Confederate Wartime Organisation: Trans-Mississippi Theatre

Confederate Wartime Organisation

April 1861-June 1865

Trans-Mississippi Theatre

Summary

This theatre broadly covers the states of Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, western Louisiana, the Indian Territory, Arizona Territory, New Mexico Territory, and adjacent operational regions.

The largest Confederate state west of the Mississippi was Texas and its military defences quickly took shape. There were three initial objectives: firstly, to provide a base of operations to extend Confederate influence into the western territories; secondly, to secure the coastal ports against enemy incursion and to retain open ports against the blockade; and thirdly, with the area being broadly immune to overland invasion, to provide reinforcements and supplies for the more exposed states of Arkansas and Louisiana.

The Department of Texas was established on the outbreak of war on April 11, 1861, and quickly formed satellite districts and sub-districts to manage its far-flung territory. These coalesced around Galveston, Pass Cavallo, Houston, the Rio Grande, and the Western and Eastern Districts of the state.

Control of the Indian Territory was disputed hotly with the Union. It was initially treated as an autonomous military region but on 22nd November 1861, it became a Department of the Indian Territory. The Arizona Territory similarly operated as an autonomous military District from 1st October 1861.

The remainder of the Trans-Mississippi theatre was treated initially in the way adopted by the Union, namely to treat the Mississippi River not as a border but as the centre of the military geography. The Western Department was established on June 25 1861 and brought all the territory north of the 31stparallel, up the Mississippi River and east of the Tennessee River under its control. This gave at least theoretical unity of command of the decisive area where the Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Tennessee converged. The District of Upper Arkansas and the Forces in Missouri took responsibility west of the Mississippi, although matters in Missouri were more confused. By July 4 1861, the Western Department had been extended to include much of Alabama, the Mississippi River counties of Arkansas and Mississippi, and also Louisiana north and east of the White and Black Rivers. The Western Army was established unofficially on August 4 1861 to direct the forces west of the Mississippi.

In response to the obvious need to coordinate operations either side of the Mississippi, the growth of the Western Department continued inexorably. On September 10 1861 it was extended to include Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and the Indian Territory. The highly regarded General Albert Sidney Johnston assumed command of this vital region but his attention was necessarily focused on developments in Kentucky.

The Indian Territory was unmanageably distant and on November 22 1861 the Department of the Indian Territory was detached again to act independently. The same obstacles of distance and diverging priorities forced further changes in January 1862. The District of Upper Arkansas was discontinued and became part of a new Trans-Mississippi District which straddled the river and was subordinated to the Western Department. Soon afterwards, the Western Army was discontinued, and incorporated into a new Army of the West, which was being concentrated ready for transfer from the less urgent operations west of the Mississippi to the decisive campaign occurring on the eastern shore. The Trans-Mississippi District existed from January 1862 until August 20 1862, and included Louisiana north of the Red River, the Indian Territory, and the states of Arkansas and most of Missouri.

The most significant and far-reaching organisational decision was made on May 26 1862, in an attempt to rationalise this structure. The new Trans-Mississippi Department was established with the Mississippi River as its obvious eastern border and with responsibility for everything west of it. That separation allowed the Western Department to manage affairs east of the river without distraction. The Trans-Mississippi Department remained in existence until the end of hostilities and was the last major Confederate command to surrender. Although internal adjustments were made in response to the evolving Union threats and invasions, the Department remained broadly intact and unchanged. It became almost synonymous with its commander Edmund Kirby Smith after he took command from 14 January 1863; so much so that the area even acquired the nickname of “Kirby-Smithdom”.

The Trans-Mississippi Department took charge of Texas, the Indian Territory, and Arkansas, and acquired the parts of Louisiana west of the Mississippi. Texas continued to be managed as a set of smaller territorial commands, while Arkansas, Arizona, and the Indian Territory became separate districts. The Trans-Mississippi District – in fact, more of an “along the Mississippi” district – existed from January 1862 until August 20 1862, and included Louisiana north of the Red River, the Indian Territory and the states of Arkansas and most of Missouri. It was discontinued on August 20 1862 when a short-lived District of Missouri was formed. At the same time, western Louisiana became a separate District, and the District of Texas was also formed to direct its subordinate territories.

By November 1862, the far western territories were irretrievably lost from Confederate control and the District of Texas took over the westernmost regions of the Confederacy in the form of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Indian Territory came under the District of Arkansas in March 1863.

