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

July 25 1863: Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

III Corps Tennessee

Established, from Army of East Tennessee, July 23 1863-July 25 1863, to Department of Tennessee

Simon Bolivar Buckner (July 23 1863-July 25 1863)

July 23 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising the field forces of the Department of East Tennessee and the former Army of East Tennessee. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee).

July 25 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

Department of Tennessee

Established, from Western Department, July 25 1863-August 15 1864, discontinued to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Braxton Bragg (July 25 1863-December 16 1863 interim December 22 1863), Leonidas Polk (interim December 22 1863-December 27 1863), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (December 16 1863-July 18 1864), John Bell Hood (July 18 1864-August 15 1864)

July 25 1863: The Department of Tennessee was established, comprising central Tennessee, the part of Tennessee east of the Tennessee River, northern Alabama bounded by the Tennessee River, Georgia north of the West Point-Atlanta-Augusta Railroad including Atlanta itself and the western portions of South Carolina, and of North Carolina and Virginia as far north as the Kentucky border. The areas of Georgia and South Carolina were detached from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. General Braxton Bragg was appointed to command the Department of Tennessee, arriving on 6th August 1863. The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Tennessee.

August 6 1863: General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Department of Tennessee.

September 18 1863: The District of Western North Carolina was established in the Department of Tennessee.

December 16 1863: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Department of Tennessee, arriving on 27th December 1863, to succeed General Braxton Bragg.

December 22 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed temporary command of the Department of Tennessee, succeeding General Braxton Bragg and interim for General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

December 27 1863: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Department of Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk.

February 13 1864: The Department of Tennessee was redefined to be bounded on the north and east by the Tennessee and Clinch Rivers, Emery’s Creek and a line south of the source of the Little Tennessee River to Greensboro, Georgia; it was bounded on the south and west by the Georgia Railroad to Atlanta, the Montgomery & West Point Railroad to West Point, the country west of the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers, and the Alabama-Georgia state line as far as the south-eastern corner of Calhoun county, Alabama, then along the southern borders of Calhoun, St Clair, Blount, Morgan, Lawrence and Franklin counties; then along the Alabama-Mississippi state line to the Tennessee River and along the Tennessee River to its confluence with the Ohio River.

March 25 1864: The Department of Tennessee was redefined to extend from Gunter’s Landing on the Tennessee River in a direct line to Gadsden on the Coosa River; then down the Coosa to its junction with the Tallapoosa River; then in a direct line to the Florida state line on the Chattahoochee River, and down that river to the Gulf. The Department of Tennessee lay east of this line and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the west of it.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

May 8 1864: The Department of Alabama and East Mississippi was redefined to extend from the confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee Rivers, along the Tennessee River to Gunter’s Landing, then in a line to Gadsden on the Coosa River then downstream to the Tallapoosa River, then in a line to the juncture of Florida with the Choctawhatchee River, and down the river to the Gulf, east to the Mississippi River, north to the Ohio River and along the Ohio to the Tennessee River.

July 18 1864: General John Bell Hood assumed command of the Department of Tennessee, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

August 15 1864: The Department of Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. The District of Western North Carolina transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

District of Western North Carolina

Established, September 18 1863-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Robert Brank Vance (September 18 1863-November 18 1863), Joseph Benjamin Palmer (November 18 1863-December 4 1863), Robert Brank Vance (December 4 1863-January 14 1864), James Green Martin (January 14 1864-August 15 1864)

September 18 1863: The District of Western North Carolina was established in the Department of Tennessee. Brigadier-General Robert Brank Vance assumed command of the District of Western North Carolina.

November 18 1863: Colonel Joseph Benjamin Palmer assumed command of the District of Western North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Brank Vance.

December 4 1863: Brigadier-General Robert Brank Vance assumed command of the District of Western North Carolina, succeeding Colonel Joseph Benjamin Palmer.

January 14 1864: Brigadier-General James Green Martin assumed command of the District of Western North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Brank Vance.

August 15 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

Braxton Bragg (July 25 1863-December 2 1863), William Joseph Hardee (temporary December 2 1863-December 16 1863 interim December 22 1863), Leonidas Polk (interim December 22 1863-December 27 1863), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (December 16 1863-July 18 1864), John Bell Hood (July 18 1864-August 15 1864)

July 25 1863: The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Western Department to the Department of Tennessee. General Braxton Bragg retained command of the Army of Tennessee. I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. III Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee.

August 23 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee.

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee.

September 19 1863: Right Wing (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising comprised I Corps (Northern Virginia) reinforced by Major-General Bushrod Tyler Johnson’s division, III Corps (Tennessee) and Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s division from I Corps (Tennessee). Left Wing (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising II Corps (Tennessee), Reserve Corps (Tennessee) and Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s division from I Corps (Tennessee). III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). II Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee).

September 21 1863: Right Wing (Tennessee) was discontinued, Left Wing (Tennessee) was discontinued. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from Right Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee). II Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee).

September 29 1863: Cavalry Corps was established officially in the Army of Tennessee, comprising forces in the hitherto unofficial Cavalry Corps (Tennessee).

September 29 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was attached temporarily to I Corps (Northern Virginia) for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

October 31 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee) and II Corps (Tennessee).

November 4 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee).

December 2 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed temporary command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

December 3 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from the operational control of the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

December 16 1863: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Army of Tennessee, arriving on 27th December 1863, to succeed Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

December 22 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed temporary command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

December 27 1863: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Army of Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk.

May 4 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) was re-established from the former Army of Mississippi. It continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Mississippi”.

