Confederate Wartime Organisation: Eastern Theatre

Confederate Wartime Organisation

April 1861-June 1865

Eastern Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, District of Columbia and adjacent operational regions.

Operations in the theatre were dominated by the fact that the two capitals at Washington, DC, and Richmond, Virginia, were barely one hundred miles apart. Virginia inevitably became a primary theatre of the conflict as each belligerent sought to threaten the other’s capital city while defending its own. Each side had to provide for the defence of its capital, but the urgency was greater on the Union side, tying down large forces to occupy Washington’s extensive fortifications and to counter Confederate diversions and threats. Washington, DC also became the administrative nerve centre and the base for many significant logistical operations and this only added to its strategic significance. Until mid-1864, the sensitivity and vulnerability of the US capital meant that it was always strongly garrisoned and heavily fortified, and Confederate threats invariably provoked intense anxiety and impulsive reactions to ensure its defence. It was not until the suppression of Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley in late 1864 that the capital was finally considered secure.

The Union had to take the strategic initiative and attempted several overland advances towards Richmond, with occasional efforts made from the coast along the James River and Yorktown Peninsula. The Confederates responded aggressively and made diversionary advances and invasions towards Washington and across the Potomac River into Union territory. This required the Union to make continual adjustments to the military organisation north of the Potomac, which could raise short-term forces, forestall and react to raids, and provide security for the Northern hinterland.

Union forces quickly established bases on either side of the James River and in North Carolina and it became necessary to place garrisons to prevent further progress inland from the coasts. The proximity of Richmond and Petersburg to navigable waterways made their particularly vulnerable, and their loss would also cut lines of supply into central and northern Virginia. The confederate strategy focused from the start on protecting these locations and making offensive movements or feints to divert Union forces from this critical area.

Both sides engaged continually in operations in the Shenandoah Valley and the mountainous region of western Virginia. The Valley was an important source of supplies for the Confederates and offered a covered line of advance into Union territory, an advantage that was exploited effectively in 1862, 1863, and 1864. The general south-westward orientation of the valley meant that any Union advance would gradually diverge and dissipate forces away from the main axis between Washington and Richmond.

Western Virginia was largely pro-Unionist and provided a base for Union operations towards prized natural resources and the vital East-West railroad line through eastern Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. The region was inaccessible to large forces and difficult either to occupy or defend but it constantly drew the attention of both sides. Difficult to conquer or garrison, there were many intense but short campaigns and raids. By late 1864 the Confederates had been so reduced that the Union was finally able to break out of the mountains into eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina.

In the immediate crisis of the outbreak of war, short-lived organisations were improvised on the peripheries of Virginia. The earliest commands were established in western Virginia, the Yorktown peninsula, the Shenandoah Valley, the Norfolk Navy Yard, and most importantly south of the Potomac River.

The first year of the war saw the creation of many small, sometimes grandiosely titled field forces and territorial commands. Among these were the Forces in Norfolk which evolved into the Department of Norfolk; the Potomac Line which became the Department of Fredericksburg; the Forces in Richmond which became the Department of Richmond; western Virginia was served by the small Forces in the Kanawha Valley, the Army of the Kanawha and the Army of the Northwest; the Department of Southwestern Virginia; the Hampton Line which became the Department and Army of the Peninsula. The Shenandoah Valley always had its own local command, evolving from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry later renamed the Army of the Shenandoah and then the District and various permutations of the Army of the Northwest and the Army of the Valley.

The largest single field force of the Confederacy was always stationed on the axis between Washington, DC, and Richmond. and gathered initially across the Potomac River from the Federal capital. Beginning as the Department of Alexandria and the Forces in Alexandria or the Alexandria Line, the Confederates’ primary command grew into the Department and Army of the Potomac and then the Department and Army of Northern Virginia. This command, for almost its entire history and until the dissolution of the Confederacy became synonymous with General Robert Edward Lee. While Lee directed the major campaigns for the defence of the Confederacy’s most northerly frontier, the Department of Henrico managed the military functions of the capital itself, the Department of Richmond organised its garrison, and the Department of Southwestern Virginia (later Trans-Allegheny Department and Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia) protected the western fringe of the state. The need to coordinate operations of forces in southern Virginia and North Carolina resulted in a Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia from September 1862 to February 1863 and again from May 1863, to protect the vital port of Wilmington and supply lines leading north into Petersburg, Virginia. Although these more minor organisations had some autonomy, they were usually subordinated to Lee’s dominant strategy.


Forces in Harper’s Ferry

Confederate High Command on April 2 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry” established: Kenton Harper assumed

Established, April 2 1861-July 4 1861, to Army of the Shenandoah)

  • Kenton Harper (April 2 1861-April 29 1861)
  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (April 29 1861-May 15 1861 interim May 24 1861)
  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (May 24 1861-July 4 1861)

April 2 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was established, comprising the Virginia Militias occupying Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Virginia State Colonel Kenton Harper assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

April 29 1861: Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Kenton Harper.