The Trans-Mississippi struggled to raise, equip and retain large field forces in its comparatively under-developed territory. The Army of the West had long since been sent east of the Mississippi and strenuous efforts were needed to raise a new force for the Trans-Mississippi. Known from September 1862 as the Southwest Army, its heterogeneous parts were dubbed the Trans-Mississippi Army in February 1863 after Smith’s arrival. The immensity of its operational area and the difficulty of supply meant that the army could never operate as a single whole, but its various segments were deployed as necessary to Arkansas, the Texas coast, western Louisiana, and even in Missouri.

The same difficulties that hampered Confederate operations, also made it difficult for the Union to penetrate far into the interior of the region. The western territories were over-run during 1862, Arkansas was occupied in slow stages, a defensive cordon was established to protect Union-occupied New Orleans from the west, but Union attempts to advance further, whether from the Texas coast, overland from Arkansas, or up the Red River, from Louisiana, were repelled by skilful counter-attacks. The ambitious Confederate invasion of Missouri late in 1864 proved to be an ineffectual swan-song.

This tripartite structure of Districts in Arkansas, western Louisiana, and Texas (along with the western territories) remained largely unchanged until early 1865, by which time no thought could be spared for expansive operations. Nor were such operations required as the Union had largely adopted a passive posture west of the Mississippi after securing Arkansas, the Mississippi Valley, and the majority of the Texan ports. In April 1865, the District of Arkansas and the District of Western Louisiana were combined into a new District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. This final adjustment pre-dated by little over a month the surrender of the entire Trans-Mississippi Department on May 26 1865.

Confederate High Command on April 11 1861 Trans-Mississippi Theatre

  • Department of Texas established: Earl Van Dorn awaited

Department of Texas

Confederate High Command on April 11 1861 Trans-Mississippi Theatre

  • Department of Texas established: Earl Van Dorn awaited

Established, April 11 1861-May 26 1862, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • Earl Van Dorn (April 11 1861-August 14 1861 interim September 4 1861)
  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (temporary September 4 1861-September 18 1861)
  • Paul Octave Hébert (August 14 1861-May 26 1862)

April 11 1861: The Department of Texas was established. Colonel Earl Van Dorn appointed to command the Department of Texas, arriving on 21st April 1861.

April 21 1861: Colonel Earl Van Dorn arrived to command the Department of Texas.

June 25 1861: The Defences of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas.

August 14 1861: Colonel Paul Octave Hébert appointed to command the Department of Texas, arriving on September 18th 1861, to succeed Brigadier-General Earl Van Dorn.

September 4 1861: Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch assumed temporary command of the Department of Texas, pending the arrival of Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert.

September 18 1861: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert arrived to command of the Department of Texas, succeeding temporary commander Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch.

October 2 1861: The Defences of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Galveston. The District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas.

October 26 1861: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was established in the Department of Texas. 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn assumed command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

December 3 1861: The Western District of Texas was established in the Department of Texas.

January 3 1862: The District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas.

February 10 1862: The Eastern District of Texas (“District of Eastern Texas”) was established in the Department of Texas.

February 25 1862: The District of Galveston was discontinued. The Sub-District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. The District of Houston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Houston. February 25 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande was established in the Department of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Department of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Defences of Galveston

Established, June 25 1861-October 2 1861, discontinued, to District of Galveston

  • John Creed Moore (June 25 1861-October 2 1861)

June 25 1861: The Defences of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the forces collected on Galveston Island, Bolivar Point and the Galveston Peninsula. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the Defences of Galveston.

October 2 1861: The Defences of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the District of Galveston.

District of Galveston

Established, from Defences of Galveston, October 2 1861-February 25 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Galveston)

  • John Creed Moore (October 2 1861-December 7 1861 interim December 10 1861)
  • Ebenezer B Nichols (December 7 1861-February 25 1862)

October 2 1861: The District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former Defences of Galveston, Galveston Island, Galveston Bay, Virginia Point and the Bolivar Peninsula. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the District of Galveston.

December 7 1861: State Brigadier-General Ebenezer B Nichols appointed to command the District of Galveston, arriving on 10th December 1861.

December 10 1861: State Brigadier-General Ebenezer B Nichols arrived to command the District of Galveston, succeeding Colonel John Creed Moore.

February 25 1862: The District of Galveston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Galveston.

