1863 January 2nd

January 2 1863 Friday

Battle of Stones River, TN (CWSAC – Decisive Battle – Inconclusive)

Sherman’s Yazoo River Expedition

Carter’s Upper Tennessee Valley Raid

Stones River Campaign

Marmaduke’s Missouri Raid

Morgan’s Second Kentucky Raid

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign

Arkansas. Incident at Cane Hill.

Arkansas. Skirmish at White Springs (or Spring) involving Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke.

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s raiders crossed the Cumberland River into Tennessee.

Louisiana. Incident at Waterproof.

Mississippi. Incident at Yazoo River.

Mississippi. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s Yazoo Expeditionary force embarked on its transports and prepared to return to Memphis. Their first interim destination was Milliken’s Bend, where a brigade had been left to protect the expedition’s communications.

Missouri. New Madrid was reoccupied by Union forces after being abandoned earlier for fear of attack by Confederate raiders.

North Carolina. USS Sacramento seized blockade running British schooner Wanderer off Murrell’s Inlet with a cargo of salt and herring.

South Carolina. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis visited Columbia.

South Carolina. USS Perry captured blockade running schooner Alma, bound from Bermuda to Beaufort with a cargo of salt and liquor.

Tennessee. Attack between Fort Henry and Fort Donelson by Spaulding’s Confederate guerrilla band.

Stones River, Tennessee. Confederate General Braxton Bragg devised a new plan to dislodge the Union defenders near Murfreesboro. He was encouraged by reports that large numbers of wagons were heading towards Nashville and hoped that this heralded a retreat. Daylight revealed that the Union army was still in place and Bragg realised  that his own force was now the one in the more vulnerable position, having Stones River at its back.

The Union outpost established east of the river by Union division of Brigadier-General Horatio Phillips Van Cleve (now under Colonel Samuel Beatty) threatened to enfilade any further advance from the Round Forest and he resolved to remove this dangerous obstacle. He decided to cross Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge’s division back to the south bank of the river and to recapture the high ground. Breckinridge stated that he considered the operation impossible and purposeless, but Bragg insisted. Still protesting the order, Breckinridge advanced at 4pm with 4,500 men against Beatty’s three brigades holding strong positions on the bluffs east of the river. The Confederates attack drove the shaky Union troops from the hilltop but as they pressed their attack onto the downhill slope beyond they were faced by concentrated artillery fire from across the river. The Union Corps chief of artillery, Captain John Mendenhall, had deployed massed batteries for the defence of the crossings. Meldenhall had placed 37 guns on the crest of a west-bank hill while a further 21 guns were on its eastern base to target any attackers who descended towards the river. The artillery commanded the banks and the heights beyond perfectly . The close-range artillery fire smashed the Confederate lines to pieces. The five Confederate brigades quickly stalled, sustaining over 1,700 casualties in less than an hour.

Union Brigadier-General James Scott Negley’s division made a counterattack at 4.45 pm with the brigades of Brigadier-General William Grose and Brigadier-General William Babcock Hazen. They moved across the river to strengthen Beatty. Encouraged by the reinforcements, Beatty rallied and also  counterattacked and Breckinridge was driven demoralised back to his line of departure.

Confederate Brigadier-General Johnson Pillow commanded one of the brigades in Breckinridge’s division and he arrived on the battlefield just an hour before Breckinridge’s assault. Breckinridge was furious to find Pillow cowering behind a tree and ordered him forward. After the battle, Pillow spoke in support of General Braxton Bragg’s decisions, denigrating Breckinridge’s execution of the ill-fated assault. Pillow was suspended for the second time in the war and he was given no more combat assignments.

Total Union casualties in the battle at Stones River were 13,249 (1,730 men killed, 7,802 wounded and 3,717 captured or missing) out of 41,400 engaged. The Confederates lost 11,739 (1,294 men killed, 7,945 wounded and 2,500 captured or missing) out of 34,739. (CWSAC – Decisive Battle – Inconclusive)

Virginia. Union expedition to Moorefield and Petersburg began.

Virginia. Skirmish at Bath Springs.

Virginia. Skirmish at Jonesville in Lee County. Union Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter’s raiders were moving towards Jonesville at the foot of the Cumberland Mountains. Confederate Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall had two companies near Jonesville and attempted to block Carter’s advance. The 2nd Michigan Cavalry drove the Confederates from their position and the Union march continued.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth assumed temporary command of I Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General John Fulton Reynolds.

Wadsworth, James Samuel / New York / Born 30 October 1807 Geneseo, New York / DOW Wilderness, Virginia 8 May 1864
Major-General New York Militia May 1861 / ADC (I McDowell) 8 June 1861-19 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 5 May 1864 Withdrawn / Brevet Major-General USV 6 May 1864 posthumously / MWIA & CIA Wilderness 6 May 1864
2nd Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861 / Wadsworth’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-12 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 12 March 1862-17 March 1862 / Military District of Washington 17 March 1862-7 September 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 27 December 1862-2 January 1863 / I Corps Potomac 2 January 1863-4 January 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 4 January 1863-27 February 1863 / I Corps Potomac 1 March 1863-9 March 1863 / 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 9 March 1863-15 June 1863 / I Corps Potomac 12 March 1864-13 March 1864 / 4th Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-6 May 1864

USA: James Murrell Shackelford promoted Brigadier-General USV 17 March 1863 to rank from 2 January 1863.

