Confederate Wartime Organisation: Atlantic Coast Theatre

Confederate Wartime Organisation

April 1861-June 1865

Atlantic Coast Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina and adjacent operational regions in Alabama and Virginia.

This theatre saw the first act of war at Charleston, South Carolina, when pro-Confederate forces opened fire on the Union garrison at Fort Sumter. This action was the first of many along the Atlantic Coasts. The Confederates needed to protect their ports in order to continue their export trade and to import supplies and military equipment through the blockade. They also needed to prevent the Union from establishing bases of operations for raids or advances into the interior of the nation. The US Navy gradually established outposts in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina; some of these provided depots for the blockading fleets while others were set up to attack Confederate coastal fortifications. Others were occupied simply to deny the use of ports and coastal waters to Confederate maritime trade. The Confederates occasionally attacked the Union enclaves but were rarely successful unless they could neutralise the Union naval forces supporting the garrisons ashore. In most cases, overwhelming Union naval force overpowered the Confederate defences; however, the important ports of Charleston, Wilmington, and Mobile, were not finally occupied until the final months of the war. Inevitably, as the Union threat could materialise at any one of several points – pots, fortifications, navigable rivers – the Confederates were forced to spread their garrisons thinly, concentrating only when clear evidence of an attack was identified at a particular point. Their military organisation was therefore complicated, with many low-level territorial organisations being created with responsibility for specific locations, and field forces on a comparatively small in scale.

Initially, the Confederates managed the defence of the Atlantic coast on a state by state basis. The Department of South Carolina was formed on 3 March 1861; the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was formed on 20 August 1861 (western Florida was in a separate Department focused on the Gulf of Mexico coast); and, the Department of Georgia was formed on 26 October 1861. These three Departments were combined to become Districts within a “super-Department” under General Robert Edward Lee on 5 November 1861. Lee’s Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida attempted to bring unity of command and singleness of purpose in states that were led by particularly ardent proponents of states’ rights.

After Lee’s departure, his extensive Department reverted to more local Departments. On March 13 1862 the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, and the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, were formed in its place. This process was reversed in October 1862 when another high-ranking General, P G T Beauregard returned to command the reconstructed Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Once again, the constituent parts of the Department were allocated to Districts and smaller subdivisions. The Department remained in operation, undergoing a gradual segmentation until the final surrender on April 26 1865, by which time its field forces had been largely dispersed and all of its major cities occupied or neutralised by Union land or naval forces. Although superficially a complex organisation, the constituent parts of the Department related to ports and access points along the coast, undergoing adjustment as the Union points of attack shifted. Its ultimate collapse was achieved not so much by incursions from the coast but by the overland march across Georgia conducted by Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman in late 1864. Although the primary ports had been skilfully and determinedly defended, Sherman’s march to the Sea, and Sherman’s his irresistible campaign through the Carolinas in early 1865, exposed the vulnerability of the region when exposed to large land forces.

The coasts of North Carolina were among the first to be seriously threatened. The navigable waters around Roanoke and the Pamlico quickly attracted some of the first major amphibious operations of the Union, in Spring 1862. The Union soon secured bases at New Bern and Elizabeth City, to supplement the valuable harbour of Port Royal, captured at the end of 1861. The Department of North Carolina was created on 22 April 1861 with a primary goal of defending its coastal waters. Its subdivisions related directly to fortifications and defences. The most important position was immediately identified as Wilmington on the Cape Fear and the port was protected by Fort Fisher at the mouth of the Cape Fear right until early 1865. Its fall severed the last available blockade running route and precipitated the final collapse of the Confederate armies.

The need for coordinated operations with forces in southern Virginia increasingly required an amalgamation of the North Carolina organisations with those in Southern Virginia. The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia existed from September 19 1862 until February 26 1863. It reverted to the separate Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia from February 26 1863 to May 28 1863 but was then reconstituted as the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia on May 28 1863. By the end of 1864, it managed the vital defence of Wilmington and the supply lines leading north into Petersburg, Virginia. This Department remained in existence until the final surrender on April 26 1865.


Department of South Carolina

Confederate High Command on March 3 1861 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of South Carolina established: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • “Forces in Charleston” established: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited

Established, March 3 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of South Carolina.

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (March 3 1861-May 27 1861)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (May 27 1861-August 20 1861)
  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (August 20 1861-November 5 1861)

March 3 1861: The Department of South Carolina was established. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command of the Department of South Carolina, arriving on 6th March 1861. Forces in Charleston was established in the Department of South Carolina.

March 6 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command of the Department of South Carolina

May 27 1861: The Forces in Charleston was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Department of South Carolina. Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

August 20 1861: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

November 5 1861: The Department of South Carolina was discontinued, and transferred as the District of South Carolina in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

Forces in Charleston

Established, March 3 1861-May 27 1861, discontinued)

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (March 3 1861-May 27 1861)

March 3 1861: Forces in Charleston was established, comprising the forces in and around Charleston, South Carolina. Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard appointed to command Forces in Charleston, South Carolina, arriving on 6th March 1861.