Defences of Pass Cavallo

Established, October 26 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • John W Glenn (October 26 1861-May 26 1862)

October 26 1861: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was established in the Department of Texas. 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn assumed command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

May 26 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Western District of Texas

Established, December 3 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Department of Texas

  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (December 3 1861-May 26 1862)

December 3 1861: The Western District of Texas was established in the Department of Texas, comprising all of Texas not subsequently to be assigned to the Eastern District of Texas. Colonel Henry Eustace McCulloch assumed command of the Western District of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

District of Houston

Established, January 3 1862-February 25 1862, discontinued, to Sub-District of Houston

  • John Creed Moore (January 3 1862-February 25 1862)

January 3 1862: The District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising Houston, Harrisburg and Lewis’ Bayou. Colonel John Creed Moore assumed command of the District of Houston.

February 25 1862: The District of Houston was discontinued, and renamed the Sub-District of Houston.

Eastern District of Texas

Established, February 10 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • Paul Octave Hébert (February 10 1862-May 26 1862)

February 10 1862: The Eastern District of Texas (“District of Eastern Texas”) was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the territory between the northern and eastern boundaries of Texas, the eastern shore of Galveston Bay and the left bank of the Trinity River to the intersection of the Cross-Timbers at Alton and then following the Cross-Timbers to the Red River. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the Eastern District of Texas.

May 26 1862: The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of Galveston

Established, from District of Galveston, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • Ebenezer B Nichols (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. Colonel Ebenezer B Nichols assumed command of the Sub-District of Galveston.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of Houston

Established, from District of Houston, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • John C Bowen (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of Houston was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the former District of Galveston. Colonel John C Bowen assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Established, February 25 1862-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (February 25 1862-May 26 1862)

February 25 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande was established in the Department of Texas, comprising the vicinity of San Antonio, Victoria, Indianola and Saluria. State Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee appointed to command the Sub-District of the Rio Grande, arriving on 24th April 1862.

April 24 1862: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee arrived to command the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Indian Territory

Established, May 13 1861-September 10 1861, transferred to Western Department.

  • Benjamin McCulloch (May 13 1861-September 10 1861)

May 13 1861: Indian Territory was established, comprising approximately the territory of the later state of Oklahoma. Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of the Indian Territory.

September 10 1862: Indian Territory transferred to the Western Department as the District of the Indian Territory.

Note: from June 1861, the Western Department was responsible for much of the Trans-Mississippi theatre. See Western Theatre.

Western Department (Department No 2), June 25 1861

District of Upper Arkansas, June 25 1861-January 10 1862, Trans-Mississippi District, January 10 1862-

District of the Indian Territory, September 10 1861-November 22 1861

Forces in Missouri, July 2 1861-August 4 1861, Western Army, August 4 1861-January 19 1862, Army of the West, January 19 1862-

District of Arizona

Established, October 1 1861-May 26 1862, transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • John Robert Baylor (October 1 1861-December 12 1861)
  • Henry Hopkins Sibley (December 12 1861-May 26 1862)

October 1 1861: The District of Arizona was established, comprising Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas and Indian Territory. Colonel John Robert Baylor assumed command of the District of Arizona.

December 12 1861: Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley assumed command of the District of Arizona, succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel John Robert Baylor.

December 14 1861: The Army of New Mexico was established in the District of Arizona.

May 26 1862: The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 26 1862: The District of Arizona transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Army of New Mexico

Established, December 14 1861-May 26 1862

  • Henry Hopkins Sibley (December 14 1861-May 26 1862)

December 14 1861: The Army of New Mexico was established in the District of Arizona. Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley assumed command of the Army of New Mexico.

May 26 1862: The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department.


Department of the Indian Territory

Confederate High Command on November 22 1861 Trans-Mississippi Theatre

  • Department of the Indian Territory: Albert Pike
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer interim George Bibb Crittenden awaited
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Army of Eastern Kentucky: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor

Established, from District of the Indian Territory, November 22 1861-May 26 1862, to District of Indian Territory

  • Albert Pike (November 22 1861-January 20 1862, de facto January 20 1862-July 12 1862)
  • Douglas Hancock Cooper (January 20 1862-May 26 1862)

November 22 1861: The Department of the Indian Territory was established, comprising the territory of the discontinued District of the Indian Territory. Brigadier-General Albert Pike assumed command of the Department of the Indian Territory.

January 20 1862: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper appointed to command of the Department of the Indian Territory; Brigadier-General Albert Pike retained de facto unofficial command.

May 26 1862: The Department of the Indian Territory was discontinued and transferred as the District of the Indian Territory in the Trans-Mississippi Department.