July 18 1864: General John Bell Hood assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

August 15 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

I Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-September 19 1863, transferred to Left Wing Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (July 25 1863-September 19 1863)

July 25 1863: I Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps Tennessee.

II Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-September 19 1863, transferred to Left Wing Tennessee

Daniel Harvey Hill (July 25 1863-September 19 1863)

July 25 1863: II Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill retained command of II Corps Tennessee

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-September 19 1863, transferred to Right Wing Tennessee

Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary July 25 1863-September 21863, September 3 1863-September 19 1863)

July 25 1863: III Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained temporary command of III Corps Tennessee.

September 3 1863: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed full command of III Corps (Tennessee).

September 19 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee).

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Western Department, July 25 1863-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Joseph Wheeler (July 25 1863-November 24 1863), William Thompson Martin (temporary November 24 1863-December 2 1863), Joseph Wheeler (December 2 1863-August 15 1864)

July 25 1863: Cavalry Corps Tennessee transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee. Major-General Joseph Wheeler retained command of Cavalry Corps Tennessee.

September 29 1863: Cavalry Corps was established officially in the Army of Tennessee, comprising forces in the hitherto unofficial Cavalry Corps (Tennessee). Major-General Joseph Wheeler retained command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee).

November 24 1863: Major-General William Thompson Martin assumed temporary command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Joseph Wheeler.

December 2 1863: Major-General Joseph Wheeler resumed command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Brigadier-General William Thompson Martin.

August 15 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

Reserve Corps Tennessee

Established, August 23 1863-September 19 1863, transferred to Left Wing Tennessee

William Henry Talbot Walker (August 23 1863-September 19 1863)

August 23 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee. Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker assumed command of Reserve Corps (Tennessee).

I Corps Northern Virginia (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Northern Virginia, September 9 1863-September 19 1863, transferred to Right Wing Tennessee

James Longstreet (September 9 1863-September 18 1868, John Bell Hood (temporary September 18 1863-September 19 1863)

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet retained command of I Corps (Northern Virginia).

September 18 1863: Major-General John Bell Hood assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

September 19 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee).

Right Wing Tennessee

Established, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, discontinued)

James Longstreet (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: Right Wing (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising comprised I Corps (Northern Virginia) reinforced by Major-General Bushrod Tyler Johnson’s division, III Corps (Tennessee) and Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s division from I Corps (Tennessee). I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing (Tennessee).

September 21 1863: Right Wing (Tennessee) was discontinued. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from Right Wing (Tennessee).

I Corps (Northern Virginia)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

John Bell Hood (temporary September 19 1863-September 20 1863), Lafayette McLaws (temporary September 20 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee).

September 19 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Major-General John Bell Hood retained temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia).

September 20 1863: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General John Bell Hood.

September 21 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred to Army of Tennessee,

III Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

Simon Bolivar Buckner (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained command of III Corps (Tennessee).

September 21 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Army of Tennessee,

Left Wing Tennessee

Established, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, discontinued)

Leonidas Polk (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: Left Wing (Tennessee) was established in the Army of Tennessee, comprising II Corps (Tennessee), Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of Left Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). II Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). I Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). II Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Left Wing (Tennessee).

September 21 1863: Left Wing (Tennessee) was discontinued. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee). II Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee). Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Left Wing (Tennessee).

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps (Tennessee)

September 21 1863: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Army of Tennessee,

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

Daniel Harvey Hill (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill retained command of II Corps (Tennessee)

September 21 1863: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Army of Tennessee,

Reserve Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 19 1863-September 21 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

William Henry Talbot Walker (September 19 1863-September 21 1863)

September 19 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Right Wing (Tennessee). Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps (Tennessee).

September 21 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred to Army of Tennessee,

I Corps (Northern Virginia)

Transferred from Right Wing Tennessee, September 21 1863-December 3 1863, transferred to District of East Tennessee

Lafayette McLaws (temporary September 21 1863-December 3 1863)

September 21 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee. Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia).

September 29 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was attached temporarily to I Corps (Northern Virginia) for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

December 3 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from the operational control of the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

Reserve Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, September 29 1863-November 4 1863, discontinued

William Henry Talbot Walker (September 29 1863-November 4 1863)

September 29 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was attached temporarily to I Corps (Northern Virginia) for operations in Eastern Tennessee. Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps (Tennessee).

November 4 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee).

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Left Wing Tennessee, September 21 1863-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Leonidas Polk (September 21 1863-September 29 1863) Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (temporary September 29 1863-October 23 1863), William Joseph Hardee (October 23 1863-December 2 1863), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (December 2 1863-December 27 1863), William Joseph Hardee (December 27 1863-August 15 1864)

September 21 1863: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

Tennessee. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of I Corps (Tennessee).

September 29 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Leonidas Polk.

October 23 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

October 31 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee) and II Corps (Tennessee).

November 4 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee).

December 2 1863: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

December 27 1863: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

August 15 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Left Wing Tennessee, September 21 1863-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Daniel Harvey Hill (September 21 1863-October 15 1863), John Cabell Breckinridge (temporary October 15 1863-November 7 1863, November 8 1863-December 15 1863), Thomas Carmichael Hindman (December 15 1863-February 9 1864 interim February 28 1864), John Bell Hood (February 9 1864-July 18 1864), Carter Littlepage Stevenson (temporary July 18 1864-July 19 1864), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (temporary July 19 1864-July 27 1864), Stephen Dill Lee (July 27 1864-August 15 1864)

September 21 1863: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

Tennessee. Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill retained command of II Corps (Tennessee).