March 6 1861: Brigadier-General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command of Forces in Charleston.

May 27 1861: The Forces in Charleston was discontinued, and its forces transferred to the Department of South Carolina.

Defences of Savannah

Established, April 13 1861-October 26 1861, discontinued, to Department of Georgia

  • Alexander Robert Lawton (April 13 1861-October 26 1861)

April 13 1861: The Defences of Savannah was established, comprising the territory around Savannah, Georgia, and Fort Pulaski. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton appointed to command the Defences of Savannah, arriving on 17th April 1861.

April 17 1861: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton arrived to command the Defences of Savannah.

May 4 1861: The Defences of Savannah was extended to include the entire coastline of Georgia.

October 26 1861: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Georgia.


Department of North Carolina

Confederate High Command on April 22 1861 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina established: Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed
    • Defences of North Carolina established: Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton

Established, April 22 1861-September 19 1862, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 22 1861-August 19 1861 interim August 20 1861)
  • Richard Caswell Gatlin (August 19 1861-March 15 1862 interim March 19 1862)
  • Joseph Reid Anderson (March 15 1862-March 24 1862 interim March 24 1862)
  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (March 24 1862-June 2 1862)
  • James Green Martin (June 2 1862-July 17 1862)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (July 17 1862-September 19 1862)

April 22 1861: The Department of North Carolina was established, comprising the state of North Carolina. Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of North Carolina. The Defences of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina.

August 19 1861: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 20th August 1861 to succeed Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

August 20 1861: Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

September 29 1861: The District of Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina.

October 1 1861: October 1 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was discontinued. The District of Cape Fear was established in the Department of North Carolina

January 22 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was established in the Department of North Carolina. Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island.

March 15 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 19th March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Richard Caswell Gatlin.

March 24 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, arriving on 25th March 1862.

March 25 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

April 12 1862: The Department of Norfolk was discontinued, and part of its territory was incorporated into the Department of North Carolina.

June 2 1862: Brigadier-General James Green Martin assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

June 3 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge, transferred from the Department of North Carolina.

June 21 1862: The Department of North Carolina was extended to include the south bank of the James River in Virginia, including Drewry’s Bluff.

July 17 1862: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Green Martin.

August 18 1862: The District of Pamlico was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina. The District of Roanoke Island was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina. The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the right bank of the Roanoke River to the border of South Carolina. The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina.

August 24 1862: The Department of East Tennessee was extended to include North Carolina west of the Blue Ridge.

September 19 1862: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The District of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Defences of North Carolina

Established, April 22 1861-October 1 1861, discontinued, to District of Cape Fear

  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (September 3 1861 interim 24 September 1861)
  • Joseph Reid Anderson (September 3 1861-October 1 1861)

Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 22 1861-September 3 1861 interim September 24 1861), Joseph Reid Anderson September 3 1861-October 1 1861)

April 22 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territory around Wilmington, North Carolina. Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Defences of North Carolina.

September 3 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson appointed to command the Defences of North Carolina, arriving on 24th September 1861.

September 24 1861: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson arrived to command the Defences of North Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes

October 1 1861: The Defences of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Cape Fear.

District of Pamlico

Established, September 29 1861-August 18 1862, discontinued, to District of North Carolina

  • Daniel Harvey Hill (September 29 1861-November 16 1861)
  • Lawrence O’Bryan Branch (November 16 1861-March 17 1862 interim March 18 1862)
  • Samuel Gibbs French (March 17 1862-March 19 1862)
  • Robert Ransom (temporary March 19 1862-August 18 1862)

September 29 1861: The District of Pamlico was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound and the Neuse River territory of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill appointed to command the District of Pamlico, arriving on 4th October 1861.

October 4 1861: Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill arrived to command the District of Pamlico.

November 16 1861: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch assumed command of the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

November 26 1861: The District of Pamlico was extended by the addition of Roanoke Island.

December 31 1861: The District of Pamlico was extended to include the coast of North Carolina between the District of Albemarle and Bogue Inlet.

January 22 1862: Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island.

March 17 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French appointed to command the District of Pamlico, arriving on 18th March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch.

March 18 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French arrived to command the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom assumed temporary command of the District of Pamlico, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French.

August 18 1862: The District of Pamlico was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina.

District of Cape Fear

Established, from Defences of North Carolina, October 1 1861-August 18 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Cape Fear

  • Joseph Reid Anderson (October 1 1861-March 15 1862 interim March 22 1862)
  • Samuel Gibbs French (March 15 1862-July 17 1862)
  • William Henry Chase Whiting (July 17 1862-August 18 1862)

October 1 1861: The District of Cape Fear was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the territory formerly in the Defences of North Carolina. Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson assumed command of the District of Cape Fear.

March 15 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French appointed to command the District of Cape Fear, arriving on 22nd March 1862, to succeed Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

March 22 1862: Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French arrived to command the District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson.

July 17 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Gibbs French.