May 15 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston appointed to command Forces in Harper’s Ferry, arriving on 24th May 1861.

May 24 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, succeeding Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

July 4 1861: The Forces in Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Shenandoah.

Forces in Norfolk

Established, April 18 1861-May 23 1861, discontinued, to Department of Norfolk

  • William Booth Taliaferro (April 18 1861-April 26 1861)
  • Walter Gwynn (April 26 1861-May 21 1861)
  • Benjamin Huger (May 21 1861-May 23 1861)

April 18 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was established, comprising forces sent to occupy Norfolk, Virginia, and the Gosport Navy Yard. Colonel William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk.

April 26 1861: State Major-General Walter Gwynn assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel William Booth Taliaferro.

May 21 1861: State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger assumed command of the Forces in Norfolk, succeeding Colonel Walter Gwynn.

May 23 1861: The Forces in Norfolk was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Norfolk.

Potomac Line

Established, April 22 1861-June 5 1861, discontinued, to Department of Fredericksburg

  • Daniel Ruggles (April 22 1861-June 5 1861)

April 22 1861: The Potomac Line was established, comprising forces collected around Fredericksburg, Virginia, controlling the Potomac River from Mt Vernon to the Rappahannock River. State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the Potomac Line.

June 5 1861: The Potomac Line was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Fredericksburg.


Department of Alexandria

Confederate High Command on April 24 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Alexandria established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
    • Alexandria Line established: Philip St George Cocke assumed
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Kenton Harper
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: William Booth Taliaferro

Established, April 24 1861-May 31 1861, discontinued

  • Philip St George Cocke (April 24 1861-May 21 1861)
  • Milledge Luke Bonham (May 21 1861-May 31 1861)

April 24 1861: The Department of Alexandria was established, comprising the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the Department of Alexandria. Forces in Alexandria was established in the Department of Alexandria.

May 21 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Department of Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

May 24 1861: The Alexandria Line was discontinued. The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria.

May 31 1861: The Department of Alexandria was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

Forces in Alexandria/Alexandria Line

Established, April 24 1861-May 24 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Potomac

  • Philip St George Cocke (April 24 1861-May 21 1861)
  • Milledge Luke Bonham (May 21 1861-May 1861)

April 24 1861: The “Alexandria Line” or “Forces in Alexandria” was established in the Department of Alexandria, comprising field forces gathering in the environs of Alexandria, Virginia. State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke assumed command of the “Alexandria Line”.

May 21 1861: Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Forces in Alexandria, succeeding Colonel Philip St George Cocke.

May 24 1861: Forces in Alexandria was discontinued.

Army of the Potomac

Established, from Forces in Alexandria, May 24 1861-May 31 1861, to Army of the Potomac

  • Milledge Luke Bonham (May 24 1861-May 31 1861)

May 24 1861: The Army of the Potomac was established in the Department of Alexandria from troops of the Forces in Alexandria. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed command of the Army of the Potomac.

May 31 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

Forces in Richmond

Established, April 26 1861-August 30 1862, discontinued, to Department of Richmond

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (April 26 1861-May 8 1861)
  • John Bankhead Magruder (May 8 1861-May 21 1861)
  • Thomas Turner Fauntleroy (May 21 1861-August 30 1861)
  • Charles Dimmock (August 30 1861-July 2 1862)
  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (July 2 1862-August 30 1862)

April 26 1861: The Forces in Richmond was established, comprising forces collected for the defence of Richmond, Virginia. Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Forces in Richmond.

May 8 1861: Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

May 21 1861: State Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy assumed command of the Forces in Richmond succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

August 30 1861: Colonel Charles Dimmock assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy.

July 2 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Forces in Richmond, succeeding Colonel Charles Dimmock.

August 30 1862: Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

Forces in the Kanawha Valley

Established, May 3 1861-June 6 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Kanawha

  • Christopher Quarles Tompkins (May 3 1861-June 6 1861)

May 3 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was established, comprising forces collected in western Virginia prior to the formation of the Army of the Kanawha. State Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins assumed command of the Forces in the Kanawha Valley.

June 6 1861: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Army of the Kanawha.


Department of Southwestern Virginia

Confederate High Command on May 8 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Established, May 8 1861-November 25 1862, discontinued to Trans-Allegheny Department

  • William Wing Loring (May 8 1861-October 16 1862)
  • John Echols October 16 1862-November 10 1862 interim November 19 1862)
  • John Stuart Williams (temporary November 10 1862-November 25 1862)

May 8 1861: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was established, comprising the mountainous regions of southwest Virginia. Colonel William Wing Loring assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

January 28 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

May 2 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

May 8 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued.

October 16 1862: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Wing Loring.

November 10 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams assumed temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, arriving on 19th November 1862.

November 19 1862: Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams arrived to temporary command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

November 25 1862: The Department of Southwestern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed as the Trans-Allegheny Department. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia.