October 15 1863: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed temporary command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

October 31 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee) and II Corps (Tennessee).

November 8 1863: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed full command of II Corps (Tennessee).

December 15 1863: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

February 9 1864: Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood was appointed to command II Corps (Tennessee), arriving on 28th February 1864.

February 28 1864: Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood arrived to command II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

July 18 1864: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson assumed temporary command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood.

July 19 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson.

July 27 1864: Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee assumed command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

August 15 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

III Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Right Wing Tennessee, September 21 1863-October 31 1863, discontinued

Simon Bolivar Buckner (September 21 1863-October 31 1863)

September 21 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner retained command of III Corps (Tennessee).

October 31 1863: III Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued, and its forces incorporated into I Corps (Tennessee) and II Corps (Tennessee).

Reserve Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Left Wing Tennessee, September 21 1863-September 29 1863, transferred to I Corps Northern Virginia

William Henry Talbot Walker (September 21 1863-September 29 1863)

September 21 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) transferred from Right Wing Tennessee to Army of Tennessee.

Tennessee. Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker retained command of Reserve Corps (Tennessee).

September 29 1863: Reserve Corps (Tennessee) was attached temporarily to I Corps (Northern Virginia) for operations in Eastern Tennessee.

III Corps Tennessee

Established, from Army of Mississippi, May 4 1864-August 15 1864, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Leonidas Polk (May 4 1864-June 14 1864), Alexander Peter Stewart (temporary June 14 1864), William Wing Loring (temporary June 14 1864-July 29 1864), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (temporary July 29 1864-August 15 1864)

May 4 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) was re-established from the former Army of Mississippi. It continued to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Mississippi”. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of III Corps (Tennessee).

June 14 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) ceased to be referred to unofficially as the “Army of Mississippi”. Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk. Major-General William Wing Loring assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee) succeeding Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

July 29 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General William Wing Loring.

August 15 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

District of East Tennessee

Established, from Department of East Tennessee, July 25 1863-May 2 1864, to Trans-Allegheny Department

Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary July 25 1863-September 3 1863), Samuel Jones (temporary September 3 1863-December 3 1863), James Longstreet (December 3 1863-March 8 1864), Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary March 8 1864-March 18 1864), James Longstreet (March 18 1864-April 7 1864 interim April 12 1864), Simon Bolivar Bucker (April 7 1864-April 22 1864), Vacant (April 23 1864-May 2 1864)

July 25 1863: The District of East Tennessee was established in the territory of the Department of Tennessee but reporting directly to the War Department. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the District of East Tennessee.

September 3 863: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed temporary command of the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

September 5 1863: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include the portion of southwestern Virginia formerly belonging to the Department of East Tennessee and the forces east of Knoxville.

December 3 1863: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones. I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from the operational control of the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee.

January 7 1864: The District of Abingdon was discontinued.

March 8 1864: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

March 18 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner was appointed to command the District of East Tennessee, arriving on 12th April 1864, to succeed Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

April 12 1864: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner arrived to command the District of East Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

April 23 1864: Command of the District of East Tennessee became vacant. The Trans-Allegheny Department took control of the territory of the District of East Tennessee.

May 2 1864: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

District of Abingdon

Transferred, from Department of East Tennessee, July 25 1863-January 7 1864, discontinued

William Preston (July 25 1863-January 7 1864)

July 25 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of East Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee. Brigadier-General William Preston retained command of the District of Abingdon.

January 7 1864: The District of Abingdon was discontinued.

I Corps (Northern Virginia)

Transferred from Army of Tennessee, December 3 1863-April 7 1864, transferred to Army of Northern Virginia

Lafayette McLaws (temporary December 3 1863-April 7 1864)

December 3 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred from the operational control of the Army of Tennessee to the District of East Tennessee. Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1863-January 28 1864, discontinued, to Department of Alabama and East Mississippi

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (temporary December 16 1863-December 22 1863 interim December 23 1863), Leonidas Polk (December 22 1863-January 28 1864)

December 16 1863: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retained temporary command of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

December 22 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was appointed to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, arriving on 23rd December 1863.

December 23 1863: Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk arrived to command the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

December 27 1863: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana under the command of Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was named by him unofficially as the “Department of the Southwest”.

January 28 1864: The Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued. The Army of Mississippi transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and Eastern Mississippi.

Gulf District

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1863-January 28 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama and East Mississippi

Dabney Herndon Maury (December 16 1863-January 28 1864)

December 16 1863: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

January 28 1864: The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and Eastern Mississippi.

District of West Tennessee

Established, November 14 1863-January 28 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama and East Mississippi

Nathan Bedford Forrest (November 14 1863-January 28 1864)

November 14 1863: The District of West Tennessee was established in the Department of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed command of the District of West Tennessee.

January 28 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi.

Army of Mississippi

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1863-January 28 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama and East Mississippi

Leonidas Polk (December 16 1863-January 28 1864)

December 16 1863: The Army of Mississippi transferred with the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of the Army of Mississippi.

January 28 1864: The Army of Mississippi transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi.

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi

Established, from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, January 28 1864-August 15 1864, discontinued, to Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Leonidas Polk (January 28 1864-May 4 1864 interim May 9 1864), Stephen Dill Lee (May 4 1864-July 26 1864), Dabney Herndon Maury (July 26 1864-August 15 1864)

January 28 1864: The Department of Alabama and East Mississippi was established, comprising the former Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It comprised Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. The Army of Mississippi transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and Eastern Mississippi.