Trans-Mississippi Department

Confederate High Command on May 26 1862 Trans-Mississippi Theatre

  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Paul Octave Hébert temporary
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn interim Thomas Carmichael Hindman awaited
      • Forces in Arkansas: John Selden Roane
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Established, from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-July 18 1862 interim July 30 1862)
  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (July 18 1862-January 14 1863 interim January 17 1863)
  • Edmund Kirby Smith (January 14 1863-April 19 1865)
  • Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary April 19 1865-April 22 1865)
  • Edmund Kirby Smith (April 22 1865-May 26 1865)

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi Department was established to comprise Texas, Indian Territory, Arkansas, Missouri and Louisiana west of the Mississippi. The Department of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Army of New Mexico was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The District of Indian Territory was established in the Department of Trans-Mississippi. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 28 1862: Western Louisiana transferred from Department No 1 to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Eastern District of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana. The Western District of Texas transferred formally from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas. The District of Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

July 18 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, arriving on 30th July 1862.

July 30 1862: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi Department.

August 20 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was discontinued, and divided into the District of Texas and the District of West Louisiana. The District of Texas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana. The District of West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising Louisiana west of the Mississippi River. The District of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

September 28 1862: The District of Missouri was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into I Corps (Trans Mississippi). The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas. I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established to operate in north-western Arkansas, southwestern Missouri, and the Indian Territory.

November 29 1862: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established by extending the authority of the District of Texas over the District of Arizona and over New Mexico Territory, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

January 14 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, arriving on 17th January 1863.

January 17 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

February 9 1863: The Southwest Army was discontinued, and renamed the Trans-Mississippi Army. The Trans-Mississippi Army was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising all field forces west of the Mississippi.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

September 8 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army).

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. The District of Western Louisiana was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana. The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It comprised the former District of Arkansas and the District of West Louisiana. Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding General Edmund Kirby Smith.

April 22 1865: General Edmund Kirby Smith resumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Department, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

May 26 1865: The Trans-Mississippi Department surrendered. The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana surrendered. The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. The District of Indian Territory surrendered. Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered. The Sub-District of Houston surrendered. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande surrendered. The Trans-Mississippi Army surrendered. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

Trans-Mississippi District

Transferred from Western Department, May 26 1862-August 20 1862, discontinued, to District of Missouri and District of West Louisiana

  • Earl Van Dorn (interim May 26 1862-May 31 1862)
  • Thomas Carmichael Hindman (May 26 1862-July 2 1862)
  • Vacant (July 3 1862-August 20 1862)

May 26 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District transferred from the Western Department to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was appointed to command the Trans-Mississippi District, arriving on 31st May 1862, to succeed Major-General Earl Van Dorn. Major-General Earl Van Dorn retained interim command of the Trans-Mississippi District. Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

May 28 1862: Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

May 31 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman arrived to command the Trans-Mississippi District, succeeding Major-General Earl Van Dorn.

July 3 1862: Command of the Trans-Mississippi District became vacant.

August 20 1862: The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and its territory divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana.

Forces in Arkansas

Established, May 11 1862-May 26 1862, to Trans-Mississippi Department

  • John Selden Roane (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: Forces in Arkansas transferred interim with the Trans-Mississippi District to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General John Selden Roane retained command of Forces in Arkansas.

May 28 1862: Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

Eastern District of Texas

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, to District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

  • Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Eastern District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert retained command of the Eastern District of Texas.

May 28 1862: The Eastern District of Texas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana, in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Western District of Texas

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (May 26 1862-November 29 1862)

May 26 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch retained command of the Western District of Texas.

May 28 1862: The Western District of Texas transferred formally from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas.

November 29 1862: The Western District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, May 28 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (May 28 1862-November 29 1862)

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas

Established, May 28 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (May 28 1862-November 29 1862)

May 28 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was established in the Western District of Texas, comprising Texas between the Sabine River on the east and a line beginning at Watson’s Ferry on the Sabine and running along the southern boundary of Panola, Rusk, Cherokee, Anderson, Freestone, and Limestone counties, to Marlin on the Brazos River, then up the Brazos to McLennan, then along the western boundary to Falls, Bell, Williamson, Travis, Bastrop, Fayette, Colorado, Wharton and Matagorda counties to Pass Cavallo. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas.

November 29 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of Arizona

Transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department, May 26 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued, to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

  • Henry Hopkins Sibley (May 26 1862-November 29 1862)

May 26 1862: The District of Arizona transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Henry Hopkins Sibley retained command of the District of Arizona.