Shackelford, James Murrell / Kentucky / Born 7 July 1827 Lincoln, Kentucky / Died Port Huron, Michigan 7 September 1909
2nd Lieutenant USV 4th Kentucky Infantry 4 October 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USV 1847 / Mustered Out USV 25 July 1848 / Colonel USV 25th Kentucky Infantry 1 January 1862 / Resigned USV 24 March 1862 / Colonel USV 8th Kentucky Cavalry 13 September 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 17 March 1863 to rank from 2 January 1863 / Resigned USV 18 January 1864 / WIA Geiger’s Lake 3 September 1863
1st Brigade 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 June 1863-6 August 1863 / 3rd Brigade 4th Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 6 August 1863-10 September 1863 / 4th Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 10 September 1863-3 November 1863 / Cavalry Corps Ohio 3 November 1863-15 December 1863

USA: Sylvanus William Godon promoted Commodore USN.

Godon, Sylvanus William / Born 18 June 1809 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Blois, France 17 May 1879
Midshipman USN 1 March 1819 / Passed Midshipman USN 4 June 1831 / Lieutenant USN 17 December 1836 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Captain USN 16 July 1862 / Commodore USN 2 January 1863 / Rear Admiral USN 25 July 1866 / Retired USN 18 June 1871
USS Mohican December 1860 USS Norwich April 1862 / USS Vermont September 1862 / USS Powhatan November 1862 / USS Susquehanna August 1864 / USS Hartford March 1865 / Brazil Squadron August 1865 / South Atlantic Squadron 1865-27 July 1867 / USS Brooklyn June 1866 / USS Guerriere 1867

USA: Timothy Atwater Hunt promoted Commodore USN and Commodore USN on the Retired list.

Hunt, Timothy Atwater / Born 23 July 1805 New Haven, Connecticut / Died New Haven, Connecticut 21 January 1884
Midshipman USN 1 March 1825 / Passed Midshipman USN 4 June 1831 / Lieutenant USN 17 December 1836 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Captain USN 16 July 1862 / Commodore USN 2 January 1863 / Retired USN 3 July 1867
USS Narragansett December 1860

USA: Charles Henry Poor promoted Commodore USN.

Poor Charles, Henry / Born 11 January 1808 Cambridge, Massachusetts / Died Washington, District of Columbia 5 November 1882
Midshipman USN 1 March 1825 / Passed Midshipman USN 4 June 1831 / Lieutenant USN 22 December 1855 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Captain USN 16 July 1862 / Commodore USN 2 January 1863 / Rear Admiral USN 20 September 1868 / Retired USN 9 June 1870
USS St Louis 1860-1861 / USS Brooklyn June 1861 / USS Roanoke 1862 / USS Powhatan September 1862 / USS Illinois 1862 / USS Saranac 1863-1865 / Mound City Navy Yard 1866-1868 / North Atlantic Squadron 19 August 1869-9 June 1870

USA: James Findlay Schenck promoted Commodore USN on the Retired list.

Schenck, James Findlay / Born 11 June 1807 Franklin, Ohio / Died Dayton, Ohio 21 December 1882
Cadet 1 July 1823 / Resigned 1 July 1823 / Midshipman USN 1 March 1825 / Passed Midshipman USN 4 June 1831 / Lieutenant USN 22 December 1835 / Commander USN 14 September 1855 / Commodore USN 2 January 1863 / Rear Admiral USN 21 September 1868 / Retired USN 19 June 1869
USS Saginaw 1860-1861 / USS St Lawrence 1861-1862 / USS Powhatan 18964-1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
        • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
        • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
        • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas W Cahill
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • Army of the Frontier: John McAllister Schofield
    • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: vacant
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
    • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
        • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
        • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
      • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
        • I Corps Potomac: James Samuel Wadsworth temporary
        • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
      • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
        • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
        • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
    • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen August Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Roger Weightman Hanson was mortally wounded at Stones River.

Hanson, Roger Weightman / Kentucky / Born 27 August 1827 Clark, Kentucky / DOW Murfreesboro, Tennessee 4 January 1863
1st Lieutenant USV 4th Kentucky Infantry 1846-1848 / Colonel Kentucky Militia 19 August 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Kentucky 2 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 MWIA Stones River 2 January 1863
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Central Kentucky 28 October 1861-15 November 1861 / 1st Brigade Army of Middle Tennessee September 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-12 December 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 12 December 1862-2 January 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee:  Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
        • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: William Edmondson Jones
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona:  John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson
James Murrell Shackelford

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
Roger Weightman Hanson
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson

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