February 6 1864: The District of Northern Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi.

February 7 1864: The Gulf District was redefined to extend from the mouth of the Pearl River northwards to the 32nd parallel, then east to the Georgia State line and southwards to the Gulf.

March 5 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established in the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi.

March 25 1864: The Department of Tennessee was redefined to extend from Gunter’s Landing on the Tennessee River in a direct line to Gadsden on the Coosa River; then down the Coosa to its junction with the Tallapoosa River; then in a direct line to the Florida state line on the Chattahoochee River, and down that river to the Gulf. The Department of Tennessee lay east of this line and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the west of it.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

May 4 1864: Major-General Stephen Dill Lee was appointed to command the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi, arriving on 9th May to succeed Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk. The “Army of Mississippi” was discontinued.

May 8 1864: The Department of Alabama and East Mississippi was redefined to extend from the confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee Rivers, along the Tennessee River to Gunter’s Landing, then in a line to Gadsden on the Coosa River then downstream to the Tallapoosa River, then in a line to the juncture of Florida with the Choctawhatchee River, and down the river to the Gulf, east to the Mississippi River, north to the Ohio River and along the Ohio to the Tennessee River. The Gulf District was redefined to have a north-eastern limit at the intersection of the 32nd parallel with a line drawn from the junction of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers to the intersection of the northern boundary of Florida and the Choctawhatchee River, then and along the Choctawhatchee to the Gulf.

May 9 1864: Major-General Stephen Dill Lee arrived to command the Department of Alabama and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk.

July 26 1864: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed temporary command of the Department of Alabama and East Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee.

July 27 1864: The District of Northern Alabama was reorganised to add the territory of Alabama north of Opelika, Montgomery, Selma and Demopolis along with the railroad connecting them.

August 15 1864: The Department of Alabama and East Mississippi was discontinued. The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of Northern Alabama transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

Gulf District

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, January 28 1864-August 15 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Dabney Herndon Maury (January 28 1864-July 26 1864), Franklin Gardner (July 26 1864-August 15 1864)

January 28 1864: The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and Eastern Mississippi. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

February 7 1864: The Gulf District was redefined to extend from the mouth of the Pearl River northwards to the 32nd parallel, then east to the Georgia State line and southwards to the Gulf.

May 8 1864: The Gulf District was redefined to have a north-eastern limit at the intersection of the 32nd parallel with a line drawn from the junction of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers to the intersection of the northern boundary of Florida and the Choctawhatchee River, then and along the Choctawhatchee to the Gulf.

July 26 1864: Major-General Franklin Gardner assumed temporary command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

August 15 1864: The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

District of West Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, January 28 1864-August 15 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Nathan Bedford Forrest (January 28 1864-August 15 1864)

January 28 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest retained command of the District of West Tennessee.

August 15 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

District of Northern Alabama

Established, February 6 1864-August 15 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Jones Mitchell Withers (February 6 1864-July 27 1864), Daniel Weisiger Adams (July 27 1864-August 15 1864)

February 6 1864: The District of Northern Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi, comprising the area of Alabama north of the 32nd parallel. Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed command of the District of Northern Alabama.

July 27 1864: The District of Northern Alabama was reorganised to add the territory of Alabama north of Opelika, Montgomery, Selma and Demopolis along with the railroad connecting them. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams assumed command of the District of Northern Alabama, succeeding Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers.

August 15 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

District of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Established, March 5 1864-August 15 1864, transferred to Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Thomas Hart Taylor (March 5 1864-April 5 1864), John S Scott (April 5 1864-August 2 1864), St John Richardson Liddell (August 2 1864-August 4 1864 interim August 25 1864), George Baird Hodge (August 4 1864-August 15 1864)

March 5 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana was established in the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. Colonel Thomas Hart Taylor assumed command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

April 5 1864: Colonel John S Scott assumed command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Colonel Thomas Hart Taylor.

August 2 1864: Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell was appointed to command the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Colonel John S Scott.

August 4 1864: Colonel George Baird Hodge was appointed to command the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, arriving on 25th August 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell.

August 15 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, from Department of Alabama and East Mississippi, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Dabney Herndon Maury (interim August 15 1864-September 6 1864), Richard Taylor (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established, comprising all territory west of the line extending from the southwestern boundary of Georgia and Florida on the Apalachicola River, then northward on the Chattahoochee River to the border of Alabama and Georgia, then north on that line to the Tennessee River. It included the state of Georgia northwest of the line from Augusta, along the Savannah and Augusta Railroad to Millen, then along the western boundary of Bullock and Tattnall counties, then along the Ocmulgee River to the northeast corner of Irwin county and then south to the Florida state line, and then along the state line to the Apalachicola River. It comprised the territory of the former Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor was appointed to command the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, arriving on 6th September 1864. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed interim command of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, pending the arrival of Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor. The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of Northern Alabama transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

September 6 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor arrived to command the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

September 24 1864: The District of Central Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

October 3 1864: The Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana transferred to the Military Division of the West. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

Gulf District

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Dabney Herndon Maury (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The Gulf District transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General Franklin Gardner.

October 3 1864: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

District of West Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Nathan Bedford Forrest ((August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest retained command of the District of West Tennessee.

October 3 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

District of Northern Alabama

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Daniel Weisiger Adams (August 15 1864-September 24 1864), Philip Dale Roddey (September 24 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams retained command of the District of Northern Alabama.