District of Lewisburg

Established, January 28 1862-May 8 1862, discontinued

  • Henry Heth (January 27 1862-May 8 1862)

January 28 1862: The District of Lewisburg was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the forces around Lewisburg, Virginia. Brigadier-General Henry Heth assumed command of the District of Lewisburg.

May 8 1862: The District of Lewisburg was discontinued.

District of Abingdon

Established, May 2 1862-November 25 1862, transferred to Trans-Allegheny Department.

  • Humphrey Marshall (May 2 1862-November 25 1862)

May 2 1862: The District of Abingdon was established in the Department of Southwestern Virginia, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, McDowell and Wyoming in Virginia. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall assumed command of the District of Abingdon.

November 25 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia.

Hampton Line

Established, May 21 1861-May 26 1861, discontinued, to Army of the Peninsula)

  • John Bankhead Magruder (May 21 1861-May 26 1861)

May 21 1861: The Hampton Line was established, comprising forces gathering in the Yorktown peninsula of Virginia. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Hampton Line.

May 26 1861: The Hampton Line was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Peninsula.


Department of Norfolk

Confederate High Command on May 23 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Alexandria: Milledge Luke Bonham
    • Alexandria Line: Milledge Luke Bonham
  • Department of Norfolk: Jones Mitchell Withers temporary Benjamin Huger awaited
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Hampton Line: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson interim, Joseph Eggleston Johnston awaited
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Established, from Forces in Norfolk, May 23 1861-April 12 1862, discontinued

  • Jones Mitchell Withers (temporary May 23 1861-May 26 1861)
  • Benjamin Huger (May 23 1861-April 12 1862)

May 23 1861: The Department of Norfolk was established, comprising the former Forces in Norfolk. State Brigadier-General Benjamin Huger appointed to command the Department of Norfolk, arriving on 26th May 1861. Colonel Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of the Department of Norfolk.

May 26 1861: Colonel Benjamin Huger arrived to command the Department of Norfolk.

December 21 1861: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of Norfolk.

February 5 1862: The Department of Norfolk was extended to include Martin, Bertie, Halifax, Hertford and Northampton counties of Virginia.

February 23 1862: The District of Albemarle was discontinued.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued. Most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia and part incorporated into the Department of North Carolina.

District of Albemarle

Established, December 21 1861-February 23 1862, discontinued

  • Henry Alexander Wise (December 21 1861-February 23 1862)

December 21 1861: The District of Albemarle was established in the Department of Norfolk, comprising North Carolina east of the Chowan River and Washington and Tyrrel counties. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise appointed to command the District of Albemarle, arriving on 11th January 1862.

January 11 1862: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise arrived to command the District of Albemarle.

February 23 1862: The District of Albemarle was discontinued.


Department of the Peninsula

Confederate High Command on May 26 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Alexandria: Milledge Luke Bonham
    • Army of the Potomac: Milledge Luke Bonham
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Established, May 26 1861-April 12 1862, discontinued

  • John Bankhead Magruder (May 26 1861-May 31 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary May 31 1861-June 17 1861), John Bankhead Magruder (June 17 1861-April 12 1862)

May 26 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was established with headquarters at Yorktown, comprising the territory occupied by the field forces of the former Hampton Line. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula. The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula.

May 31 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

June 14 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester Point, Virginia.

June 17 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Department of the Peninsula.

June 28 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include James Island and West Point, Virginia.

August 26 1861: The Department of the Peninsula was extended to include Gloucester, Matthews and Middlesex counties of Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Peninsula

Established, from Hampton Line, May 26 1861-April 12 1862, to Army of Northern Virginia

  • John Bankhead Magruder (May 26 1861-May 31 1861), Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary May 31 1861-June 17 1861), John Bankhead Magruder (June 17 1861-April 12 1862)

May 26 1861: The Army of the Peninsula was established in the Department of the Peninsula, comprising the field forces of the former Hampton Line, operating on the Yorktown peninsula. Colonel John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

May 31 1861: Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Army of the Peninsula, succeeding Colonel John Bankhead Magruder.

June 17 1861: Brigadier-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the Army of the Peninsula.

April 12 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.


Department of the Potomac

Confederate High Command on May 31 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of the Potomac: Milledge Luke Bonham temporary Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • Army of the Potomac: Milledge Luke Bonham interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • Army of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Established, from Department of Alexandria, May 31 1861-October 22 1861, to Department of Northern Virginia)

  • Milledge Luke Bonham (interim May 31 1861-June 2 1861)
  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 31 1861-July 20 1861)
  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 20 1861-October 22 1861)

May 31 1861: The Department of the Potomac was established, comprising the territory of the former Department of Alexandria. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Department of the Potomac, arriving on 2nd June 1861. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham assumed interim command of the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac.

June 2 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

June 10 1861: The Department of the Potomac was extended to include Prince William, Fairfax and Loudoun counties of Virginia.

July 20 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of the Potomac, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac.

August 22 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac.