November 29 1862: The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of the Indian Territory

Established, from Department of the Indian Territory, May 26 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Albert Pike (de facto May 26 1862-November 3 1862)
  • Douglas Hancock Cooper (May 26 1862-January 8 1862 interim October 3 1863)
  • William Steele (January 8 1863-December 11 1863)
  • Samuel Bell Maxey (December 11 1863-January 9 1864)
  • Douglas Hancock Cooper (temporary January 9 1864-May 9 1864)
  • Samuel Bell Maxey (May 9 1864-July 21 1864)
  • Douglas Hancock Cooper (July 21 1864-February 21 1865)
  • Samuel Bell Maxey (February 21 1865-March 1 1865)
  • Douglas Hancock Cooper (March 1 1865-May 26 1865)

May 26 1862: The District of Indian Territory was established in the Department of Trans-Mississippi. Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper retained command of the District of Indian Territory although Brigadier-General Albert Pike retained de facto unofficial field command of much of the District of Indian Territory.

November 3 1862: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed full command of the District of the Indian Territory.

January 8 1863: Brigadier-General William Steele was appointed to command the District of the Indian Territory, arriving on 3rd October 1863, to succeed Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

October 3 1863: Brigadier-General William Steele arrived to command the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

December 11 1863: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General William Steele.

January 9 1864: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed temporary command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

May 9 1864: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

July 21 1864: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

February 21 1865: Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey assumed command of the District of Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper.

March 1 1865: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed command of the District of Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

May 26 1865: The District of Indian Territory surrendered.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, transferred to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

  • John C Bowen (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred interim from the Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Colonel John C Bowen retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana.

Sub-District of Galveston

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862

  • Ebenezer B Nichols (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Colonel Ebenezer B Nichols retained command of the Sub-District of Galveston.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Galveston was discontinued, and its territory transferred to the Western District of Texas.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-May 28 1862, transferred to Western District of Texas

  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (May 26 1862-May 28 1862)

May 26 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Trans-Mississippi Department to the Western District of Texas.

Defences of Pass Cavallo

Transferred from Department of Texas, May 26 1862-November 27 1863, discontinued

  • John W Glenn (May 26 1862-November 27 1863)

May 26 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo transferred interim from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department. 1stLieutenant John W Glenn retained command of the Defences of Pass Cavallo.

May 28 1862: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was formally transferred from the discontinued Department of Texas to the Trans-Mississippi Department.

November 27 1863: The Defences of Pass Cavallo was discontinued.

District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana

Established, from Eastern District of Texas, May 26 1862-August 20 1862, discontinued, to District of Texas and District of West Louisiana

  • Paul Octave Hébert (May 26 1862-August 20 1862)

May 28 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising the former Eastern District of Texas, the Sub-District of Houston and the former Sub-District of Galveston and included the areas west of the Mississippi River and south of the Red River. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana.

August 20 1862: The District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana was discontinued, and divided into the District of Texas and the District of West Louisiana. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, May 28 1862-August 20 1862 transferred to District of Texas

  • John C Bowen (May 28 1862-June 3 1862)
  • George M Flournoy (June 3 1862-July 8 1862)
  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (July 8 1862-August 20 1862)

May 28 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the Eastern District of Texas to the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana. Colonel John C Bowen retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

June 3 1862: Colonel George M Flournoy assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston, succeeding Colonel John C Bowen.

July 8 1862: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed command of the Sub-District of Houston, succeeding Colonel George M Flournoy.

August 20 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana to the District of Texas.

District of Arkansas

Established, May 28 1862-February 1 1865, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

  • Thomas Carmichael Hindman (May 28 1862-March 7 1863)
  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (March 7 1863-July 24 1863)
  • Sterling Price (July 24 1863-September 25 1863)
  • Theophilus Hunter Holmes (September 25 1863-March 11 1864 interim March 16 1864)
  • Sterling Price (March 16 1864-August 1 1864)
  • Thomas James Churchill (August 1 1864-August 4 1864)
  • John Bankhead Magruder (August 4 1864-January 29 1865)
  • Mosby Monroe Parsons (temporary January 29 1865-January 31 1865)
  • John Bankhead Magruder (January 31 1865-February 1 1865)

May 28 1862: The District of Arkansas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman was appointed to command the District of Arkansas, arriving on 2nd June 1862. Forces in Arkansas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Arkansas.

June 2 1862: Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman arrived to command the District of Arkansas.

March 7 1863: Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

March 18 1863: The District of Arkansas was extended to include Missouri and the Indian Territory.

July 24 1863: Major-General Sterling Price assumed temporary command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

September 25 1863: Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

March 11 1864: Major-General Sterling Price was appointed to command the District of Arkansas, arriving on 16 March 1864, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

March 16 1864: Major-General Sterling Price arrived to command the District of Arkansas, succeeding Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes.

August 1 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

August 4 1864: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill.