September 224 1864: The District of Central Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Its territory was detached from the area of the District of North Alabama. Brigadier-General Philip Dale Roddey assumed command of the District of Northern Alabama, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams.

October 3 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

District of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

St John Richardson Liddell (interim August 15 1864-August 25 1864), George Baird Hodge (August 15 1864-September 24 1864 interim October 6 1864), Franklin Gardner (September 24 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell retained interim command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

August 25 1864: Colonel George Baird Hodge arrived to command the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell.

September 24 1864: Major-General Franklin Gardner was appointed to command the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, arriving on 6th October 1864, to succeed Colonel George Baird Hodge. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

October 3 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi

Established, September 24 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

George Baird Hodge (September 24 1864-October 3 1864)

September 24 1864: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Colonel George Baird Hodge assumed command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi.

October 3 1864: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

District of Central Alabama

Established, September 24 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Daniel Weisiger Adams (September 24 1864-October 3 1864)

September 224 1864: The District of Central Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Its territory was detached from the area of the District of North Alabama. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams assumed command of the District of Central Alabama.

October 3 1864: The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West.

Army of Mississippi

Transferred from Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, January 28 1864-May 4 1864, discontinued, to III Corps Tennessee

Leonidas Polk (January 28 1864-May 4 1864)

January 28 1864: The Army of Mississippi transferred from the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Department of Alabama and East Mississippi. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk retained command of the Army of Mississippi.

May 4 1864: The “Army of Mississippi” was discontinued.

Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Established, from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

John Bell Hood (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia was established, extending from the southwestern boundary of Georgia and Florida on the Apalachicola River, then northward on the Chattahoochee River to the border of Alabama and Georgia, then north on that line to the Tennessee River. General John Bell Hood assumed command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. The District of Western North Carolina transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

October 3 1864: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred to the Military Division of the West. The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

District of Western North Carolina

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

James Green Martin (August 15 1864-Octonber 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Brigadier-General James Green Martin retained command of the District of Western North Carolina.

October 3 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

John Bell Hood (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Army of Tennessee.

October 3 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

William Joseph Hardee (August 15 1864-August 31 1864), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (temporary August 31 1864-September 1 1864), William Joseph Hardee (September 1 1864-September 2 1864), Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (September 2 1864-September 28 1864), Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (September 28 864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

August 31 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed temporary command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

September 1 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee resumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

September 2 1864: Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne assumed temporary command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

September 28 1864: Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne.

October 3 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Stephen Dill Lee (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee retained command of II Corps (Tennessee).

October 3 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Alexander Peter Stewart (temporary August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

October 3 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Tennessee, August 15 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Joseph Wheeler (August 15 1864-October 3 1864)

August 15 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Major-General Joseph Wheeler retained command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee).

October 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West.

Department of Western Kentucky

Established, September 6 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

Adam Rankin Johnson (September 6 1864-September 26 1864), Hylan Benton Lyon (September 26 1864-October 3 1864)

September 6 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky was established. Colonel Adam Rankin Johnson assumed command of the Department of Western Kentucky.

September 26 1864: Brigadier-General Hylan Benton Lyon assumed command of the Department of Western Kentucky, succeeding Colonel Adam Rankin Johnson.

October 3 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred to the Military Division of the West.

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Established, from Trans-Allegheny Department, September 28 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

John Cabell Breckinridge (September 28 1864-October 3 1864)

September 28 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was established from the former Trans-Allegheny Department. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

October 3 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia transferred to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

Reserve Forces of Georgia

Established, March 30 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

Thomas Howell Cobb (March 30 1864-April 20 1865), Vacant (April 20 1865-April 26 1865)

March 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Georgia was established, comprising all remaining forces of Georgia militia. Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Georgia.

April 20 1865: Command of the Reserve Forces of Georgia became vacant.

April 26 1865: Reserve Forces of Georgia surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Alabama

Established, April 30 1864-May 4 1865, discontinued

Jones Mitchell Withers (April 20 1864-May 4 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Alabama was established. Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Alabama.

July 27 1864: Reserve Forces of Alabama was activated for duty. Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed field command of the Reserve Forces of Alabama.

May 4 1865: The Reserve Forces of Alabama surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Mississippi

Established, July 23 1864-May 4 1865, discontinued

William Lindsay Brandon (July 23 1864-May 4 1865)

July 23 1864: The Reserve Forces of Mississippi was established. Brigadier-General William Lindsay Brandon assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Mississippi.

May 4 1865: The Reserve Forces of Mississippi surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Tennessee

Established, September 21 1864-May 4 1865, discontinued

John Cabell Breckinridge (September 1 1864-May 4 1865)

September 1 1864: Reserve Forces of Tennessee was established. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Tennessee.

May 4 1865: The Reserve Forces of Tennessee surrendered.

Military Division of the West

Established, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, discontinued

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Military Division of the West was established, comprising the Department of Western Kentucky, the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Military Division of the West, arriving on 17th October 1864. The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred to the Military Division of the West. The Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana transferred to the Military Division of the West. The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia transferred to the Military Division of the West. The Department of Western Kentucky transferred to the Military Division of the West.

October 17 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Military Division of the West.

December 16 1864: The Military Division of the West was discontinued. The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of Western Kentucky

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Hylan Benton Lyon (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General Hylan Benton Lyon retained command of the Department of Western Kentucky.

December 16 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

John Cabell Breckinridge (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia transferred to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

December 16 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

John Bell Hood (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred to the Military Division of the West. The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

December 16 1864: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of Western North Carolina

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with Department of Tennessee and Georgia

James Green Martin (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General James Green Martin retained command of the District of Western North Carolina.