August 18 1862: The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina.

District of Roanoke Island

Established, January 22 1862-August 18 1862, discontinued, to District of North Carolina

  • Henry Alexander Wise (January 22 1862-February 9 1862)
  • Henry Marchmore Shaw (February 9 1862-August 18 1862)

January 22 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was established in the Department of North Carolina. Roanoke Island transferred from the District of Pamlico to the District of Roanoke Island. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the District of Roanoke Island.

February 9 1862: Colonel Henry Marchmore Shaw assumed command of the District of Roanoke Island, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise.

August 18 1862: The District of Roanoke Island was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of North Carolina.

District of North Carolina

Established, from District of the Pamlico and District of Roanoke Island, August 18 1862-September 19 1862, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

  • James Green Martin (August 18 1862-September 19 1862)

The District of North Carolina was established in the Department of North Carolina, comprising the right bank of the Roanoke River to the border of South Carolina. Brigadier-General James Green Martin assumed command of the District of North Carolina. The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was established in the District of North Carolina, with responsibility for the defences of Wilmington, North Carolina.

September 19 1862: The District of North Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Established, from District of Cape Fear, August 18 1862-September 19 1862, transferred to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

  • William Henry Chase Whiting (August 18 1862-September 19 1862)

August 18 1862: The District of Cape Fear was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was established in the District of North Carolina, with responsibility for the defences of Wilmington, North Carolina. Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting retained command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear.

September 19 1862: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.


Department of Middle and Eastern Florida

Confederate High Command on August 20 1861 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton

Established, August 20 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of Middle and East Florida.

  • John Breckinridge Grayson (August 20 1861-October 10 1861 interim October 20 1861)
  • Vacant (October 21 1861)
  • James Heyward Trapier (October 22 1861-November 5 1861)

August 21 1861: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was established, comprising the state of Florida apart from the western panhandle area. Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

October 10 1861: Brigadier-General Edmund Kirby Smith appointed to command the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida. The orders were revoked before arrival and Brigadier General John Breckinridge Grayson retained interim command.

October 21 1861: Command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida became vacant.

October 22 1861: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding the deceased Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson.

November 5 1861: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued, and incorporated into the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.


Department of Georgia

Confederate High Command on October 26 1861 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: James Heyward Trapier
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley

Established, from Defences of Savannah, October 26 1861-November 5 1861, discontinued, to District of Georgia.

  • Alexander Robert Lawton (October 26 1861-November 5 1861)

October 26 1861: The Department of Georgia was established, comprising Savannah and the coast region of Georgia. The Defences of Savannah was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Department of Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton assumed command of the Department of Georgia.

November 5 1861: The Department of Georgia was discontinued, and transferred as the District of Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.


Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida

Confederate High Command on November 5 1861 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee awaited
    •  District of Middle and East Florida: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley

Established, from Department of South Carolina, Department of Georgia and Department of Middle and East Florida, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Department of South Carolina and Georgia and Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

  • Robert Edward Lee (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida was established, comprising the coastal areas formerly in the Department of Georgia, the Department of South Carolina and the Department of Middle and East Florida. The western border was defined as the Apalachicola River. General Robert Edward Lee appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida, arriving on 8th November 1861. The District of South Carolina was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Georgia was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

November 8 1861: General Robert Edward Lee arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida.

March 13 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida was discontinued. The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and renamed the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

District of South Carolina

Established, from Department of South Carolina, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of South Carolina was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of South Carolina. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the District of South Carolina.

December 10 1861: The District of South Carolina was divided into the First Sub-District, the Second Sub-District, the Third Sub-District, the Fourth Sub-District, and the Fifth Sub-District. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established.

March 13 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Arthur Middleton Manigault (December 10 1861-March 13 1862

December 10 1861: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory around Georgetown and extending from the South Santee River northwards. Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (December 10 1861-March 13 1862

December 10 1861: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the South Santee River to the Stono River and up to Rantowles Creek. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (temporary December 11 1861-December 18 1861)
  • Nathan George Evans (December 18 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the Stono River to the Ashepoo River. It remained attached temporarily to the Second Sub-District. Command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina remained vacant and it remained temporarily under Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

December 18 1861: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • John Clifford Pemberton (December 10 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from the Ashepoo River to Port Royal entrance and up the Colleton River and Ocetee Creek to Ferebeeville. Brigadier-General John Clifford Pemberton assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, December 10 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Thomas Fenwick Drayton (December 10 1861-March 13 1862)

December 10 1861: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established to comprise the territory from Ferebeeville and Port Royal Sound to the Savannah River. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

District of Georgia

Established, from Department of Georgia, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina and Georgia

  • Alexander Robert Lawton (November 5 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of Georgia was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton assumed command of the District of Georgia.