September 25 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

October 22 1861: The Department of the Potomac was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

Army of the Potomac

Transferred from Department of Alexandria, May 31 1861-October 22 1861, transferred to Department of Northern Virginia

  • Milledge Luke Bonham (interim May 31 1861-June 2 1861)
  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 31 1861-July 20 1861 interim July 21 1861)
  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 21 1861-October 22 1861)

May 31 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of Alexandria to the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on 2nd June 1861. Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham retained interim command of the Army of the Potomac.

June 2 18861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Army of the Potomac, succeeding Brigadier-General Milledge Luke Bonham.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston appointed to command the Army of the Potomac, arriving on July 21st 1861.

July 21 1861: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Army of the Potomac.

September 25 1861: “I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac.

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

I Corps Potomac

Established, September 25 1861-October 22 1861, transferred to Department of Northern Virginia

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (September 25 1861-October 4 1861), Earl Van Dorn (October 4 1861-October 22 1861)

“I Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of I Corps (Potomac).

October 4 1861: Major-General Earl Van Dorn appointed to command I Corps (Potomac), succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

II Corps Potomac

Established, September 25 1861-October 22 1861, to Department of Northern Virginia.

  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (September 25 1861-October 22 1861

September 25 1861: “II Corps” was established unofficially in the Army of the Potomac. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to command II Corps (Potomac), arriving on 4th October 1861.

October 4 1861: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to command II Corps (Potomac).

October 22 1861: II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Kanawha

Transferred to Department of the Potomac, July 20 1861-September 25 1861, discontinued)

  • Henry Alexander Wise (July 20 1861-August 11 1861)
  • John Buchanan Floyd (August 11 1861-September 25 1861)

July 20 1861: The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise retained command of the Army of the Kanawha.

August 11 1861; Brigadier-General John Buchanan Floyd assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise.

September 25 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was discontinued.

Army of the Valley

Established, August 22 1861-October 22 1861, to Valley District

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (August 22 1861-October 22 1861)

August 22 1861: The Army of the Valley was established in the Department of the Potomac. Brigadier-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Valley.

October 22 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.


Department of Fredericksburg

Confederate High Command on June 3 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • Army of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Established, June 5 1861-October 22 1861, discontinued, to Department of the Potomac

  • Vacant (June 5 1861)
  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (June 6 1861-July 17 1861)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (July 17 1861-October 22 1861)

June 5 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was established, comprising the field forces of the Potomac Line. Command of the Department of Fredericksburg remained vacant. June 5 1861: The Potomac Line was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of Fredericksburg.

June 6 1861: Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg.

July 17 1861: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

July 18 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg.

October 22 1861: The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

District of Aquia

Established, July 18 1861-October 22 1861

  • Richard M Cary (July 18 1861-July 19 1861)
  • Daniel Ruggles (July 19 1861-August 20 1861)
  • Vacant (August 21 1861-October 22 1861)

July 18 1861: The District of Aquia was established in the Department of Fredericksburg, comprising the territory between Powell’s River and the mouth of the Potomac River including North Neck and the counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from its mouth to Fredericksburg. Colonel Richard M Cary assumed temporary command of the District of Aquia.

July 19 1861: Colonel Daniel Ruggles assumed command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Colonel Richard M Cary.

August 21 1861: Command of the District of Aquia became vacant.

October 22 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia.

Army of the Kanawha

Established, from Forces in the Kanawha Valley, June 6 1861-July 20 1861, to Department of the Potomac)

  • Henry Alexander Wise (June 6 1861-July 20 1861)

June 6 1861: The Army of the Kanawha was established, comprising the former Forces in the Kanawha Valley and additional troops, with headquarters initially at Charleston, Virginia. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Kanawha transferred to the Department of the Potomac.

Army of the Northwest

Established, June 8 1861-November 4 1861, to Valley District

  • Robert Selden Garnett (June 8 1861-July 13 1861)
  • Henry Rootes Jackson (July 13 1861-July 20 1861)
  • William Wing Loring (July 20 1861-November 4 1861)

June 8 1861: The Army of the Northwest was established, comprising all forces collected in north-western Virginia. Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett assumed command of the Army of the Northwest.

July 13 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson assumed command of the Army of the Northwest succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Selden Garnett.

July 20 1861: Brigadier-General William Wing Loring assumed command of the Army of the Northwest, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

District of Harper’s Ferry

Established, July 4 1861-July 20 1861, discontinued

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 4 1861-July 20 1861)

July 4 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was established. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the District of Harper’s Ferry. The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry.

July 20 1861: The District of Harper’s Ferry was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of the Potomac. The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.

Army of the Shenandoah

Established, from Forces in Harper’s Ferry, July 4 1861-July 20 1861, to Army of the Potomac)

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (July 4 1861-July 20 1861)

July 4 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was established in the District of Harper’s Ferry from the Forces in Harper’s Ferry. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of the Shenandoah.

July 20 1861: The Army of the Shenandoah was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of the Potomac.