December 16 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia

John Bell Hood (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Army of Tennessee.

December 16 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Army of Tennessee. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with Army of Tennessee

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained command of I Corps (Tennessee).

December 16 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West.

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with Army of Tennessee

Stephen Dill Lee (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

August 15 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Department of Tennessee to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

October 3 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee retained command of II Corps (Tennessee).

December 16 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with Army of Tennessee

Alexander Peter Stewart (temporary October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart retained command of III Corps (Tennessee).

December 16 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred with Army of Tennessee

Joseph Wheeler (October 3 1864-November 15 1864), Nathan Bedford Forrest (temporary November 15 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Joseph Wheeler retained command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee).

November 15 1864: Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed temporary command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Joseph Wheeler.

December 16 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Richard Taylor (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana transferred to the Military Division of the West. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor retained command of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

November 6 1864: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

December 16 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Gulf District

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Dabney Herndon Maury (October 3 1864-November 22 1864), Daniel Leadbetter (November 22 1864-December 12 1864), Dabney Herndon Maury (December 12 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

November 22 1864: Brigadier-General Daniel Leadbetter assumed command of the Gulf District, succeeding Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury.

December 12 1864: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed command of the Gulf District, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Leadbetter.

December 16 1864: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of West Tennessee

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Nathan Bedford Forrest (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest retained command of the District of West Tennessee.

December 16 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of Northern Alabama

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Philip Dale Roddey (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General Philip Dale Roddey retained command of the District of Northern Alabama.

December 16 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

George Baird Hodge (interim October 3 1864-October 6 1864), Franklin Gardner (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Colonel George Baird Hodge retained temporary command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

October 6 1864: Major General Franklin Gardner arrived to command the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Colonel George Baird Hodge.

November 6 1864: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

December 16 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

George Baird Hodge (October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Colonel George Baird Hodge retained command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi.

December 16 1864: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Sub-District of Northern Mississippi

Established, November 6 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

William Wirt Adams (November 6 1864-December 16 1864)

November 6 1864: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was established in the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Brigadier-General William Wirt Adams assumed command of the Sub-District of Northern Mississippi.

December 16 1864: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

District of Central Alabama

Transferred to Military Division of the West, October 3 1864-December 16 1864, transferred from Military Division of the West

Daniel Weisiger Adams ((October 3 1864-December 16 1864)

October 3 1864: The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to the Military Division of the West. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams retained command of the District of Central Alabama.

December 16 1864: The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

Department of Western Kentucky

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-March 25 1865, discontinued, to Department of Kentucky

Hylan Benton Lyon (December 16 1864-March 25 1865)

December 16 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General Hylan Benton Lyon retained command of the Department of Western Kentucky.

March 25 1865: The Department of Western Kentucky was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Kentucky.

Department of Tennessee and Georgia

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

John Bell Hood (December 16 1864-January 23 1865), Richard Taylor (temporary January 23 1865-February 22 1865 interim February 25 1865), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 22 1865-March 27 1865), Thomas Howell Cobb (March 27 1865-April 20 1865), Vacant (April 20 1865-April 26 1865)

December 16 1864: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia. The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

January 23 1865: Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor assumed temporary command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia, succeeding General John Bell Hood.

February 22 1865: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia west of a line through Augusta and Macon, Georgia, to Jacksonville and Cedar Keys, Florida. Eastern Florida as far as the Chattahoochee River was also included. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Department of Tennessee and Georgia, arriving on 25th February 1865. The “Army of the South” was named unofficially to describe all commands united under the direction of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, in the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Army of Tennessee transferred to the Army of the South.

February 25 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Department of Tennessee and Georgia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor.

March 27 1865: Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

April 19 1865: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.

April 20 1865: Command of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia became vacant.

April 26 1865: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia surrendered. The District of Western North Carolina surrendered.

District of Western North Carolina

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

James Green Martin (December 16 1864-April 26 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of Western North Carolina transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General James Green Martin retained command of the District of Western North Carolina.

April 26 1865: The District of Western North Carolina surrendered.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-February 22 1865, transferred to Army of the South

John Bell Hood (December 16 1864-January 14 1865), Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (temporary January 14 1865-January 23 1865), Richard Taylor (January 23 1865-February 22 1865)

December 16 1864: The Army of Tennessee transferred with the Department of Tennessee and Georgia from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. General John Bell Hood retained command of the Army of Tennessee. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department.

January 14 1865: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed temporary command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding General John Bell Hood.

January 23 1865: Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

February 22 1865: The Army of Tennessee transferred to the Army of the South. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued.

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-February 22 1865, to Army of the South

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (December 16 1864-February 22 1865)

December 16 1864: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained command of I Corps (Tennessee).

February 23 1865: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South.

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-February 22 1865, to Army of the South

Stephen Dill Lee (December 16 1864-December 17 1864), Carter Littlepage Stevenson (temporary December 17 1864-February 22 1865)

December 16 1864: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee retained command of II Corps (Tennessee).

December 17 1864: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson assumed temporary command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee.

February 23 1865: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South.

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-February 22 1865, to Army of the South

Alexander Peter Stewart (December 16 1864-February 22 1865)

December 16 1864: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart retained command of III Corps (Tennessee).

February 23 1865: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South.

Cavalry Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-February 22 1865, discontinued

Nathan Bedford Forrest (December 16 1864-February 22 1865)

December 16 1864: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest retained temporary command of Cavalry Corps (Tennessee).