March 13 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

District of Middle and East Florida

Established, from Department of Middle and East Florida, November 5 1861-March 13 1862, discontinued, to Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

  • James Heyward Trapier (November 5 1861-November 14 1861)
  • William Montgomery Gardner (November 14 1861-March 13 1862)

November 5 1861: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the territory of the former Department of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

November 14 1861: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner assumed command of the District of Middle and East Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

March 13 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and renamed the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.


Department of Middle and Eastern Florida

Confederate High Command on March 13 1862 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Established, from District of Middle and Eastern Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, discontinued to District of Middle and East Florida

  • James Heyward Trapier (March 13 1862-March 19 1862 interim April 1 1862)
  • William Scott Dilworth (temporary March 19 1862-April 8 1862 interim April 18 1862)
  • Joseph Finegan (April 8 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was established, comprising the former District of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General James Hayward Trapier assumed command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

March 19 1862: Colonel William Scott Dilworth appointed to temporary command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, arriving on 1st April 1862, to succeed James Heyward Trapier.

April 1 1862; Colonel William Scott Dilworth arrived to temporary command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

April 8 1862: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan was appointed to command the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida arriving on 18th April 1862, to succeed Colonel William Scott Dilworth.

April 18 1862: Brigadier-General John Finegan arrived to command the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, succeeding Colonel William Scott Dilworth.

October 7 1862: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued.


Department of South Carolina and Georgia

Confederate High Command on March 13 1862 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Middle and East Florida: William Montgomery Gardner
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: John Clifford Pemberton
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Established, from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, discontinued, to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • John Clifford Pemberton (March 13 1862-August 29 1862 interim September 24 1862)
  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (August 29 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was established, comprising parts of the former Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton appointed to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, arriving on 19th March 1862. The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

March 19 1862: Major-General John Clifford Pemberton arrived to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

May 28 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

August 29 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command of the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, arriving on 24thSeptember 1862, to succeed Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

September 24 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, succeeding Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

October 7 1862: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was discontinued. The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia.

March 19 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating parts of the Fifth Sub-District, comprising Port Royal Sound and Ferebeeville to the Savannah River.

May 6 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District.

October 7 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • Arthur Middleton Manigault (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The First Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault retained command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 7 1862: The First Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (March 13 1862-May 26 1862)
  • Nathan George Evans (interim May 26 1862-May 28 1862)
  • Hugh Weedon Mercer (May 26 1862-July 19 1862)
  • Johnson Hagood (July 19 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 26 1862: Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer was appointed to command the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, arriving on 28th May 1862. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed interim command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

May 28 1862: Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer arrived to command the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

July 19 1862: Colonel Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

October 7 1862: The Second Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • Nathan George Evans (March 5 1862-May 28 1862)
  • William Stephen Walker (May 28 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans retained command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

October 7 1862: The Third Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • John Clifford Pemberton (March 13 1862-March 19 1862)
  • Maxcy Gregg (March 19 1862-May 6 18620
  • William Stephen Walker (May 6 1862-May 28 1862)
  • Thomas Fenwick Drayton (May 28 1862-July 19 1862)
  • William Stephen Walker (July 19 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Major-General John Clifford Pemberton retained command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 19 1862: Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Major-General John Clifford Pemberton.

April 11 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to the Coosawhatchee River.

May 6 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to the Savannah River, incorporating the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg.

May 28 1862: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area of the Sixth Sub-District. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

July 19 1862: Colonel William Stephen Walker assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

October 7 1862: The Fourth Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-May 6 1862, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina. 

Established, December 10 1861-May 6 1862, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Thomas Fenwick Drayton (March 5 1862-March 19 1862)
  • Daniel Smith Donelson (March 19 1862-May 6 1862)

March 13 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier General Thomas Fenwick Drayton retained command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 19 1862: Parts of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina were transferred to form the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier General Daniel Smith Donelson assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

May 6 1862: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, March 19 1862-May 28 1862, discontinued, to Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Thomas Fenwick Drayton (March 19 1862-May 28 1862)

March 19 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating parts of the Fifth Sub-District, comprising Port Royal Sound and Ferebeeville to the Savannah River. Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 28 1862: May 28 1862: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District.

District of Georgia

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, March 13 1862-October 7 1862, transferred to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

  • Alexander Robert Lawton (March 13 1862-October 7 1862)

March 13 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

October 7 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.


Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Confederate High Command on September 19 1862 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker

Established, from Department of North Carolina, September 19 1862-February 26 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and the Department of Southern Virginia

  • Gustavus Woodson Smith (September 19 1862-February 17 1863)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary January 14 1863-February 17 1863)
  • Samuel Gibbs French (temporary February 17 1863-February 23 1863)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (temporary February 23 1863-February 26 1863)

September 19 1862: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the areas formerly in the Department of North Carolina and adjacent operational area of the Army of Northern Virginia. Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

January 14 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Gustavus Woodson Smith.

February 17 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

February 23 1863: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French.