January 29 1865: Major-General Mosby Monroe Parsons assumed temporary command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

January 31 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder resumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons.

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of Texas

Established, from District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

  • Paul Octave Hébert (August 20 1862-October 10 1862 interim October 20 1862)
  • John Bankhead Magruder (October 10 1862-November 27 1862)
  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (temporary November 27 1862-November 29 1862)

August 20 1862: The District of Texas was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert was appointed to command the District of Texas, arriving on 12th September 1862. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana to the District of Texas.

September 12 1862: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert arrived to command the District of Texas.

September 28 1862: The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas.

October 10 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder was appointed to command of the District of Texas, arriving 20th October 1862.

October 15 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was established. The Second Sub-District of Texas was established.

October 20 1862: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder arrived to command the District of Texas, succeeding Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert.

November 27 1862: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee assumed temporary command of the District of Texas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

November 29 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The Second Sub-District of Texas was discontinued. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (August 20 1862-November 29 1862)

August 20 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana to the District of Texas. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

First Sub-District of Texas

Established, October 15 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued

  • Paul Octave Hébert (October 15 1862-November 29 1862)

October 15 1862: Brigadier-General Paul Octave Hébert assumed command of the First Sub-District of Texas.

October 15 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was established.

November 29 1862: The First Sub-District of Texas was discontinued.

Second Sub-District of Texas

  • Established, October 15 1862-November 29 1862, discontinued
  • Vacant (October 15 1862-November 29 1862)

October 15 1862: The Second Sub-District Texas was established.

November 29 1862: The Second Sub-District of Texas was discontinued.

Southwest Army

Established, September 28 1862-November 29 1862, transferred to District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

  • Thomas Carmichael Hindman (September 28 1862-November 29 1862)

September 28 1862: The Southwest Army was established in the District of Texas. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman assumed command of the Southwest Army.

November 29 1862: The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

District of West Louisiana

Established, from Trans-Mississippi District and the District of Eastern Texas and West Louisiana, August 20 1862-April 19 1865, discontinued, to District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

  • Richard Taylor (August 20 1862-June 10 1864)
  • John George Walker (June 10 1864-August 4 1864)
  • Simon Bolivar Buckner (August 4 1864-March 30 1865)
  • John George Walker (March 30 1865-April 19 1865)

August 20 1862: The District of West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising Louisiana west of the Mississippi River. The Trans-Mississippi District was discontinued, and divided between the District of Missouri and the District of West Louisiana. Major-General Richard Taylor assumed command of the District of West Louisiana.

June 10 1864: Major-General John George Walker assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor.

August 4 1864: Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Major-General John George Walker.

March 30 1865: Major-General John George Walker assumed command of the District of West Louisiana, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

April 19 1865: The District of Western Louisiana was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

District of Missouri

Established, from Trans-Mississippi District, August 20 1862-September 28 1862, discontinued

  • Sterling Price (August 20 1862-September 28 1862)

August 20 1862: The District of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the District of Missouri.

September 28 1862: The District of Missouri was discontinued, and its field forces incorporated into I Corps (Trans Mississippi).

District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • John Bankhead Magruder (November 29 1862-August 4 1864 interim August 6 1864)
  • John George Walker (August 4 1864-March 30 1865 interim April 4 1865)
  • John Bankhead Magruder (March 30 1865-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established by extending the authority of the District of Texas over the District of Arizona and over New Mexico Territory, in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Arizona was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The District of Texas was discontinued, and incorporated into the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western District of Texas was discontinued and renamed the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

March 4 1863: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was extended to include Lavaca and Victoria.

May 30 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established.

June 3 1863: The Sub-District of Houston was extended to include Austin, Harris, Galveston, Liberty, Chambers and Jefferson counties of Texas.

June 5 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was discontinued, and renamed the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Northern Sub-District was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

August 4 1864: Major-General John George Walker was appointed to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 6th August 1864, to succeed Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

August 6 1864: Major-General John George Walker arrived to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

March 30 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder was appointed to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 4th April 1865, to succeed Major-General John George Walker.

April 4 1865: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder arrived to command the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Major-General John George Walker.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

May 26 1865: The District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Western District of Texas

Transferred from Western District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (November 29 1862-June 23 1863)
  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (June 23 1863-June 26 1864)
  • Thomas Fenwick Drayton (June 26 1864-October 25 1864)
  • James Edwin Slaughter (October 25 1864-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. It comprised Texas bounded on the east by the Eastern Sub-District, on the north by the Northern Sub-District and including the remainder of the state. Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch retained command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

June 23 1863: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee assumed command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch.