Department of Henrico

Confederate High Command on October 21 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: vacant
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Established, October 21 1861-March 5 1864, discontinued

  • John Henry Winder (October 21 1861-March 5 1864)

October 21 1861: The Department of Henrico was established, comprising Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia. It assumed jurisdiction over garrison troops, city guard, militia, police, hospitals, prisons, warehouses, training camps and government administration buildings. Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Department of Henrico.

March 25 1862: The Department of Henrico was extended to include Petersburg and its vicinity.

August 30 1862: The field forces of the Department of Henrico were transferred to the Department of Richmond. The Department of Henrico retained responsibility for administrative, garrison and guard duties around Richmond, Virginia.

March 5 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.


Department of Northern Virginia

Confederate High Command on October 22 1861 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
    • District of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Established, from Department of the Potomac and Department of Fredericksburg, October 22 1861-April 9 1865, discontinued

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (October 22 1861-May 31 1862)
  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary May 31 1862-June 1 1862)
  • Robert Edward Lee (June 11 862-April 9 1865)

October 22 1861: The Department of Northern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of Fredericksburg and the Department of the Potomac. The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia. The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. The Valley District was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of the Potomac was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of Fredericksburg was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

January 29 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

March 13 1862: The Army of the Potomac was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Northern Virginia. The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac.

March 24 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued, and most of its territory was incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia. The Department of the Peninsula was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Northern Virginia.

May 31 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

June 1 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Department of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

June 21 1862: The Department of North Carolina was extended to include the south bank of the James River in Virginia, including Drewry’s Bluff.

September 6 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

April 2 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: The Department of Northern Virginia surrendered. The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia. The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered.

District of Aquia

Transferred from Department of Fredericksburg, October 22 1861-September 6 1862)

  • Robert August Toombs (October 22 1861-March 22 1862 interim March 23 1862)
  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary March 23 1862-September 6 1862)

October 22 1861: The District of Aquia transferred from the Department of Fredericksburg to the Department of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs assumed command of the District of Aquia.

March 22 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith appointed to temporary command of the District of Aquia, arriving on 23rd March 1862.

March 24 1862: The District of Aquia was extended to include all territory in Virginia and North Carolina south of the operational territory of the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith arrived to temporary command of the District of Aquia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Augustus Toombs.

September 6 1862: The District of Aquia was discontinued.

District of the Potomac

Established, October 22 1861-January 29 1862

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (October 22 1861-January 29 1862)

October 22 1861: The District of the Potomac was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the territory of Virginia between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the left bank of Powell’s River. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the District of the Potomac.

January 29 1862: The District of the Potomac was discontinued.

Valley District

Established, October 22 1861-April 9 1865, discontinued, to Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (October 22 1861-September 6 1862)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (September 6 1862-December 29 1862)
  • William Edmondson Jones (December 29 1862-April 26 1863)
  • Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (April 26 1863-June 15 1863)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (June 15 1863-July 8 1863)
  • Gabriel Colvin Wharton (July 8 1863-July 21 1863 interim July 28 1863)
  • John Daniel Imboden (July 21 1863-December 15 1863)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (December 15 1863-March 27 1865)
  • Vacant (March 28 1865)
  • Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (March 29 1865-April 9 1865)

The Valley District was established in the Department of Northern Virginia. It comprised the Shenandoah Valley and the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountain areas. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson appointed to command the Valley District, arriving on 7th November 1861. The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District.

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia.

November 7 1861: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson arrived to command the Valley District.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

June 25 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

September 6 1862: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson.

December 29 1862: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

April 26 1863: Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

June 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of the District of the Valley, succeeding Major-General Isaac Ridgway Trimble.

July 8 1863: Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

July 21 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden was appointed to temporary command of the Valley District, arriving on 28th July 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

July 28 1863: Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden arrived to temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General Gabriel Colvin Wharton.

December 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Brigadier-General John Daniel Imboden.

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued. “II Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

March 28 1865: Command of the Valley District became vacant.

March 29 1865: Major-General Lunsford Lindsay Lomax assumed command of the Valley District, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 9 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

Army of the Valley

Transferred from Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-June 25 1862, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (October 22 1861-June 25 1862)

October 22 1861: The Army of the Valley transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Valley District. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of the Army of the Valley.

June 25 1862: The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Army of the Northwest

Transferred to Valley District, November 4 1861-February 10 1862

  • William Wing Loring (November 4 1861-January 26 1862)
  • Edward Johnson (temporary January 26 1862-February 10 1862)

November 4 1861: The Army of the Northwest transferred to the Valley District in the Department of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General William Wing Loring retained command of the Army of the Northwest.

January 26 1862: Brigadier-General Edward Johnson assumed temporary command of the Army of the Northwest.

February 10 1862: The Army of the Northwest was discontinued.

Army of the Valley

Established, from II Corps Northern Virginia, June 12 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

  • Jubal Anderson Early (June 12 1864-September 27 1864)

June 12 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District, comprising II Corps (Northern Virginia). Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the “Army of the Valley”.