February 26 1863: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued, and divided into the Department of North Carolina and the Department of Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from District of North Carolina, September 19 1862-February 26 1863, transferred to the Department of North Carolina

  • Samuel Gibbs French (September 19 1862-November 8 1862 interim November 17 1862)
  • William Henry Chase Whiting (November 8 1862-February 26 1863)

September 19 1862: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the District of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear, succeeding Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

November 8 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting was appointed to command the Sub-District of Cape Fear, arriving on 17th November.

November 17 1862: Brigadier-General William Henry Chase Whiting arrived to command the Sub-District of Cape Fear, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French.

February 26 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.


Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida

Confederate High Command on October 7 1862 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: States Rights Gist temporary
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • District of Middle and East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Established, from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (October 7 1862-April 20 1864)
  • Samuel Jones (April 20 1864-September 28 1864 interim October 2 1864)
  • William Joseph Hardee (September 28 1864-February 22 1865 interim February 25 1865)
  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 22 1865-April 26 1865)

October 7 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida was established, comprising the area of the former Department of South Carolina and Georgia and the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 13th October 1862. The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina. The District of West Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

October 13 1862: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

November 4 1862: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida extended its authority in Florida to include the Choctawatchee River and Bay, forty miles west of the Chattahoochee River. The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida. The District of East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of Middle Florida was established, in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River.

January 19 1863: Atlanta and the surrounding area in Georgia were added to the Western Department.

August 31 1863: The Defences of Savannah was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The District of East Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida. The District of Middle Florida was discontinued, and is area incorporated into the District of Florida. The District of West Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

April 20 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

September 28 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 3rdOctober 1864, to succeed Major-General Samuel Jones.

October 2 1864: Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

December 17 1864: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued.

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia.

February 22 1865: The Department of Tennessee and Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia west of a line through Augusta and Macon, Georgia, to Jacksonville and Cedar Keys, Florida. Eastern Florida as far as the Chattahoochee River was also included. General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 25thFebruary 1865. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed as his second in command. The “Army of the South” was named unofficially to describe all commands united under the direction of General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, in the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

February 25 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston arrived to command the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, succeeding Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee.

April 26 1865: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida surrendered. The District of South Carolina surrendered. The District of Florida surrendered.

District of Middle and East Florida

Established, from Department of Middle and East Florida, October 7 1862-November 4 1862, discontinued, to District of Middle Florida and District of East Florida

  • Joseph Finegan (October 7 1862-November 4 1862)

October 7 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the former Department of Middle and East Florida. Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan retained command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

November 4 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida.

District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia and Florida, October 7 1862-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (October 7 1862-October 12 1864)
  • Samuel Jones (October 12 1864-April 26 1865)

October 7 1862: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

October 22 1863: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was re-organised. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established. The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was established.

October 12 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

November 29 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina was discontinued.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The District of South Carolina surrendered. The First Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia surrendered.  The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

  • States Rights Gist (October 7 1862-October 16 1862)
  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (October 16 1862-March 21 1864)
  • Nathan George Evans (March 21 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The First Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General States Rights Gist assumed temporary command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault.

October 16 1862: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General States Rights Gist.

October 22 1863: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was re-organised, to comprise Fort Sumter, Sullivan’s Island, Long Island and the parishes of St Thomas and Christ Church.

March 21 1864: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the First Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

May 23 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Johnson Hagood (October 7 1862-March 14 1863)
  • James Heyward Trapier (March 14 1863-October 16 1863)
  • Beverley Holcombe Robertson (October 16 1863-December 28 1863)
  • Johnson Hagood (December 28 1863-May 6 1864)
  • Beverley Holcombe Robertson (May 6 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Second Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood retained command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina.

March 14 1863: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 16 1863: Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

December 28 1863: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson.

December 29 1863: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised to include the area west of the Sixth Sub-District, the Combahee and Little Salkehatchie Rivers and the Edisto River.

May 6 1864: Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 17 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, to Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • William Stephen Walker (October 7 1862-May 8 1864 interim May 16 1864)
  • Thomas Jordan (May 8 1864-August 1 1864)
  • Lafayette McLaws (August 1 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Third Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 8 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan was appointed to command the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, arriving on 16th May 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

May 16 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan arrived to command the Third Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

August 1 1864: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan.

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. The Third Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-October 17 1864, First Sub-District of South Carolina

  • William Stephen Walker (October 7 1862-November 6 1862)
  • James Heyward Trapier (November 6 1862-July 19 1864)
  • Roswell Sabine Ripley (July 19 1864-October 17 1864)

October 7 1862: The Fourth Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina.

November 6 1862: Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Colonel William Stephen Walker.

July 19 1864: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley assumed temporary command of the Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. The Second Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina and combined with the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-May 23 1864, discontinued, to First Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Alfred Moore Rhett (October 22 1863-May 23 1864)

October 22 1863: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising Charleston, the Neck, Fort Ripley and Castle Pinckney. Colonel Alfred Moore Rhett assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

May 23 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was extended to include the area. The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and incorporated into the First Sub-District of South Carolina.

Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-October 17 1864, discontinued, to Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Henry Alexander Wise (October 22 1863-October 17 1864)

October 22 1863: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising the area along the eastern bank of the Edisto River west of Charleston. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina.