June 26 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton assumed command of the Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee.

October 25 1864: Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter assumed command of the Western Sub-District of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Fenwick Drayton.

May 26 1865: The Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (November 29 1862-February 13 1863)
  • William Read Scurry (February 13 1863-May 30 1863)
  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (temporary May 30 1863-June 10 1863)
  • William Read Scurry (temporary June 10 1863-July 1 1863)
  • Philip Noland Luckett (temporary July 1 1863-August 15 1863 interim August 16 1863)
  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (August 15 1863-August 29 1863)
  • Philip Noland Luckett temporary August 29 1863-November 23 1863)
  • James Edwin Slaughter (November 23 1863-March 18 1864)
  • William Steele (March 18 1864-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

February 13 1863: Brigadier-General William Read Scurry assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray.

March 4 1863: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was extended to include Lavaca and Victoria.

May 30 1863: Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General William Read Scurry.

June 10 1863: Brigadier-General William Read Scurry assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray.

July 1 1863: Colonel Philip Noland Luckett assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General William Read Scurry.

August 15 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch was appointed to command the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 16th August 1863.

August 16 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch arrived to command the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Philip Noland Luckett.

August 29 1863: Colonel Philip Noland Luckett assumed temporary command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch.

November 23 1863: Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Phillip Noland Luckett.

March 18 1864: Brigadier-General William Steele assumed command of the Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General James Edwin Slaughter.

May 26 1865: The Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

Sub-District of Houston

Transferred from District Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Xavier Blanchard Debray (November 29 1862-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of Houston transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray retained command of the Sub-District of Houston.

June 3 1863: The Sub-District of Houston was extended to include Austin, Harris, Galveston, Liberty, Chambers and Jefferson counties of Texas.

May 26 1865: The Sub-District of Houston surrendered.

Sub-District of the Rio Grande

Transferred from Western District of Texas, November 29 1862-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Hamilton Prioleau Bee (November 29 1862-May 26 1865)

November 29 1862: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande transferred from the Western District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee retained command of the Sub-District of the Rio Grande.

May 26 1865: The Sub-District of the Rio Grande surrendered.

Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, May 30 1863-June 5 1863, discontinued, to Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

  • Smith Pyne Bankhead (May 30 1863-June 5 1863)

May 30 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona was established. Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead assumed command of the Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

June 5 1863: The Third Sub-District of Texas was discontinued, and renamed the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

Established, from Third Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, June 5 1863-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Smith Pyne Bankhead (June 5 1863-July 9 1863 interim August 29 1863)
  • Henry Eustace McCulloch (July 9 1863-May 26 1865)

June 5 1863: The Northern Sub-District was established in the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead was appointed to command of the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 9th July 1863.

July 9 1863: Brigadier General Henry Eustace McCulloch was appointed to command the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 29th August 1863, to succeed Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead.

August 29 1863: Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch arrived to command the Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead.

May 26 1865: The Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona surrendered.

District of Arkansas

Transferred from Trans-Mississippi Department, February 1 1865-April 19 1865, discontinued, to District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

  • John Bankhead Magruder (February 1 1865-February 15 1865)
  • Mosby Monroe Parsons (February 15 1865-March 8 1865)
  • Sterling Price (March 8 1865-March 12 1865)
  • Mosby Monroe Parsons (March 12 1865-March 31 1865)
  • James Fleming Fagan (March 31 1865-April 19 1865)

February 1 1865: The District of Arkansas transferred to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder retained command of the District of Arkansas.

February 15 1865: Brigadier-General Mosby Munroe Parsons assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General John Bankhead Magruder.

March 8 1865: Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons.

March 12 1865: Brigadier-General Mosby Monroe Parsons assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

March 31 1865: Major-General James Fleming Fagan assumed command of the District of Arkansas, succeeding Major-General Mosby Monroe Parsons.

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas was discontinued, and its territory incorporated into the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

District of Arkansas and West Louisiana

Established, from District of Arkansas and District of West Louisiana, April 19 1865-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 19 1865-May 26 1865)

April 19 1865: The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It comprised the former District of Arkansas and the District of West Louisiana. Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana.

May 26 1865: The District of Arkansas and West Louisiana surrendered.

Southwest Army

Transferred from District of Texas, November 29 1862-February 9 1863, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Army

  • Thomas Carmichael Hindman (November 29 1862-January 14 1863 interim January 17 1863)
  • Edmund Kirby Smith (January 14 1863-February 9 1863)

November 29 1862: The Southwest Army transferred from the District of Texas to the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman retained command of the Southwest Army.