June 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). “II Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia).

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued. “II Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

I Corps Valley

Established, June 27 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

  • Robert Emmett Rodes (June 27 1864-September 19 1864)
  • Stephen Dodson Ramseur (temporary September 19 1864-September 27 1864)

June 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed command of “I Corps (Valley)”.

September 19 1864: Major-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur assumed temporary command of I Corps (Valley), succeeding Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

September 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

II Corps Valley

Established, June 27 1864-September 27 1864, discontinued, to II Corps Northern Virginia

  • John Cabell Breckinridge (June 27 1864-September 27 1864)

June 27 1864: “II Corps (Valley)” was established unofficially in the “Army of the Valley” from II Corps (Northern Virginia). Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of “II Corps (Valley)”.

September 27 1864: “I Corps (Valley)” was discontinued.

Army of the Potomac

Transferred from Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-March 13 1862, to Army of Northern Virginia)

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (October 22 1861-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: The Army of the Potomac transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retained command of the Army of the Potomac. I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia.

March 13 1862: The Army of the Potomac was discontinued, and renamed the Army of Northern Virginia. I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia. II Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

I Corps Potomac

From Department of the Potomac October 22 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Right Wing Northern Virginia

  • Earl Van Dorn (October 22 1861-January 10 1862)
  • James Longstreet (January 10 1862-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: I Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. Major-General Earl Van Dorn retained command of I Corps (Potomac).

January 10 1862: Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of I Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

March 13 1862: I Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Right Wing Northern Virginia.

II Corps Potomac

From Department of the Potomac, October 22 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Left Wing Northern Virginia

  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (October 22 1861-March 13 1862)

October 22 1861: II Corps Potomac transferred with the Army of the Potomac from the Department of the Potomac to the Department of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith retained command of I Corps (Potomac).

March 13 1862: II Corps (Potomac) was discontinued, and renamed Left Wing Northern Virginia.

Army of Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Potomac, March 13 1862-April 9 1865, discontinued

  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (March 13 1862-May 31 1862)
  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (temporary May 31 1862-June 11 862)
  • Robert Edward Lee (June 1 1862-April 9 1865)

March 13 1862: The Army of Northern Virginia was established in the Department of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Army of the Potomac. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 12 1862: The Army of the Peninsula was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 31 1862: Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed temporary command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding General Joseph Eggleston Johnston.

June 1 1862: General Robert Edward Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

June 25 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia. Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

July 14 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command.

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia re-established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

November 6 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Northern Virginia. I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Northern Virginia. II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

May 30 1`863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee.

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the District of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia.

May 12 1864: Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued.

June 12 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the “Army of the Valley”. The “Army of the Valley” was established unofficially in the Valley District.

September 27 1864: The “Army of the Valley” was discontinued, and its forces reverted to II Corps (Northern Virginia). II Corps (Northern Virginia) was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”.

October 19 1864: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered. I Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered. II Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered. Cavalry (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

Right Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from I Corps Potomac, March 13 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (March 13 1862-June 25 1862)

March 13 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Right Wing Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Left Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from II Corps Potomac, March 13 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (March 13 1862-June 25 1862)

March 13 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of Left Wing Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Centre Wing Northern Virginia

Established, March 13 1862-May 4 1862, discontinued, to Reserve Northern Virginia

  • Daniel Harvey Hill (March 13 1862-May 4 1862)

March 13 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of Centre Wing Northern Virginia.

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia.

Reserve Northern Virginia

Established, from Centre Wing Northern Virginia, May 4 1862-June 25 1862, discontinued, to Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

  • John Bankhead Magruder (May 4 1862-June 25 1862)

May 4 1862: Centre Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and its forces assigned to Reserve Northern Virginia. Reserve Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Reserve Northern Virginia.

June 25 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia.

Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Right Wing Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 16 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Right Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

July 16 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Valley and Left Wing Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 16 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s left Wing Northern Virginia

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. The Army of the Valley was discontinued, and incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia as Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia, comprising the former Left Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

July 16 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia.

Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Reserve Northern Virginia, June 25 1862-July 14 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia and Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia

  • John Bankhead Magruder (June 25 1862-July 16 1862)

June 25 1862: Reserve Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia. Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of Magruder’s Command.

July 16 1862: Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued.

Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from Longstreet’s Command, Northern Virginia, July 16 1862-September 4 1862, discontinued, to Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (July 16 1862-September 4 1862)

July 16 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Longstreet’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia.

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia

Established, from Jackson’s Command, Northern Virginia, July 16 1862 –September 4 1862, discontinued, to Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (July 16 1862-September 4 1862

July 16 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was established, comprising the former Jackson’s Command and parts of Magruder’s Command. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson assumed command of Jackson’s Wing Northern Virginia.