February 22 1865: Cavalry Corps (Tennessee) was discontinued.

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-May 4 1865, discontinued

Richard Taylor (December 16 1864-May 4 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor retained command of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

January 15 1865: The District of West Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

January 24 1865: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued, and renamed the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. The District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee.

February 3 1865: The District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee was discontinued, and reorganised into the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee and the District of South Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee. The District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

March 11 1865: The District of Central Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama. The District of Northern Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama. The District of Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

March 25 1865: The Department of Kentucky was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

May 2 1865: The Gulf District surrendered.

May 4 1865: The Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana surrendered. The Department of Kentucky surrendered. The District of Alabama surrendered. The District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee surrendered. The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana surrendered. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi surrendered.

Gulf District

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-May 2 1865, discontinued

Dabney Herndon Maury (December 16 1864-May 2 1865)

December 16 1864: The Gulf District transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury retained command of the Gulf District.

May 2 1865: The Gulf District surrendered.

District of West Tennessee

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-January 15 1865, discontinued, to District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Nathan Bedford Forrest (December 16 1864-January 15 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of West Tennessee transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest retained command of the District of West Tennessee.

January 15 1865: The District of West Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

District of Northern Alabama

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-March 11 1865, discontinued, to District of Alabama

Philip Dale Roddey (December 16 1864-March 11 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of Northern Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General Philip Dale Roddey retained command of the District of Northern Alabama.

March 11 1865: The District of Northern Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama.

District of Mississippi and East Louisiana

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-January 25 18665, discontinued, to District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee

Franklin Gardner (December 16 1864-January 15 1865), William Thompson Martin (January 15 1865-January 25 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of Mississippi and East Louisiana transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major General Franklin Gardner retained command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

January 15 1865: The District of West Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Major-General William Thompson Martin assumed command of the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Major-General Franklin Gardner.

January 25 1865: District of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued, and renamed the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee.

Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-January 25 1865, to District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee

George Baird Hodge (December 16 1864-January 25 1865)

December 16 1864: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Colonel George Baird Hodge retained command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi.

January 25 1865: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee.

Sub-District of Northern Mississippi

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-January 25 1865, to District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee

William Wirt Adams (December 16 1864-January 25 1865)

December 16 1864: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred with the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General William Wirt Adams retained command of the Sub-District of Northern Mississippi.

January 25 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee.

District of Central Alabama

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-March 11 1865, discontinued, to District of Alabama

Daniel Weisiger Adams ((December 16 1864-March 11 1865)

December 16 1864: The District of Central Alabama transferred with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams retained command of the District of Central Alabama.

March 11 1865: The District of Central Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama.

District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee

Established, from District of Mississippi and East Louisiana-January 25 1865-February 3 1865, discontinued to District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee and District of South Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Nathan Bedford Forrest (January 25 1865-February 3 1865)

January 25 1865: The District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest assumed command of the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee.

February 3 1865: The District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee was discontinued, and reorganised into the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee and the District of South Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee to the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi

Transferred from District of Mississippi and East Louisiana-January 25 1865-February 3 1865, transferred to District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

George Baird Hodge (January 25 1865-February 3 1865)

January 25 1865: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. Colonel George Baird Hodge retained command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi.

February 3 1865: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee to the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

Sub-District of Northern Mississippi

Transferred from District of Mississippi and East Louisiana-January 25 1865-February 3 1865, discontinued, to District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee

William Wirt Adams (January 25 1865-February 3 1865)

January 25 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi and East Louisiana to the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee. Brigadier-General William Wirt Adams retained command of the Sub-District of Northern Mississippi.

February 3 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Mississippi was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee.

District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee

Established, from District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee and Sub-District of Northern Mississippi, February 3 1865-May 4 1865, discontinued

Marcus Joseph Wright (February 3 1865-May 4 1865)

February 3 1865: The District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. It comprised the parts of Mississippi north of the counties of Noxubee, Winston, Attala, Holmes and Washington. Brigadier-General Marcus Joseph Wright assumed command of the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee.

May 4 1865: The District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee surrendered.

District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana

Established, from District of Mississippi and East Louisiana, February 3 1865-May 4 1865, discontinued

Daniel Weisiger Adams (February 3 1865-March 14 1865), George Baird Hodge (March 14 1865-April 1 1865), William Feimster Tucker (April 1 1865-May 4 1865)

February 3 1865: The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee to the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. The parts of the state of Mississippi not in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee or the District of the Gulf were incorporated in the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams assumed command of the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana.

March 14 1865: Colonel George Baird Hodge assumed command of the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams.

April 1 1865: Brigadier-General William Feimster Tucker assumed command of the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, succeeding Colonel George Baird Hodge.

May 4 1865: The District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana surrendered. The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi surrendered.

Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi

Transferred from District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee, February 3 1865-May 4 1865, discontinued

George Baird Hodge (February 3 1865-March 15 1865), Benjamin Grubb Humphreys (March 15 1865-April 9 1865, Vacant (April 9 1865-May 4 1865)

February 3 1865: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi transferred from the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana and West Tennessee to the District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Colonel George Baird Hodge retained command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi.

March 15 1865: Brigadier-General Benjamin Grubb Humphreys assumed command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi, succeeding Colonel George Baird Hodge.

April 9 1865: Command of the Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi became vacant.

May 4 1865: The Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi surrendered.