October 17 1864: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was combined with the Second Sub-District and renamed the Fourth Sub-District.

Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, October 22 1863-October 17 1864, discontinued, to Third Sub-District of South Carolina

  • William Booth Taliaferro (October 22 1863-February 20 1864)
  • Johnson Hagood (February 20 1864-May 6 1864)
  • William Booth Taliaferro (May 6 1864-October 17 1864)

October 22 1863: Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was established, comprising James Island. Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina.

February 20 1864: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro.

May 6 1864: Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro assumed command of the Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood.

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued. It was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina.

First Sub-District of South Carolina

From Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • James Heyward Trapier (October 17 1864-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the First Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier assumed command of the First Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley.

April 26 1865: The First Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

From First Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, to War Department

  • Nathan George Evans (October 17 1864-November 5 1864 interim November 22 1864)
  • Robert Ransom (November 5 1864-April 26 1865)
  • Vacant (April 26 1865-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The First Sub-District of South Carolina was renamed the Second Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans assumed command of the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General James Heyward Trapier.

November 5 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom was appointed to command the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, arriving on 22nd November 1864, to succeed Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

November 22 1864: Major-General Robert Ransom arrived to command the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans.

April 26 1865: Command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina became vacant.  The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously.

Third Sub-District of South Carolina

From Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • William Booth Taliaferro (October 17 1864-April 26 1865)

October 17 1864: The Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina was incorporated into the Third Sub-District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro retained command of the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The Third Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina

From Second Sub-District of South Carolina and Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-November 29 1864, discontinued

  • Beverley Holcombe Robertson (October 17 1864-November 29 1864)

October 17 1864: The Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina was discontinued, and combined with the Second Sub-District and incorporated into the Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina was reorganised, to serve primarily for recruiting purposes. Brigadier-General Beverley Holcombe Robertson assumed command of the Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

November 29 1864: The Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina was discontinued.

Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

Established, from Third Sub-District of South Carolina, October 17 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • Lafayette McLaws (October 17 1864-January 23 1865)
  • Vacant (January 23 1865-April 10 1865)
  • Lafayette McLaws (April 10 1865-April 26 1865)

October 7 1864: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina was established, incorporating the former Third Sub-District of South Carolina. Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Fifth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

January 23 1865: Command of the Fifth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina became vacant.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. Major-General Lafayette McLaws retained command of the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: The Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina surrendered.

Sub-District of Northern Georgia

From District of Georgia, April 10 1865-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • William Tatum Wofford (April 10 1865-April 26 1865)

April 10 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina. Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford retained command of the Sub-District of Northern Georgia.

April 26 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia surrendered.

District of West Florida

Established, October 7 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

  • John Horace Forney (October 7 1862-February 23 1864)

October 7 1862: The District of West Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General John Horace Forney assumed command of the District of West Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of West Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

District of Georgia

Transferred from Department of South Carolina and Georgia, October 7 1862-April 10 1865, discontinued, to Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina

  • Alexander Robert Lawton (October 7 1862-December 28 1862)
  • Hugh Weedon Mercer (December 28 1862-November 11 1863 interim June 18 1864)
  • Henry Rootes Jackson (November 11 1863-September 28 1864)
  • Thomas Howell Cobb (September 28 1864-January 21 1865)
  • Daniel Harvey Hill (January 21 1865-April 10 1865)

October 7 1862: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River. Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton.

January 19 1863: Atlanta and the surrounding area in Georgia were added to the Western Department.

November 11 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson was appointed to command the District of Georgia, arriving on 18th June 1864, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

June 18 1864: Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson arrived to command the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer.

September 28 1864: Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson.

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia.

January 21 1865: Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

April 10 1865: The District of Georgia was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Fifth Sub-District of South Carolina. The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

Sub-District of Northern Georgia

Established, January 20 1865-April 10 1865, to District of South Carolina

  • William Tatum Wofford (January 20 1865-April 10 1865)

January 20 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia was established in the District of Georgia. Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford assumed command of the Sub-District of Northern Georgia.

April 10 1865: The Sub-District of Northern Georgia transferred to the District of South Carolina.

District of East Florida

Established, from District of Middle and East Florida, November 4 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

  • Joseph Finegan (November 4 1862-February 23 1864)

November 4 1862: The District of Middle and East Florida was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of East Florida and the District of Middle Florida. The District of East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising Florida east of the Suwanee River. Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan assumed command of the District of East Florida.

February 23 1864: The District of East Florida was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Florida.

District of Middle Florida

Established, from District of Middle and East Florida, November 4 1862-February 23 1864, discontinued, to District of Florida

  • Thomas Howell Cobb (November 4 1862-August 7 1863 interim August 12 1863)
  • Joseph Finegan (August 7 1863-October 6 1863 interim November 11 1863)
  • William Montgomery Gardner (October 6 1863-February 23 1864)

November 4 1862: The District of Middle Florida was established, in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the area between the Suwannee and Choctawatchee Rivers, including the defences of the Apalachicola River. Brigadier-General Thomas Howell Cobb assumed command of the District of Middle Florida.