September 4 1862: Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Right Wing Northern Virginia, September 4 1862-November 6 1862, discontinued to I Corps Northern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (September 4 1862-November 6 1862)

September 4 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General James Longstreet assumed command of Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia

Established, from Left Wing Northern Virginia, June September 4 1862-November 6 1862, discontinued to II Corps Northern Virginia

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (September 4 1862-November 6 1862)

September 4 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson retained command of Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia.

I Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia, November 6 1862-September 9 1863, transferred to Army of Tennessee

  • James Longstreet (November 6 1862-September 9 1863)

November 6 1862: Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed I Corps Northern Virginia. I Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia.

September 9 1863: I Corps (Northern Virginia) transferred temporarily from the Department of Northern Virginia to serve within the Department of Tennessee. It remained technically under the authority of the Army of Northern Virginia but was assigned operationally to the Army of Tennessee.

II Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia, November 6 1862-June 12 1864, to Army of the Valley

  • Thomas Jonathan Jackson (November 6 1862-May 2 1863)
  • Ambrose Powell Hill (temporary May 2 1863)
  • Robert Emmett Rodes (temporary May 2 1863
  • James Ewell Brown Stuart (temporary May 2 1863-May 6 1863)
  • Ambrose Powell Hill (temporary May 6 1863-7 1863 interim May 10 1863)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 10 1863-May 30 1863)
  • Richard Stoddert Ewell (May 7 1863-December 4 1863-November 15 1863)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (temporary November 15 1863-June 12 1864, December 4 1863)
  • Richard Stoddert Ewell (December 4 1863-May 29 1864)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 29 1864-June 3 1864, June 4 1864-June 12 1864)

November 6 1862: Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia was discontinued, and renamed II Corps Northern Virginia. II Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia from Jackson’s Command.

May 2 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill. Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General Robert Emmett Rodes.

May 6 1863: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart.

May 7 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell was appointed to command II Corps Northern Virginia, arriving on 30th May 1863.

May 10 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps Northern Virginia, pending the arrival of Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

May 30 1863: Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell arrived to command II Corps Northern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

November 15 1863: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

December 4 1863: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell resumed command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

May 29 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell.

June 4 1864: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed full command of II Corps (Northern Virginia).

June 12 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was transferred from the Army of Northern Virginia to the Valley District and renamed unofficially the Army of the valley.

III Corps Northern Virginia

Established, May 30 1863-April 2 1865, discontinued

  • Ambrose Powell Hill (May 30 1863-May 8 1864)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (temporary May 8 1864-May 21 1864)
  • Ambrose Powell Hill (May 21 1864-April 2 1865)

May 30 1863: III Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps Northern Virginia.

May 8 1864: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of III Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill.

May 21 1864: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill assumed command of III Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia

Established, May 30 1863-May 12 1864, discontinued

  • James Ewell Brown Stuart (May 30 1863-May 12 1864)

May 30 1863: Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart assumed command of Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia.

May 12 1864: Cavalry Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued

I Corps Northern Virginia

Transferred from District of Tennessee, April 7 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

  • James Longstreet (April 7 1864-May 6 1864)
  • Charles William Field (May 6 1864-May 7 1864)
  • Richard Heron Anderson (May 7 1864-October 17 1864)
  • James Longstreet (October 17 1864-April 9 1865)

April 7 1864: I Corps (Northern Virginia) returned from operational attachment to the Department of Tennessee to the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Lafayette McLaws.

May 6 1864¨ Major-General Charles William Field assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

May 8 1864: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Major-General Charles William Field.

October 17 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet resumed command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson.

April 2 1865: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: I Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

II Corps Northern Virginia

Established, from Army of the Valley, September 27 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

  • Jubal Anderson Early (September 27 1864-December 9 1864)
  • John Brown Gordon (December 9 1864-April 9 1865)

September 27 1864: II Corps (Northern Virginia) was reinstated in the Army of Northern Virginia from the unofficial “Army of the Valley”. Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early retained command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), comprising the forces of the discontinued Army of the Valley.

December 9 1864: Major-General John Brown Gordon assumed command of II Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 5 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 6 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 9 1865: II Corps (Northern Virginia) surrendered.

IV Corps Northern Virginia

Established, October 19 1864-April 8 1865, discontinued

  • Richard Heron Anderson (October 17 1864-April 8 1865)

October 19 1864: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was established in the Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson assumed command of IV Corps (Northern Virginia).

April 8 1865: IV Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued, and merged into II Corps (Northern Virginia).


Department of Richmond

Confederate High Command on August 30 1862 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Established, August 30 1862-April 6 1865, discontinued

  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (August 30 1862-December 12 1862)
  • Arnold Elzey (December 12 1862-July 1 1863)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary July 1 1863-July 13 1863)
  • Robert Ransom (temporary July 13 1863-September 23 1863)
  • Arnold Elzey (September 23 1863-February 26 1864)
  • James Longstreet (temporary February 26 1864-April 24 1864)
  • Robert Ransom (April 24 1864-June 13 1864),
  • Richard Stoddert Ewell (June 13 1864-April 5 1865)

August 30 1862: The Department of Richmond was established to include all field forces and prisons in and around Richmond, Virginia, and incorporating the Forces in Richmond and the field forces of the Department of Henrico. Forces in Richmond was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of Richmond.