District of Alabama

Established, from District of Northern Alabama and District of Central Alabama, March 11 1865-May 4 1865, discontinued

Daniel Weisiger Adams (March 11 1865-May 4 1865)

March 11 1865: The District of Alabama was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, comprising all of Alabama except the counties on the Gulf Coast. The District of Central Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama. The District of Northern Alabama was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Alabama. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams assumed command of the District of Alabama.

May 4 1865: The District of Alabama surrendered.

Department of Kentucky

Established, from Department of Western Kentucky, March 25 1865-May 4 1865, discontinued

Hylan Benton Lyon (March 25 1865-May 4 1865)

March 25 1865: The Department of Kentucky was established in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana. Brigadier-General Hylan Benton Lyon assumed command of the Department of Kentucky.

May 4 1865: The Department of Kentucky surrendered.

Army of the South

Established February 22 1865-April 9 1865, discontinued, to Army of Tennessee

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 22 1865-April 9 1865)

February 22 1865: The “Army of the South” was named unofficially to describe all commands united under the direction of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, in the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of the South. The Army of Tennessee transferred to the Army of the South. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South.

March 6 1865: The field forces of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia were added to the Army of the South.

April 9 1865: The Army of the South was discontinued all forces incorporated into the Army of Tennessee.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Tennessee and Georgia, February 22 1865-April 9 1865, to War Department

Daniel Harvey Hill (February 22 1865-February 27 1865), Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 7 1865-March 16 1865), Alexander Peter Stewart (temporary March 16 1865-April 9 1865)

February 22 1865: The Army of Tennessee transferred to the Army of the South. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor.

February 27 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

March 16 18645: Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed temporary command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

April 9 1865: The Army of Tennessee was reorganised, and all forces of the Army of the South incorporated into the Army of Tennessee. The Army of Tennessee transferred to War Department. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department.

I Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Department of Tennessee and Georgia, February 22 1865-April 9 1865, to War Department

Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (February 22 1865-February 23 1865), William Joseph Hardee (February 23 1865-March 16 1865), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary March 16 1865-April 9 1865)

February 23 1865: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham retained command of I Corps (Tennessee).

February 23 1865: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham.

March 16 1865: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

April 9 1865: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department.

II Corps (Tennessee)

Transferred from Department of Tennessee and Georgia, February 22 1865-April 9 1865, to War Department

Braxton Bragg (February 22 1865-April 9 1865)

February 23 1865: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. General Braxton Bragg assumed command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson.

April 9 1865: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department.

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Department of Tennessee and Georgia, February 22 1865-April 9 1865, to War Department

Alexander Peter Stewart (February 22 1865-March 16 1865), Edward Cary Walthall (temporary March 16 1865-April 9 1865)

February 23 1865: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of Tennessee to the Army of the South. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart retained command of III Corps (Tennessee).

March 16 1865: Major-General Edward Cary Walthall assumed temporary command of III Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

April 9 1865: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department.

Army of Tennessee

Transferred from Army of the South, April 9 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (April 9 1865-April 26 1865)

April 9 1865: The Army of Tennessee was reorganised, and all forces of the Army of the South incorporated into the Army of Tennessee. I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston resumed command of the Army of Tennessee, succeeding Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart.

April 26 1865: The Army of Tennessee surrendered. I Corps (Tennessee) surrendered. II Corps (Tennessee) surrendered. III Corps (Tennessee) surrendered.

I Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Army of the South, April 9 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

William Joseph Hardee (April 9 1865-April 26 1865)

April 9 1865: I Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee assumed command of I Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

April 26 1865: I Corps (Tennessee) surrendered.

II Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Army of the South, April 9 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

Stephen Dill Lee (April 9 1865-April 26 1865)

April 9 1865: II Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee assumed command of II Corps (Tennessee), succeeding General Braxton Bragg.

April 26 1865: II Corps (Tennessee) surrendered.

III Corps Tennessee

Transferred from Army of the South, April 9 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

Alexander Peter Stewart (April 9 1865-April 26 1865)

April 9 1865: III Corps (Tennessee) transferred with the Army of the Tennessee to the War Department. Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart assumed command of III Corps (Tennessee), succeeding Major-General Edward Cary Walthall.

April 26 1865: III Corps (Tennessee) surrendered.

Part 4: Staff Bureaux

March 15 1861: Colonel Abraham Myers appointed Quarter-Master General.

March 27 1861: Colonel Lucius Bellinger Northrop appointed Commissary General of Subsistence.

April 8 1861: Major Josiah Gorgas appointed Chief of Ordnance.

May 16 1861: Brigadier-General Samuel Cooper appointed Adjutant-General and Inspector General.

June 8 1861: Brigadier-General Robert Edward Lee appointed Military Adviser to the President.

June 21 1861: John Henry Winder appointed Provost Marshal General 21 June 1861.

November 5 1861: The post of Military Adviser to the Present became vacant.

March 6 1862: General Robert Edward Lee reappointed Military Adviser to the President.

June 1 1862: The post of Military Adviser to the President became vacant.

August 10 1863: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton appointed Quartermaster-General.

February 25 1864: General Braxton Bragg appointed Military Adviser to the President.

January 31 1865: The position of Military Adviser to the President was discontinued. General Robert Edward Lee appointed General-in-Chief of the Confederate Army.

February 7 1865: Brigadier-General John Henry Winder Provost Marshal General died.

February 15 1865: Colonel Richard Morton appointed Chief of the Bureau of Nitre and Mining, succeeding Colonel Isaac Munroe St John.

April 9 1865: The position of General-in-Chief was discontinued.

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