December 28 1862: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River.

August 7 1863: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan was appointed to command the District of Middle Florida, arriving on 12th August 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

August 12 1863: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan arrived to command the District of Middle Florida, succeeding Major-General Thomas Howell Cobb.

October 6 1863: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner was appointed to command District of Middle Florida, arriving on 11th November 1863, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan.

November 11 1863: Brigadier-General William Montgomery Gardner arrived to assume command of the District of Middle Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan.

February 23 1864: The District of Middle Florida was discontinued, and is area incorporated into the District of Florida.

Defences of Savannah

Established, August 31 1863-December 17 1864, discontinued

  • Jeremy Francis Gilmer (August 31 1863-April 1 1864)
  • Samuel Jones (April 1 1864-May 18 1864)
  • Lafayette McLaws (May 18 1864-December 17 1864)

August 31 1863: The Defences of Savannah was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Major-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer assumed command of the Defences of Savannah.

April 1 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones assumed command of the Defences of Savannah, succeeding Brigadier-General Jeremy Francis Gilmer.

May 18 1864: Major-General Lafayette McLaws assumed command of the Defences of Savannah, succeeding Major-General Samuel Jones.

December 17 1864: The Defences of Savannah was discontinued.

District of Florida

Established, from District of East Florida, District of West Florida and District of Middle Florida, February 23 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • James Patton Anderson (February 23 1864-August 30 1864
  • John King Jackson (August 30 1864-December 31 1864 interim February 2 1865)
  • Samuel Jones (December 31 1864-April 26 1865)

February 23 1864: The District of Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the former District of East Florida, District of West Florida and District of Middle Florida. Major-General James Patton Anderson was appointed to command the District of Florida, arriving on 4th March 1864.

March 4 1864: Major-General James Patton Anderson arrived to command the District of Florida.

May 1 1864: The Department of Tennessee was extended to include eastern Alabama and a portion of West Florida, while part of northeast Georgia was excluded.

August 30 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Major-General James Patton Anderson.

September 29 1864: Brigadier-General William Miller assumed command of the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General John King Jackson.

December 31 1864: Major-General Samuel Jones was appointed to command the District of Florida, arriving on 2 February 1865, to succeed Brigadier-General William Miller.

February 2 1865: Major-General Samuel Jones arrived to command the District of Florida, succeeding Brigadier-General William Miller.

April 26 1865: The District of Florida surrendered.


Department of North Carolina

Confederate High Command on February 26 1863 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, February 26 1863-May 28 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (February 26 1863-May 28 1863)

February 26 1863: The Department of North Carolina was established. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the Department of North Carolina.

May 28 1863: The Department of North Carolina was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from District of North Carolina, February 28 1863-May 28 1863, transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

  • Henry Chase Whiting (February 26 1863-May 28 1863)

February 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

May 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.


Department of Southern Virginia

Confederate High Command on February 26 1863 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, February 26 1863-May 28 1863, discontinued, to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

  • James Longstreet (February 26 1863-April 1 1863)
  • Samuel Gibbs French (April 1 1863-May 28 1863)

February 26 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was established. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia.

April 1 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed command of the Department of Southern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

April 23 1863: The Department of Richmond was extended to include Manchester and Drewry’s Bluff.

April 27 1863: The Department of East Tennessee was extended in Tennessee and the south-western tip of Virginia was also added.

May 28 1863: The Department of Southern Virginia was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.


Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Confederate High Command on May 28 1863 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Established, from Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia, May 28 1863-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • Daniel Harvey Hill (May 28 1863-July 1 1863)
  • Samuel Gibbs French (temporary July 1 863-July 14 1863)
  • William Henry Chase Whiting (July 14 1863-September 23 1863 interim September 24 1863)
  • George Edward Pickett (September 23 1863-April 18 1864 interim May 10 1864)
  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (April 18 1864-May 14 1864)
  • William Henry Chase Whiting (temporary May 14 1864-May 20 1864)
  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (May 20 1864-September 27 1864)
  • William Henry Chase Whiting (September 27 1864-November 11 1864 interim November 17 1864)
  • Braxton Bragg (November 11 1864-March 6 1865)
  • Joseph Eggleston Johnston (March 6 1865-April 26 1865)

May 28 1863: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the area of the former Department of North Carolina and Department of Southern Virginia, including the Appomattox River and Petersburg, Virginia. Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Lieutenant-General Samuel Gibbs French and Lieutenant-General James Longstreet. The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia to the Department of North Carolina.

July 1 1863: Major-General Samuel Gibbs French assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

July 14 1863: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General Samuel Gibbs French. The Sub-District of Cape Fear was discontinued.

September 23 1863: Major-General George Edward Pickett was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 24th September 1863.