December 12 1862: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

April 23 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

July 1 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

July 13 1863: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

September 23 1863: Major-General Arnold Elzey assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

February 26 1864: Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed temporary command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Arnold Elzey.

March 5 1864: The Department of Henrico was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of Richmond.

April 24 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

June 13 1864: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell assumed command of the Department of Richmond, succeeding Major-General Robert Ransom.

April 6 1865: The Department of Richmond surrendered, and its field forces were incorporated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).


Trans-Allegheny Department

Confederate High Command on November 25 1862 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Stuart Williams temporary Samuel Jones awaited
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Established, from Department of Southwestern Virginia, November 25 1862-September 27 1864, discontinued, to Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

  • John Stuart Williams (interim November 25 1862-December 10 1862)
  • Samuel Jones (November 25 1862-February 26 1864)
  • John Hunt Morgan (interim February 26 1864-March 1864, de facto March 5 1864-xxx
  • John Cabell Breckinridge (February 26 1864-May 23 1864 interim May 25 1864)
  • William Edmondson Jones (May 23 1864-May 31 1864)
  • George Bibb Crittenden (temporary May 31 1864-June 22 1864)
  • John Hunt Morgan (temporary June 22 1864-August 22 1864)
  • John Echols (temporary August 22 1864-September 17 1864 interim September 22 1864)
  • John Cabell Breckinridge (September 17 1864-September 27 1864)

November 25 1862: The Trans-Allegheny Department was established, comprising the former Department of Southwestern Virginia, and extended to the eastern boundary of Kentucky. Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 10th December 1862. Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams retained temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department. The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

December 10 1862: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Stuart Williams.

January 17 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

April 2 1863: The Department of Northern Virginia was extended to include western Virginia.

September 5 1863: September 5 1863: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include the portion of southwestern Virginia formerly belonging to the Department of East Tennessee and the forces east of Knoxville.

February 26 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 5th March 1864. Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed de facto local command of the Trans-Allegheny Department interim and subsequently.

March 19 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was extended to include Saltville, Virginia.

April 23 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department took control of the territory of the District of East Tennessee.

May 2 1864: The District of East Tennessee was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department.

May 23 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 25th May 1864.

May 25 1864: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

May 31 1864: Colonel George Bibb Crittenden assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones.

June 22 1864: Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Colonel George Gibb Crittenden.

August 22 1864: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed temporary command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan.

September 17 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge was appointed to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, arriving on 22nd September 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General John Echols.

September 22 1864: Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge arrived to assume command of the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Brigadier-General John Echols.

September 27 1864: The Trans-Allegheny Department was discontinued.

District of Abingdon

Transferred, from Department of Southwestern Virginia, November 25 1862-January 17 1863, transferred to Department of East Tennessee

  • Humphrey Marshall (November 25 1862-January 17 1863)

November 25 1862: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Department of Southwestern Virginia to the Trans-Allegheny Department, comprising the counties of Lee, Buchanan, Wise, Scott, Russell and Washington in Virginia. Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall retained command of the District of Abingdon.

January 17 1863: The District of Abingdon transferred from the Trans-Allegheny Department to the Department of East Tennessee.

Reserve Forces of Virginia

Established, April 30 1864-April 5 1865, discontinued

  • James Lawson Kemper (April 30 1864-April 5 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Virginia was established. Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Virginia.

April 5 1865: The Reserve Forces of Virginia was discontinued, and its field forces consolidated into II Corps (Northern Virginia).


Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Confederate High Command on September 28 1864 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Established, from Trans-Allegheny Department, September 28 1864-October 3 1864, transferred to Military Division of the West

  • John Cabell Breckinridge (September 28 1864-October 3 1864)

September 28 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was established from the former Trans-Allegheny Department. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

October 3 1864: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia transferred to the Military Division of the West. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.


Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia

Confederate High Command on December 18 1864 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: John Brown Gordon
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Transferred from Military Division of the West, December 16 1864-April 19 1865, discontinued, to Department of Tennessee and Georgia

  • John Cabell Breckinridge (December 16 1864-February 20 1865)
  • Jubal Anderson Early (February 20 1865-March 27 1865)
  • Vacant (March 28 1865)
  • John Echols (March 29 1865-April 19 1865)

December 16 1864: The Department of Western Kentucky transferred from the Military Division of the West to the War Department. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge retained command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

February 20 1865: Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

March 28 1865: Command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia became vacant.

March 29 1865: Brigadier-General John Echols assumed command of the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early.

April 9 1865: The Valley District was discontinued, and its field forces transferred to the Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia.

April 19 1865: The Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of Tennessee and Georgia.


Confederate High Command on April 18 1865 Eastern Theatre

  • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Echols
%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close