January 14e 1862: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed temporary command of the Southwest Army, arriving on 17th January 1863.

January 17 1863: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith arrived to command the Southwest Army, succeeding Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

February 9 1863: The Southwest Army was discontinued, and renamed the Trans-Mississippi Army.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, September 28 1862-January 30 1863)

  • Vacant (September 28 1862-January 30 1863)

September 28 1862: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established to operate in north-western Arkansas, south-western Missouri and the Indian Territory. Command of I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) remained vacant.

January 30 1863: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and forces assigned to the Southwest Army or to the Defences of Vicksburg.

Trans-Mississippi Army

Established, from Southwest Army, February 9 1863-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Edmund Kirby Smith (February 9 1863-April 19 1865)
  • Simon Bolivar Buckner (temporary April 19 1865-April 22 1865)
  • Edmund Kirby Smith (April 22 1865-May 26 1865)

February 9 1863: The Trans-Mississippi Army was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, comprising all field forces west of the Mississippi. Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Army.

August 4 1864: II Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was re-established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. III Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

September 4 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army). Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces designated the Army of Missouri.

September 10 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was discontinued, and renamed Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

December 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army.

December 12 1864: The Army of Missouri was discontinued, and its remaining forces returned to the Trans-Mississippi Army.

March 12 1865: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued.

March 31 1865: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued. II Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued. I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

April 19 1865: Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed temporary command of the Trans-Mississippi Army, succeeding General Edmund Kirby Smith.

April 22 1865: General Edmund Kirby Smith resumed command of the Trans-Mississippi Army, succeeding Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner.

May 26 1865: The Trans-Mississippi Army surrendered. Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

I Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

  • Simon Bolivar Buckner (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: I Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumed command of III Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: I Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

II Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

  • John Bankhead Magruder (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: II Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General John Bankhead Magruder assumed command of II Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: II Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

III Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-March 31 1865, discontinued

  • John George Walker (August 4 1864-March 31 1865)

August 4 1864: III Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General John George Walker assumed command of III Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 31 1865: III Corps Trans-Mississippi was discontinued.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, August 4 1864-September 8 1864, discontinued to Army of Missouri

  • Sterling Price (August 4 1864-September 8 1864)

August 4 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Sterling Price was appointed to command Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi), arriving on 28th August 1864.

August 28 1864: Major-General Sterling Price arrived to command Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

September 8 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued, and its forces designated the Army of Missouri.

Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, from Reserve Forces of Texas, September 10 1864-May 26 1865, discontinued

  • Jerome Bonaparte Robertson (September 10 1864-September 12 1864)
  • Thomas Pleasant Dockery (September 12 1864-March 27 1865)
  • Elkanah Brackin Greer (March 27 1865-May 26 1865)

September 10 1864: Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army from the Reserve Forces of Texas. Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

September 12 1864: Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi), succeeding Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson.

March 27 1865: Brigadier-General Elkanah Brackin Greer assumed command of Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi), succeeding Brigadier-General Thomas Pleasant Dockery.

May 26 1865: Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi) surrendered.

Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi

Established, from Army of Missouri December 3 1864-March 12 1865, discontinued

  • Sterling Price (December 3 1864-March 12 1865)

December 3 1864: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was established in the Trans-Mississippi Army. Major-General Sterling Price resumed command of Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi).

March 12 1865: Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi) was discontinued.

Army of Missouri

Established, from Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi, September 8 1864-December 12 1864, discontinued, to Trans-Mississippi Army

  • Sterling Price (September 8 1864-December 3 1864)
  • John Bullock Clark (December 3 1864-December 12 1864)

September 8 1864: The Army of Missouri was established in the Trans-Mississippi Department, primarily from forces in Cavalry Corps (Trans-Mississippi Army). Major-General Sterling Price assumed command of the Army of Missouri.

December 3 1864: Brigadier-General John Bullock Clark assumed temporary command of the Army of Missouri, succeeding Major-General Sterling Price.

December 12 1864: The Army of Missouri was discontinued, and its remaining forces returned to the Trans-Mississippi Army.

Reserve Forces of Texas

Established, June 24 1864-September 10 1864, to Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi

  • Jerome Bonaparte Robertson (June 24 1864-September 10 1864)

June 24 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was established. Brigadier-General Jerome Bonaparte Robertson assumed command of the Reserve Forces of Texas.

September 10 1864: Reserve Forces of Texas was discontinued, and renamed Reserve Corps (Trans-Mississippi).


Confederate High Command on 25 May 1865

  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • District of Arkansas and West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Elkanah Brackin Greer

 

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