September 24 1863: Major-General George Edward Pickett arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

September 26 1863: The District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

April 18 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 10th May 1864, to succeed Major-General George Edward Pickett. District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was discontinued, and area transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. The Reserve Forces of North Carolina was activated.

May 10 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General George Edward Pickett. The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

May 14 1864: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed temporary command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

May 20 1864: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting. The Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

May 25 1864: The Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established.

September 27 1864: Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. The Defences of Petersburg was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

October 1 1864: Defences of Petersburg was discontinued.

November 11 1864: General Braxton Bragg was appointed to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 17th November 1864.

November 171864: General Braxton Bragg arrived to command the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting.

January 15 1865: The Third District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

March 6 1865: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston assumed command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding General Braxton Bragg. The field forces of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia were added to the Army of the South.

April 9 1865: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

April 26 1865: The Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered. The Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Sub-District of Cape Fear

Transferred from Department of North Carolina, May 28 1863-July 14 1863, discontinued, to District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington

  • Henry Chase Whiting (May 28 1863-July 14 1863)

May 28 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear transferred from the Department of North Carolina to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting retained command of the Sub-District of Cape Fear.

July 14 1863: The Sub-District of Cape Fear was discontinued.

District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington

Established, from Sub-District of Cape Fear, September 26 1863-April 18 1864, discontinued

  • William Henry Chase Whiting (September 26 1863-April 18 1864

September 26 1863: The District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting assumed command of the District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington.

April 18 1864: District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington was discontinued, and area transferred to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 10 1864-April 9 1865, discontinued

  • William B Butler (temporary May 10 1864-June 1 1864)
  • Henry Alexander Wise (May 10 1864-April 9 1865)

May 10 1864: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established, comprising the right bank of the Appomattox River. Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise was appointed to command the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, arriving on 1st June 1864. Colonel William B Butler assumed temporary command of the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

May 12 1864: The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was extended north of the Appomattox River to Swift Creek.

June 1 1864: Brigadier General Henry Alexander Wise arrived to command the First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

June 2 1864: The First District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was extended to include the area between the James and Roanoke Rivers including the north side of the James River at Richmond.

April 9 1865: The First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was discontinued.

Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 20 1864-January 15 1865, discontinued

  • William Henry Chase Whiting (May 20 1864-January 15 1865)

May 20 1864: The Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established. It comprised the area around Wilmington, North Carolina.

January 15 1865: The Third District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

Established, May 25 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • John Henry Winder (May 25 1864-June 9 1864)
  • Laurence Simmons Baker (June 9 1864-April 26 1865)

May 25 1864: The Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established. It comprised the interior of the state of North Carolina and southern sections of Virginia. Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

June 9 1864: Brigadier-General Laurence Simmons Baker assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Henry Winder.

April 26 1865: The Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia surrendered.

Defences of Petersburg

Established, September 27 1864-October 1 1864, discontinued

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (September 27 1864-October 1 1864)

September 27 1864: The Defences of Petersburg was established in the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Defences of Petersburg.

October 1 1864: Defences of Petersburg was discontinued.


Reserve Forces of North Carolina

Established, April 18 1864-April 26 1865, discontinued

  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (April 18 1864-April 26 1865)

April 18 1864: The Reserve Forces of North Carolina was activated. Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina, arriving on 28th May 1864.

May 28 1864: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Reserve Forces of North Carolina.

April 26 1865: Reserve Forces of North Carolina surrendered.

Reserve Forces of Florida

Established, April 30 1864-May 10 1865, discontinued

  • John King Jackson (April 30 1864-September 8 1864)
  • William Miller (September 8 1864-May 10 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida was established. Brigadier-General John King Jackson was appointed to command the Reserve Forces of Florida, arriving on 13th May 1864.

May 13 1864: Brigadier-General John King Jackson arrived to command the Reserve Forces of Florida.

September 8 1864: Reserve Forces of Florida were activated. Brigadier-General William Miller assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Florida.

May 10 1865: The Reserve Forces of Florida surrendered.

Reserve Forces of South Carolina

Established, April 30 1864-May 10 1865, discontinued

  • James Chesnut (April 30 1864-April 25 1865)
  • Vacant (April 26 1865-May 10 1865)

April 30 1864: Reserve Forces of South Carolina was established. Brigadier-General James Chesnut assumed command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina.

April 26 1865: Command of the Reserve Forces of South Carolina became vacant.

May 10 1865: The Reserve Forces of South Carolina surrendered.

Second Sub-District of South Carolina

From District of South Carolina, April 26 1865-May 1 1865, discontinued

  • Vacant (April 26 1865-May 1 1865

April 26 1865: The Second Sub-District of South Carolina continued to exist autonomously of its parent Department. Command of the Second Sub-District of South Carolina became vacant.

May 1 1865: The Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina surrendered.


Confederate High Command on May 9 1865 Atlantic Coast Theatre

Confederate High Command on May 9 1865 Atlantic Coast Theatre

  • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: vacant
  • District of Florida: Samuel Jones
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: vacant

 

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